British Security Coordination Compendium IV

The British Way

 

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British Security Coordination

A Compendium

 

– Section IV

The British Way

By Virginia McClaughry

 

I recently obtained a rather obscure and little known book that was written under the watchful eye of the head of the BSC himself – William Stephenson.

Sir-William-Stephenson at time he headed BSC

The title of the book is:

BRITISH SECURITY COORDINATION, The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas, 1940- 1945, first published in Great Britain by St. Ermin’s Press – 1998.

This book lay in some dusty cabinet somewhere, hidden from the world-at-large for almost 60 years before it was actually published in a form that you and I could have access to. Even then, in the University Library I obtained it from, it sat on the shelf in pristine and apparently unread condition for another 16 years.

It’s a hefty book – here I am holding it.

me_holding_bsc_book_2

I am examining/reviewing this book, and in the process began working on filling in lots and lots of holes in it. What I found is now organized into Sections.

In Section III, we continued examining the plan that Colonel Robinson had requested in November 1943 for assessing prospective OSS personnel as to their physical, mental and emotional capabilities for their intended assignments.

We then went on a wild-and-woolly journey following the footsteps of one particular person from the cast of characters of the nascent OSS assessment program – a name-changing man named Anthony Mitrano/William Morgan. We learned that he was a eugenics man working for some of the top eugenicists in the United States at the Vineland Training school in New Jersey, and that a British Cecil Bloc man – Sir Cyril Burt was in sort of a mentor position to the U.S. eugenicists.

We last left off with that Mitrano (now named Morgan) was off to work for the British Assessment Board at Pemberley, and how somewhere during his time there running assessments, he had run into young Lone Wolf agent L. Ron Hubbard.

This section is going to extensively examine just what were the British up to over there.

For a slight review –

Morgan had fudged on his background originally to the OSS, not revealing directly in an interview that he was a psychologist.

By the time he arrived at Grosvenor, his personnel records had caught up with him at the OSS in Washington and they wanted to bring him back to the U.S. because he was a psychologist.

He said to his OSS London interviewer: “A psychologist is a pretty useful guy to have around. Don’t you need any here?”

The reply was: “That all depends, Lieutenant. Are you willing to work with the British?”

Morgan questioned on what. The book then says:

It was this. OSS and the British Intelligence Services were working hand in glove. The Britishers, old and wise in the intelligence game, were training Americans in the British intelligence schools in England and Scotland. But they had been disappointed in the calibre and qualifications of American agents and operatives. (Agents and operatives are polite words for spies.)

The British now insisted that all intelligence candidates, including Americans, must pass the British Selection Assessment Board (SAB) at Pemberley, before being accepted for further training. SAB was rejecting two out of three American candidates, even after they had been selected, trained and briefed in the States. The standards of SAB were high and, moreover attitudes and behavior were often misunderstood by the British.

Would I be interested in going to Pemberley as the American representative on SAB to help them in their work and to interpret American behavior patterns?

He agreed.

So, that’s were we are.

Now.

Considering his background? This is not much of a surprise that he would be “asked” to help the British be able to assess American behavior.

This was not a new thing with the British, they had learned their lesson after the American War for Independence caught them flat-footed. It decimated their existing plan for ‘the colonies’ for over a hundred years. It took them that long to get back into the control level that they preferred.

In You Only Live Once, author Ivar Bryce talks about something that his good friend (and presumably secret long-time homosexual lover) Commander Ian Fleming told him.

I couldn’t take any more of her Anglophobic American prejudices. I’m tremendously pro-American – my grandfather used to say, “Never sell the United States of America short,” and was dead right –

p 39.  Ian Fleming, regarding an American woman named Phyllis (they were in Munich)

Of course, Ian was not pro-American, he was pro BRITISH-America. So, that’s a bit disingenuous on his part. However, it goes to show you that the “upper class” of British Society had not forgotten what had happened with ‘the colonies’ and knew to never underestimate us again.

It was on their mind still – over a hundred and fifty years later.

That’s why they were still looking for better ways to “assess” us – and it wasn’t to be our friend.

Oh, no, no, no, no.

Oh no no no

It was to know how to ‘guide’ and control us into carrying out their world empire ideals.

I know it’s childish, but yet it somehow seems very appropriate to say –

Who died and made you boss?

What right do these people have (these very few people, they’re not all like this) to decide for the rest of us what is right, what is moral, or what anything!

I thought you might enjoy that anecdote from Fleming’s grandfather. Particularly since the men in his family were “investment bankers”, you can see how watching out for those dang barbaric Americans was in the forefronts of their minds.

So now…our former Dr. Mitrano – with his name changed to a more British-sounding Dr. William James Morgan – begins his British intelligence career.

Anthony Mitrano aka William Morgan
OSS/SOE

Anthony Mitrano aka William Morgan OSS/SOE

Next, we’re going to explore just what the heck was going on over there in England, and what is all this assessment business anyway.

I’m going to intermix what Morgan was doing, and his perspectives on things, with other sources that are much more detail-oriented on some points.

British Assessment Program

Pemberley was the fictional country estate owned by Fitzwilliam Darcy, the male protagonist in Jane Austen’s novel Pride and Prejudice.

The very real estate, that Morgan headed off to by train, was called Wanborough Manor. It was located only an hour or so from London in the English countryside, more specifically Puttenham, Guildford, Surrey.

Wanborough SOE F training school jedburgh

It had been given over (by a titled noble) to the SOE for it’s use, towards the beginning of the War.

SOE called it STS 5 – it was the initial training establishment for SOE operatives in the ‘F’ Section. The ‘F’ stood for France, where Morgan had said that he preferred to be sent (when asked by the OSS).

However, the actual 4-day assessment program of the newly formed SAB (Student Assessment Board – June 1943) had been recently moved to Winterfold Estate, some time in the summer of 1943. It had previously named STS 4 and was renamed STS 7 when the SAB took it over.

During WW2 Winterfold was requisitioned by the British Government and used by SOE Special Operations Executive, as a training school designated STS 4 and later STS 7 as the location of the Student Assessment Board.

The initial training establishment STS5 at Wanborough Manor near Guildford, had been established in February 1941 and this continued until March 1943 when a new selection procedures were established at Winterfold House, near Cranleigh.

Its primary use during the war was to whittle out those not suited to undercover work and begin initial training for those that progressed.

Prospecting for good agent material was the job of SOE’s newly appointed SAB established in June 1943 by a small team of psychologists, psychiatrists and military staff.

…the SAB gave the candidates a wide variety of psychological and practical tests over a four-day period. This was in stark contrast to the Preliminary Schools lasting up to four weeks and justifiably criticized as ‘leisurely’.

– Rigden, The WWII SOE Training manual of Camp X.

 

Presumably Morgan was actually there (at Winterfold) rather than at Wanborough, for the actual 4-day assessment, but perhaps there was still some crossover going on. Or… he’s just obfuscating where he really went for some kind of “security” reason – at the time of writing Spies and Saboteurs he was working for the CIA.

Winterfold House courtesy Tony HamptonWinterfold House – courtesy of Tony Hampton

 

Be all that as it may, no description of the British “assessment program”, would be complete without including that it’s actual origins lay with the Tavistock boys – Eric Trist, Ronald Hargreaves (as British Command psychiatrist), Sir Ronald Adam (Adjutant General) and John Rawlings Rees.

 

Tavistock (the first rendition) was formed in 1920, after World War I. However, work had begun during the war to try and force soldiers to fight. As we already covered in Section III, Robert M. Yerkes, one of the men involved with with the Vineland Training School had been working together with the British to come up with an assessment test for incoming recruits.

Robert M. Yerkes

Robert M. Yerkes

Eric Trist tried to describe why “such a small group” of men would become so influential, and in doing so offers a few more details.

To  understand how such a small group was able to be so influential, we must  go back to the period immediately after World War I when there was a  growing recognition that neurotic disabilities were not merely transitory  phenomena related to the stress of war, but were endemic and pervasive in a modern society.

[neurotic disabilities is referring to what they called shell-shock – soldiers who would not fight ]

…The founding group [ of Tavistock clinic] comprised many of the key doctors who had been concerned with neurosis in  World War I. They included general physicians and neurologists, as well as  psychiatrists, and one or two multiply-trained individuals who combined  psychology and anthropology with medicine.

…Interest focused on the then new ‘dynamic  psychologies’

…Tavistock Clinic functioned as a mediating institution, a clearing-house where the views of several contending parties could be aired.

On the one hand were the adherents of Freud, Jung and Adler, who were preoccupied with establishing their own professional societies and advancing their own theories. On the other were a neurologically-oriented general psychiatry,  a somatically-oriented general medicine and a surrounding society puzzled,  bewildered, intrigued and frightened by the new knowledge of the unconscious and its implications for important areas of life.

Eric Trist and Hugh Murray, The Foundation and Development of the Tavistock Institute to 1989, Tavistock Institute

 

“…to explore the  implications for treatment and research.

This is definitely quite the example of euphemistically mild language to describe just what that would come to entail. It’s sort of like Dr. Ewen Cameron referring to the horrific things he did to people as being “experiments in repetition”. You see my point.

That’s not a very accurate picture of what actually went on in WWI.

Around the time of this photo of the Vineland staff –

goddard edgar doll yerkes etc(Front: Edgar Doll, Henry Goddard, and Thomas Haines. Rear: Frederic Wells, Guy Whipple, Robert M. Yerkes, Walter Bingham, and Lewis Terman.)

which was in 1917 – A psychiatrist named Thomas W. Salmon set off on a trip to England.

Thomas was British. Although born in America both his parents were British and had emigrated to the States in the 1860’s – around the time of the Civil War actually.

It’s not too surprising that with such an important global positioning strategy in play, that the British Slavemasters needed to take certain actions – Dr. Salmon was one of them.

Thomas Salmon in office in France – working for the British in WWI.

Thomas_W._Salmon_-_in_office_in_France_World_War_I

He was already well in-concert with their agenda of mental control, expansion of, since his earliest days of working for the US Marine Hospital Service. In 1904 he had been posted to Ellis Island to perform psychiatric evaluations on immigrants routed through the port of New York.

It was, you could say, a kind of a cover for the expansion of the British intelligence network first begun in the time of Queen Elizabeth by the Cecils etc.

They wanted to be able to track people, people that were fleeing Europe, and were now out from under the watchful eyes of the well-established spy network already in place.

Through people like Dr. Salmon, they used Eugenics ideas as the given reason to “evaluate” these immigrants, which would incidentally make a record of all of their names, family histories, and so on as part of the process. Salmon was the first proponent of expanding this evaluation to the entire world (visible that is, he had Cecil help behind him) and this was presumably to “evaluate” potential immigrants before they even embarked on their journeys!

See the beginnings of a kind of ‘world police’?

More like soldiers…

Boston_Police

Under the guise of mental-health evaluations, no less.

This first use of Salmon was only 1 year after the Brits actually put in place their new and more streamlined intelligence services – William Melville having just been secretly recruited to lead a new Intelligence section in the War office, called MO3, then MO5 – then MI6.

This was on November 1, 1903 and guess what fake name he started using?

William Morgan.

What?

vincent price - whoa.

Yep. That’s right. Now we know why Dr. Anthony Mitrano picked the name William Morgan, I’d hazard to guess.

Melville was a Roman Catholic, and he ran counterintelligence and foreign intelligence operations for the next 6 years. He had previously worked for “Special Branch” and used his foreign contacts he had accumulated.

American contacts would certainly fall under the rubrick of foreign contacts – such as Dr. Salmon.

Unfortunately for the Brits, the Americans were none too pleased with Dr. Salmon’s kooky ideas and his running rough-shod over the immigrants for 4 years. He was briefly suspended then reassigned to the Marine Hospital in Chelsea, Massachusetts in 1907.

