by Mike McClaughry
Chapter Five – 2
British Intelligence Sabotaging America
The Rat Bastards
A “Rat Bastard” is one of the biggest swine that you will ever meet in life.
They will screw you over any chance they get. Most of them are sociopaths.
– from the Urban Dictionary
Image from this comic book creator
Reckoning – the righting of wrongs. The rectifying of damages caused by wrong actions.
This is a continuation of Chapter Five – 1.
The Round Table is the main front group the British nobility uses to forward their Plan to rule the entire world.
Lord Rothschild was a member of the Round Table. The Rockefellers are also members.
The British nobility traditional method of taking over a country –
Step 1 – Economic takeover
Step 2 – Government takeover
They accomplished Step 1 in America and then began on Step 2.
The Round Table men created the Council on Foreign Relations in New York City on July 29, 1921.
Council on Foreign Relations
That is the British nobility front group for infiltrating and covertly influencing the American government.
Every American President, except two, has been a member of the CFR, and CFR members hold many other top positions within the U.S. Government. Allen Dulles was a CFR member and he was Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Twelve members of the CFR have been United States Secretary of State, etc.
The chairman of the CFR for many years was Round Table member – David Rockefeller.
Waldorf Astor was a member of the Round Table. He and his wife Nancy lived in a large estate called ‘Cliveden’.
The Astors held regular weekend parties and the group that attended them became known as ‘the Cliveden set’.
It included –
Lord Halifax, Edward Wood (member of Round Table)
Lord Lothian, Philip Kerr (member of Round Table)
Lionel Curtis (member of Round Table)
Robert Brand (member of Round Table)
Geoffrey Dawson (member of Round Table, editor London Times)
Samuel Hoare (Foreign Secretary, MI 6)
Nevile Henderson (British ambassador to Berlin, Germany)
Edward Algernon Fitzroy (Speaker of the House of Commons)
Waldorf Astor had a wealthy relative in America – Vincent Astor.
In 1921 Franklin Delano Roosevelt got polio and would soak his legs in Vincent Astor’s heated swimming pool. 1
The grandfather of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Warren Delano Jr., was chief of operations for Russell & Co., a Boston trading firm which did big business in the China opium trade in Canton. He first went to China at age 24 and spent a decade dealing opium on the Pearl River before returning to New York wealthy.
* * *
On 14 June 1923, Admiral Hugh Sinclair became the director of Secret Intelligence Service – MI 6.
Admiral Sir Hugh Francis Paget “Quex” Sinclair
Admiral Sinclair created some new Sections within MI 6, one of them was Section D.
Section D was specifically formed to conduct sabotage through political covert actions.
Sabotage through political covert actions is exactly what MI 6 did to America.
* * *
Vincent Astor moved to the forefront of New York’s fast-paced society world. Astor and his socialite friends required a retreat where they could gather in private to discuss current political, financial and international topics. Thus in 1927 they formed a secret society called The ROOM, which met monthly in an apartment at 34 East 62nd Street in New York City, complete with unlisted telephone and mail drop.
The ROOM building
The ROOM’s founders kept the existence of their little gathering from everyone except a few select friends.
New membership was restricted to men who shared all the attributes and ideas of the original members.
When members returned from their continual series of world travels, they reported observations to The ROOM. 2
The ROOM was the forerunner of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) – which was the forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
The most significant ROOM members were –
William Vincent Astor (family connection in Round Table)
William Wiseman (head of MI 6 in America)
William Donovan (Chief of OSS)
David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce (Chief of OSS in Europe)
Robert Gordon McKay (member of OSS)
Charles Suydam Cutting (member of OSS)
Frederick Trubee Davison (member of CIA)
Somerset Maugham (MI 6 agent)
Clarence L. Hay (Naval Reserve intelligence agent)
William Rhinelander Stewart (U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence)
Other important Room members were –
Winthrop Williams Aldrich (son of Nelson Aldrich – who helped enact federal reserve system)
Nelson Doubleday (publisher, friend of MI 6 agent Ian Fleming)
Barklie McKee Henry (schooled at Oxford University)
Kenneth B. Schley (close friends with Duke and Duchess of Windsor)
H. Nugent (Kermit Roosevelt’s close English friend)
Reginald Fincke (his daughter married a British nobleman)
Oliver Dwight Filley (pilot with the Royal Flying Corps in World War I)
Kermit Roosevelt Sr. (son of American President Theodore Roosevelt, joined the British Army)
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (son of American President Theodore Roosevelt) 3, 4
William Wiseman, head of MI 6 in America, was a ROOM member. 5
All ROOM members were pro-British and The ROOM had a purpose to promote Anglo-American ties. 6
Franklin Roosevelt knew every ROOM member well. Roosevelt met ROOM members aboard Astor’s yacht, the Nourmahal, where they spent long hours drinking, gambling, fishing, and pursuing amorous adventure. 6
* * *
On 7 January 1930, Robert Vansittart took office as permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office.
This position is not actually part of the official appointed British government. It is a very powerful position.
The best way to describe it is – the position serves as the communicator for the British slavemasters.
The British slavemasters use that person to exert control of the government, especially all intelligence.
Britain’s foreign policy is formulated by the permanent staff of the Foreign Office.
Vansittart worked closely with Admiral Hugh Sinclair, the head of MI6. They were best friends. 29, 30, 31
Listing out some of the organizations that Vansittart was over –
Foreign Office Intelligence Department
Naval Intelligence Department
Board of Trade Intelligence Department
Colonial Intelligence Department
MI 5 and Scotland Yard
War Office Intelligence Department
Department B4 (super secret, called the brain of the British Secret Services)
British propaganda is done by British intelligence, Vansittart was also over that.
* * *
Franklin D. Roosevelt won the election for American President in 1932. He went to meet with Round Table members at Cliveden before he assumed office as American President from 1933 to 1945. 7
In November 1934 Round Table men within and without the British government, officially told Adolf Hitler that Britain was prepared to give Germany arms equality. Four days later, Hitler announced Germany’s rearmament. 8
* * *
On 31 August 1935 the American Congress passed the first neutrality law.
It prohibited American export of “arms, ammunition, and implements of war” to foreign nations at war.
In 1935 Vansittart began making plans on how to get America into the war,
acting like American resources should be at Britain’s disposal.
