Florence & The Machine – Breath of Life – from the internet archive.
I was looking for a breath of life
A little touch of heavenly light
But all the choirs in my head sang,
No oh oh
PLAY to listen.
I was looking for a breath of life
A little touch of heavenly light
But all the choirs in my head sang,
No oh oh
Arbenz was for the PEOPLE – so… he had to go.
The German Holy Roman Empire began in 962. The king of Germany was united with the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. They conquered and ruled most of Europe by torturing and killing anyone who did not bow down and be submissive to their evil rule. That union of King and Priest to rule the world was from 962 to 1806.
Mayer Amschel Rothschild lived in Frankfurt, Germany. He worked as a financial agent for Prince William IX of Hesse-Kassel, he was a direct blood descendant of the Nesilim.
This is how the Rothschild family
got its start in international banking.
Mayer Amschel Rothschild had five sons. In 1797, Nathan Meyer Rothschild moved to England where he would become an international banker operating in London. Nathan and his descendants were very involved with British government and their Grand Plan to rule the entire world.
Napoleon Bonaparte, a Master Rosicrucian, was Emperor of France from 1804 to 1815.
Napoleon was one of the Brothers of Light, he killed millions to conquer most of Europe.
When the French army invaded Germany in 1806 –
that was the end of the German Holy Roman Empire
The stage was now set for the “new”
King and Priest unification to rule the world,
the contemporary era slavemasters.
The Roman Catholic Church was being replaced by the Brothers of Light international bankers. The new union of King and Priest to rule the world was to be Britain and the Brothers of Light international bankers. This union forms the modern era slavemasters.
A Scottish Rite of Freemason lodge was established in 1807 in Frankfurt, Germany. The name of the lodge was L’Aurore Naissante (Rising Sun) – funded by Rothschilds.
L’Aurore Naissante combined Rosicrucian ideas with Lurian Kabalah ideas to comprise their secret levels of instruction. It was a Brothers of Light sect. These sects say that god is light and the members call themselves Soldiers of Light and Brothers of Light.
Nathan Meyer Rothschild became the family patriarch, and he was operating in London.
The contemporary union of King and Priest to rule the world is Great Britain and the Brothers of Light international bankers.
Their Grand Plan to rule the world has a name –
the New World Order.
Their method of dominating countries has always been the same.
Since the days of the British East India Company and the Dutch East India Company, that is the method they use. They used their private armies to knock out any opposition to them.
That was how they dominated India, Africa, America and other countries in the world.
Part of their plan was to establish a central bank in each country, that would make large loans to the government, paid back with interest by taxing the citizens. In America they used wars as the means to get the country into debt to the Brothers of Light international bankers. In the poorer countries they used railroads.
They would make a large loan to the country to build a railroad, then they usually would not finish construction of the railroad, but the country was still expected to pay back the loan. Any popular and elected President who did not cooperate was assassinated by their mercenaries and a new President installed that was their puppet. Their mercenaries were operating under the cover of being a “revolution by the indigenous population”.
Several chapters in this book are showing the New World Order people using their evil method of first an economic takeover, then a political takeover.
The Brothers of Light international bankers were working to get every country into debt. They set up a central bank in a country – the bank loans the government money. The loan and the interest is then paid back by taxing the citizens. They established a central bank in England and France. They set up one in the United States, but President Jackson took it down in 1836 and paid off the national debt.
After Jackson was no longer President in 1838, the Brothers of Light international bankers made moves to get the United States under their control.
Of course, it took them 77 years
to actually recover from Jackson.
That’s really something, isn’t it?
A little slow on the uptake, aren’t they?
Members of the Brothers of Light lodge in Frankfurt, L’Aurore Naissante, were sent to America.
They helped to establish the Independent Order B’nai B’rith in New York City in 1843 and Temple Emanu-el in New York City in 1845. Their initial task was to assist in:
- getting America back into debt to the international bankers
- re-establishing a central bank for the Brothers of Light bankers
- get Americans paying income tax to pay off the national debt
The Whig political party favored the bankers. It evolved into the Republican party. President Lincoln was a Republican president and the civil war began in 1861, that served as the initial step for getting the U.S. government back into debt to the bankers.
They then began their operation to takeover all the major industry in the United States.
That operation was followed by taking control of the U.S government by infiltration.
At the same time, the Brothers of Light international bankers were busy getting other countries in debt, such as the ones in Central America. Their favorite method used for accomplishing that was to loan the country money to build a railroad. Construction of these railroads were begun, but were usually never finished. But each country was still expected to pay back the loan.
One of the Jewish banking companies doing this was Bischoffsheim & Goldschmidt.
They were connected to the Jewish bankers in Frankfurt and in the Temple Emanu-el.
Central America is a good example of the New World Order treating others as slaves. The slavemasters have always treated others this way – they even invented “philosophers” by way of declamatio*, to promote the “logic” of slavery. All in a pathetic attempt to try and deny the hideousness of their chosen method of living.