Not content to have their plan foiled so easily, Salmon and his slavemaster spy friends had to content themselves with experimentations on hapless mental patients while like spiders, they patiently built up their ‘web’, preparing to pounce yet again.

A web built by men.

 

spiderweb1

But, after being exiled more or less for 1-2 years, something interesting happened – a new group had arisen that was a threat to the portion of The Great Plan (as detailed a bit by Benjamin Disraeli) that dealt with corralling the “lower classes” and leading them into enlightenment by their new “masters”.

…it is they [the lower classes] who will create the future when they are guided by their natural leaders, a new enlightened elite which will have surmounted the prejudices of the past.

– Coningsby or The New Generation, as it has been alternately called, was a political novel by Benjamin Disraeli, who went on to be Prime Minister of England in the late 1800′s. It is rumored to be based on Nathan Mayer Rothschild and Disraeli himself. Coningsby is set against a background of the real political events of the 1830s.

 

…a new enlightened ELITE.

wiley-uh-ohTrouble’s coming…

And so it did.

Psychiatry was the vehicle chosen at the end of the 1800’s to strong-arm this activity, as it had so far been met with strong resistance by the American people – despite having wars, depressions, financial panics and shortages levied on their heads to try and ‘soften them up’.

In brief, between the 1830s and the 1870s the number of patients called “chronic” and incarcerated in mental hospitals or “treatment” centers was low compared to the extraordinary high numbers between 1890 and 1950.

In general, mid-nineteenth-century patients who were discharged as recovered or improved tended to be institutionalized for only brief periods, from three to nine months.

After Emil Kraepelin’s invention of physically-based mental illness (with the covert support by British slavemasters), this began to change – and change rapidly.

By 1904, in an atypical mental hospital at Massachusetts, 39.2 percent of patients had been incarcerated for five years or more. In 1910 and 1923 the respective percentages were 52.0 and 54.0. By the 1930s nearly 80 percent of its mental hospital beds were occupied by chronic patients.

There is an obvious correlation between when the Brits first backing the Society for Psychical Research to ‘investigate’ spiritual phenomena, and that around the same time we had Kraepelin’s “mental illness is physical” propaganda – nicely supported by and juxtaposed with British-backed Darwinism and Eugenics.

Shortly thereafter, the numbers of people incarcerated for long periods (particularly women) as mentally ill began skyrocketing.

The long-term abuses that began occurring, including bizarre and unusual experimentation and ‘treatments’ became too big to keep under wraps. People found out, and one patient who had managed to get himself released, decided to try and do something about these abuses – Clifford Beers.

Clifford_Beers_1908Clifford Beers – 1908
just 2 years before he was incarcerated for depression and paranoia.

 

Of course, I think he was supported and publicly promoted by covert agents of the British, to use him to get an organization into place. Sick, but that’s the underhanded kind of shit they constantly engage in. Besides, don’t forget the infamous Bedlam (Bethlam) –  the world’s first Mental Hospital was in England.

 

Bedlam-Asylum

HIS intentions were good, and he formed the National Committee for Mental Hygiene, but right from the start this committee was commandeered and controlled into a specific direction.

It became an organization that was primarily concerned with society, NOT with the mentally ill individual.

Guess what it’s first action was? A resolution to lobby congress for mandatory systematic psychiatric assessment of all immigrants, with the purpose of returning those who turned out to be psychiatric patients to their ports of departure!

That same year, incidentally, is when the first state sterilization law in California was enacted on April 26, 1909.  By 1917, the laws had been amended to essentially include anyone deemed unfit.

There was no legal mechanism for patients to challenge the sterilization order, no written notification required to be sent to the patient or family, and no opportunity for a hearing

– Stern, Eugenic Nation,  101

Out of all the sterilizations over 70 percent were labeled as “mentally ill”.

While our spider Thomas W. Salmon was sojourning in a mental hospital experimenting on people during this hidden eugenics period (1907 to 1917) he had proposed broadening the specialty of psychiatry to move beyond the “traditional focus” on institutional care. In plain english, he wanted to treat the rest of society for “mental illness”.

In fact, he specifically argued that it should be psychiatrists that should lead the world and create “new approaches” to prevent mental illness and to rehabilitate criminals and “delinquents.” 1

New approaches – is one hell of a euphemism for what they were doing to these people. Giving them syphilis, experimenting with chemical weapons on them. Just horror after horror was being perpetrated on the hapless inmates of both private and state mental hospitals.

Under the cover of the British Slavemasters war – WWI – was when they would first gain a foothold in expanding their web to include soldiers now.

Accordingly, Salmon was called to England. In May of 1917 he made the journey.

He met with many British doctors (See Maudsley Hospital section below) as well as a few intelligence agents and some high-level handlers.

He studied the treatment methods British physicians had developed for shell shock – one of which was brutal electro-shocks (see Juaregg in German Psychology section).

Doctor Thomas Salmon came over to England in 1917 and was largely instrumental in forming the wise and statesmanlike plans that eventually came into being for the United States army. These included a much more liberal establishment of psychiatrists, or neuropsychiatrists as you called them even then. The main concern of psychiatrists in the last war was with treatment and they were very successful in treating battle neurosis just behind the lines and in tackling the more resistant cases in base hospitals. Those men who had to be evacuated out of the theatre of war to hospitals at home proved more of a problem. This was probably the first time psychiatrists had ever been used deliberately in war

– John Rawlings Reese The Shaping of Psychiatry by War – 1945

As he was now the medical director of the NCMH, Salmon, working with some other British doctors, prepared a comprehensive report as part of his proposal to the US armed Forces.

That was the same proposal that advised the screening of recruits and exclusion of “insane, feeble-minded, psychopathic, and neuropathic individuals.” It was approved and then Vineland staff Dr. Yerkes ran the Committee.

Yerkes, at Vineland School

Robert M. Yerkes

Salmon was also able to establish psychiatric treatment of ‘war neurosis’ with U.S. government funding during the war. He viewed war neurosis as an unconscious escape from an intolerable situation characterized by a conflict between the instinct of self-preservation and the demands of one’s duty. He proposed that Shell shock was therefore a psychological reaction to the stresses of warfare.

Thomas Salmon

Thomas_salmon2

Salmon devoted the greatest part of his report to plans for hospital facilities that would deal with the problem. He argued that psychiatrists should be placed “as near the front as military exigency will permit.”

He proposed a 3-tier system for the treatment of shell shock or war neurosis. He recommended that treatment commence as soon as possible after the onset of symptoms.

Treatment was ideally applied in or near casualty clearing stations, which were located a few miles behind the lines. Here, nervous soldiers were given a period of rest, sedation, and adequate food. Through methods of persuasion and suggestion military physicians explained (while under drugs or after an electro-shock) to soldiers that their reaction was normal and would disappear in a few days.

A form of hypnotism, in other words, installing post-hypnotic suggestions.

hypnosis and electric shock

Who wouldn’t choose to go back to war, after being electro-shocked and god knows what else. Sixty-Five percent of them did.

The second tier consisted of psychiatric and neurological wards in base hospitals, which were located 5 to 15 miles behind the front lines. There, soldiers were treated for up to 3 weeks.

Salmon himself was associated with the third tier, Base Hospital 117, at La Fauche in France – about 50 miles from the front line. Severe types of shell shock were treated there for up to 6 months. 

You can view Salmon’s proposal of February 10, 1918 here.

John Rees, in The Shaping of Psychiatry By War – quotes Salmon on the “extension of the frontiers” of Psychiatry during WWI.

Note: all manner of nasty things went on in that war, that are being shielded beneath that lovely little euphemistic phrase.

The last few years have seen a rapid extension of the frontiers of all branches of medicine, especially in their social applications. Dealing, as it does, with the deep springs of human conduct, it is not surprising that psychiatry should have extended its own frontiers in this direction even further than have some other branches of medicine.

– DR. THOMAS W. SALMON, in The Military Surgeon, XLVII, 200, 1920

 

Salmon’s later entries in Volume ten of United States Army Medical History was a ‘Bible’ for military psychiatry in Britain.

Again, Salmon’s role in all this came about after his trip to England in 1917, meeting up with such lovely people as Sir Cyril Burt while he was there, I’m sure.

Reminder

pointing_finger_down

In section III we discussed how eugenics had actually started in England in 1904, then came the Galton Laboratory for National Eugenics in 1907, and the British Eugenics Education Society.  It was three years later that the sister organization of the Eugenic Record Office was founded in the United States, both institutes used the research results of the Galton Laboratory of National Eugenics to propose practical applications.

We discussed how Oxford Professor William McDougall, a Cecil Bloc man, took young Cyril Burt under his wing as his protegee and instructed him in 1907 to begin studying and putting together mental tests to help with a nation-wide survey of physical and mental characteristics of the British people, proposed by Francis Galton (who originated Eugenics) in which he was to work on the standardization of psychological tests.

In the summer of 1908, Burt was directed by McDougall to go study the German eugenicist psychiatrists for a couple of years, which he did. He visited the University of Würzburg, Liepzig Germany, where he first met the psychologist Oswald Külpe at the experimental psychology lab of Willhelm Wundt, whom Oswald was the assistant.

McDougall’s despatching of Cyril Burt to these madmen to study their methods clearly shows a united effort between Britain and Germany to perform heinous experiments on people.

Burt also became involved with Frederic Myers and “psychical” testing and investigations with the SPR, and became a member of the Eugenics society when he returned to Oxford from Germany. ALL of this is going on prior to Thomas Salmon going to England.

So, as you can see, just who is leading who around here?

You can tell that Burt had a big hand in this “shell-shock” psychiatric need in WWI, because he was actually involved with forming up the Tavistock clinic itself – in 1920.

Cyril Burt was on the “Council” of Tavistock.

Reference: John Bowlby – From Psychoanalysis to Ethology… by Frank C. P. van der Horst

Cyril Burt

Cyril Burt

That same year, 1920, is when the term “mental health hospital” first came into use.

Two years later, Cyril was involved in the founding of the National Council for Mental Hygiene (later renamed NAMH, then MIND) – as part of its subgroup, the Child Guidance Council. Cyril went on to choose Tavistock man John Bowlby as his protege’.

Now, see how after being groomed in England by the slavemasters such as Cyril Burt, Salmon comes back and “calls for” a more liberal establishment of neuropsychiatrists (as they were called then)?

Ahhhh

The British WAY.

6bdf2-brainshock

 

The Tao of Killing

 

the_way_-_by_assassin_Jim_Belushi_in_angels_danceAssassin Jim Belushi training a recruit in Angel’s Dance, 1999.

 

What that really meant, was that the British slavemasters were advocating for more room and leeway for the Psychiatrists to do whatever they wanted to people. As noted – the main concern was in soldiers that would not fight, which they more technically called battle neurosis.

Many of these soldiers had taken one look at what this was all really about and that was it for them. It was simply too horrifying to support in any way.

Something many, many later soldiers would find to be true as well.

 

SoldierFace of a soldier during Operation Desert Storm, Iraq, February 26, 1991.
Photo by Vince Crawley.

 

Do you think they were wrong to feel that way about it? I don’t.

 

The British Way

leaves something to be desired.

.

WWI was the first time psychiatrists had ever been deliberately used to keep a War going.

Which is what they were doing.

Between the wars they did not stop, if anything they worked even harder to lay the groundwork for the ‘Great Plan’ – which needed WWII to come to full fruition.

And so, the next phase began.

Reminder

pointing_finger_down

We were talking about the British Assessment boards that Vineland School psychologist and eugenicist, and new OSS recruit Dr. Mitrano/Morgan was sent to Pemberley to learn.