Like most of his Foreign Office colleagues, Vansittart regarded the economic resources of the United States as a “vital source for Britain and the Empire in any future hostilities”. In fact, following the introduction of the American neutrality legislation in 1935, he starkly pointed out that Britain’s failure to secure American financial and material aid “in a European war, i.e. if Germany tried to eat her neighbors again, would mean disaster to all of us.” 32
Vansittart created a new, secret organization “to co-ordinate propaganda” – he was its chairman. 33
* * *
In September 1935, the Round Table journal stated –
…it (Round Table) has never abandoned its view that the only final basis for freedom and enduring peace is the organic union of nations in a commonwealth embracing the whole world… 9
Do you see that word commonwealth? It has a very specific meaning.
Commonwealth of Nations – …the now independent components of the former British Empire and Britain’s remaining dependencies are described as the Commonwealth of Nations. Even though the “now independent components” have their own internal governments, their external relations are governed by Britain. 10
The Round Table front group in America is the Council on Foreign Relations. It makes America part of the British Empire. The CFR is the means for Britain to determine America’s external relations – thereby covertly having America being part of the British “Commonwealth of Nations”.
* * *
In February 1936 the American Congress passed another Neutrality Act.
It banned American arms sales and American loans to belligerents.
In a classified memorandum dated 31 December 1936 Vansittart stated –
“One other great change has taken place to our detriment: the recent neutrality legislation in the United States. We scrambled through the last war by importing in its early stages some 500 million dollars’ worth of American munitions. Today, in the event of war, we can count on getting nothing.” 34
* * *
Nazi Germany was a British operation.
Adolf Hitler was a nobody who lacked the funds or influence to bring about Nazi Germany. Nazi Germany was funded by the Rockefellers, Harrimans, and Bush family – they were members of the Council on Foreign Relations. They funded Hitler’s rise to power, his private 300,00 man army, and the death camps that killed millions of people.
The weekend of 23rd October 1937, the Astors had thirty people to lunch at Cliveden House. This included –
Lord Lothian, Philip Kerr (member of Round Table)
Neville Chamberlain (member of Round Table)
Lionel Curtis (member of Round Table)
Geoffrey Dawson (member of Round Table)
Alexander Cadogan (Under-Secretary Foreign Office, MI 6)
Nevile Henderson (British ambassador to Berlin, Germany)
Edward Algernon Fitzroy (Speaker of the House of Commons)
They were happy that fellow Round Table member, Neville Chamberlain, had just become British Prime Minister. 11
In November 1937, Neville Chamberlain sent Lord Halifax to meet Adolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels and Hermann Goering in Germany. 12
Lord Halifax (left) meeting with Adolf Hitler (center)
Lord Halifax was Edward Wood, a member of the Round Table. In this visit Lord Halifax was acting as the British Foreign Secretary, therefore he was officially representing the British government.
Halifax had a long conversation with Hitler on 19 November 1937 in which Hitler’s government became convinced that Britain was prepared to allow Germany to liquidate Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. 12
Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland
Hitler then proceeded to takeover Austria and Czechoslovakia. Thereafter, Germany invaded Poland.
* * *
On 7 February 1938 Prime Minister Chamberlain told the House of Commons that Vansittart headed
the Committee for the Coordination of British Publicity Abroad. 35
The British were busy arranging World War II and they wanted a propaganda unit for their next planned war.
In April 1938 Vansittart created the Bureau for anti-Nazi Propaganda in Neutral Countries.
This was a special propaganda section created within MI6, headed by Campbell Stuart.
The headquarters were located at Electra House. It was called Department EH.
Its chief propaganda function was to make Americans hate Hitler and all his works.
This is within MI 6 Section D, which does more than just propaganda –
‘to provide lines of communication for covert anti-Nazi propaganda in neutral countries
and to direct and harness the efforts of the various anti-Nazi organizations then working in Europe‘.
Its role was to organize and equip resistance units, support anti-Nazi groups,
sabotage, covert operations, and subversive propaganda. 36
On 19 February 1939 Lord Lothian said in the London Observer –
“if the U.S. suspected it was being maneuvered into commitment to war by foreign intrigue, or for reasons of politics or finance, it might swing back violently to the ultra-isolationism of the Ludlow amendment. ” 37
Porter Sargent was a great American educator who exposed British covert actions in America.
Porter alerted Americans to those British actions and correctly identified Vansittart as the key man.
In February 1939, Porter requested Congress to investigate British propaganda in America. 38
Senator Borah obtained a British book called Propaganda in the Next War.
The book revealed British plans on how to involve America in the next war.
On 25 April 1939 Senator Nye entered a chapter of the book into the Congress record. 26
Senator Nye – It can fairly be said that the greatest danger to our peace in America is propaganda, from abroad and propaganda from home; influences that adopt No. 1 causes ahead of the cause of Americanism, and ahead of the cause of the security of our great country.
If we can learn to expect this propaganda… we shall surely find ourselves much better prepared to avoid being devoured in other peoples’ wars another time.
Today I make it my business to point to what may be expected in the way of foreign propaganda intended to invite our active interest in more of Europe’s hates and wars.
An English writer has declared that while British propaganda was very successful during the World War, its success was in the end more largely traceable to the miserable failure of German propaganda. I am inclined to believe that, with all the blunders of Germany and her propaganda machine… they never did anything quite so brazen as is being done today by men in authority in Britain who are laying the foundation for the involvement of the United States in her next war…
I want to call attention to the plans of one foreign country – plans cunningly laid – for our involvement in her next war.
…these plans that are British to take the United States into Britain’s next war, whatever the cause of that war may be, are unbelievable.
Great Britain hopes that in her next war Japan will be opposed to her… the truth of the matter is that Great Britain’s minds today are anticipating that the one easy, sure way to involve the United States on the side of Britain in another war is to have Japan arrayed against Great Britain in that conflict. The easy way to get us into the next conflict that they think is coming is to have our alleged prejudices against the Japanese appealed to.
There has been published a series of works under the title “The Next War.” One of the volumes in this series is entitled “Propaganda in the Next War.”
This work, Propaganda in the Next War, staggers the imagination. It amazes me that men could be so brazen in laying down the plans which are to entrap us, publish them, and give them, at least for a few days, to the world.
