Intelligence Material – Black Directive – Jan. 13, 1945


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This CIA declassified document was recovered from the internet archive . It was declassified in 2004.

This document is titled: Intelligence Material. It is from: Colonel Kenneth D. Mann to Colonel John G. Coughlin


Document details

DATE: 13 January 1945


NAMES (or titles) mentioned:

Colonel John G. Coughlin
Colonel Kenneth D. Mann
Mrs. Jane Smith-Hutton
Lieutenant James R. Withrow, USNR
Miss Marjorie Severyns
Gregory Bateson
Elizabeth P. “Betty” MacDonald (nee Mcintosh)


Interesting points from document –

“I am sending copies of the Black Directive to Gregory Bateson and Betty MacDonald.”




Other Images and People


Colonel John G. CoughlinWest Point graduate, OSS China Detachment 101. See section of The Connection Between Synanon and Scientology Part 3: Dark Matter on him and William B. Christian.

Colonel Kenneth D. Mann (replaced Oechsner in May 1944) former president and chairman of the Firth Corp. Inc. of Pittsburgh and McKeesport, formerly executive vice president of Truscon Steel Co. of Youngstown and vice president of Reynolds Metal Co. of Richmond, Va., before joining Firth-Sterling. Born in Boston, Mass., he was a 1927 graduate of Harvard University.

Mann was involved in some shady dealings with the World Commerce Corporation and Preston Goodfellow. On June 28, 1954 Preston Goodfellow sent a letter to Rhee forwarding him Mann’s notes about a tungsten deal.

Preston Goodfellow


Preston is mentioned in a number of other declassified CIA documents, easily findable by putting his name in the blog search box. He’s also mentioned in my History of the Unification Church Part 2.

Preston Goodfellow deputy director of the OSS during WWII “was the official in charge of the American operation that moved Syngman Rhee into Korea in 1945.

After the war he headed the mysterious “Overseas Reconstruction Committee” and was involved in tungsten deals with the World Commerce Corporation.

– quotes from book Drug Control Policy: Essays in Historical and Comparative Perspective by William O. Walker, p. 104; also see NY Times obituary of 1973 showing Goodfellow was head of this Overseas Reconstruction Committee. Also see this August 29, 1954 letter from Goodfellow to Rhee. (click to enlarge images)

Goodfellow was actually on the board of the World Commerce Corporation. We have the documents now to prove it.


Mrs. Elizabeth P. “Betty” MacDonald
Undercover Girl

While making small talk with an Army major at an agriculture exhibit she was covering for the Scripps Howard News Service, she mentioned that she grew up in Hawaii, had lived in Manilla, spoke fluent Japanese, and was a newspaper reporter, the officer immediately pulled three application blanks from his briefcase and offered her an opportunity “to make a great contribution to the war effort [even though] he couldn’t explain the type of work because it was secret.”

MacDonald helped establish the OSS Morale Operations offices that originated and managed propaganda campaigns designed to demoralize and confuse Japanese soldiers in the field and Japanese civilians at home. She led the effort that created false newspaper reports, forged postcards and letters, faked radio broadcasts, and concocted rumors that were intentionally spread to Japanese spies. (McDonald archive sale)

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Arrived in Kunming in early 1945, she reported that the crude printing presses using hand-carved characters that MO field units were using to wage psychological warfare were being effectively replaced by new lightweight aluminum offset presses developed in OSS in Washington. She was assigned to a project providing leaflets for Chinese and Korean agents with instructions on how surreptitiously to place OSS incendiary devices shaped like a piece of coal into railroad coal bunkers so that they would be shoveled into a locomotive’s firebox and explode at the proper time, thus disrupting the transportation of Japanese troops. The primary MO [Morale Operations] role in China, however, was directed by socialite and media man Gordon Auchincloss, who arrived from the European Theater in August 1944. MO set up a powerful radio transmitter and beamed programs in various dialects to different regions of China encouraging guerrilla action by Chinese against Japanese occupiers and providing discouraging news to Japanese soldiers.

OSS Training in the National Parks and Service Abroad in World War II by John Whiteclay Chambers II – 2008; OSS in Action: The Pacific and the Far East

Note: Gordon Auchincloss was a secret society ROOM member.

When the war was over the OSS was liquidated. MacDonald wrote her memoirs. At the end of that 1947 book Undercover Girl, Elizabeth “Betty” argued that all of the persuasion tools she and the OSS used could be countered through an informed population. Something she felt was a necessary requirement for citizens after WWII.