As part of understanding that, we went through a little back history of what led up to the first introduction of “psychiatry” outside the mental hospitals, using WWI as an excuse.

Now we’re coming back forward to WWII – and what they were up to then, starting with Ronald Hargreaves – who was key to this assessment board business.

Rawlings Rees wrote a memorium for Ronald Hargreaves – it’s filled with euphemisms for what really went on during their next “mental health” phase in WWII, but it also verifies certain things.

…at the Tavistock Clinic, he was appointed a full physician in January 1938.

…At the outbreak of war it was decided [how euphemistic] that a certain group of psychiatrists should be called up as soon as possible to service in the army, and Hargreaves was one of these.

…In 1943 he came over with Brigadier Rees, who was the Consulting Psychiatrist to the army, on a visit to the U. S. and made a tour, along with General Brock Chisholm and some of our Canadian colleagues [more euphemisms]

– Memorium for Hargreaves written by John R. Rees M.D, for the American Journal of Psychiatriy in 1963

Eric Trist’s writings tell us that Ronald Hargreaves formed a relationship with Sir Ronald Adam, the Army Commander in Northern Command. When Adam (with a little help from the Cecil Bloc) was made the Adjutant General – the second highest post in the army. Now he was in a position to implement any number of policies related to just what they wanted free reign to do with ‘the minds of men’.**

Sir Ronald Forbes Adam2Sir Ronald Forbes Adam

This was how “assessment” phase 2 came about.

Eric Trist writings tell us that:

Earning the right to  be consulted on emergent problems for which there was no solution in  traditional military procedures, e.g., the problem of officer  selection.

… The innovations  introduced during the war years consisted of a series of  “inventions:”

  • Command psychiatry as a reconnaissance activity leading to the identification of critical  problems.
  • Social psychiatry as a  policy science permitting preventive intervention in large scale  problems.
  • The co-creation with the military of new institutions to implement these policies.
  • The therapeutic  community as a new mode of treatment.
  • Cultural psychiatry  for the analysis of the enemy mentality.
– Eric Trist and Hugh Murray, Tavistock Institute: The Foundation and Development of the Tavistock Institute to 1989

John Rawlings Rees was then made the Director of British Army Psychiatry, and he was then able to bring in (from Tavistock) the following people.

Psychiatrists

  • Ronald Hargreaves
  • Tommy Wilson
  • Wilfred Bion
  • John Rickman
  • Jock Sutherland
  • John Bowlby – our Sir Cyril Burt protege’

Psychologists

  • Eric Trist
  • Ben Morris
  • Harold Bridger

They came together for the psychological studies of the ‘Northfield Experiment’, designed by Bion as an experiment in taking soldiers with emotional breakdowns and using a therapeutic community model to help bring them back into service.

This provided the first experiences in groups as well as the basis of Bion’s developments about groups, and was then adopted by the Tavistock group for the WOSBs [War Officer Selection Boards].

What became the Tavistock Institute [1946] had its roots inside the [British] army.

– THE INTELLECTUAL ODYSSEY OF ELLIOTT JAQUES: FROM ALCHEMY TO SCIENCE by Douglas Kirsner

Understand something here time-wise.

Reese was also Sir Cyril Burt’s protegee’, and had already written the lovely sarcasm little thoughts on how they were going to infiltrate all of society, and this was before the War was even over!

Let us all, therefore, very secretly be “fifth columnists”.

Reference – Mental Health Vol 1 No 4 October 1940 – John Rawlings Rees

 

In William J. Morgan’s book The O.S.S. and I (pp. 20-23) he asserts that in developing these Selection Assessment Boards at the beginning of the war, these British psychiatrists combined the ‘best’ features of German psychology, especially the techniques of a Wehrmacht psychologist named Simoneit, with the scientific, psychometric approach of American psychology.

One of the psychologists in Hitler’s Wehrmacht was a remarkable man named Simoneit. He took to heart the principle that there is a world of difference between what a man says he will do and and what he actually does. In selecting officer candidates Simoneit would watch each candidate marching in formation and shouting orders to a platoon, listen to his talk in class and at table, and find out what was said of him by his fellow candidates and his superiors, by his friends and his enemies. Simoneit recorded all these observations and analyzed them in terms of the jobs for which the man was being considered. If the evidence from observing a candidate in a natural situation was inconclusive, Simoneit would arrange situations as nearly as possible like those met in actual warfare, and see how the man behaved. As far as they could, he and his associates worked unobtrusively and unknown. The terrible effectiveness of the Nazi war machine owed much to the cold and calculating way in which Simoneit picked the officers who led the Germans into battle.

…they [the British] developed systems which combined the best features of German psychology, and in particular the techniques of Simoneit, with the scientific psychometric approach of America psychology. This system has come to be known as “assessment.”

O.S.S. and I by William J. Morgan; available to read for free at Hathitrust.
Spies and Saboteurs by William J. Morgan (same passage there)

 

So now, since we already know that this psychometic testing was actually British-first, and since we already know that Cecil Bloc British Slavemasters like Macdougal, then Sir Cyril Burt, then Rees and Bowlby were directly working in concert with German psychiatrists to train people in how to “control” other men’s minds – we better take a closer look at this idea regarding German psychology (which was actually psychiatry) he brings up.

Exactly what “best features” would that be?

Let’s have a look at what some of those “features” really were.

German Psychiatry (Psychology)

 – British Assessment Program continued –

 

*Quotes used are taken from One Hundred Years of Psychiatry by Emil Kraepelin. I found the English translation archived at the Internet Archive where you can read it for free.

The main thrust of German “mind” work was ever-aimed at accomplishing the subjugation of their patients.

Some quotes –

Submit blindly to instructions – Heinroth
Immediately submit to whatever is required of them – Esquirol
have indelibly imprinted on their heart the necessity to obey orders – Reil
Compel obedience – Heindorf
Accustom him to unconditional obedience – Reil
Be calm – Horn
Be docile- Heinroth
Surrender quickly and unconditionally to the doctor’s will. – Kraepelin

= Subjugation

 

They wanted to:

Repress arrogance and eliminate excessive pride – Esquirol

.

= Subjugation

.

They wanted to subdue and tame people, and make them dependent. – Pinel

.

= Subjugation

 

They wanted to make a person feel absolutely helpless. – Kraepelin

 

= Subjugation

 

They wanted to break or penetrate the will of another person. – Autenreith

 

= Subjugation.

 

And top of the list for any Slavemaster?

They wanted people to:

“realize the fruitlessness of any attempt to stir up troubles.”

– Horn

 

Ah yes.

That’s the ticket.

We really, really, want that!

Igor

What these Slavemaster pet IGOR psychiatrists thought were good (or the best) ideas to accomplish this subjugation were:

  • humiliation, shame and contempt,”  – Kurt Schneider
  • taken from his home and his accustomed surroundings and brought under lugubrious and frightful circumstances (when possible, by night and through detours)… – Kraepelin
  • Humiliate the proud patient and make him acutely aware of his worthlessness and dependency – Vering
  • Brought into the presence of others who praise “good” behavior and criticize “foolish” acts – Reil
  • Set up and call attention to “paragons of virtue” from ancient and modern history.

(it was Reil that coined the term Psychiatre)

    • Confusing the person with conflicting signals
      • seriousness alternated with pleasantry,
      • benevolence with harshness,
      • friendliness and love with contempt and complete scorn – Haindorf

Note:

These are the exact same things they accuse Sociopaths of being like.

 

  •  Isolation, hunger, and defamation – Reil
  • Isolation, or transfer to totally unfamiliar surroundings, was the prime weapon used to force the patient to surrender quickly and unconditionally to the doctor’s will. – Kraepelin
  • Restrain and shock him – Horn
  • Continuous suffering would enable the patient “to regain consciousness of his true self, to wake from his supersensual slumber and to stay awake.” – Schneider and Horn
  • Through strong, painful impressions we get the patient’s attention, accustom him to unconditional obedience, and indelibly imprint in his heart the feeling of necessity. The will of his superior must be such a firm, immutable law for him that he will no more resist it that he would rebel against the elements.” – Reil

 

If you notice, there are several devoted to basically the same ideas.

Humiliation

Scorn

Contempt

and

Conflicting signals

(apparently conflicting, that is)

 

It just so happens, that these are the very things that slavemasters and sociopaths do not do well with being on the receiving end of at ALL.

India didn’t want Britain to rule them, China didn’t want Britain to rule them. Russia didn’t want Britain to rule them. Scorn and contempt for the British were at astronomical levels, well-deserved and well-earned.

Britain’s response?

Fuck everybody by causing horrible suffering and death.

PUNISH these people for daring to rail against their ‘masters’ and trick America into doing it for them!

That’s WWII.

 

That’s what those innocuous little words like “innovations” and “experiments” in assessing men are oh-so-cleverly cloaking the reality of.

Now, continuing on this “best features” business of the British and their igors – the German Psychiatrists – they were particularly interested in ways of adopting various personas and methods of physically conducting themselves in order to ‘command’ people.

  • He must have sufficient control over his physiognomy to convey his intention to the patient by a glance – Haindorf

British psychiatrist Thomas Willis on the preferred bearing of a Psychiatrist:

  • “His face, usually friendly and affable, changes completely its character the moment he catches sight of one of his patients. It undergoes a metamorphosis instantaneously and commands the attention and respect of the madman. Penetrating eyes seem to read his heart and to divine his thoughts as soon as they come into being.

intense_stare

For you scientologese-fluent readers out there, you might recognize that this is the predecessor to L. Ron Hubbard promoted TR-0 drills – that penetrating eye and presence business.

Scientology TR0

They even had a lot of attention on how to say things. Again, this is also in Scientology training drills – TR1, TR2, and so on.

  • … the doctor’s command must be stated seriously and forcefully and must be delivered in an imperious tone and with an imperious mien if even his superficial features are to express the strong, unyielding will of the doctor his sic volo, sic jubeo in an impressive manner. – Vering

Personas

They were particularly obsessed with appearing god-like or king-like.

  • … the doctor ought to seem like a helper and savior, father and benefactor, compassionate friend and friendly teacher but also like an exacting administrator of justice and a visible image of God; and he ought to conduct himself in the manner of a monarch.
  • Institutional regulations and instructions seem like inexorable decrees handed down by Deus omnipotens…[the Gods] – Heinroth
  • … the doctor ought to seem like a helper and savior, father and benefactor, compassionate friend and friendly teacher but also like an exacting administrator of justice and a visible image of God; and he ought to conduct himself in the manner of a monarch.[King or Queen – ruler]Thomas Willis
  • Over them he exercises something resembling sovereign authority… – Thomas Willis

 

They wanted the result of ALL this conniving and imitating and posturing (on their parts) to be:

  • “…the subjective personality is figuratively destroyed and that the psyche, freed from its physical husk and wafted to a higher plain, no longer recognizes its own personality.…sustained nausea prevents the mental patient from becoming immersed in his own thoughts.” – Schneider

 

So, it’s the Slavemasters thoughts they want you to have – see that?

 

Above all –

They must hide that they are the source.

 The British Way

 

I want to heavily emphasize that this next one reveals something very, very important – this is why they always put the enemy as anywhere but them.

  • … the doctor ought to appear to have no part in administering coercive measures “for if he appears to the patient as the author of his confinement, he loses not only the patient’s trust but also all hope of ever helping him.
    Neumann advocating hiding the true source of the terrible treatment.

This is the real reason for William Stephenson and British Intelligence absolute cardinal rule at this time of the BSC in the U.S. – that their heinous acts not be attributable to the British.

Their fear is that they will lose the trust people have, thereby rendering them completely ineffective.

I say – what kind of trust is that anyways? It’s based on nothing! It’s completely false anyway!