One particular chapter, however, is one which every Member of the Senate ought to be required to read. It is the chapter entitled “Enemies, Neutrals, and Allies,” a large portion of which is given over to a description of just how they are going to manage their propaganda upon the United States in the event of the next war…
(Senator Nye is now quoting from the book Propaganda in the Next War)
“…we shall require to do much propaganda to keep the United States benevolently neutral. To persuade her to take our part will be much more difficult, so difficult as to be unlikely to succeed. It will need a definite threat to America, a threat, moreover, which will have to be brought home by propaganda to every citizen, before the Republic will again take arms in an external quarrel.
The position will naturally be considerably eased if Japan were involved, and this might and probably would bring America in without further ado. At any rate, it would be a natural and obvious object of our propagandists to achieve this, just as during the Great War they succeeded in embroiling the United States with Germany.
We shall, as before, send over our leading literary lights and other men with names well known in the United States to put our point of view over the dinner table.”
So we see that the British plan to get America into another war with Germany.
We also see they plan to use Japan as the means to get us into the war.
* * *
On 1 September 1939, Germany invaded Poland and that was the start of World War II.
Members of the Council on Foreign Relations form the Century Group to promote British interests.
The Century Group represented Britain interests and promoted American participation in the war.
* * *
On 7 June 1940 Sir Robert Vansittart was sworn into the Privy Council. The Privy Council was a powerful institution, advising the Sovereign. The Privy Council had the power to appoint new Ministers in the War Cabinet. Vansittart is now in an extremely powerful position here. 27
On 21 June 1940 William Stephenson was sent to America to be the head of British intelligence in the United States – it was called British Security Coordination (BSC). BSC headquarters was located in Room 3603 Rockefeller Center. BSC occupied the 35th and 36th floors. 11
William Samuel Stephenson, code-name Intrepid
Dick Ellis was William Stephenson’s deputy at British Security Coordination.
Ellis was one of many off-the-books members of Vansittart’s spy network.
Stephenson’s handler in America was Lord Lothian, the Ambassador at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C.
Lord Lothian was a member of the Round Table. 11
The American President was Franklin Roosevelt, he had been a collaborator with British intelligence for decades.
Stephenson was soon a close adviser to President Roosevelt. Roosevelt ordered the FBI to allow Stephenson to operate in America. Roosevelt betrayed America by allowing Stephenson to operate a British intelligence network
On 22 July 1940, a British intelligence organization called the Special Operations Executive was formed under the Foreign Office. The SOE carried out the function of MI 6 Section D which was – sabotage through political covert actions. William Stephenson and his network of agents under British Security Coordination were now under the SOE.
Two Americans who operated as British agents under Stephenson were William Donovan and Allen Dulles.
Donovan was a member of the Knights of Malta. They take an oath of loyalty to the Pope.
William Stephenson told his superiors in 1940 –
There is no doubt that we can achieve infinitely more through Donovan than through any other individual. He is very receptive… and can be trusted to represent our needs in the right quarters and in the right way in the U.S.A. 13
In July 1940 William Donovan was sent to England. The British schmoozed and groomed Donovan for the position they were going to assign him – creating THEIR intelligence apparatus in the United States. In London, the British slavemasters instructed all manner of individuals to “welcome” Donovan, including the King and Queen and Winston Churchill.
Donovan was kept in daily contact with Ml-6 chief, Stewart Menzies, and the director of British naval intelligence, John Godfrey, who gave Donovan a list of things the British wanted him to lobby for in Washington. It was his first assignment, which he promptly carried out upon his return. 39
The Century Group at the Council on Foreign Relations met on July 25, 1940. They decided that something had to be done to aid Britain, specifically the transfer of fifty American destroyers to Great Britain. Century Group members traveled to Washington on August 1, 1940. Some met with President Roosevelt, others with various cabinet members. In this way the negotiations began which culminated in the Destroyers for Bases agreement in early September 1940. 41, 42
In September 1940 Vansittart was directly communicating with Donovan. Vansittart oversaw Donovan, making sure that America gave Britain what they wanted – destroyers, weapons, etc. 40
William Stephenson took Donovan to the Mediterranean area on an “intelligence tour” to educate Donovan.
The tour, from 8 December 1940 to 8 March 1941, inspired Donovan for having a national intelligence agency –
the idea of centralizing intelligence, coordinating intelligence. 14
In December 1940 Lord Halifax became the Ambassador at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C.
Lord Halifax is Edward Wood, a member of the Round Table. He was now Stephenson’s handler in America.
Edward Frederick Lindley Wood – Lord Halifax
…one feels impelled to make specific mention of the close cooperation afforded BSC by His Majesty’s Embassy in Washington – without which much that was achieved could not have been. Lord Lothian’s intimate concern in the early days proved invaluable; and so, too, did the unfailing support subsequently given by Lord Halifax.
– William Stephenson 11
On 4 February 1941, William Stephenson telegraphed Chief of Secret Intelligence Service (Chief of MI 6):
President has appointed Vincent Astor as his personal liaison with me… This arrangement is a great step forward and should considerably facilitate our efforts.
– William Stephenson 11
* * *
The British were not having much luck with the American people. Resistance to the idea of America entering World War II was running strong. The British Security Coordination estimated there were 700 chapters and a million members of isolationist groups. The leading isolationist group was the America First Committee.
One covert action the BSC engaged in was directly influencing U.S. media. The BSC became a huge secret agency of nationwide news manipulation and black propaganda. Pro-British and anti-German stories were planted in American newspapers and broadcast on American radio stations, and simultaneously a campaign of harassment was set in motion against those organizations perceived to be pro-Nazi or isolationist.
Three thousand British agents were spreading propaganda and mayhem in America.
British intelligence created front groups to harass Americans who were against entering the war. One of the front groups was called the Fight for Freedom, headquartered at 1270 Sixth Avenue in New York City. The FFF was started by members of the Council on Foreign Relations in April 1941. It was funded by British Security Coordination, and led by Allen Dulles. It was a leading proponent of full American participation in World War II. 11, 41
One of the ways the FFF harassed American isolationists, was if they gave speeches, thousands of handbills were handed out accusing the isolationist speaker of being a Nazi lover. That is British propaganda. If it were true that the Americans were Nazi lovers, they would have been saying that America should side with Germany in the war. The American isolationists were not for the German side, they were against America entering the war on either side.
Printed booklets described up to 500 ways of harassing isolationists. People were told to telephone the targets at all hours of the night and hang up. Dead rats could be put in their water tanks, air could be let out of their car tires, anonymous deliveries could be made to their houses, his lady friend can receive anonymous letters stating that he is suffering from mysterious diseases or that he is keeping a woman and six children in Detroit; street musicians might play “God Save the King” outside his house all night; his dog might get lost, and so on.