A funny idea she described they wanted to try, as told in this Bend Oregon newspaper announcing her book –

Then there was a Mr Erp who knew that all Japs were afraid of foxes. He proposed that U.S. submarines release phosphorescent foxes in Jap Waters. He said the animals would swim ashore and panic the populace. This experiment was tried in Long Island sound. The foxes promptly headed for sea and were never seen again.

Betty went on to work for the CIA, the successor to the OSS, becoming an Operations Officer in 1958. In 1998, she wrote Sisterhood of Spies: The Women of the OSS under her married name of Elizabeth P. McIntosh.


Mrs. Jane Smith-Hutton

Jane while interned by the Japanese at the American embassy after Pearl Harbor
image from Life Magazine


Jane’s husband Henri Harold “Hank” Smith Hutton was for two years (1937-1939) the fleet intelligence officer on the staff of the CIC (Commander in Chief) Asiatic Fleet. Returning to the American Embassy at Tokyo in April of 1939, he became the Naval Attache.

images courtesy of here

While on-the-job, Hank and his wife gathered a remarkable amount of intelligence showing that the Japanese were preparing to attack – in fact they are one of the sources that were conveniently ignored since British intelligence were actually arranging and wanting the Japanese to attack to force Americans into the war.

For example, they took a railroad vacation to the Inland Sea area. There, they observed ENORMOUS naval activity in and around several areas including Hiroshima Bay, involving amphibious and aircraft training as well as remarkable logistical preparations. Ambassador Grew sent Washington a report of their and his concerns, including their assessment that there was a distinct possibility of sudden military or naval action by the Japanese.

The report was ignored.

An interesting anecdote concerning a conversation between Smith-Hutton and Capain Nakamura Katsuhira of the Japanese Navy Ministry, just after Pearl Harbor –

I told him that my ambassador had sent me. I asked about an attack on Pearl Harbor, whether there was truth in the report and if so, when we could expect to get a notice of a declaration of war. He looked rather sad, because I think he was really a friend of the United States. He said, yes the report was true. He had just learned about it himself, and could verify it. As to the declaration of war, he couldn’t say, because that would have to come from the Foreign [Ministry] and was not a Navy department matter….He said I could report to the ambassador that the attack had taken place, and that he personally was not happy about it. I told him I wasn’t either, and I said that this might be the last time I would see him. I hoped he would survive the war. He said he hoped the same for me.

Commander Smith-Hutton was still serving as attaché when the Japanese attacked. He and his wife, Jane, went back to Washington where he worked at the CNO and she went to work at OSS headquarters as a manager for Far East Morale Operations – which is why she is mentioned in this document. She also liaison to Project Marigold, producing and disseminating slanted covert propaganda and rumors in Japan and China. Her husband was put in charge of the Operational Information Section until July 1943, then organized the Combat Intelligence Division working closely with Bill Sebald.

Jane was actually secretly working with Elizabeth in China in 1944, as this anecdote shows –

Donovan believed so strongly in the power of propaganda that he turned up in Allied-occupied China in the closing days of the Pacific war, where the OSS based its morale campaign directed at Japan. When Donovan appeared, Elizabeth McIntosh was sitting at her desk with her colleague, Jane Smith-Hutton, blithely blowing up condoms.

Because there were no balloons available in which to insert leaflets, the Morale Operations agents had to improvise, not expecting the country’s first chief of central intelligence to walk through the door and find them sitting behind desks cluttered with inflated prophylactics. Smith-Hutton stammered out some red-faced explanation, but Donovan didn’t seem to get it, recalls McIntosh. “Carry on,” he said.


Lieutenant James R. Withrow
passport photo age 13

Lieutenant James R. Withrow Jr. was a senior partner of the Manhattan law firm of Donovan Leisure Newton & Irvine – as in William Donovan head of the OSS’s law firm. He had joined it in 1935, 3 years after graduating law school, becoming a full partner in 1943.

Mr. Withrow was born in Columbus, Ohio 28 February 1911. He was an alumnus of Deep Springs (Calif.) College and the Cornell University Law School and had also studied at the Sorbonne and the University of Vienna. In World War II, he was a Navy lieutenant (in the Naval Reserve) with the Office of Strategic Services in Burma and Indochina.

It was Withrow that William Donovan used to “review the legality” of transferring destroyers to Great Britain BEFORE the U.S. was in the wa, and in clear violation of our neutrality laws.

Withrow laid the legal groundwork for the transfer of fifty old WWI destroyers to England.