*Declamatio is a rhetorical device they often employed to present their propaganda. This technique invents a character of the past and further invents things said and done by the ancient fictitious character. Moses and Socrates are examples, they never really existed.
Another good example of this is:
Aristotle, portrayed as an “ancient Greek philospher” was one of the first slavemaster-talking-to-himself sockpuppet to be used. Coming from within the fictional world of Aristotle now, let’s look at this from the traditional “second person” view that is usually the way this is discussed.
Aristotle thought that slavery was a natural thing and that human beings came in two types – slaves and non-slaves.
Some people, he said, were born natural slaves and ought to be slaves under any circumstances. Other people were born to rule these slaves, could use these slaves as they pleased and could treat them as property.
Natural slaves were slaves because their souls weren’t complete – they lacked certain qualities, such as the ability to think properly, and so they needed to have masters to tell them what to do.
It’s clear that Aristotle thinks that slavery was good for those who were born natural slaves, as without masters they wouldn’t have known how to run their lives.
In fact Aristotle seems to have thought that slaves were ‘living tools’ rather like domestic animals, fit only for physical labour.
Slaves were not totally incapable of thought, but they only needed minimal amount of rational ability; just enough to understand and carry out their duties. Similarly, slaves were not devoid of ‘virtue’, but once again, they only needed just enough to carry out their duties. But that ‘virtue’ was enough for them to be treated as human beings.
Aristotle doesn’t provide any sensible practical method of recognizing natural slaves, and without that it’s inevitable that some people will be made slaves who should not be.
However, since the late 1800’s when this declamatio was first mass-media’d – Tavistock Brit John Rawlings Rees did discuss a so-called “practical” method of assessing men. That’s what the personality and intelligence testing research (especially during World War II) was about. Some people, per Rees, just weren’t fit for anything other than manual labor. Sound familiar?
…There are few aspects of social medicine more important than this. Aldous Huxley in his book Brave New World was planning to produce a section of subnormal men who would do the dull jobs of the community: we don’t really need to produce them for there are too many already. If we can employ them, and if we care for their morale, i.e. their mental health, there will be fewer of them and as a group they will be contributors to the life of the community and not consumers or problem makers. 42
Aristotle also had a category of ‘legal slaves’; they weren’t natural slaves but through bad luck – perhaps being taken prisoner in war – they just happened to be slaves at a particular time.
Aristotle argued that if the world was just, the legal slaves would be freed, and if any natural slaves were by chance free, they should be made slaves. 41
Central America, was one place the slavemasters used other humans to do their work for them – as slaves to their will, to create what they called:
An oxymoron, if I ever heard one,
as these men are anything but “civilized”.
The United States military was also used as these insane Slavemasters’ club around the world. It is such a good deal for the New World Order people, it was Britain getting a free army – the Americans paid for it with their money and their lives. It is still being done today.
Central America is another page in the slavemaster history book of horrors – all in the name of bananas.
It is a scandal, what happened
to Central and South America.
Come with me, as we roll back the time machine to examine just how these slave states came about, focusing primarily on Central America.
Honduras and Costa Rica Loan Scam
As usual, the takeover of other countries begins with an economic takeover – which always involves making others indebted to the Slavemaster. Which, by the way, in the old days, was exactly how some people became slaves – property of the slavemaster. They had to “work off their debt”.
Accordingly, in 1825 a loan was issued in London for the Federal States of Central America. The Republic of Honduras portion of the loan to be paid back was 27,200 pounds. By 1867 the Honduras had been forty years in default on its portion.
From 1867 to 1870, the Honduras would obtain three additional much larger loans and that was part of the scam, since Honduras was unable to pay off the smaller loan in the last 40 years, it is hard to imagine how the State could have entered into such a liability, or how any issuing house could have had the temerity to put it before the public.
The financial agent representing Honduras in obtaining these loans was Don Carlos Gutierrez. Bonds were issued as the means to obtaining the loans. These bonds were sold to investors in London and Paris. The Jewish bankers Bischoffsheim, Goldschmidt & Co. was contracted to sell the bonds. Another person assisted in selling these bonds – Charles Joachim Lefevre, agent for Rothschilds.
The Bischoffsheims, the Rothschilds, and the Goldschmidts go way back, and are Hesse-Kassel intermarried. If you remember the double-headed eagle chapter – that is the Nesilim.
Bischoffsheim, Goldschmidt & Co. was founded when Hayum Salomon Goldschmidt’s daughter Henriette married Jonathan-Raphael Bischoffsheim in 1827, and the two men formed Bischoffsheim, Goldschmidt & Co. that same year.
Although Honduras would default on the loans, Bischoffsheim, Goldschmidt & Co. and Charles Lefevre received their sizeable commissions and more. For example, in selling 408,460 pounds worth of the bonds, Lefevre, together with Bischoffsheim, Goldschmidt – received a commission of 51,852 pounds for doing so.
The first contracted loan was sold at the London stock exchange in 1867, the second was issued in Paris in 1868, and the third negotiated at the London stock exchange in 1870.