Fight for Freedom members included –
William Donovan (Head of Office of Strategic Services – OSS)
Allen W. Dulles (member Council on Foreign Relations, OSS, Director of CIA)
Dean G. Acheson (member Council on Foreign Relations, U.S. Secretary of State)
F. H. Peter Cusick (member of Council on Foreign Relations, OSS, CIA)
Elmer Davis (Rhodes scholar, British propagandist)
Lewis William Douglas (Council on Foreign Relations, trustee of Rockefeller Foundation)
Conyers Read (Oxford graduate, OSS)
Joseph Alsop (CIA)
James P. Warburg (son of Paul Warburg)
Henry Luce (creator of Time-Life magazine empire)
Geoffrey Parsons (New York Herald Tribune, won Pulitzer Prize for his piece attacking American isolationism)
Ulric Bell (head of Bureau of Motion Pictures of the Office of War Information)
Carter Glass (newspaper publisher, Congressman)
Spyros Skouras (Hollywood motion picture executive)
Henry P. Van Dusen (trustee of Rockefeller Foundation)
Marshall Field III (ROOM member)
* * *
William Stephenson was a close adviser to President Franklin Roosevelt, and suggested that Roosevelt put Stephenson’s good friend William Donovan in charge of all U.S. intelligence services. In May 1941, Ian Fleming went to America, where he assisted in writing a blueprint for the Office of the Coordinator of Information that would be headed by the British choice – William Donovan. 17
Fleming was whisked off to a room in the British Embassy, locked in it with pen and paper and the necessities of life, and wrote, under armed guard around the clock, a document of some seventy pages covering every aspect of a giant secret intelligence and secret operational organization. It was a detailed blue-print of the British service, using a century’s experience of its aims, its methods and its security. 18
On 18 June 1941, William Stephenson advised the Chief of MI 6 –
Donovan saw President today… He will be Coordinator of all forms intelligence including offensive operations… He will hold rank of Major General and will be responsible only repeat only to the President… You can imagine how relieved I am after three months of battle and jockeying for position in Washington that our man is in a position of such importance to our efforts…
– William Stephenson 11
President Roosevelt appointed Donovan to head the Office of the Coordinator of Information on 11 July 1941.
Donovan hired David K.E. Bruce to head his London operation. In September 1941 William Stephenson made arrangements for David K.E. Bruce to visit England. Bruce spent three months in England and studied the entire Special Operations Executive organization first hand. 19
David K.E. Bruce
In October 1941, William Donovan set up the Coordinator of Information headquarters in Room 3603 of Rockefeller Center – the exact same place that was the headquarters for British Security Coordination.
On December 6, 1941 William Stephenson established and operated Camp X in Ontario, Canada.
Camp X opened for the purpose of training intelligence agents. William Donovan trained at Camp X.
* * *
British propaganda was not convincing Americans to enter World War II. Thus the British directly manipulated Japan to attack the United States as the means to force America into the war. As Assistant Secretary of State in 1941, Dean Acheson implemented and oversaw the British/American//Dutch oil embargo that cut off 95 percent of Japanese oil supplies and escalated the crisis with Japan in 1941.
On December 7, 1941 Japan attacked U.S. ships in Pearl Harbor – forcing the United States into World War II.
Due to code breaking, President Roosevelt was told about the attack on Pearl Harbor in advance.
Roosevelt decided to let the Pearl Harbor attack happen as a way of arousing the American populace. 20
* * *
President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9182 on June 13, 1942.
It split the Office of the Coordinator of Information into two parts:
Office of War Information (OWI) – headed by Elmer Davis
Office of Strategic Services (OSS) – headed by William Donovan
Elmer Davis was a Rhodes scholar – a British agent.
British Security Coordination agents were actually assigned to OWI and were training and selecting the recruits.
Nearly a hundred OWI men underwent courses at the British Security Coordination training school (Camp X). 11
John Wheeler-Bennett was a member of the Round Table. He was in the United States from 1939 to 1944 in various propaganda positions. He admits in his autobiography to having been “one of the earliest workers for the secret propaganda unit, Department EH” (Electra House, MI 6 headquarters for propaganda). 15
Peter Cusick and Ulric Bell had telephone conversations twice a week with John Wheeler-Bennett of the British Information Service. And on several occasions they were asked to be present at the British Information Service office in Rockefeller Center, while the British agents received confidential telephone messages from officials in London. 16
Sir John Wheeler Wheeler-Bennett
For two years, John Wheeler-Bennett was head of the secret Political Warfare Executive in New York. The purpose of this office was to maintain liaison with the American Office of War Information. Wheeler-Bennett said “…the leaders of the OWI in New York were all personal friends of mine…” Wheeler-Bennett was a member of the Round Table. 15
The Office of War Information also censored American media. Telling the media what to say and what not to say – is a violation of the Constitution that guarantees freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
The OWI Bureau of Motion Pictures examined all movie scripts. Ulric Bell was head of Bureau of Motion Pictures.
Ulric Bell proposed that Elmer Davis should request that British Information Services (John Wheeler-Bennett) write guidelines for Hollywood filmmakers on how to portray Britain in films.
According to Elmer Davis, “The easiest way to inject a propaganda idea into most people’s minds is to let it go through the medium of an entertainment picture when they do not realize that they are being propagandized”. 17
By using Americans to issue propaganda, that gives the appearance it is American propaganda, but those Americans were really British agents who were issuing British propaganda.
The British Security Coordination operated under a rule to never allow the American people to find out that British intelligence had infiltrated and influenced the American government and media.
Under Guiding Principles, second rule, Political Warfare “demanded that the officers responsible should work in strictly covert fashion and should guard against the least risk of their output (or other results of their activity) being traced back to them or identified as British propaganda.”
– British Security Coordination, The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas, 1940 – 1945
Important members of the Office of Strategic Services were –
William Donovan – Chief of the OSS
David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce
Tony Keswick became the head of the Special Operations Executive in 1942. Keswick was a co-owner and Managing Director for Jardine, Matheson and Company, which engaged in major opium trafficking into China.
In June 1942 Garland Williams joined the OSS and was appointed Deputy Chief of Special Operations.
Garland Williams was sent to confer with the Chief of the Special Operations Executive (SOE), Tony Keswick.