Are Slavemasters ways of living so fragile that their entire world is constructed of nothing but illusions of love, illusions of trust, illusions of happiness?

Yes, they are.

 

Something you might want to make a note-to-self about.

As you can see, the British Slavemasters have a long history of using Germany to perpetrate their nasty experiments – in essence for the  same reason they put Camp X and later psycho-doctor Ewen Cameron in Canada. They didn’t want anyone to know that they were really the true source for all this.

The British Slavemasters (and their Tavistock IGORS )have been in lockstep with these same Alienist Germans for at least as far back as WWI, and more likely even earlier.

In fact, the site of some pretty nasty experimentation both during and after WW I and II, the Maudsley Hospital in England, its very formation is linked up to German Psychiatry – Emil Kraepelin to be specific, as Sir Frederick Walter Mott - Maudsley Hospitalwell as training Americans in the ‘handling of war neurosis’. Here we have it straight from the horse’s mouth, a lecture by Sir Frederick Mott.

Note: this same publication carries other interesting articles, including one concerning Tavistock and one written by E.E. Southard (another slavering Anglophile Eugenicist in America) concerning eliminating the feeble-minded and getting his breed of psychiatry into “Industry”.

 

The Maudsley Hospital, Past and Present.

It is now fourteen years [circa 1907] since the late Dr. Henry Maudsley wrote me a letter saying he would give ;£3o,ooo to the London County Council if they would build a hospital in London for the study and investigation of mental disorders in their early stage

Dr. Maudsley recognised that the best and only method for providing means for the cure and prevention of insanity was by the encouragement of clinical and laboratory research, and he conceived the idea that a hospital with 100 beds and out-patient departments would enable a careful study to be made of cases of incipient mental disease, and if connected with the University it would become a centre for post-graduate teaching.

The Second Maudsley Lecture. Delivered by Sir Frederick Mott, K.B.E., M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., at the Quarterly Meeting of the Medico-Psychological Association of Great Britain and Ireland, held at the Maudsley Hospital, Denmark Hill, S.E. 5, on Tuesday, June 7th, 1921. Starting on p 319 Journal of Medical Science Vol LXVII, Medico-Psychological Association.

This was the British slavemasters lead-in, you see, to pounding home their new propaganda created purely to justify their weaseling their way into everyone else’s lives.

The propaganda being that pretty much everyone was mentally ill and in need of treatment of some kind, we’re all just in the “early” stages of incipient mental illness.

Not that the British weren’t engaged in their own types of “research” in the area, but when it comes to heinous and despicable crimes against humanity they usually don’t like to do it in their backyard – hence Germany was conveniently available to blame (or rather hide behind) as the source.

This is why you see the “assessment” people talking about that it had incorporated German psychiatry. See? It’s distant from them as the true source of slavemastery around the world.

Watch – Mott is going to credit Kraepelin for the “idea”.

In 1907 I visited Kraepelin’s clinic at Munich, and having long been acquainted with the remarkable clinical and anatomical research work which he and Alzheimer had carried on there, and knowing the influence this school had had upon psychiatry in the whole civilised world and Germany in particular, I was not surprised to find that this clinic attracted students and doctors interested in the study of mental diseases from all countries. There was no such hospital and clinic in England, and in the preface of the third volume of the Archives of Neurology (1907) I expressed the following opinions:

A fruitful field of study in psychiatry would be those early cases of uncertifiable mental affection termed neurasthenia, psychasthenia with obsessions, mild impulsive mania, melancholia, hysteria and hypochondria, which in many instances are really the prodromal stages of apronounced and permanent mental disorder.

…Fortunate would be the community in which there was a fully-equipped and well-organised psychiatrical clinic, under the control of a University, and dedicated to the solution of such problems.

…Shortly after this was published Dr. Maudsley called upon me…

There’s a lot of fancy language in the above, but boiled down he’s basically saying anyone who gets depressed, nervous, and so on, well – they need to be under psychiatric care because this is the “early stages” of mental illness. That’s that prodromal word.

As you know, in WWI, many English-men were exposed for the first time to the horrors of War, and not only that, to the stark insanity of killing people who not only have you never even met before but who never did anything at all to you!

As you can imagine, this did not sit well and many soldiers did NOT want to continue fighting what was a very unnecessary War.

To “label” it (and stygmatize it) the Brits called these men “shell-shocked” and of course…to them that’s coming from their brain, or neurological system. They began using electric shock and all manner of nasty treatments to try and “cure” their lack of desire to kill strangers who never did anything to them.  sarcasm

That’s what Mott was working on as well, during WWI as a “neurological specialist.”

Sir Alfred Keogh, D.G., inspected and approved of the hospital, which was completed at the end of 1915, and opened for patients early in 1916 as a part of the 4th London General Hospital.

This next part, shows that “assessment” and “treatment” of soldiers and officers began there at Maudsley shortly thereafter. This was where Dr. Thomas Salmon came (in 1917)  to “observe” their techniques.

…The Maudsley Hospital now had become widely known, and successive groups of American officers were sent here for training before proceeding abroad.

…Impressed by the lack of knowledge of neurology and psychology by medical officers, and especially in the diagnosis and treatment of the war psycho-neuroses [shell-shock] I started classes of instruction, which were first largely attended, especially by officers from the Dominions and United States;

Now. Put that together with this  –

During the first World War armies on both sides used the War as a cover to experiment on men. A paper in the Lancet in 1939 records the use of electrodes attached to ‘patients’ foreheads and necks and then used to deliver electric shocks of up to 20,000 volts for one second each repeated ten to twenty times daily in an effort to force a return to “sanity”. The author dispassionately reported that at each administration, “the patient’s eyelids and facial muscles twitch, the head jerks, and evidence of fear and pain is exhibited” – a very sanitized description compared to the actual reports from the wartime experimentations.

Electric Shock treatments were never a ‘therapy’.

It was torture.

It was punishment, plain and simple.

 

It was used (and always has been) purely to inflict pain and fear on resisting subjects.

Reference – Madhouse: A Tragic Tale of Megalomania and Modern Medicine, by Andrew T. Scull

 

That kind of treatment of people that do not bend to the “master” will is exactly in line with those “best features” quotes I put together for you.

German psychiatrist Julius Wagner von Juaregg worked directly under Emil Kraepelin during this “inspirational” time that Mott refers to in his lecture.

Juaregg actually faced criminal prosecution for his rather over-enthusiastic deployment of electricity on Austrian “shell-shocked” troops.

THIS IS WHAT WENT ON IN BRITAIN TOO.

Electric shock in order to break-the-will of people.

electric shock

And what do we get told about it?

It’s just so helpful and safe for those poor insane people – I think electric shock therapy is wonderful!

oh I think electric shock is just FABULOUS

And don’t forget, we use curare now (discovered by an OSS man, by the way) and paralyze people too so they don’t break their backs anymore.

Whee!

whee - audrey

 

God they are sick.

Reminder

pointing_finger_down

Section II covered that by the middle of 1943, OSS headquarters began to receive ‘worrisome complaints’ of incompetence in the field – probably from British intelligence. There were even reports of some rather dramatic ‘mental breakdowns’ – do note that these are mostly related to China where the British were well-observed in their arrogant and tyrannical true nature towards the native peoples of that land.

One could probably even say with a high degree of accuracy, that these ‘breakdowns’ were probably more a political labeling of such people that did realize this – so as to ‘put them away’ and silence them.

references:
#1 – “History of Schools and Training Branch, OSS,” p. 35, attached to W[illiam] J. Morgan to Col. E.B. Whisner, 7 January 1949, OSS Records (RG 226), Entry 176, Box 2, Folder, 13, National Archives II.
#2 – A 1943 memorandum, for example, cited reports from China that “we have had at least eight men, who for various quirks in their make-up, have to be pulled from the field…should never have been sent to the field….Others simply won’t fit anywhere. One was definitely a psychiatric case.” OSS Assessment Staff, Assessment of Men: Selection of Personnel for the Office of Strategic Services (New York: Rinehart & Co., 1948), 4, 12-13.

This is what they used as their excuse for expanding British-German psychiatric methods (the assessment business) even more in the U.S. – using the captive audience, so to speak, of soldiers in our military branches. Notice it’s only about eight men, hardly a speck compared to the thousands of intelligence agents the OSS/BSC were running at the time, that’s part of what makes it rather thin as a “reason” to start the assessment practices in the U.S.

You can see how a Intelligence Agent during WWII, who is suddenly confronted with the reality of what the British were really about, and what they really thought, could (and did) engender a change-of-heart. Nine times out of ten, this is what what happened, and this is what they euphemistically (and politically) labeled a ‘mental breakdown’.

More like mental enlightenment, if you ask me.

lightbulb-idea

The idea expressed by William Morgan of the “refinement” of the assessment techniques becomes kind of scary then, if you think about it.

Because what they are then looking for is someone either like them (completely corrupt and living in delusional worlds of that they are ‘good guys) or someone equally far gone in other ways.

To pass, you would need to meet their criteria of what is acceptable to them. Not exactly something I’d want a OSS gold star for, would you?

Finally, about this “best features” of German Psychology that the British were using…

414px-Kermit_exasperated

Oh yea.  That’s the ticket right there. This German psychology is some awesome stuff.  sarcasm

Now you know who the Tavistock boys  ‘heroes’ of mental coercion were, and that in their minds ANYONE who is the kind of person that is strong, unbreakable, and out of their range needs to be…?

You guessed it.

Subjugated.

Controlled.

Molded and Remade.

 

If this cannot be accomplished?

Segregation and isolation

Torture and Punishment

And even death…

 

The British Slavemasters and their flunkies, have done and lived by the credo of every one of these acts of subjugation around the world. In some cases – for CENTURIES.

They are the true source.

The British Way

 

Recruiting little Igors everywhere they went, to do the real work for them.

igor - what about this one

Like the German Alienists (what they called themselves before Reil coined psychiatre).

Like the anglophilic Americans that were involved in “assessing” people for the OSS.

Eric Trist (of the Tavistock group) reveals what was the real direction all this “assessment” was headed in.

By the end of the war a considerable number of psychiatrists and social scientists had  become involved in this comprehensive set of innovative applications of  concepts of social psychiatry. They saw in these approaches a significance  which did not seem to be limited by the condition of war, and were  determined to explore their relevance for the civilian society. Obviously,  individual programs could not be transferred without considerable  modification; entirely new lines of development would have to be worked  out. Nevertheless, a new action-oriented philosophy of relating psychiatry  and the social sciences to society had become a reality in practice. This  event signified the social engagement of social science.

Source: Eric Trist and Hugh Murray, The Foundation and Development of the Tavistock Institute to 1989, Tavistock Institute

And there you have it, TROUBLE gets it’s Godzilla-sized foot in the door.

Foot-in-Door1


 

That, ladies and gentleman, is what’s known as social engineering.

Eric Trist lived the above. After the War he took a “sabbatical” and went to Stanford University and helped steer the direction of the newly formed Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences.

What were these “advanced” studies?

LSD. Mescaline. Psychotropic drug cocktails.

Scientology.

MKultra experimentation on college students as well as patients at the local Veteran’s hospital.

Eric Trist, a senior official of Tavistock, was in residence at Stanford essentially that whole year of 1961, where yet another senior official of Tavistock is apparently chairing the Center – the front organization they were using to shield their disgusting experiments.

Reminder

pointing_finger_down

In Section II we learned that Colonel Robinson requested a plan in November 1943 for assessing prospective OSS personnel as to their physical, mental and emotional capabilities for their intended assignments. He sent his request to the OSS planning staff, which was led by Dr. James A. Hamilton and Dr. Robert C. Tryon, both from the University of California. They drew upon the system employed by the British WOSB (War Officer Selection Boards) – this is what Mitrano/Morgan is there at Pemberley to learn.