All of the loans were for building the first section of an Interoceanic railroad, the first section being 56 miles long. The first section was eventually completed but the railroad remained idle and useless since the other sections were not built. All of the loans were secured by the railway, railway revenues, and by all the domains and forests of the State of Honduras.
After the first two loans were obtained, a third loan was sought, and a fraud was committed to encourage investors to take it. A statement was published in a London newspaper that two ships had arrived in the West India Docks from Truxillo (Honduras) with cargoes of mahogany consigned to Bischoffsheim and Goldschmidt on account of the Honduras Railway Loan, and that two others were loading at Truxillo with similar cargoes on the same account. These cargoes were not cut by the Honduran government. It had bought them from timber merchants, and they were found to be of most inferior quality. The purchase of these cargoes and the announcement of their arrival, were intended to induce, and did induce, the public to believe that the Honduran forests were providing means for paying the interest upon the loan.
It was a fraud, a scam.
With the help of this fraud, the 1870 Honduras 10 per cent loan for 2,500,000 pounds was successfully issued.
The total of the loans made to Honduras was 5,398,570 pounds. The British bondholders were owed 4,800,000 pounds of that amount. Honduras was now deeply in debt to British and French bondholders, but its income was only 300,000.
While 4,800,000 pounds had been paid to the financial agents of Honduras through Messrs. Bischoffsheim and Goldschmidt, only 562,000 pounds was applied to the construction of the railway. The rest is lost sight of. The railway is in existence, but it is abandoned – it is useless; and as to the forests, not one piece of timber from the Honduras forests has ever come to Britain.
In November, 1870 Don Carlos Gutierrez acted for Costa Rica to obtain two loans. Bischoffsheim and Goldschmidt were again contracted for these loans. He introduced a loan of 1,000,000 pounds for which he received 720,500 pounds. In 1872 he introduced a loan for 2,000,000 pounds, or rather the State of Costa Rica authorized it, and a sum of 1,200,000 pounds was obtained; so that the State has obtained altogether the sum of 2,000,000 pounds. All the amount that we can find to have been sent to Costa Rica of that sum is 926,000 pounds, the rest has been detained from going there.
Although the Rothschild agent Lafevre’ had raised three successive loans for the railway, the company had crashed in 1872 with no more than 50 miles of track laid. Lefevre fled England with a million pounds and thumbed his nose at authorities from exile.
That is a LOT of money back then.
Honduras and Costa Rica defaulted on the loans. 1, 2, 3, 4
NY Times article August 12, 1875:
- English Foreign Loans
- States Swindling Each Other
- How Money is Got in London For Central America
- The profits and principles of some London Bankers
- The Famous Bischoffsheim & Goldschmidt under investigation
Loan scam of British stock exchange by Honduran minister and Bischoffsheim & Goldschmidt –
“As the net result of these loans, Honduras made itself liable for a debt of $35,000,000, for which she obtained a section of a railway, fifty-three miles in length, which is abandoned and idle. A few payments were made on the principal and interest, out of the proceeds of the loans, and then all payments stopped.”
“If honesty were among these qualifications, it is obvious that Messrs. Bischoffsheim & Goldschmidt, and Mr. Charles Joachim Lefevre would not be eligible.”
The importance of these debts will become evident a little later on, when J.P. Morgan uses them as a lever against these countries. These loan debts are referred to in several ways, the British Bondholders, the Foreign Bondholders, the Foreign Debt, and the External Debt – to name a few.
Beginning Of The 1000% Profit Banana Business
In 1870, Lorenzo Dow Baker, a Cape Cod sea captain, anchored his schooner in Jamaica, and came across some bananas when he was shopping for food. He purchased 160 unripe bunches of bananas in Jamaica for a shilling a bunch and, after ten days sailing, sold them in Jersey City for $2 each.
In 1871, one of Captain Baker’s first customers, was a 21 year old produce dealer named Andrew Preston. Preston had handbills printed up extolling the virtues of the new fruit.
In 1871, Minor Cooper Keith joined his brothers and his uncle, Henry Meiggs, in a railroad building project in Costa Rica. Meiggs had built railroads in Peru, and had obtained a contract with the Costa Rican government to build a railroad from the Caribbean port of Limón to the capital at San José.
The first twenty-five miles of the railroad had to be constructed in jungle conditions, and the workers died by the thousands from accidents and tropical diseases. Keith’s uncle and brothers died, leaving Keith in charge of the project. The railroad’s reputation for killing its workers made it impossible to hire enough local labor, so Keith recruited convicts from New Orleans. Only 25 of the 700 convicts hired survived the construction and returned to New Orleans.
In 1873, Minor Cooper Keith planted banana trees in the railroad’s right of way in the province of Limón, in order to cut food costs for his workers. Midway through the project Keith realized that passenger revenue would never pay off the railroad’s debt. He began exporting bananas. 5 (The banana companies get a 1000% markup/profit on bananas.)