Garland was sent home with SOE’s training manuals and he helped establish OSS training schools.
The SOE also sent 4 experts to help plan and organize the methods used by the OSS.
Agents from American intelligence agencies were trained at Camp X – Office of Strategic Services, US Naval Intelligence personnel, Office of War Information, and Federal Bureau of Investigation. It was also used to train British intelligence agents from Special Operations Executive, British Security Coordination, and other British intelligence agencies.
It was at Camp X that the OSS operated an “assassination and elimination” training program that was dubbed “the school of mayhem and murder” by George White.
In the summer of 1942 George White established the counter-intelligence training school at Camp X.
Among White’s first OSS students were several officers who would later become top CIA officials:
Richard Helms, William Colby, Frank Wisner Jr. and James Jesus Angelton.
George Hunter White
Whitney Shepardson became the Director of the Council on Foreign Relations, and also the head of the OSS Secret Intelligence Branch in 1943.
Whitney Hart Shepardson
An OSS office was established in London, headed by David K.E. Bruce. It passed intelligence reports to MI 6.
Here’s Donovan giving William Stephenson a “medal of merit”.
* * *
Robert Vansittart says –
“we shall need to break nationalism in the realm of ideas, and this is going to be difficult indeed, because nationalism… has been steadily growing in Germany… It has been growing with amazing and revolting intensity… The international pestilence that emanates from Germany will have to die out, or rather to be stamped out, slowly.” 28
Any other country that does not want to be ruled by Britain is accused of having nationalist disease.
* * *
Colonel Robert Park was a military intelligence man who did an investigation of the OSS and wrote a report.
In September 1945 the Park Report was given to American President Harry Truman. The Park Report said –
OSS is hopelessly compromised to foreign governments, particularly the British, rendering it useless as a prospective independent postwar espionage agency. Further questioning of British intelligence will evince nothing but praise because the OSS is like putty in their hands and they would be reluctant to forfeit a good tool. 21
Park wrote that if the OSS were allowed to continue operating it might:
…do serious harm to citizens, business interests and national interests of the United States…. It has all the ear marks of a Gestapo system…. It is therefore recommended that General Donovan be replaced at the earliest possible moment by a person who shall be recommended by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 21
The OSS became the CIA with British agent Allen Dulles as Director and it committed the most atrocious acts that are not in the best interests of American citizens. It conducted mind control research, removed elected Presidents in other countries and installed dictators who tortured and slaughtered the people, and engaged in massive illegal drug trafficking into the United States that ruined the lives of millions of Americans – for their British masters.
Now we know who is behind it, whenever the CIA has acted insane and vicious at various times.
Since the OSS and CIA are part of the American government, that makes it appear that their actions are the actions of the American government, when in fact their actions are dictated by (and thus are attributive to) the British rule-the-world nutcase crowd.
You could say the OSS and CIA were not American intelligence agencies – they were British intelligence –
operating inside the American government.
* * *
British intelligence also continued its infiltration and covert manipulation of the American media. North American Newspaper Alliance was an alliance of the major newspapers in America. About February 1951 NANA was purchased by a “small group of investors” led by Ernest Cuneo and Ivar Bryce – they were British intelligence agents who worked for British Security Coordination and the OSS. (See OSS personnel database which shows Cuneo listed.) Additionally, Ian Fleming was the European Vice President for NANA.
The Enemy of the Human Race
India had long been under British rule and wanted independence from Britain. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was adamant in suppressing the demand for Indian independence. 11
Winston Churchill deliberately let three million Indians starve to death in 1943. India was forced to export grain in the early years of the war and in 1943 was exporting rice at Churchill’s personal insistence. Rice became scarce in markets and, as worsening hunger spread through villages, Churchill repeatedly refused pleas for emergency food shipments.
“I hate Indians. They are a beastly people with a beastly religion,” Churchill told Leo Amery, the Secretary of State for India. Another time he accused Indians of causing the famine by “breeding like rabbits.” Churchill told his secretary he wished they could be bombed. 22
* * *
Many people in the OSS were sent to countries controlled by the British and they saw the British tyrants in action. One OSS agent who observed British cruelty towards others, said we should declare war on the British.
Many OSS men began to operate on the general principle that “in intelligence, the British are just as much the enemy as the Germans.
…OSS men flew to Calcutta or New Delhi to begin their tours of duty in the Far East only to be “culture-shocked” by ugly manifestations of British imperialism.
The OSS representative to the Anglo-American South East Asia Command wrote his wife:
“Working with our Cousins has made me cynical about ideals – if we really believe our own propaganda, we would have to declare war on the British, for they have set themselves up as the master-race in India. British rule in India is fascism, there is no dodging that.” 13, 24, 25
* * *
Eighty million people were killed in World War II – all of those deaths are attributable to the British slavemasters who arranged the war as a means to convince people to accept their World Government agenda. There were 420,000 Americans killed in the war – while Britain pretended to be a friend and ally to America. The British nobility are not a friend to America or anyone else in the world – they are an enemy to all mankind.
Thomas Jefferson correctly identified the British nobility as the enemy of mankind –
The individuals of the nation (Britain) I have ever honored and esteemed… but I consider their government as the most flagitious (villainous) which has existed…
It is not only founded in corruption itself, but insinuates the same poison into the bowels of every other, corrupts it’s councils, nourishes factions, stirs up revolutions, and places it’s own happiness in fomenting commotions and civil wars among others, thus rendering itself truly the hostis humani generis. 23
hostis humani generis = the enemy of the human race
British infiltration and covert influencing of the American government, towards the end of sabotaging America, has continued right up to modern times. Even recent American Presidents such as George Bush and Barack Obama have advocated and worked for the British New World Order. Furthermore, members of the Council on Foreign Relations continue to hold many top government positions. The American people need to recognize this situation and demand a Reckoning.
Despite all the British efforts to undermine and sabotage America –
American Patriotism and Spirit are as strong today as it was in 1776
And the star spangled banner still waves over the Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave
The American Spirit always wins in the end
The Reckoning Table of Chapters
- The Roosevelt-Astor Espionage Ring by Jeffery M. Dorwart Frank Freidel, Franklin D. Roosevelt: The Apprenticeship (Boston, 1952), p. 296; Elhott Roosevelt, ed., F.D.R.: His Personal Letters. 1928-45 (3 vols.; New York, 1950), I: 33-34; Dictionary of American Biography, supplement 6 (New York, 1980), pp. 23-24.
