by Mike McClaughry
Advanced Knowledge in Ancient Times
Reckoning – the righting of wrongs. The rectifying of damages caused by wrong actions.
There is quite a bit of archaeological evidence of skilled technologies being employed around the planet, during times when humans were supposed to be lurking in caves and wearing furs or something.
A certain group of Beings openly and freely handed out the correct knowledge about existence to humans in ancient times. These Beings happen to live unlimited, meaning they continually use all of the abilities of a Being as their usual method of living. The data handed out was on different subjects, including advanced masonry (stone work), advanced astronomy, metal working, writing, martial arts, Being abilities, etc.
The correct knowledge about existence had nothing to do with any religion, then or now.
Ancient Advanced Masonry
Massive stones were used to build a platform at Baalbek, Lebanon.
Much later in time the Romans built a temple on top of the platform, in 27 BC.
The largest pyramid is composed of 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging 2.5 tons.
The interior of the largest pyramid contains passages and rooms.
* * *
Easter Island lies 2,000 miles off the coast of Chile.
Easter Island has 250 stone statues that line the coast. They were brought there from a quarry 12 miles away. Some are as high as 33 feet and weigh 82 tons. Abandoned in quarries or along roads are another 637 statues, some 65 feet tall and weighing 270 tons.
The stone is so hard that repeated hammering on it with a steel chisel hardly scratches it. The Easter Island natives had no means for chiseling these rocks, nor for moving them.
The legend of the natives says that flying people came there amidst fire in ancient times.
A civilization suddenly appeared in Mesoamerica that archaeologists named the Olmecs. Olmec ruins date as circa 3100 BC. The starting date of the Olmec calendar is 3113 B.C. They were an advanced civilization preceding the Mayas and Aztecs. Olmec stone statue heads appear in various places in Mexico.
Palenque, Mexico has the Temple of Inscriptions pyramid. It contains a burial tomb covered by a 5 ton stone lid. Inscriptions on the walls convince archaeologists that Pacal is buried here. He reigned in Palenque in 615-683 A.D.
The lid of the burial tomb has a depiction on it – an operator of a flying vehicle.
The depiction is framed by celestial bodies and the zodiac constellations.
Egyptian statues that weigh 1,000 tons each. Each carved from a single piece of stone that was brought from Mokattam Mountain, 1500 BC. Called the Colossi of Memnon.
Ramses II statue in Egypt, brought from Mokattam Mt. 370 miles away – 1250 BC.
There are many ancient stonewalls at Cuzco, Peru. The joints are so perfect that you cannot fit a piece of paper between the stones.
The Nesilim had an Empire in Asia Minor (Turkey) from about 2000 to 1200BC. They were masters of stone, shaping blocks weighing up to 40 tons. In some walls, the masonry was so fine, that it is still impossible to slip a sheet of paper between two stones.
Ancient Advanced Astronomy
The zodiac was made known to humans in ancient times, which is advanced astronomy.
In order to appreciate that it is advanced astronomy, you need to understand what it is.
Zodiac – Calendar of the Ages
The Earth takes 365 days to make one orbit around the sun. We call that a year. Thus the calendar uses a celestial event to measure time.
The zodiac is a calendar of the Ages. The zodiac uses a celestial event to measure time.
Standing on Earth in the northern hemisphere, and looking at a particular point in space, you would see a particular constellation in the night sky. If you were to watch that point for 25,920 years – you would have seen 12 constellations appearing at that point in space.
Then it repeats, with the same 12 constellations appearing there in the next 25,920 years.
Precession and the Zodiac
When you watch a top spin you see it start to wobble. That wobble is called precession.
The Earth is a sort of spinning top and it wobbles in its spin.
Precession is a change in the orientation of the Earth’s axis. In other words, the tilt of the earth changes. As a result of this motion, the stars as seen from Earth appear to change position slowly.
The Earth goes through one complete precession cycle in a period of 25,920 years.
The zodiac divides precession into 12 parts. But, it is not divided into 12 equal divisions of time, some of the divisions are longer periods of time than others, as you will soon see.
One pass through the twelve divisions of the zodiac = one cycle of precession.
The celestial sphere is an imaginary sphere around the earth that is used to determine the position of celestial objects as seen from Earth.
Picture the Earth at the center of the celestial sphere. Project some of Earth’s key geographic features outward into space:
Extend the Earth’s equator outward, thus forming the celestial equator.
The Ecliptic – The Apparent Path of the Sun
The apparent path of the Sun when viewed from the Earth is called the ecliptic.
If you were to watch the ecliptic all year long, you would see the ecliptic change position in the sky from north to south and then back north again over the period of a full year.
From its highest position in the north, the ecliptic crosses the celestial equator heading south. From its lowest point in the south, the ecliptic crosses the celestial equator heading north.