Minor Cooper Keith became a major figure in Costa Rican society in the 1890’s; he married Cristina Castro, the daughter of a national President, and worked as the main negotiator of the Costa Rican foreign debt with English banks. He expanded his banana business into Columbia (which then included Panama).
Captain Baker started a partnership with Andrew Preston and some investors in 1885 and called it the Boston Fruit Company. 5
Here’s a United Fruit propaganda film called About Bananas by Castle Films in 1935.
IOBB Members Own Companies in Central America
1888 – Charles and Jacob Weinberger entered Central American banana trading. They owned the Bluefields Banana Company in Bluefields, Nicaragua. Jacob Weinberger was a member of the IOBB in New Orleans – he was another one of the Brothers of Light.
Jacob Weinberger was –
- President of the Bluefields Steamship Co.
- President of the Adler-Weinberger Steamship Co.
- President of the Kelly-Page Co. Steamship Agents and Brokers
- President Bluefields Wharf & Agency Co.
- member T.M. Solomon & Co., Exporters
- Secretary of the Nicaragua Electric Co.
- President Bluefields Lumber Co.
Charles and Jacob Weinberger consolidated their interests in 1890 with 2 competing firms, and formed Bluefields Steamship Company. Their Bluefields Banana Company was now renamed to Bluefields Steamship Company.
The Adler-Weinberger Steamship Co was a leading factor in tropic fruit and Central American business. 6, 7, 8
William Adler –
- Director in Bluefields Steamship Company
- member of [Abraham] A. Adler & Co. wholesale grocery importers/exporters
- Director of The State National Bank
- VP Schwartz Foundry 6
Ferdinand Beer was a member of the IOBB in New Orleans. In 1890, he founded the New Orleans & Central American Trading Co. He was its owner and president. This corporation was one of the most aggressive in Central American trade. His Central American headquarters was in Bluefields, Nicaragua.
When Ferdinand Beer died in 1909, his sons Joseph W. Beer and Alfred Victor Beer took over the company. Joseph Beer was also a member of the IOBB in New Orleans. 7, 9, 10
Valentine Establishes Mining Company and Bank in Honduras
The President of Honduras, Marco Aurelio Soto, offered companies that invested in the mine in San Juancinto a 20 year exemption from all taxes. Washington S. Valentine, an American entrepreneur in Honduras, found the offer attractive. In 1880, Valentine and other New York investors, formed the New York & Honduras Rosario Mining Company. Valentine was the major owner of the company.
Marco Aurelio Soto, was a major shareholder in the mining company. One of his sons married a daughter of Washington Valentine. 11, 12
The mining firm took a mine in San Juancito, near Tegucigalpa, and in the next decade produced three million dollars in silver and gold. By 1900 it had more than 1000 workers. Between 1882 and 1954, the New York and Honduras Rosario Mining Company produced over $60 million worth of gold and silver from the mines near Tegucigalpa.11
1888 – Washington Valentine founded the first private bank in Honduras, Banco de Honduras, in Tegucigalpa. Valentine and the Honduras President, Luis Bogran, owned shares in the bank. Valentine was infringing on the territory of the international banker, they want to be the main banker in every country, and not somebody else besides them.
New World Order Moves To Control Caribbean Countries
Revolutions Used To Remove Uncooperative Caribbean Presidents
District 7 of the I.O.B.B. was established in Memphis, Tennessee on January 19, 1873. It’s jurisdiction was Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida, Texas, and Louisiana. Headquarters for District 7 of the I.O.B.B. is moved to New Orleans in 1890.
Nathan Strauss, long a prominent working member of the Order, was chosen to the position of Grand Secretary. He is a pillar of the faith, and a stout champion of every cause for the well being and up lifting of the Jewish people. 6, 13
1891 – Cecil Rhodes establishes the Round Table in England. It is a secret society for bringing the entire world under British rule. The Rothschilds and the other Brothers of Light international bankers joined the Round Table. It is the major front group for the New World Order. It established many sub-groups that also work towards bringing the entire world under British rule. The IOBB and Temple Emanu-el are part of the New World Order network.
John Jacob Astor IV assumes control of the family fortune in 1892. He was one of the wealthiest men on the planet, with assets in the neighborhood of $100 million. Nikola Tesla and Astor were both inventors and an alliance was formed between them. This alliance would turn out to be a major threat to the slavemaster’s income in the future. 14, 15
Washington Valentine founded the Honduras Syndicate in 1892. 11 Astor was part of the Honduras Syndicate – so Valentine and Astor were business partners.
On 20 July 1892 a contract is signed in Honduras that leases the First Section of the Interoceanic Railway to Washington Valentine and B.H. Van Auken, Jr., of New York, for two years. 1
1894 – Honduras – The Partido Liberal de Hondura (liberal party of Honduras) was led by Policarpo Bonilla, with the support of Nicaragua’s liberal President, José Santos Zelaya. Washington Valentine was friends with Zelaya. Bonilla assumed power in 1894. Bonilla worked with the Honduras Syndicate to improve conditions in Honduras. 11
Honduras had defaulted on their loan to the British bondholders. The loan was secured by the First Section of the Interoceanic Railway, railroad revenues, and forests of Honduras.