2. The Roosevelt-Astor Espionage Ring by Jeffery M. Dorwart, professor of history
3. The Roosevelt–Astor Espionage Ring by Jeffery M. Dorwart, professor of history
The Room folder, Kermit Roosevelt Papers, box III, Library of Congress.
New York History 62 (July 1981):307-22, and Nelson D. Lankford, p. 124.
4. Knox to Roosevelt, May 27, 1940, PSF 82; see also PPF 7591, Roosevelt Library
5. Profits of Peace: The Political Economy of Anglo-German Appeasement by Scott Newton
6. Society Chameleons by Raymond E. Spinzia
Burton Hersh, The Old Boys: The American Elite and the Origins of the CIA (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1992), p. 17, and Lawrence E. Gelfand, The Inquiry: American Preparations for Peace, 1917-1919 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1963), pp. x, xi. Rhodri Jeffreys–Jones, pp. 54, 74.
7. Encyclopaedia Britannica
8. The Anglo-American Establishment by Carroll Quigley, professor of history
…November 1934 … the Milner Group (Round Table) had already indicated to Hitler officially that Britain was prepared to give Germany arms equality. Hitler was given ample assurance by the Milner Group, both within and without the government, that Britain would not oppose his efforts “to achieve arms equality.” Four days later, Hitler announced Germany’s rearmament, and ten days after that, Britain condoned the act by sending Sir John Simon on a state visit to Berlin.
In these actions …Hitler was running no risk, for the government and the Milner Group had assured him beforehand that it would accept his actions.
9. Round Table Journal, article: First 25 Years, Vol. 25, Issue 100, September 1935
In September 1935… the Round Table journal stated:
…it (Round Table) has never abandoned its view that the only final basis for freedom and enduring peace is the organic union of nations in a commonwealth embracing the whole world…
10. New Columbia Encyclopedia
11. Near the end of WW II William Stephenson wanted to make a record of what he had done. He had his subordinates write a book based on his records – British Security Coordination, The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas, 1940 – 1945. See my wife’s Compendium about the BSC, Section I – The Book and The Lords published August 23, 2014.
12. The Anglo-American Establishment by Carroll Quigley, professor of history
As a result of the public outcry in England, Hoare, the Foreign Secretary, was removed from office … Anthony Eden, who replaced him, was not a member of the Milner Group (Round Table)… Whenever the Group wanted to do something which Eden’s delicate stomach could not swallow, the Foreign Secretary went off for a holiday, and Lord Halifax took over his tasks. (…finally, Halifax replaced Eden as Foreign Secretary permanently in February 1938…)
…it was Halifax who opened the third and last stage of appeasement (to Germany) in November 1937 by his visit to Hitler…
Halifax had a long conversation with Hitler on 19 November 1937 in which… Hitler’s government became convinced of three things:
(a) that Britain regarded Germany as the chief bulwark against communism in Europe
(b) that Britain was prepared to join a Four Power agreement of France, Germany, Italy, and herself
(c) that Britain was prepared to allow Germany to liquidate Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland if this could be done without provoking a war into which the British Government, however unwillingly, would be dragged in opposition to Germany.
The German Foreign Ministry memorandum on this conversation makes it perfectly clear that the Germans did not misunderstand Halifax except, possibly, on the last point. There they failed to see that if Germany made war, the British Government would be forced into the war against Germany by public opinion in England.
…the German rulers assumed that the willingness of the British Government to accept the liquidation of Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland implied that the British Government would never go to war to prevent this liquidation. They did not see that the British Government might have to declare war to stay in office if public opinion in Britain were sufficiently aroused.
The British Government saw this difficulty and as a last resort were prepared to declare war but not to wage war on Germany. This distinction was not clear to the Germans…
The liquidation of the countries between Germany and Russia could proceed… The chief task of the Milner Group (Round Table) was to see that this devouring process was done no faster than public opinion in Britain could accept… The countries marked for liquidation included Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland…
It was this which resulted in the “phony war” from September 1939 to April 1940.
13. OSS, an e-book by Richard Harris Smith
14. Donovan and the CIA by Thomas Troy
15. autobiography of John Wheeler-Bennett
16. Desperate Deception: British Covert Operations in the United States, 1939-44 by Thomas E. Mahl
17. Wikipedia Encyclopedia
18. You Only Live Once by Ivar Bryce published 1975
19. The Roosevelt-Astor Espionage Ring by Jeffery M. Dorwart, professor of history
20. The Game Player by Miles Copeland
Miles Copeland worked for the CIA for several decades. This is what he said about Pearl Harbor –
21. Park report, RG 263, CIA papers, Troy Files, Box 6, Folder 20, “OSS-Park’s report,” National Archives
22. Churchill’s Secret War by Madhusree Mukerjee
23. Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, Polar Forest November 25 – 1816 Jefferson Cyclopedia
24. Richer By Asia by Taylor, page 233
25. Prominent and Progressive Americans, An Contemporaneous Biography by Mitchell C. Harrison,
New York Tribune 1902
26. A series of books were published in England. The series was called ‘In the Next War’.
The series was edited by Captain Basil Liddell Hart.
One of the books was authored by Sidney Rogerson, Propaganda in the Next War.
Basil Liddell Hart on right
here’s a picture of the original 1938 edition
Senator Gerald P. Nye gave a speech in the United States Senate on April 25th 1939.
It was recorded in the Congressional Record, 76th Congress, Volume 84, Congress Record
– Volume 84, Part 5 (April 24, 1939 to May 18, 1939) pages 4641-5770.
27. On 7 June 1940 Sir Robert Vansittart was sworn into the Privy Council. The Privy Council of England was a powerful institution, advising the Sovereign on the exercise of the Royal prerogative and on the granting of Royal charters. It issued executive orders known as Orders in Council and also had judicial functions. That same day, Churchill also elevated to the Privy Council, his henchman Brendan Bracken, Walter Citrine, Ronald Cross, Edward aka Hugh Dalton, Charles Edwards, and Percy Harris. The Privy Council had been given the power to appoint new Ministers in the War Cabinet because of an act passed on September 1, 1939.
28. Lessons of My Life by Robert Vansittart (1943)
29. Getting US into the War by Porter Sargent –
What is a permanent Secretary or Under-Secretary?