Telluride Association obituary Withrow, page 5.

It was my impression that his early promotion to partnership (considering the interruption of the war) was in part due to his
work directly under Donovan. Prior to our entry into World War 11, President Roosevelt was trying to find a legal basis for
a lend-lease program to Great Britain. Donovan was consulted and the assignment was given to Jim. Jim dug up some old law that seemed to permit this and with Roosevelt’s almost unopposed backing at that time, it became the basis for the Lend-Lease Act, which enabled the United States to supply much needed war supplies to Great Britain. From 1943 to 1946, Jim was a Naval Lieutenant and finally Commanding Officer in “Special Operations in South East Asia,” an assignment that was under the Office of Strategic Service, commanded by Donovan.

Jim’s legal career blossomed following the War along the lines of antitrust and other complex forms of litigation.

Them’s the perks of doing the slavemasters dirty work.

Understand that this was THE opening move to subvert American Foreign policy. Thereby embroiling the U.S. in yet another useless British/Vatican slavemaster war to save their “empire” – drugs, guns, and human trafficking – and crush any real revolutions anywhere.

Jim was not the quiet, retiring type and everyone agreed that on the verbal side his score was very high. Jim loved to
cross swords on matters he felt involved basic principles.

I’ll bet. Too bad he never applied that to enabling war-mongering slavemasters bent on dominating humanity.

Of all Jim’s fine qualities, his loyalty was perhaps the most outstanding.

The #1 thing a slavemaster demands.

In the spirit of that “loyalty” – always a highly twisted thing in the hands of a slavemaster – did you know that in 1945, it was also Withrow who was sent into Vietnam to run psychological operations here. In May of that year he wrote to Washington denying that there was any “Vietnam nationalism” – essentially black-washing the entire Vietnamese people with the idea that “he who pays best” was their only motivation. A rather sweeping characterization, and very racist.

I suspect that Withrow may have also played a significant role in helping Donovan and Paul Helliwell get Air America and the whole opium-guns network going, as well. (see World Commerce Corporation and Unification Church history Part 2 articles)


Miss Marjorie Severyns (Ravenholt)

Marjorie graduated from University of Washington, traveled to Japan, China, and Korea as an exchange student. She was working for the Board of Economic Warfare when she was recruited into the OSS.

She worked with Elizabeth both in OSS New Delhi and China.

How did you set up the MO unit in New Delhi?

My colleague Marjorie Severyns and I developed people and material. The first was Bill Magistretti, an OSS analyst who had lived in Japan. He spoke absolutely flawless Japanese, and had a huge cache of Japanese newspapers, postcards, and photographs—just what we needed. Bill and I pooled ideas and worked really well as a team.

An example of black propaganda that they worked on together was operation “Project Black Mail”. It involved postcards written home from Japanese soldiers to their families before going into one of their last battles in which their unit was defeated. They also created forged official Japanese documents making sure to use the same quality of rice paper along with the proper dyes.

After the war Marjorie became a correspondent in China for Life magazine.


Gregory Bateson

Greg has already been written about extensively here at our blog. He was a student of George Hunter of White at the secretive Camp X; he worked together with Harold Lasswell, anthropologist Edward Sapir, the New York psychiatrist Harry Stack Sullivan, to plan an ambitious program of culture and personality research in the middle and late 1920s; from 1957 on he worked at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Palo Alto testing LSD on mental patients together with his buddy Dr. Leo Hollister including testing student volunteers starting in 1959, such as Ken Kesey (in 1960); he helped CIA agent Frank Barron found the Esalen Institute; we should, of course, also mention the involvement of Geoffrey Gorer, Margaret Mead and her husband Gregory Bateson and John Rickman (Tavistock Psychiatrist) who were all working as “consultants” for Robert Tryon and the OSS Psychology Division’s projects starting December 20, 1941*. (Bateson, Gorer and Rickman were all Brits). Rickman was one of the founding psychiatrists of the original Tavistock group that started their Army Psychiatry work on “shell-shocked” soldiers in 1941.

*They began with assessing the social psychological characteristics of “a people”.
See CIA Declassified document Summary of the Activities of the Psychology Division, Jan. 24, 1942  – Declassified in 2003.

Note: These people are all extensively documented in my main BSC compendiums (particularly #2 The Party Boys).


Images and PDF files


For those who don’t know – OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition and when that is done on images, it makes it so you can search the images for certain words or phrases that you are looking for.

Here is an OCR’d PDF file of all the pages of this document.

  • PDF – none (only one page)



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