Robert Tryon was also part of planning for the Psychology Division in 1941 which later became the R&A Branch.

The R&A (Research and Analysis) Branch was initially led in 1942 by Dr. James Phinney Baxter III (President of Williams College) and then later by Harvard historian Dr. William Langer in 1943.

OSS man William Talbot was Dr. Langer’s assistant from 1944 on, and then in 1946 he becomes the first head of the newly formed Stanford Research Institute (SRI) where his former junior Dr. Hamilton gets himself an “in” for a nice cush job there at Stanford, where he can help out George White with LSD and Sex experiments for years.

So now, considering that the Tavistock men, the British junior slavemasters, who had led the whole psychiatry and let’s subjugate people game and invented “assessment” – and the OSS men who were really British intelligence run by the SOE and BSC – started SRI!

And that’s where Eric Trist goes – now you know why. After all, It’s their baby, right?

Yeppers.

My personal favorite of the shore stories on what Trist was doing there, is the following quote from the book – A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of The Grateful Dead by Dennis McNally.

It said that Eric Trist was “on sabbatical”.

Eric brought his son* Alan with him, in a (unknown to most) British intelligence capacity. Alan helped to get the drug scene going in the Bay area, through hob-knobbing with scientologists and Rock groups like the Grateful Dead.

*Reference – Eric’s autobiography and my Brotherhood Part 5a article about the Grateful Dead and Scientology.

…there would be a woman who, though quite young, would be a peer. Barbara “Brigid” Meier was an extraordinarily beautiful fifteen-year-old high school student when she met Garcia in March [1962]….Brigid had read Kerouac the year before, and this daughter of left-wing bohemians whose lives closely resembled Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald’s was totally ready for the Garcia-Hunter-Trist scene. It did not represent “coupling” as she later put it, but mayhem “Where’s the scene tonight?”.

A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of The Grateful Dead by Dennis McNally.

Garcia-Hunter-Trist are Jerry Garcia – leader of the Grateful Dead, Robert Hunter – scientologist and MKultra LSD experimenter, and Alan Trist – Tavistock and British intel ongoing social engineering experiments agent.

Hunter’s real name was Robert Burns, born in San Luis Obispo, California. He hooked up with Jerry in April of 1961 and began collaborating on choosing the best propaganda lyrics to comprise the Dead’s songs. Jerry’s first concert was performed with Hunter/Burns, each earning five dollars.

Reference: Jackson, Blair (1999). Garcia: An American Life. Viking Adult. pp. 62, 179.

Just a month later in May – Vic Lovell arranged for Hunter became an early LSD (and other psychadelic drugs) volunteer test subject along with Ken Kesey – a CIA cut-out.

The research was covertly sponsored by the CIA in their MKULTRA program headed by Willis Harmon (Changing Images of Man) of Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park – which is where the Center for Advanced Studies was. Dr. Alfred M. Hubbard was hired underneath Harmon with the unlikely cover of “janitor”. Hubbard was the CIA go-between to supply the LSD. In fact, Hubbard had the sole right to distribute Sandoz’s LSD in the United States.

Reference for Hunter’s involvement: A Long Strange Trip; Dennis McNally, p. 42 and Chapter 2 of Blair Jackson’s book, p 43,44

Just at this time [1961] Hunter underwent a most extraordinary experience. He’d been making some money by taking psychological tests at Stanford, and somehow that gave him the opportunity to earn 140$ for four sessions, one per week, taking psychedelic drugs at the V.A. hospital [this is where Ken Kesey was] under the auspices of what would prove to be the CIA.

He received LSD, the first week, psilocybin the second, mescaline the third, and a mixture of all three on the fourth. Danny Barnett told him he was crazy, but he ignored the doubts…

His friends passed around his notes [he took notes while he was high] and then took him for coffee pumping him for details. Garcia’s reaction was simple: “God, I’ve GOT to have some of that.”

– Jackson, Blair (1999). Garcia: An American Life. Viking Adult. pp. 62, 179.

Also in this lovely little mix were Willy Legate, CIA handler and LSD middle-man, often referred to as the man behind the Grateful Dead; and Grace-Marie Haddy – scientologist and intelligence agent for the Church of Scientology’s Guardians Office (and later it’s Office of Special Affairs).

Willy Legate and Victor ‘Vic’ Royal Lovell, through contacts of Willis Harmon and Al Hubbard, (such as Timothy Leary, Kupfermann and Purpura) would soon provide LSD for many more students and Palo Alto personalities – nick-named the Perry Lane bunch. Especially when the MKultra program shifted into their broad testing phase.

Concerts designed to be heard under the effects of LSD (often accompanied by visuals) let’s-get-high parties, and so on were just the beginning of what would turn into a continental spread of this nasty drug that the CIA/British intelligence doctors knew already caused schizophrenia or madness.

Vic Lovell, was a psychology graduate student who kept his friends well supplied with this interesting new stuff, especially his pal Ken kesey, a student in writing who happened to work as a janitor at the V.A. Hospital.

 

Willy Legate and Eric Trist’s son Alan, along with Robert Hunter and Jerry Garcia, began spreading an explanation for their connections – that they had chosen to be born and come do what they were. I don’t think that’s a very good advertisement, myself, but that same sort of thing was going on in Scientology’s promotional materials of the time period as well.

It was meant to be a hook, to bring people in – in order to experiment on them mentally, one way or another be it drugs or “auditing”.

Fishing for the minds of men – as it were.

 fishing for minds of men truth as bait

Using interesting hooks too.

Some examples –

 “In my room at the Peace Center, or driving with Laird in Los Trancos Woods, or walking around with Alan in Palo Alto,” says Willy Legate, “I often talked about ‘this group of people,’ working out my somewhat hazy notions about a ‘New England Group’ or similar collection of artists which had, as it were, ‘chosen’ to be born and brought together in one place.

“In the spring of ’61 I’d started a long list of the ‘mysteriously connected’ people we knew; the social register. In late 1961, Alan and folks he knew started discussing an ‘artists’ identity for us. One day in the garage, Jerry sat up and said, ‘You know what we are? We’re beatniks!’”

– Blair Jackson, Chapter Two: Recall the Days That Still Are to Come, p. 36

 

This captures well the longing to belong, or to have a group that understood you.

[the LSD testing] It was like we had found a bunch of people that we had always been looking for. We spent all our time talking…

Can’t Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000 by Martin Torgoff

 

Who they were after was also well captured in Torgoff’s book.

…the weird kid interested in stuff nobody else is interested in-doing tricks, studying the stars, reading science fiction, boiling strange things.

Can’t Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000 by Martin Torgoff

 

Then there was the “see the books of God” hook – better known as the propaganda called the “Akashic book of records.” – that’s my favorite.

Kesey and his growing group all were quite taken with this idea, and tried many times to access this “book” – as he referred to it.

When we first took those drugs in the hospital, it was like the books God keeps. You had heard about the Bible and the Akashic records, but suddenly you had a glimpse of them. These were the real books. These weren’t kept in the school library, these were the real books…

So we wanted to see these books and took more and more drugs, until finally, at one point, God said, ‘You want to see the books? I’ll show you the fucking books,’ and it was like this big hand grabbed us by the back of the neck and held us there for twelve hours. We were in absolute hell because we saw ourselves; we saw all the stuff we had done, mistakes we had made our indulgences, our cruelties. That was hell.

Can’t Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000 by Martin Torgoff

 

The Trists had arrived just in time for all the ‘fun’ and games of the MKultra LSD experiment at Stanford – so recruitment of test subjects was obviously in the forefront of their minds.

Although later in time, this little condensed timeline shows clear continuity that what they were doing in the name of “assessment” during WWII carried right on into the private sector – just as Trist said was the real point.

Now.

That is what Morgan is participating in, and characterizing as such a wonderful thing that he went on to continue this same work within the CIA, pretty much as soon as it was formed.

Let’s see some more about what went on in these early days of “assessment” by Morgan and the Tavistock boys.

 


 

Captain Morgan arrives at SOE-F

wanborough“Pemberley” – current pic.

Eric Trist was actually within the same Tavistock ‘assessment’ program that our man here, William J. Morgan aka Anthony Mitrano, had also been recruited for.

…I volunteered and joined the Tavistock group in the army.

…I moved into the military because…I wanted to be with the Tavistock people.

Eric’s autobiography.

 

In his autobiography, Eric also details that he was actually specifically the psychologist for the ‘experimental work’ in Edinburgh, Scotland – part of creating assessments for the War Office Selection Boards (WOSBs).

I then became Senior Psychologist for the whole development of WOSBs.

The ‘experiment’ was in having a group of selectors working with a group of candidates, first suggested by Dr. Ferguson Rodger. The finalized form of the Boards, (the SAB) was developed by Tavistock men Majors Jock Sutherland and Wilfred Bion.

That this was actually developed by Sutherland and Bion is not usually mentioned in most books out there, by the way.

This finalized form was implemented in June of 1943 at the Winterfold estate.

During WW2 Winterfold was requisitioned by the British Government and used by SOE Special Operations Executive, as a training school designated STS 4 and later STS 7 as the location of the Student Assessment Board.

The initial training establishment STS5 at Wanborough Manor near Guildford, had been established in February 1941 and this continued until March 1943 when a new selection procedures were established at Winterfold House, near Cranleigh.

Its primary use during the war was to whittle out those not suited to undercover work and begin initial training for those that progressed.

Prospecting for good agent material was the job of SOE’s newly appointed SAB established in June 1943 by a small team of psychologists, psychiatrists and military staff.

the SAB gave the candidates a wide variety of psychological and practical tests over a four-day period. This was in stark contrast to the Preliminary Schools lasting up to four weeks and justifiably criticized as ‘leisurely’.

– Rigden, The WWII SOE Training manual of Camp X.

See? Doesn’t mention the Tavistock men at all, and it should, don’t you think?

Hugh Murray (also Tavistock) euphemistically referred to this experimental assessment work as (in the title of his book) The Social Engagement of Social Science (SESS). That’s a lot of socials in there – they love that word. It sounds so innocent, doesn’t it? It’s not, of course.

Trist was engaging in his first job in 1942, just as Morgan was coming in to the SOE intelligence system.

Trist’s first job was to devise a psychological test program with intelligence tests, projective tests like the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and a life history questionnaire.

Note: That’s the same questionnaire Scientology uses (slightly modified) on new recruits to it’s Sea Organization, and is the same questionnaire that the OSS had obviously implemented by the time Morgan entered the OSS.

After filling out three copies of his “Life History”, he then reported for duty to Colonel Donovan at the Que building on Labor Day, September 1943.

– Spies and Saboteurs, by William J. Morgan, 1955

 

Eric worked on WOSBs for three months before they became operational – see the Introduction to The Social Engagement of Social Science (SESS). This means presumably, the time period from early 1943 to March 1943 when the “Boards” (the SAB) was finalized.

 


 

And now we’ll see what Capt. Morgan was up to.

We’ll start out with letting Morgan tell us some more about the British assessment program.

The Commanding Officer of ‘Pemberley’ at that time was Colonel Carey. The Assessment would start with a briefing by him.

The new group of spy candidates was assembled to hear a talk by the CO, Colonel Carey, who liked to twirl the ends of his bushy eyebrows while he talked. “You will be here for four days,” he said. “You will be tested by psychologists, interrogated by psychiatrists, called on to solve all sorts of individual and group problems under the whiplash of the Military Testing Officers, and then finally interviewed by me. This is what we call assessment. Do your best, because your future in intelligence will depend upon your showing here.”