When Lord Grey took office as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1830, Sir John Barrow was especially requested to continue serving as Secretary in his department (the Admiralty), starting the principle that senior civil servants stay in office on change of government and serve in a non-partisan manner. It was during Barrow’s occupancy of the post that it was renamed “Permanent Secretary”.
The title of Under-Secretary is used in two different contexts in the British political system. A Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State is a junior member of the government, always an MP from the governing party, who is appointed to assist a Secretary of State or other government minister. They rank between a Minister of State and a Parliamentary Private Secretary; the rank is usually seen as a stepping-stone to higher political office.
In contrast, a Permanent Under-Secretary of State is the full title of a Permanent Secretary, a senior civil servant employed to head part of a government department and oversee the implementation of policy.
They don’t do ‘day to day’ – these are the policy-makers.
Milner’s young men, builders of empire, reconstructed South Africa, strengthened the British Empire, improved its finances. Prime Minister Lloyd saved India and Egypt to the Empire. Lord Tweedsmuir in Canada and Lord Lothian in the United States are bending their best efforts to the final unaccomplished phase of Rhodes’ imperialistic dream, “The ultimate recovery of the United States as an integral part of the British Empire”.
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain has repeatedly announced that he is carrying out the unchanging, traditional foreign policy of England. That policy is formulated by the permanent staff of the Foreign Office. It is the policy of ‘divide and rule’, unite with those you cannot subdue, destroy all troublemakers.
30. Regarding the power of the permanent Under Secretary in the Foreign Office –
Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives of New Zealand, 1878 –
13. It has long been universally admitted that in the Colonial Department the real power vests in the Permanent Under Secretary. The Principal Secretary of State of that department, usually suddenly called to office, and rarely holding it for any lengthened period, can know but little of the multitudinous colonies of the British Empire. His time is occupied by his duties in Parliament, his duties in the Cabinet, his private affairs, the claims of society on a great Minister of the Crown; and when all these duties are attended to, but little interval is left for him to study the history and requirements of so vast an assemblage of dependencies. Even to read the letters which from day to day pour into his department, would occupy the greater part of the time of the most industrious statesman, however conversant he might be with the conduct of public business.
14. From these and other causes, the Permanent Under Secretary, in whose hands lie the entangled threads of the various questions of importance which perhaps have been for many months pending in the Colonial Office, becomes the real managing power in that department.He is unseen and unknown to the public generally: upon him no real responsibility rests.
15. It may be said that in the main this line of reasoning applies to all departments of the State in Great Britain; but this, in truth, is no answer to the arguments which have just been used. The action of the Foreign Office, of the Treasury, of the Home Department, of the War Office, indeed of most of the great offices of State at Home, concerns the nearest and dearest interests of every inhabitant of the British Isles: hence the action of these departments is narrowly watched by the observant eye of a jealous public, and is subjected to the careful scrutiny of the leading statesmen of the country. The attention of Parliament is thus ever closely riveted upon the proceedings of those great departments of the State.
16. On the contrary, in the case of the Colonial Department, the vast amount of business before the British Parliament renders it difficult to secure the attention of that body to any colonial question, whilst the members of it are too generally profoundly ignorant upon all colonial subjects. The public at large in Great Britain, also occupied by questions of near and intense interest relating to their own immediate welfare, give but little attention to colonial questions, which involve remote interests, and regarding which their information is necessarily extremely limited.
17. The power of the Permanent Under Secretary in the Colonial Department is, therefore, very great.He may largely change the relations of the colonies to the Empire without the leading statesmen in England, or the nation at large, having the least knowledge of what is taking place: he may greatly modify the institutions of a colony, and shape its whole future, without alarm being taken in any quarter, even by those most interested in its welfare.
18. For instance, if his own views were strongly in favour of breaking the Empire up, in a few years measures could be taken which would render such an event ultimately highly probable. Did he desire to set up an aristocracy in the colonies, in some novel form, landed or titular, or both, he could get many firm steps made towards the achievement of such a project. The man who earnestly believes in either of these principles, armed with the vast, and generally long-continued, power possessed by the Permanent Under Secretary of the Colonial Department, could hardly avoid, perhaps almost unconsciously, adopting measures which would tend to the fulfilment of his cherished convictions.
31. Total Espionage by Curt Reiss, published 1941; page 29-33
One of the leading men in the Intelligence Service was Sir George Cockerill.
Then there was Sir Robert Vansittart. Now he was officially attached to the Foreign Office as permanent Undersecretary. Working with him and under him were Colonel Sir Maurice Paschal Allers Hankey and Sir Alexander Cadogan.
Even in the various bureaus of the Intelligence Service, B4 was spoken of as little as possible. B4 had offices near the Admiralty Arch. It was a completely hush-hush organization. Almost no one was supposed to know that it existed. B4 could command on request the centralized reports and digests from all the other Intelligences. It was divided into regional offices. Its relations to other Intelligences were roughly those of Scotland Yard to the local English County Police-it was called in on problems that needed coordination of all the services or on a great emergency.
It was and still is the brain of the British Secret Service.
33. As early as 1935, Robert Vansittart began making plans on how to get America into the war.
October 1935 –
Planning for such an organisation [Ministry of Information] had started in October 1935 under the auspices of the Committee for Imperial Defence, largely conducted in secret; otherwise the government was publicly admitting the inevitability of war. (Hoover Institute archives)
Porter Sargent documents Vansittart then creating a new, secret organization “to co-ordinate propaganda”
with Vansittart as chairman starting in 1936. (it wasn’t disclosed until February 1938)
Sir Robert Vansittart, former Foreign Office head, who for three years has disappeared from the news and is listed merely as “Adviser to the Foreign Office”, typifies and symbolizes and perhaps is that master mind. The organization he has built since 1936 has been kept even more secret than was the Masterman organization in Wellington House twenty-five years ago . But as a consequence, unsuspected, its effect on American opinion has been even greater. His organization has so used events and news as to give us our present attitudes and emotions. (Porter Sargent)
February 7, 1938, Chamberlain disclosed in Commons under pressure of inquiry that the Government had formed a committee “to co-ordinate propaganda, with Sir Robert Vansittart, chief diplomatic adviser to the Foreign Office, as chairman”. (Journalism Quarterly, Dec. 1938)
34. Memorandum by Sir Robert Vansittart on ‘The World Situation and British Rearmament,’ Documents on British Foreign Policy, 1919-1939, Series 2-Volume 17: Western Pact Negotiations: Outbreak of the Spanish Civil War June 23, 1936-January 2, 1937, 772.; as cited in James Arlington’s May 2015 Thesis.