These 4 points mark the beginning of the 4 seasons – summer, autumn, winter, spring.
The ecliptic at its highest northern point = Summer Solstice
The ecliptic crossing the celestial equator heading south = Autumn Equinox
The ecliptic at its lowest southern point = Winter Solstice
The ecliptic crossing the celestial equator heading north = Spring Equinox
The Summer Solstice occurs about June 22 – it marks the start of summer.
The Autumn Equinox occurs about September 22 – it marks the start of autumn.
The Winter Solstice occurs about December 22 – it marks the start of winter.
The Spring Equinox occurs about March 22 – it marks the start of spring.
The Spring Equinox is also called the Vernal Equinox.
If you were to watch it for 25,920 years, you would see 12 constellations appear there. You would have watched one cycle of precession. Then it would start over again, going through the same 12 constellations as it did before.
The 12 constellations are:
The vernal equinox of the northern hemisphere is used to determine the zodiac Age.
Zodiac definition – The 12 constellations against which the sun appears to move during one cycle of precession.
Constellations and the Zodiac
The word Constellation means a “Story In The Sky”. There are 88 constellations.
The constellation Scorpio is said to be the scorpion sent by a God to kill the hunter Orion.
Each of the constellations in the zodiac has been given an animal name for an imaginary image formed by the stars in the constellation. Zodiac is a Greek word for – animal circle.
The size of each constellation is different and that causes each zodiac Age to be different lengths of time. This picture shows that the size of each constellation is different:
The Age of Aries lasts for 1800 years. The Age of Pisces lasts for 2700 years.
A zodiac Age is the period of time during which the Spring Equinox can be seen against the stars of a particular constellation. We are currently in the Age of Pisces but we will soon be entering the Age of Aquarius.
* * *
How would humans in ancient times know about the zodiac, if they were supposedly so uneducated and primitive? They certainly didn’t sit around for 25,000 years watching the sky…it’s really advanced mathematics.
You would have had to have knowledge about the exact location in space of the stars around Earth and knowledge of the exact path taken by the Earth’s wobble. You can’t sit on the planet and see the Earth wobble.
Hundreds of thousands of ancient clay tablets have been found in Mesopotamia and Asia Minor.
The University of Pennsylvania museum has most of them and they have translated some of them.
This Mesopotamian tablet proves that trigonometry was known by people in 1800 B.C. 1
It is superior mathematics to the trigonometry in use in modern times.
Who taught people these advanced mathematics in ancient times?
Some of the Mesopotamian tablets discuss astronomy. Every cuneiform text that has any astronomical comment has been translated and discussed in available academic literature. The tablets are often quite detailed, even discussing mathematical calculations of the appearance of planetary bodies in the sky, on the horizon, and in relation to other stars. 2
The tablets show they had knowledge of at least five planets in our solar system – Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. You can’t see there are planets in the night sky with your eyes, that requires a telescope which humans did not have until 1600 A.D. So, who told the people in ancient Mesopotamia that there are other planets orbiting our sun?
The Mesopotamian tablets also show knowledge of the zodiac.
Here is one example of their zodiac artwork –
* * *
Dendera Temple, Egypt – 2550 BC
The Romans built a chapel in the temple at Dendera around 50 BC. There is a zodiac on the ceiling.
This tells us that precession and the zodiac was known by humans in 50 BC.
Another case of humans knowing about the zodiac involves the Hindu god called Mitra. Mitra was one of the Hindu solar gods, the Persians called him Mithra. He was popular with the Romans. The Romans used caves for their Mithra meetings, called mithraeum.
A bronze image of Mithra emerging from a zodiac ring was in a mithraeum in England.
* * *
There are several celestial observatories constructed in ancient times, for observing the equinoxes and solstices.
The remains at Machu Picchu, Peru date about 4000 B.C.
Machu Picchu is where one of the ancient celestial observatories is located.
The Temple of the Three Windows made possible observation of sunrise on equinox day. A stone column is on the platform. It is an instrument for observing the equinoxes and solstices in the southern hemisphere. Its name is Inti-huatana.
Sacsahuaman overlooks Cuzco, Peru. Sacsahuaman also has a solar observatory. Four openings in the walls point to sunrise and sunset on the winter and summer solstice days in the southern hemisphere.
A stone celestial observatory exists in England, it is called Stonehenge.
Stonehenge is a circle of giant stones, built about 2900 BC. The giant stones are very heavy – the Heel Stone alone weighs 35 tons.
The Heel Stone, or “Sun Stone”, points toward the point in the sky where the sun rises at the summer solstice on June 22nd.
Ancient Advanced Weapons
In recent excavations of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, archeologists discovered skeletons in the cities. People were lying, unburied, in the streets. The streets had clay pots that had melted under intense heat.