Washington Valentine was infringing on the pledged security for the British loans. In the future the British would start filing formal protests about this to the Honduras President.
1894 – The British Empire League was formed in London – to support the ideology of British imperialism. Lord Rothschild was a vice-president in the British Empire League. 1, 11
J.P. Morgan’s father, Junius Morgan, headed a company in England that closely worked with the Rothschilds – George Peabody and Company. That is how J.P. Morgan came to be an agent for the Rothschilds, it was due to the fact that his father had been their agent.
The New World Order people, including members of the IOBB in New Orleans, were making moves to take control of Latin America and Central America.
Revolutions would be engineered and financed to overthrow the Presidents in Latin and Central America who were uncooperative with the international bankers. The US military was also going to be used to overthrow uncooperative Presidents in those same countries. Then a new President would be installed who was cooperative with the Brothers of Light international bankers.
J.P. Morgan was an agent for the Rothschilds. Morgan owned the Santa Clara province in Cuba, where a particularly dark and fragrant variety of tobacco is grown. 11, 16
Pictured: Photo shows J.P. Morgan, Jr., holding one of his cigars – Richard Burdon Sanderson Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane (1856-1928); and Sir Kenneth Augustus Muir Mackenzie, 1st Baron Muir-Mackenzie (1845-1930). (Source: Flickr Commons project, 2009 and New York Times, August 31, 1913) Forms part of: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress).
History often doesn’t make it clear that as a Cuban tobacco plantation owner, this means that Morgan employed slave labor to get his special cigars – the cigars that were one of his trademarks. An eight-inch-long maduro Havana cigar known as a Meridiana Kohinoor; the cigars were dubbed “Hercules’s clubs” by those around Morgan.
Morgan’s stance on Cuba was that the lives of American citizens and their property on the island had been taken more than once so that the first thing to do was to drive Spain out of her richest colonial possession. 17
Complete with slaves already broken in –
he forgot to add.
“…drive Spain out of her richest colonial possession.”
That was the public relations reason that they told to the world, their real reason was they wanted to install puppet Presidents in the Caribbean countries, so they could capitalize on the many natural resources of those countries. Spain stood in their way of accomplishing that, and Spain was too strong militarily to be overthrown by a handful of revolutionaries. It would take the might of the United States military to get Spain out of the Caribbean, thus the international bankers began a campaign to get the United States into a war with Spain.
Morgan had just proposed the idea of driving Spain out of Cuba. The revolutionary of choice to be used in Cuba was José Martí, who advocated Cuban financial and political autonomy.
In early 1895, Martí launched a three-pronged invasion of the island. The plan was to provoke an indigenous revolution. The expected revolution was not the grand show of force Martí had anticipated. A quick victory was not obtained, so the revolutionaries settled in to fight a protracted guerrilla campaign.
The Spanish response was swift and decisive. Cánovas del Castillo, the prime minister of Spain, ordered General Arsenio Martínez de Campos to quell the revolt. Campos’s method of containing the revolt earned him ridicule in the Spanish press. So, General Campos was replaced by General Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, a soldier who had proven himself able to quash rebellions. Nicolau’s strategy was to deprive the insurgency of weaponry, supplies and assistance by ordering the residents of some Cuban districts to relocate themselves in reconcentration camps. While this strategy was brutally effective at slowing the spread of rebellion, it had the unwelcome effect of stirring indignation in the United States.
Between 1895-1898, Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World and William Randolph Hearst of the New York Journal played up news of Spanish atrocities in Cuba and of Spain’s use of concentration camps and brutal military force to quash the “Cubans’ rebellion”. It was not really a “Cuban rebellion”, it was Jewish banker profiteering.
Pulitzer and Hearst drew the nation into the Spanish-American War with sensationalist stories or outright lying. Hearst became a war hawk after a rebellion broke out in Cuba in 1895. Stories of Cuban virtue and Spanish brutality soon dominated his front page. Some of the alleged atrocities were fictional. Example:
Male Spanish officials strip search an American woman tourist in Cuba looking for messages from rebels; front page from Hearst.
These tactics were employed by the newspapermen to turn American public opinion towards war, utilizing the public’s natural inclination to support Cuba’s revolution towards being a free country. American public opinion against Spain became heated, creating a demand for war.
This is a good example of how the public is manipulated into accepting a war. The public and the military are never told the real reason for the war, they are only told false reasons, such as “we are going to war to make the world safe for democracy”.
Actually, Spain was in the way of getting the Caribbean countries under control of the New World Order. It was going to take more military strength than the revolutionaries had, to deal with Spain. It was going to take the strength of the US military to get Spain out of these countries. Thus the newspapers were used to gain support from the American public for a war with Spain.
The major media always has been the servant of
the international bankers, not the people.