– Spies and Saboteurs, by William J. Morgan, 1955

In the book reference above, Morgan next goes into a description of one of them amongst Morgan’s group that was also being tested. The man, not named, was an American who sounds suspiciously like L. Ron Hubbard, and perhaps this accounts for the gaps in Hubbard’s Navy records – he was training for OSS/MI6 intelligence as a “Lone Wolf” operative and ran a highly successful mission infiltrating the Germans, returning just before the invasion of Normandy (June 1944).

spies and saboteurs 1

 

p. 22

I was invited to join one of the groups of candidates and go through the assessment with them so as to get their point of view.

There was another American in my group, who soon made himself disliked by his teammates and by anyone else who would listen to him.

He claimed to have made one hundred and sixty-three parachute jumps as a barnstorming daredevil, to have been a deep-sea diver, an airline pilot, and an automobile speed-racer, to speak French, Spanish, and German; and to have starred in Hollywood pictures.

The others would shout him down and demand proof, but he always contrived to produce it-newspaper clippings, snapshots, testimonials, idiomatic backchat in three languages.

At the end of his stay in Pemberley he was failed as a team-worker but given an exceptionally high rating as a lone wolf operative, with the reservation that his success would depend on how far he could cut down his boasting. He went into France several months before the Normandy invasion and, posing as a German, joined a German army unit. When the fighting became fierce he made his way to the American line with vital order-of-battle information. His coolness, self-assurance, and talent for plausible lying won him the Distinguished Service Cross.

Claims –

  • barnstorming daredevil
  • deep-sea diver,
  • an airline pilot,
  • and an automobile speed-racer,
  • to speak French, Spanish, and German;
  • and to have starred in Hollywood pictures.

That is L. Ron Hubbard to a “T”. Every single one of these is claimed in placed or another by him, either on one the official Church of Scientology’s websites, or in lectures/books by Hubbard himself.

Perhaps this is part of the reason that Hubbard was tasked to set up Dianetics and Scientology, it was a sort of mass “cooler” for non-conformers. Much like the British set up for people that weren’t “right” for the – people who weren’t cold-blooded or vicious enough, or brainwashed sufficiently into their agenda. These people would be tasked to endlessly “improve themselves” at tasks that never quite seemed to get there.

Very much like the hamster-wheel effect of Scientology, which my husband Mike first positioned it as way back in the early 2000’s.

My daughter created this picture of it, that my husband had at his then website.

The_Hamster_Wheel_of_Scientology3

In addition, far too many of the top secret materials of British Intelligence/OSS (and the British SAB) were incorporated in Dianetics/Scientology for it to be a mere coincidence – not to mention the obvious connotations of why Hubbard had clearance to access such things.

Hubbard was rated “outstanding” as a lone wolf agent, which means he was given an A on his assessment for that particular job – which that’s how the SAB aligned it’s ratings, if you recall, for a specific job.

…At the end of their four-day assessment, candidates were given a rating. The Rating Scale was: A, outstanding; B, above average; C, average; D, poor; E, failure. The rating was always in reference to a specific assignment. If a candidate was being considered for one of two assignments, he was given two ratings-for instance, instructor B; radio operator, D.

The OSS and I by William J. Morgan, available at Hathitrust.

Side note: Scientologists became involved with the CIA operations at SRI with LSD, and then again in the 1970’s with telepathic machines for the NSA and “remote-viewing” experiments. That’s a rather tight connection there as well.

After he personally went through the assessment grind himself, Morgan was asked whether he would prefer to work at Pemberley as a psychologist pure and simple or as a Military Testing Officer (MTO). He chose the latter.

On p 20 of Spies and Saboteurs, William J. Morgan mentions that each of the SAB staff at Pemberley had been chosen on the basis of outstanding work in espionage or counter-espionage.

Note: Apparently, when joining the Army (just after Pearl Harbor) he had a unique approach to a physical exam result that he didn’t like.

When he joined the Army in World War II and his papers were stamped “unfit for overseas duty” because he was legally blind in one eye, he simply tore them up. By the time his new papers caught up with him he was testing and training spies for the Office of Strategic Services outside of London.

– New York Times obituary – 1996

One of the people that Morgan worked with was “Jack” who was already a spy for the British before the war, working at the Credit Lyonnais in Paris!

Morgan said that he “taught me most”.

Jack told him a story to illustrate how difficult it is to work out a fool-proof cover story.

“Too many cover stories are developed only at the level of verbal memory, so that in moments of action the spy is betrayed by the muscle habits of his past. A cover story must be rehearsed over and over, in many different situations, in order to wipe out inconsistencies of attitude, gesture, and expression.”

Interesting. Sort of like the TR’s in Scientology, eh? Wiping out those “inconsistencies”.

Candidates came to Pemberley in groups of six – escorted by a conducting officer who spoke their own language. He would observe the men at all phases and be their “pappy” and then report to the Pemberley staff about each one such as “Peter is a leader” and so on. However this was sometimes biased, and there were examples of glossing over dishonesty and sexual indiscretion – potentially lethal traits of an agent in the field.

A particularly sick twist (and nasty view of women) shows through where Morgan is talking about the women agents who came through for testing. He said that most of the women were put/assessed as radio operators. Why? Because what they were really being assigned to do was to be a sexual companion for the male Pemberley agents to which they were assigned!

I can just see what the gossip must have been like –

gossipwwii

 

gossiping-men1

Let alone, can you imagine if a new recruit was told this is what was expected of them?

radio operator WWII

Yeah. Exactly.

British Intelligence treating women in such a degraded way? Who woulda thunk it.

I’m being sarcastic, of course. But seriously, this is just gross. Can’t you just smell the Tavistock igors and slavemasters in all that? The stench is practically putrid. You’ve got British Intelligence acting like some sort of glorified call-girl service for male agents…with a little radio running thrown in there for some nice window-dressing.

Supposedly this is because their agents can’t keep it in their pants. I say, well what the hell are they doing in intelligence then, if they’re that fricking weak-charactered.

Gee, there’s a thought.

game of thrones - eye roll

It really is that bad – here, watch Morgan tell us.

A former Commanding Officer at Pemberley had reasoned that men behind enemy lines were likely to seek feminine society and get themselves into trouble, and that it was better to send in, along with each resistance organizer, a woman radio operator who would also serve as his social companion.

The commanding Officer went to great lengths to match up the two personalities.

 

I’ll bet he did. And…I’ll bet they arranged little TESTS to see if they…ahem…meshed.

However, when caught at this, (complaints) that particular CO was reprimanded and transferred, although they surreptitiously continued the idea anyway.

Morgan points out:

The British are like that. They really approved the idea but thought it bad form to talk about it. The policy was discontinued-officially that is.

“The British are like that.”

Oh they are. Indeed they are.

how_dare_you_question_me_-_vincent

Per Kevin Ryerson, Morgan was the man who could send you (prospective agent) to something called “The Cooler” – not a good thing. More on that in a minute here.

Further passages from both the The OSS and I book and Spies and Saboteurs discuss some of these actual ‘tests’ Morgan did on prospective agents.

Testing actually began while the student was on the train going to Pemberley – only they didn’t tell them that. They were running a con on them, in other words.

They would (2 or 3 SOE men) chat up the prospective studients, seeing which ones were blabbermouths and would be so stupid as to reveal where they were going. In one example in the book, the student actually told Morgan straight out that he was going to learn how to be a secret agent with the SOE!

In Spies and Saboteurs, Morgan writes about some of these tests they would do – one of which was called the Train Test.

There were other colorful mindfuck tests that Morgan administered such as the Mine Test and the Acid Bath test, the Groupstacle and the Pond were to determine who emerged as a leader and how well they did at it.

In the Train Test, if the guy revealed (on the way to Pemberley) that he was British Secret Intelligence he was flunked. He wasn’t told, he was sent through the assessment anyway, but was sent to the “cooler” from there out. One American threatened to “tell Drew Pearson” if he had to deal with any more red tape, he was sent to “Siberia” on the rainy West coast of Scotland.

The Drew Pearson bit is somewhat humorous, if you understand who that was. It’s sort of like threatening to “go to the press”.

In OSS and I, Chapter 3, Morgan also describes this “Train Test” and writes a slightly different version of what hat would happen to the student who did something like that.

There was no need for more. He did not know it, but he has already flunked out of Pemberley. He was allowed to go through the four-day assessment, but immediately afterwards received orders for an “important assignment” to a paramilitary school. This school was really a holding area where indiscreet persons were allowed to COOL off their knowledge while they learned noncommittal facts about weapons and radio. I don’t suppose he ever learned why he was side tracked.

…Then there was the American Lieutenant, a brazen young man with a loud voice and a hostile attitude. He hardly needed any any probing from me to get him to talk..

I tried to pipe him down but he was not even conscious of my wrinkled brow. He was a menace and the British asked O.S.S. to CHILL him out. I think he was sent to “Siberia” an isolated post on the rainy west coast of Scotland.

The OSS and I by William J. Morgan, available at Hathitrust.

 

If you notice, Morgan capitalized both the words COOL and CHILL. This is because he was part of who identified “failures” to be sent to the “cooler”, which he had also referred to (in his other book) as “Siberia”, obviously referring to the famous Russian end-of-the-road type prison area.

I’ll explain. It has to do with what became of these uninformed failures, besides the above, Chapter 17 The Road To The Isles gives us a glimpse.

EVERYONE in England knew that something mysterious was going on in the North West Highlands, that hilly, rain soaked chunk of Scotland cut off from the rest by the Caledonian Canal, a chain of lochs joined together…

What is he talking about? Where is this?

Morgan doesn’t give us much to go on here, so I researched and put some pieces together and figured it out. He is talking about a whole set of SOE training schools located in a particular area of Scotland.

For background, I should probably explain some things first.

There was a four-stage plan in the training of prospective agents of the British Special Operations Executive (SOE).

Morgan was first involved at Pemberley, which was the Preliminary school where the would-be agents’ character and potential were assessed. The key here was that it was done without revealing to them what SOE actually did.

The Preliminary schools syllabus included physical training, weapons handling, unarmed combat, elementary demolitions, map reading, field craft and basic signalling (use of radio communications).At Preliminary school the agents’ character and potential were assessed, without revealing to them what SOE did.

Those candidates that failed these areas, or were simply not deemed suitable were soon sent to the ‘cooler’ – also referred to as “up North”.

The ‘cooler’ was an isolated STS (SOE Training School) located at Inverlair, in Invernesshire – which meant county of Inverness, Scotland.

Inverlair lodge
Inverlair Lodge, it was called.

This particular ‘school’ was also known as ISRB Workshops or No.6 Special Workshop School.

ISRB was the Inter Services Research Bureau, which specialised in the development of equipment for use by agenst in clandestine operations. ISRB is generally described as having been located in the former Frythe hotel, Welwyn, and was known as Station IX. As well as radios, weapons, explosive devices, and booby traps, more specialised equipment was developed, and generally identified by the prefix Wel. For example, Welrod, Welbike, Welman, Welfreighter, and Welgun.

The very action of applying the ISRB designation to Inverlair Lodge served as a ruse to hide its true purpose.

Agents thought they were being let in on “secret” things, but they were not.

Once there at Inverlair, these failed candidates were ‘encouraged’ (god knows what that involved) to forget anything at all that the knew about SOE, and were kept on continuous training that never actually let them “graduate”.

For example, when they had learned to transmit sixteen words a minute on the radio they would be told to increase their speed to twenty-five words- because “it will be a very delicate mission you know.”

And so their training would stretch out and out, while the war went on without them.

To be sent there was in essence being sent to a kind of prison – a detention or internment camp where such individuals could be safely isolated from public contact.

Before reaching Inverlair, a deep gorge must be crossed by means of a small bridge.

The bridge was controlled by the SOE, effectively cutting off the ‘cooling’ agents from the rest of the world.