One city in northern India near the Rajmahal mountains seems to have been subjected to intense heat. Huge masses of walls and foundations of the ancient city are fused together.
There are several allegedly non-human skull fossils on display at the museum in Cuzco, Peru.
Polaris is currently the north star. Back at that time,Thuban was the North Star. The earth wobble causes the shift.
Thuban is also known as Alpha Draconis, it is located in the tail of the dragon in the Draco constellation.
Temples Amenemhet I built were oriented towards the star Alpha Draconis.
One of the temples in Thebes was referred to as the ‘city of the Dragon’.
These are figurines found in Mesopotamia, dated at about 4,500 BC.
There is more to the history of this planet than just some cavemen running around here who evolved.
Obviously, certain knowledgeable persons have been operating around this planet – all this time.
The people of India have a legend that we are about to enter Krita – the Age of Truth.
Who says it has not arrived already?
The Reckoning Table of Chapters
- University of New South Wales. “Mathematical mystery of ancient Babylonian clay tablet solved.”
ScienceDaily, 24 August 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/08/170824141250.htm>.
The University of South Wales dropped a bombshell on the world on August 24, 2017.
Trigonometry was known in 1800 B.C. Here’s one of the articles on it –
The new research shows the Babylonians, not the Greeks, were the first to study trigonometry — the study of triangles — and reveals an ancient mathematical sophistication that had been hidden until now.
Known as Plimpton 322, the small tablet was discovered in the early 1900s in what is now southern Iraq by archaeologist Edgar Banks, the person on whom the fictional character Indiana Jones was based.
It has four columns and 15 rows of numbers written on it in the cuneiform script of the time using a base 60, or sexagesimal, system.
“Our research reveals that Plimpton 322 describes the shapes of right-angle triangles using a novel kind of trigonometry based on ratios, not angles and circles. It is a fascinating mathematical work that demonstrates undoubted genius.”
The new study by Dr Mansfield and UNSW Associate Professor Norman Wildberger is published in Historia Mathematica, the official journal of the International Commission on the History of Mathematics.
A trigonometric table allows you to use one known ratio of the sides of a right-angle triangle to determine the other two unknown ratios.
The Greek astronomer Hipparchus, who lived about 120 years BC, has long been regarded as the father of trigonometry, with his “table of chords” on a circle considered the oldest trigonometric table.
“Plimpton 322 predates Hipparchus by more than 1000 years,” says Dr Wildberger. “It opens up new possibilities not just for modern mathematics research, but also for mathematics education. With Plimpton 322 we see a simpler, more accurate trigonometry that has clear advantages over our own.”
“A treasure-trove of Babylonian tablets exists, but only a fraction of them have been studied yet. The mathematical world is only waking up to the fact that this ancient but very sophisticated mathematical culture has much to teach us.”
Dr Mansfield read about Plimpton 322 by chance when preparing material for first year mathematics students at UNSW. He and Dr Wildberger decided to study Babylonian mathematics and examine the different historical interpretations of the tablet’s meaning after realizing that it had parallels with the rational trigonometry of Dr Wildberger’s book Divine Proportions: Rational Trigonometry to Universal Geometry.
The 15 rows on the tablet describe a sequence of 15 right-angle triangles, which are steadily decreasing in inclination.
The left-hand edge of the tablet is broken and the UNSW researchers build on previous research to present new mathematical evidence that there were originally 6 columns and that the tablet was meant to be completed with 38 rows.
They also demonstrate how the ancient scribes, who used a base 60 numerical arithmetic similar to our time clock, rather than the base 10 number system we use, could have generated the numbers on the tablet using their mathematical techniques.
The UNSW Science mathematicians also provide evidence that discounts the widely-accepted view that the tablet was simply a teacher’s aid for checking students’ solutions of quadratic problems.
“Plimpton 322 was a powerful tool that could have been used for surveying fields or making architectural calculations to build palaces, temples or step pyramids,” says Dr Mansfield.
The tablet, which is thought to have come from the ancient Sumerian city of Larsa, has been dated to between 1822 and 1762 BC. It is now in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Columbia University in New York.
The name is derived from Pythagoras’ theorem of right-angle triangles which states that the square of the hypotenuse (the diagonal side opposite the right angle) is the sum of the squares of the other two sides.
- Here is one example of a paper on Mesopotamian tablets that reveal astronomical data –
The paper was submitted to the Cuneiform Digital Library Bulletin by Immanuel Freedman.
Cuneiform Digital Library Bulletin 2015:3
© Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative
Version: 8 November 2015
The paper shows the Mesopotamian tablets discussing planets in our solar system.
Venus, Mercury and Jupiter are mentioned in the tablets being discussed.