Astor Is Member of the Honduras Syndicate
Honduras Syndicate Assisting Honduras
In 1895 Policarpo Bonilla was elected to a four-year term as President of Honduras.
John Jacob Astor IV and Washington Valentine are partners in the Honduras Syndicate. They are assisting Honduras by offering to:
- finish constructing all three sections of the Interoceanic Railroad
- settle the Honduras foreign debt
- establish a bank in Honduras
Thus they became a threat to the New World Order plan
to takeover the Central American countries.
- 1895 – December 24 – The Contract of Lease of 1894 with Washington Valentine was transferred to the Honduras Railroad Company – a New Jersey Corporation, formed by: Washington S. Valentine, George S. Scott, Barret H. Van Auken, Jr., James B. Houston, J. Dobson Good, James T. Worthington, Stillman Gray, and Charles H. Johnson.
- 1896 – March 19 – Contract with the Honduras Railroad Company for the construction of the Interoceanic Railroad and settlement of the External Debt.
This Claim is the result of the following Contracts which the Government of Honduras made for the operation and reconstruction of the First Section of the Interoceanic Railway, the construction of Sections Second and Third, and the settlement of the Inter-Oceanic Railway Bonds – commonly called “The External Debt”.
- 1896 – March 28 – Appointment of George I. Scott, of New York, as Financial Agent of Honduras to arrange the External Debt.
- 1897 – March 27 Contract with the Honduras Syndicate for the construction of the Interoceanic Railway, settlement of the External Debt, and the establishment of a Bank for the collection of Custom Duties.
The Contract of 1896 with the Honduras Railroad Company was transferred to the Honduras Syndicate, a New York Corporation, formed by: John Jacob Astor,
George S. Scott, Chauncey M. Depew, Nathaniel A. Prentiss, W. Seward Webb, Benjamin F. Tracy, J.G. McCullough, Frederic B. Jennings, , Charles McVeigh and Melville E. Ingalls, Jr.
The Additional Article to the Contract of 1897 with the Honduras Syndicate reads as follows:
“The Honduras Railroad Company, through its General Agent, W.S. Valentine, agrees that all its interests in the present Lease of the First Section of the Railway from Port Cortes to La Pimients shall be effectively transferred to the Syndicate, under terms agreed upon between said Company and the Syndicate, and in consequence thereof it accepts the responsibilities incurred by the leased Section, likewise the Leasing Contract itself, on the terms specified in this Agreement.
It further declares that the Honduras Railroad Company not having fulfilled the obligations imposed upon it by the Concession which it obtained from the government, within the past few years, approved by Legislative Decree No. 76, said Contract is hereby annulled, and by virtue thereof there remain to said Company no rights under it.” 1
1897 – April 5 Commercial Bank of Honduras, as per Contract, gets established with 500,000 in GOLD.
After Astor died, an article regarding Astor’s estate appears in the New York Times:
New York Times, June 22, 1913
Appraisement of Estate Reveals Astor’s Personality
Two hundred and fifty shares of the Commercial Bank of Honduras, of a par value of $2,500. “The charter of that bank has been revoked by the Government of Honduras. They have no assets. It also has been carried on the books of Col. Astor as valueless for some years.”
This move by Astor flew right into the teeth of the plans
the Jewish bankers* had for Central America.
*on behalf of their British masters.
He was infringing on the pledged security (the railroad) for the British bondholders. And he was infringing on “their territory” and taking away “their business” with the establishment of a bank for the collection of Custom Duties. If allowed to successfully continue in Honduras, Astor could have branched out into the other Caribbean countries. The thought was too horrible to contemplate. Thus the New World Order Jewish bankers made moves towards taking control, starting with the Spanish-American war.
President McKinley, Bankers Man
The Democratic party represented the hardships experienced by the common people and stood for the free coinage of silver (as had been advocated by President Jackson) and sought other aids for the debtor class. 18
The banker oligarchy – Morgan, Rothschild etc. – was pushing for a gold standard only. The Democratic party wanted to follow Jackson’s idea of having silver and gold coins as the currency for the country.
1896 – June 10 – Election Year
When Mr. Morgan met the reporters he gave them an interview on the monetary system and politics in which he said:
“The dominating question is the currency problem. If that is settled satisfactorily Europe will buy our securities. If it is not, she won’t. That is all there is to be said. By a satisfactory settlement of the currency I mean a decision that this country will maintain the single gold standard.”
The outstanding Democratic candidate was William Jennings Bryan. He had been the most eloquent advocate of free coinage of silver, unhampered by any considerations of banking or international business relations, of which he knew nothing. 17
Bryan was a supporter of popular democracy and believed in the right to independence of Central and South America. He was a critic of banks and railroads, a leader of the silverite movement in the 1890s, and a peace advocate. Because of his faith in the goodness and rightness of the common people, he was called “The Great Commoner”.