The only persons allowed across were local residents, staff and students of the training schools, and subversive agents who had been caught working for the enemy. These subversives were ‘retained in a holding area” or in other words kept safely out of the way. Others were hand cuffed and guarded.

Others did not even know they had been spotted, but crossed the Canal under the joyful delusion they were to undergo an intensive training course to prepare them for an important mission.

Among these were a number of high-ranking French officers who professed loyalty to the Allied cause but were really working for the Germans. At General de Gaulle’s request they were billeted in North West Scotland where they could do no more harm. pg. 74-75.

– Morgan, OSS and I

 

In 1941, an officer from Arisaig, the SOE headquarters in the area, was sent to set up a training school outside the restricted area.

He was who put it in Inverlair, a very isolated area.

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This whole area marked by pins in the map below (upper left) was made a No-Go area when the SOE established its first training base in Inverailort Castle.

map_showing_all_the_SOE_stations_Scotland

Inverailort Castle was taken over to train agents for missions in Occupied Europe.

The SOE then transferred its headquarters in the area to Arisaig House.

Arisaig_House

Note: The yellow marker in the map above is marking Arisaig – because it was the headquarters.

A funny anecdote was told by William Morgan in his book Spies and Saboteurs (p. 132) about a pompous British psychiatrist who came to visit Arisaig – Major Beaufort. He was one of the Tavistock boys, and a “Pemberley” psychiatrist who apparently was bursting with “ideas” and always telling people how clever he was.

Even his friends would tire of his constant demands for more and more ego juice. His visit was announced in advance so that it “would accord Major Beaufort the trappings and ceremonies which he felt were his due.” He was met at the station by a shining Morris driven by one of the best British Army chauffeurs and it was more of a joke than anything, but Beaufort was so taken with the idea of all this fawning over him that he never even “got” the joke!

Anyway, to give you an idea how remote this area is – notice this little place called Inverie, which was named STS24a of the SOE Scottish Training Schools.

larger_map_of_scotland_-_marking_inverie_for_perspective

It is on the north side of Loch Nevis – it is still the only village on the peninsular of Knoydart in the Scottish Highlands and is only reachable by ferry from Mallaig, there being no road access to the area from the rest of Scotland.

Inverie_House,_Knoydart

Some pics of the area –

See? Fantastically beautiful, isn’t it, but incredibly remote as well.

The Training Schools in the ‘No-Go’ area were:

  • STS21 – Arisaig House, Arisaig, Inverness-shire – Finishing School
  • STS22 – Rhubana Lodge, Morar, Inverness-shire
  • STS22a – Glasnacardoch Lodge, Morar, Inverness-shire – Foreign Weapons Training
  • STS23 – Meoble Lodge, Morar, Inverness-shire
  • STS23b – Swordland Lodge, Tarbet Bay, Morar, Inverness-shire
  • STS24a – Inverie House, Knoydart, Mallaig, Inverness-shire
  • STS24b – Glaschoille House, Knoydart, Mallaig, Inverness-shire
  • STS25a – Garramor House, Morar, Inverness-shire
  • STS25b – Camusdarach Lodge, Morar, Inverness-shire
  • STS25c – Traigh House, Morar, Inverness-shire
  • STS26 – Aviemore – Norwegian Agent Training – used three lodges: Drumintoul, Glenmore and Forest
  • STS54b – Belhaven School, Dunbar – Signals Section – Wireless Operators

 


 

Commandos were a group of three or four men who were given special training in unorthodox methods, and the hypothesis was that they could cause more havoc than a whole regiment.

After the SOE headquarters transferred to ArisaigInverailort became a Commando training school.

Inverlair aka ‘the cooler’ also had all the usual Commando training. It had an assault course, weapons range with pop-up targets etc.

This OSS Training Film (the same program) gives you an idea what that involved.

The idea being to create an illusion for the people sent there, who would think it was just another training school. But their training would continue until it was considered safe to let them loose.

It was not just where secret agents were sent that had failed their training at Pemberley or elsewhere – it was also where agents were sent that had been recalled from operations.

The Cooler was a very good description of the camp as the inmates were kept until the information they had been given had cooled – and, of course, a “cooler” is also a slang term for prison.

References –

  • Para-Military Training in Scotland During World War 2 (Land, Sea & Islands Centre, Arisaig 2001) An account of SOE training around the Arisaig area;
  • M.R.D. Foot who first reviewed the historical records and published a book called “The SOE In France” (c) 1966

 

Here is the part of the text (from above ref) that mentions Inverlair and ‘cooler’ on page 57:

Given the realities of political and military life of the late 1930’s and early 1940’s, S.O.E. could not be reasonably, have been expected to do much better than it did; in fact the point where it’s training can be most seriously faulted is that agents the training staff could clearly recognise to be unsuitable never the less in some cases slipped through into the field. This was hardly the training staff’s mistake; yet even they were not infallible. They reported adversely on some of the best as well as some of the worst agents who all the same got through to France: this did not encourage trust in them. If at any stage in the training process an agent’s nerve did fail, or it became clear to the staff that it would fail in the field, or any other strong reason against his dispatch appeared, a nice problem in security was posed; for the agent was bound to know by sight at least the people on the course with him ( their names, with this eventuality in mind, might well be false ones), and if he had reached Group B he might know dangerously much about clandestine techniques.

ISRB maintained some workshops in the remotest Scottish highlands, at Inverlair; and to this ‘cooler’ refractory or unsuitable agents were sent, till the other agents they had known were out of harm’s way and it was safe to return them to the general man powered pool.

 

And here’s a London Times article talking about Inverlair.

In 1941, the lodge was requisitioned and became one of the facilities operated by the Special Operations Executive (SOE) during World War II, and was known as No 6 Special Workshop School, part of the Inter Services Research Bureau (ISRB)…

SOE (and SIS or MI6) planned many secret operations in enemy territory during World War II, and it was inevitable that there would be occasions where volunteers would refuse to take part once they became aware of the full details. Some were unable to kill when the occasion was reduced to a one-on-one scenario, as opposed the anonymity of a battlefield exchange. With information being released on a Need to Know basis, their training meant that they were in possession of highly classified and secret information relating to pending missions, and could not be allowed to return to public life, where a careless remark could have compromised their secrecy. Inverlair Lodge became a detention or internment camp where such individuals could be accommodated, safely isolated from public contact. Conditions there were described as luxurious, and the lodge was even said to provide a safe haven for former agents or spies, who could not risk being seen in public, for fear of being recognised and killed in retaliation for missions they had carried out.

It has also been suggested that the lodge was equipped with facilities, equipment and activities similar to those of a normal training camp, the aim being to accommodate those that were unable to complete training in the normal way. The aim being to fool them into believing they were still undergoing training, allowing them to be kept safely out of circulation until they, or conditions, were deemed safe for then to be released. The idea seems a little improbable, and wasteful of resources, if the deception was run with sufficient realism to fool the trainees, given it would seems reasonable to assume that they had already been screened and selected on the basis of their aptitude for espionage related activities.

A number of web sites have been noted to refer to Inverlair Lodge being used to hold Rudolf Hess, after his flight to Scotland on May 10, 1941. Notably, VisitScotland.com asserted: Inverlair, famous in the twentieth century as one of the places in Northern Scotland where Rudolf Hess, Deputy Leader of Nazi Germany, was held prisoner after his flight to Scotland in May 1941.

George Markstein based one of his books, The Cooler, on knowledge gained while reporting during World War II, and this is said to be the basis for his contribution to the 1960s TV series, The Prisoner, whose lead character was known as No.6.

 

Many people think that William Morgan was part of the inspiration for No. 6 – because Morgan sent people to the ‘cooler’.

There is even somewhat of a resemblance between Patrick Mcgoohan, lead character in The Prisoner, and William Morgan.

– Image of Mcgoohan is from the Daytona Beach Morning Journal – Jun 1, 1968

 

Coming back around to the four stages of SOE training, those wannabe secret agents that did pass the preliminary stage at Pemberley were next sent to paramilitary schools, known as the group A schools.

Morgan himself attended on of these schools.

And again, we find ourselves looking at Scotland as this is where these schools were mainly based. The courses were grueling, and so was the terrain.

Cairngorns

The paramilitary schools were based at ten shooting lodges in the Arisaig and Morar areas.

map_showing_all_the_SOE_stations_Scotland

(the yellow pin area and the clustered area of pins north of that)

Doing the ‘log drill’.

scotland_001

When they arrived, each group of different nationalities would be housed in separate schools right up to their final briefing (if they made it that far).

They were then greeted with a hard hike over unyielding terrain. The course was co-ed, and both sexes had to complete the course. Those that finished were . tired, aching and covered in cuts and bruises having crawled on their bellies and trekked up mountains.

The courses lasted at first for three weeks but were later increased to five weeks. Overall, they included physical training, silent killing, weapons handling, demolition, map reading, compass work, field craft, elementary Morse, and raid tactics.

Their weapons training and unarmed combat equipped agents for close combat only. William Fairbairn (later supervised training at Camp ‘X’ in Canada) and Eric Anthony Sykes (real name Eric Anthony Schwabe) – two ex-Shanghai municipal police officers – taught unarmed combat, or silent killing.

silent killing

Here’s an OSS Training video with Fairbairn teaching gutter-fighting skills.

Fairbairn, after taking a severe beating that put him in the hospital for months in Shanghai, awoke to see a placard on his bed table that read, “Professor Okada, Jujutsu and Bone-setting”. In 1908 he searched him out, trained with him in jujitsu for 3 1/2 years and then spent the next 13 years cross-training in different Defense Arts.

Fairburn and Okada

Fairbain-Okada

There was an interesting statistic that only 15 percent of soldiers were actually willing to go up to a stranger and kill him – it was those 15 percent presumably, that were being trained in these camps.

Students successfully completing this Commando training next went to a camp in England to learn paratrooping skills.

Parachute_training_WWII_-_paul_mccue_books

While undergoing parachute training at STS 51, RAF Ringway, agents stayed at either (above left) STS 51a, Dunham House, Dunham Massey, Altrincham or (above right) STS 51b, Fulshaw Hall, Wilmslow.

Mass ‘drops’ were performed as part of training.

mass-drop paratrooper training Tatton Park R A Bridgeford coll cropped

Last, but not least, there were the ‘finishing’ schools.

Beaulieu – palace house

palace_house_ - Beaulieu

Beaulieu was based in the New Forest on Lord Montague’s estate, where eventually there were eleven schools. Within each school, there were five departments covering topics such as agent technique, clandestine life, personal security, communication in the field, how to maintain a cover story and how to act under police surveillance.

There were also specialist subjects, such as burglary and picking of locks. One department dealt with the recognition of enemy forces, while others dealt with the dissemination of white overt propaganda and black covert propaganda, and with codes and the use of invisible inks.

One famed instructor was ‘Killer’ Green, who had learned his skills from master figures of the underworld.

'Killer' GreenSOE Green, Donald Ernest Farrance (Killer)

All SOE agents were furnished with their own cover story, and the background fabric for these ‘lives’ came from a variety of sources, ranging from military intelligence to the BBC.

Reference – BBC history.

William Morgan completed all four phases of this training, and then was given his cover.

Here’s an OSS training film that teaches (based on British intelligence techniques) the recruits about covers. Notice who’s giving the class – it’s our Dartmouth graduate and deputy of McConnaughy, head of the Schools and Training board of the OSS – Colonel Henson Langdon Robinson. Interesting to see this guy live!


 

 

SOE F section – Jedburgh

The head of SOE’s French Section (known as F Section) was Maurice Buckmaster, whose small team was based at Orchard Square, close to SOE HQ at 64 Baker St.

vera_atkins_inspired_moneypenny_-_buckmaster_soe_FLondon, 1945
standing : Maurice Buckmaster, seated: Pierre Culioli (french resistant), Vera Atkins and Jean Vincent (aka Veny french resistant)

Incidentally, Vera Atkins was Ian Fleming’s inspiration for the character Moneypenny in the James Bond series.