35. 7 February 1938 – Vansittart Committee for the Coordination of British Publicity Abroad announced by Prime Miister Chamberlain to the House of Commons on 7 February 1938 and that its main purpose would be ‘to prevent overlapping and, by exchange of information among the bodies engaged in various forms of publicity abroad, to co-ordinate their programmes and activities (Taylor; Projection of Britain – reference 20)
36. Porter Sargent
Vansittart, a poet, esthete, highly intelligent, was especially retiring, though his influence was all pervading through a succession of ministries, as is fully explained in “What Makes Lives”(p. 163) where he is described as “the brains of the Empire“, “the torch-bearer of a tradition associated with such names as Nicolson, Crowe, and Tyrrell” (Abshagen).
The new job was to build in secret a great organization to control all information that went to the United States. To insiders this organization was referred to as the “Bureau for anti-Nazi Propaganda in Neutral Countries“… his new Bureau – its chief function was to make Americans hate Hitler and all his works as Vansittart did so sincerely. (Porter)
There are NO google results under that name, and only one under “anti-Nazi propaganda in neutral countries“.
Apparently, that’s how hidden this still is.
It’s a very helpful result though. Look what it says:
One of them was Section D of SIS, created in April 1938 ‘to provide lines of communication for covert anti-Nazi propaganda in neutral countries and to direct and harness the efforts of the various anti-Nazi organisations then working in Europe‘. Its role was to organise and equip resistance units, support anti-Nazi groups, sabotage, covert operations, and subversive propaganda. (Stalin’s Englishman by Andrew Lownie 2016)
So, in addition to this bureau, Vansittart, together with Sinclair (one of his best buddies) actually created the infamous MI 6 Section D itself.
37. On 19 February 1939 Lord Lothian said in the London Observer –
“if the U.S. suspected it “was being maneuvered into commitment to war by foreign intrigue, or for reasons of politics or finance, it might swing back violently to the ultra-isolationism of the Ludlow amendment. “
– reported by Porter Sargent in December 1, 1939 bulletin; Getting US into the War (1941)
This is verified as being stated by Lothian in The Observer London, Greater London, England; Sunday, February 19, 1939 – Page 15.
– As verified by this search of newspapers.com
38. Porter Sargent, in Getting US into the War (1941)
In February, 1939, I wrote to a number of senators including Nye and Walsh attracting their attention to British propaganda in this country. Early in May again I wrote, “Can’t we have a Congressional investigation of the British propaganda in this country? It’s subtle, skillful, more highly organized, technically more perfect than it was in the last war.
It’s so good that people don’t recognize it. All they hear is the lumbering of the German propaganda machine, and much of that is due to the skill of the British Foreign Office.
The key man is Sir Robert Vansittart. But watch our new ambassador, Lord Lothian, and Lord Baldwin (American disguise for Earl of Bewdley). Why wait, as we did last time, to investigate after all the damage is done? I have collected a lot of data that the magazines and newspapers will not publish.
Later Senator Clark introduced his resolution calling for such investigation, which was promptly pigeon-holed, though repeated attempts were made to develop interest in it.
Since then we have written repeatedly to Congressman Dies, with no response, attracting his attention to our accumulation of material on propaganda which we offered to put at his service . The same offer made to J. Edgar Hoover of the F.B.I. brought very polite acknowledgment, – “Please be advised that this Bureau has no information concerning the subject matter of your inquiry.” Later we learned that this attitude of the F.B.I. was due to instructions.
39. OSS in China : prelude to Cold War by Maochun Yu – Yale University Press 1997
40. Spies and Saboteurs: Anglo-American Collaboration and Rivalry by Joseph F. Jakub III
Letter from Donovan to Vansittart, 26 September 1940, Donovan Papers, Box 81B Vol. 34 (AMHI)
Letter from Vansittart to Donovan, 28 October 1940, Donovan Papers, Box 81B Vol. 34 (AMHI)
41. “Underpinning the Anglo-American Alliance: The Council on Foreign Relations and Britain Between the Wars.” In Jonathan Hollowell, ed., Twentieth-Century Anglo-American Relations (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001), 25-43.
Once war began, the supposedly apolitical Council [Council on Foreign Relations] arrayed itself firmly behind the Allies. Several of its leading officials, including Armstrong and Shepardson, helped to establish the Century Group, interventionists who often met at the Century Club and who eventually formed the ultra-pro-Allied organisation Fight for Freedom
…in autumn 1940 they spearheaded a public campaign urging the President to conclude the `Destroyers-for-Bases’ deal with Britain….
During mid-1940, key members of the Council exerted their influence in yet another way by creating an ad hoc pressure organization. This body was called the “Century Group” because it met at the Century Association, an upper class club in New York. Its small group of founders included Francis P. Miller, the organizational director of the Council and a member of the Political Group of the War and Peace Studies Project; Lewis W. Douglas, a Council member who joined the Council’s board in 1940; Whitney H. Shepardson, a Council director and leader of the War and Peace Studies Project; and Stacy May, Edward Warner, and Winfield W. Riefler, all members of at least one of the War and Peace Study groups. The Council community clearly controlled this new pressure group.
At a July 25, 1940, meeting, the Century Group decided that something had to be done to aid Britain, specifically the transfer of fifty destroyers to Great Britain in exchange for bases on British possessions in the Western hemisphere and a pledge never to surrender its fleet to Germany. Miller took the lead in approaching the government with this suggestion.
He and four others traveled to Washington on August 1, 1940. Some met with President Roosevelt, others with various cabinet members. The next day the President discussed the Century Group’s idea with the cabinet. At this meeting it was decided to explore the suggestion with the British. In this way the negotiations began which culminated in the Destroyers for Bases agreement in early September 1940.
Century Group, in the words of historian Robert A. Divine, “had broken the logjam on the destroyer issue.” The Destroyers for Bases agreement marked the end of any pretense of American neutrality during World War II. A statement of long-time Council director Edwin F. Gay further illustrates the importance of the Council role. He reported in a September 1940 letter to his wife that he had just sat in on a meeting with a handful of Council men who had “put across the fifty destroyer deal against the opposition of the Navy and the reluctance of the President, who, they tell me, is playing politics with the whole movement.“
42. Outposts of the Research and Analysis Branch OSS by Virginia McClaughry