In the intensely fought 1896 and 1900 elections, he was defeated by William McKinley. In his three presidential bids, he promoted Free Silver in 1896, anti-imperialism in 1900, and trust-busting in 1908, calling on Democrats to fight the trusts and big banks, and embrace populist ideas. His father, Silas Bryan, was a Jacksonian Democrat. 1
Morgan makes a secret move to get William McKinley
to be the bankers man –
In Cleveland, Ohio, there was a young president of a big savings bank, named Myron T. Herrick, who was a personal friend for years of William McKinley, and of Mark Hanna of Cleveland. Mr. Hanna believed that McKinley would be a good presidential candidate.
Herrick was very much in favor of committing the Republican Party to the gold standard, so as to force the Democrats to come out squarely with a Silver candidate on a Silver platform. Mr. Herrick and Mr. Hanna go to see Morgan about this.
Morgan reminded Herrick that the Republican platform should come out strongly for the single gold standard, and that the candidate should stand squarely on it.
Morgan tells Hanna some facts concerning the monetary system of the country and the absolute necessity of maintaining the financial reputation of our Government abroad and of providing the means for the continued flow of gold from that side of the Atlantic to this. He was convinced that Mr. Morgan was right. No one but the parties to it knew of this important conference until years afterward.
“…the absolute necessity of maintaining
the financial reputation of our Government abroad…”
Reputation, as in CREDIT RATING,
as in ability to GET LOANS.
As if that matters!
Will this affect my credit rating?
After all, image IS everything. Isnt it?
So, in order to save the REPUTATION of the U.S. with the bankers (its very hard to say that with a straight face) – The Republican Convention was held and on 19 June 1896, due to Hanna and Herrick, McKinley was nominated, on a platform that contained an unequivocal gold plank. 17
William McKinley, backed by Morgan, gained ardent support from big business and won the presidential election.
John D Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J.P. Morgan found common ground in 1896 and literally, in the opinion of many historians, bought the Presidency for William McKinley. 43
Mckinley was sworn in March 4, 1897. 11
McKinley became president right at the same time that Astor and the Honduras Syndicate were setting up a bank in the Honduras, planning to finish the Honduras railroad, and to settle the Honduras debt with the Jewish bankers in England. In other words, to knock the Brothers of Light international bankers out of Honduras completely, just like Jackson had done to them previously in the United States. Honduras would not be under control of the Brothers of Light international bankers.
Spanish American War
President McKinley threatens to consider recognizing Cuba’s belligerent status, and thus allowing the legal rearming of Cuban insurgents by U.S. firms. McKinley sent Stewart L. Woodford to Spain to negotiate an end to the conflict.
Yikes – that’s who Mckinley sent?
Negotiations between Woodford and Sagasta went fairly smoothly and Cuban autonomy was set to begin on January 1, 1898.
- 1898 – January 11 Eleven days after the Cuban autonomous government took power a riot erupted in Havana, ignited by Spanish officers offended by the persistent newspaper criticism of General Weyler’s policies. Against the advice of the Consul-General in Havana, Fitzhugh Lee, McKinley sent the USS Maine to Havana to ensure the safety of US citizens and interests. 11
The USS Maine set anchor in Havana harbor on January 25, 1898.
Spain responded by having an armored cruiser, the Vizcaya, anchor off shore of New York City.
This is considered to be the mark of American entry into world affairs
(working on behalf of the New World Order people).
Deploying the Maine to Havana was only one part of a larger, global deployment of US naval power. As the Maine left Florida a large part of the North Atlantic fleet was moved to Key West and the Gulf of Mexico. Additionally, others were moved just off shore of Lisbon. And still others were moved to Hong Kong, as well as the Phillippines. 11
The largest part of the fleet was moved to take direct military control of the Caribbean – Latin America and Central America.
Starting from 1898, over the next thirty-five years, the U.S. military intervened in Latin America and Central America twenty-eight times; in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mexico, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Panama, and Guatemala.
The U.S. military has been reduced to the metaphoric role of Vinnie the knee-breaker, working on behalf of the New World Order to enforce their banking, business and political interests in other countries.
On February 15, 1898, the USS Maine mysteriously exploded and sank, causing the deaths of 266 men. 11
At the time of the mysterious sinking of the USS Maine, Morgan and associates had access to a radio-controlled detonation device, used to explode a bomb from a distance.
That device could have been used to sink the U.S.S. Maine, to start the war.
Tesla had displayed wireless motors before the Institute of Electrical Engineers in 1892. He believed the military would want such things as radio-controlled torpedoes.
At the Electrical Exposition, held at Madison Square Garden in May 1898, Tesla demonstrated a remote control boat. By remote control Tesla could start, stop, propel, steer and put lights on or off.
At the same Electrical Exposition,Guglielmo Marconi demonstrated a wireless detonation system. By means of a bomb planted on board an enemy ship, and a simple button placed in the hands of an operator, “Spanish ships” were blown to smithereens.
Marconi was under the thumb of Morgan. This means Morgan and pals had access to a remote-controlled detonation device when the USS Maine mysteriously blew up.
The USS Maine sank in the harbor after suffering a massive explosion.