With cooperation with the OSS and French Resistane leaders, Maurice had a very specialized commando group put together called Jedburgh.

It was named after the town in Scotland of the same name, located for you on the map below.

Jedburgh is marked by the yellow dot – it’s just south of Edinburgh. The red arrow is marking the part of Scotland where most of the Commando schools were – where the “Jedburghs” would have trained.

Jedburgh_Scotland

Jedburgh lies on the Jed Water, a tributary of the River Teviot. It is only ten miles from the border with England.

For those interested – this is kind of an interesting video that I found showing one of the Jedburgh 3-man teams doing a debrief.

Captain Cyr’s report on youtube –

 

William Morgan was a Jedburgh, but apparently only by virtue of apparently one paratrooper jump on the 13th of August 1944, which is all I have found records of.

His field code-name for that mission was Francois Marceau.

The DZ (Drop Zone) was Puyduris, Creuse, France.

It was a combined Carpetbagger ‘Sandberg’ mission, FIREMAN 15b.

He was to contact something called the ‘Veni’ circuit.

That was Jean Vincent (aka Veny or Veni) – who is pictured above with the Buckmaster team.

Jean Vincent must have been part of, or had something to do with the FIREMAN circuit.

Why was Morgan sent in?

I think he was sent in to interrogate someone, because the British Archives, Reel 6 HS 6/585 explains what FIREMAN was.

HS 6/585 Personnel: circuit mission reports and interrogations: circuits A – G (1944)
Acolyte, Actor, Beggar, Broker, Butler, Detective, Digger, Diplomat, Ditcher, Donkeyman, Farmer, Fireman, Footman, Gardener, Gondolier

I translated a chart from a French Wikipedia article that gives us some more information, particularly about his flight out on August 13th, where it started from, etc.

Code name Town Position First use Brief History Conventional Message User
Jet Chambon-Sainte-Croix locality Puyduris 1 km southwest of Chambon-Sainte-Croix Night of July 16 to 17, 1944 This field is used four
times on July 16, 4, 10 and 13 August 1944. Particular, he received August 13, 1944 U.S. Captain William J.Morgan alias François Marceau or integrated mission FIREMANN
A soul artist is me Used by the Battalion Commander Anne Maldant and supervised by Percy Mayer of FIREMANN Mission (SOE)

 

This chart I found – shows that Morgan’s field name was Miguel, and the operational name (for this mission I presume) was MALEFACTOR.

Chart from here.

SURNAME FORENAMES FIELDNAME Operational
Name
Documentary
Name
Wireless Plan Name Main CIRCUIT
Main Mission (M)
Arrival Date
After Training
FATE
MORGAN William James Miguel MALEFACTOR   FIREMAN 14/08/1944 Returned

Another source has:

DROP ZONE – 13 August

Puyduris, 2 km SO Chambon-Sainte-Croix, 8 km S E Fresselines, DZ Gicleur (46° 20’ N – 01° 45’ E), Creuse, France

USA, UK SOE F William J.Morgan aka Marceau Fireman 15B Get contact with Veni circuit.

– Title of Chart: Tentative of History of In/Exfiltrations into/from France during WWII from 1941 to 1945 (Parachutes, Plane & Sea Landings)
– Source –
NARA-M1623–R6-V3-SOE F – Fireman HS8/145 SOE Operations USAAF Carpetbaggers MR n°1615

 

I then researched further and found out that FIREMAN normally operated around Limoges, which was an SOE F section area headed by Major Percy Edward Mayer.

major percy mayer

FIREMAN is part of the spy networks, also known as circuits, (or réseaux to their French participants) established in France by F Section of the British Special Operations Executive.

At a special forces website, I found –

SURNAME Mayer
FORENAME Percy Edward
UNIT SOE Madagascar + F Section
SOE RANK Lieutenant + T/Major
NUMBER 236861

AWARD
Military Cross,Officer of the British Empire,Croix de Guerre PLACE
Madagascar 1942 (OBE) France 1944 (MC,CdeG)

born 20.9.1912
resided Tananarive,Madagascar
SOE Madagascar
F Section SOE
codename Maurice
Fireman Circuit (organiser)
died 15.12.1984

  • As Head of Mission Todd Carson
  • As SOE agent, section F:
  • War name (field name): “Bartholomew”
  • Operational code name: FIREMAN
  • Other nicknames: Galland, Commander Edward.

1944

  • March – After receiving training, with the rank of Major, he was parachuted in the region of Limoges. He makes contact with the leaders of the Resistance. He parachuted weapons on numerous occasions and strengthens these groups by appropriate training. He travels the region by bicycle, in various disguises, and transmits the allies indications of favorable zones for airdrops.
  • June – After landing, he took command of all FFI units in the northern part of the Creuse . These units harass the Germans, destroying communication lines and inflicting such losses that the Das Reich division decays at this location.
  • August – Towards the end of the month, when the Germans began to withdraw through the area Châteauroux, many FFI units southern Creuse pass under his orders.

Oh look! It’s the bicycle spy!

I find that amusing.

After the liberation of France, Major Mayer was sent to Indochina as a liaison officer between the British and French forces.

That’s the same place Captain Morgan was sent as well, as I recall.

Morgan’s book, Spies and Saboteurs, details a few more points as to what he did in France. Starting on p. 182, Morgan reveals his code name was Marceau, and that he would be on the “Murderer” circuit, in the Creuse. They gave him a hundred thousand franks for himself, and three million for “Eduard” (probably a code name for Venii) the frenchmen he was supposed to help him set up a network. He also gave him a set of gold swastika cufflinks, in case he was “captured by the Germans.”


While overseas in France and Britain, Morgan met his future wife Antonia ‘Toni’ Mary Farquharson Bell, a British-woman.

The story goes that on her way to visit her parents in Guildford one day, she had to wait several hours for a train because an earlier one had been bombed. On the later train, she met Morgan.They married 2 November 1944 and settled in Washington in 1946.

She had an interesting background, I think she may have been working for (or at least in concert with) William Stephenson in the BSC.

In London in 1941, she won a national English-Speaking Union scholarship that included a speaking tour of 30 cities in the United States to explain the British war effort.

While on tour in the United States, she met with Eleanor Roosevelt, was the guest of Andrew Carnegie’s daughter at the Carnegie mansion in New York City and stayed with the family of one of the original settlers of California. The attack on Pearl Harbor left her stranded in Texas, where she taught for a semester at the Hockaday School in Dallas.

Washington Post April 21, 2006.

 

Drumming up American support for the British next idiot war of theirs, was exactly one of the top priority tasks that Stephenson was already there (since 1940) to do.

The odds on Miss Bell here, coming to America to do exactly that, without her being involved in British intelligence somehow, are rather not in her favor – to put it mildly. Put together with marrying a top-secret BSC/SOE/OSS spy? Those odds drop to about nil.

The newlywed Morgans headed back to the United States, where as soon as the CIA was formed in 1947, Morgan became a ‘asset’ or agent. Besides serving as a ‘ psychological strategy specialist under Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight Eisenhower, from 1947 to 1957 he created tests to examine new recruits and employees for the CIA.

Meanwhile, he also went into private practice with his wife ‘Toni’, as he called her, founding Aptitude Associates in 1951, located on Dunn Loring rd. in Merrifield, Virginia.

Over the years, they interviewed, tested and counseled thousands of teenage boys, girls and their parents from the Washington area. They advised them on ‘academic, emotional and vocational’ issues. Aptitude Associates closed in the early 1980s.

An example ad for their little front group, shows the heavy push by the CIA (with it’s hand-and-hand partnership with British intelligence) to try and mainstream their testing and mental control ideas.

Here’s an example from the Chester Times, December 3, 1955.

Chester_Times_1955_12_03_aptitude_associates

devoted to developing ways to apply psychology to daily living.”

 

Morgan’s wife also helped to found the Virginia Psychological Association and published a number of articles in scientific journals on gifted children.


 

Coming all the way back around here again to the subject of Capt. Morgan and the OSS Assessment business in 1943/1944 –

AnimatedStarJuly of 1943

Not long before the OSS set up their Assessment board (and after Morgan had been doing his assessment stint at SOE for some time) the SOE introduced a more streamlined method for the initial selection of students.

The SOE called it the Student’s Assessment Board (SAB) and it was moved to Cranleigh, Surrey and it replaced the previous Pemberley “preliminary” school.

Winterfold House courtesy Tony HamptonWinterfold near Cranleigh, Surrey.

The assessors gave the students a wide variety of tests over a four-day period. A huge amount of emphasis was now placed on the ‘psychological make up’ of its agents.

This is exactly what the OSS version – the weekends in Fairfax County “party” – was patterned after, and this revision is a direct result of Tavistock man Eric Trist’s work begun in approximately April of 1943.

As a reminder – in his autobiography, Eric had specifically detailed that he was the senior psychologist for creating assessments for the War Office Selection Boards (WOSBs).

I then became Senior Psychologist for the whole development of WOSBs.

[WOSB – War Office Selection Boards]
Eric’s autobiography

The finalized form of the Boards, was developed by Eric “Rocky” Trist’s superiors – Tavistock men Majors John D. ‘Jock’ Sutherland and Wilfred Ruprecht Bion.

 

 

I found a video of Wilfred Bion – rather interesting to watch one of these people in action.

 

Lest you think Eugenics was just “the Nazis” – let me assure you that Sir Cyril Burt’s work and view on inferior races was alive and well with the Tavistock men, and within the SOE/OSS testing system to boot.

Not to put too fine a point on it, there was racism galore in these supposed ‘psychological make up’ – leaving us to realize that yet again, this assessment business was not as impartial as it’s repeatedly touted to be.

For example –

One OSS pyschologist found that a British Psychological Assessment Board had been rejecting a high proportion of OSS propagandists, some of them well-known Hollywood screen-writers, New York advertising men, and best-selling authors. The sole reason: the candidates were immigrants of Jewish descent.” 81

– OSS, an e-book by Richard Harris Smith

 

The British were practicing Nazi ideals?

oh_my_god_-_vincent

Imagine that.

sarcasm little guy

The psychologist mentioned in the above book was William J. Morgan aka Anthony Mitrano.

On p. 148 of his book, Spies and Saboteurs, he goes into a bit more detail concerning this racism of the British SAB’s.

Morgan was called to London to see a Major Bailey, who in turn took him to see Colonel Olds, who in turn sent him to see Major Clubb at British Intelligence Headquarters on Baker street.

Clubb told him that one of the Assessment Boards, at Heathfield, near London, had been failing a high proportion of OSSers who were first-generation Americans or of Jewish descent. Many of the men who had been rejected as psychological warfare officers were well-known – they were Hollywood screen-writers, New York advertising men, best-seller authors. Morgan was asked to do a secret investigation, which he did. He said that the board was atrocious. Without evidence it was rejecting foreign-born Americans, Americans with un-English names, and Jews. The CO brushed aside his concerns, saying: “We understand these people much better than you Americans do. They have only recently left Europe and they are much closer to us.” Morgan sent in a damning report, but doesn’t know what ever happened with it, if anything.

Interesting, eh? It’s probably more a case of “let’s investigate it” and then going through the motions, with no intention of changing anything and done merely to look like one had done something – pretty much like what happened with the choosing of women sex surrogates as radio operators for their male agents.

So…that’s a kind of overall feel for you on what the erstwhile OSS man, Dr. Morgan, was training on and just exactly what was being “brought in” by Stephenson and the SOE into America.

page divider 2014Continued in Section V.

 

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