With apparently, no other ships around, nor were any “enemies” seen.
No one saw anything.
The news of the explosion and the death of 266 sailors stirred popular US opinion and large segments of Congress into demanding a swift belligerent response. The Navy’s investigation, made public on March 28, concluded that the ship’s magazines were ignited when an external explosion was set off under the ship’s hull. This revelation poured fuel on popular US indignation and strengthened the hand of those officials already gearing up for war.
Spain’s investigation of the circumstances surrounding the explosion had come to the opposite conclusion: that the explosion originated within the ship.
Upon the destruction of the Maine, newspaper owners such as William Randolph Hearst came to the conclusion that Spanish officials in Cuba were to blame, and they widely publicized this theory as fact. They fueled American anger by publishing sensationalistic and astonishing accounts of “atrocities” committed by Spain in Cuba. The American cry became, “Remember the Maine, To Hell with Spain!” 11
The over-the-top lies and misrepresentations by Hearst, became known as yellow journalism.
- 1898 – March 21 – Formal Protest by the Council of Foreign Bondholders through R.J. Maclachlan, Britain’s Consul in Honduras, says amount owed them including interest through July 1897 is 16,908,164 pounds sterling.
On 25 April 1898 Spain declares War on the United States.
The first battle between American and Spanish forces was at Manila Bay, Philippines. On May 1, 1898, Commodore George Dewey, commanding the U. S. Navy forces, defeated a Spanish squadron. 11
- 1898 – May 12 – a squadron of 12 U.S. ships bombarded San Juan, Puerto Rico.
- 1898 – May 19 – Policarpo Bonilla, President of Honduras answers Britain, but basically won’t do anything about their protests.
- 1898 – On June 25, the USS Yosemite blockaded San Juan harbor.
1898 – July 1 – US forces invade Cuba and fight the Spaniards. The Americans planned to capture the city of Santiago de Cuba. The American forces were aided in Cuba by the pro-independence rebels led by General Calixto García.
The Battle of Santiago de Cuba on July 3, 1898, was the largest naval engagement of the Spanish American War and resulted in destruction of the Spanish Caribbean Squadron.
1898 – July 17 – The occupation of Cuba. From this date Cuba is under the jurisdiction of the United States Military Government (USMG), all the way until 1902 before they are “allowed” to have an ” independent government”.
US forces invade Puerto Rico on July 25, 1898.
On August 9, 1898 a Protocol of Peace between the United States and Spain was signed in Washington. The United States gained almost all of Spain’s colonies in the treaty, including the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico.
The US also gained control over Cuba. 11
Astor Secretly Funds Tesla Experiments In Free Electricity
On 10 January 1899 Astor secretly funded Tesla with $100,000. Tesla set up a lab and conducted successful experiments into wireless transmission of electricity.
Tesla had a future vision of free electrical power. Tesla’s diary contains explanations of his experiments concerning the ionosphere and the ground’s currents. He proved that the earth was a conductor. He also investigated atmospheric electricity. He produced artificial lightning with discharges of millions of volts, and 135 feet long.11
By means of a transmitter tuned to a certain frequency, and a receiver tuned to the same frequency, he could transmit free electrical power to anywhere in the world, to operate electrical devices and motors.
This would have had an enormous impact, providing homes and electric automobiles with free electrical power. Imagine the horror felt by the slavemasters – they would not be able to sell their gasoline for cars or sell their electricity to every individual home.
Astor was a problem to the slavemasters in Honduras and when they found out about the free electricity for everyone, they decided they had to put a stop to Astor and Tesla.
United Fruit Company Formed
IOBB Member In Business With United Fruit
Cuyamel Fruit Company Formed
Minor Cooper Keith dominated the banana business in Central America by 1899. He was the dominant fruit importer to the southeastern United States through the port of New Orleans, with extensive railroads and plantations in Central America.
Boston Fruit Company had plantations in the Caribbean, and a steamship fleet of 42 ships. Boston Fruit was the dominant importer in the Northeastern United States.
*Note: whoever made this image has the names backwards, it should read Andrew Preston, Minor Keith, Lorenzo Baker
On March 30, 1899 Minor Keith, Andrew Preston, and Captain Lorenzo Baker, agreed to merge their companies and created the United Fruit Company. They make a 1000 percent markup/profit on bananas. Together, the two firms controlled 75% of the fresh fruit market.
United Fruit would go on to purchase a controlling interest in the Bluefields Steamship Company that was owned by Jacob Weinberger, a member of the IOBB in New Orleans. They would also obtain a controlling interest in the Cuyamel Fruit Company. 19, 20
In 1900, Ashbell Hubbard and Samuel Zemurray (his Jewish original name was Zmurri) joined forces. They purchased two tramp steamers, and began buying cargoes from independent plantations in Honduras and selling them in New Orleans. They created the Cuyamel Fruit Company in 1902.
- 1900 – May 5 Contract with the Honduras Syndicate for the construction of the Interoceanic Railway, cancelling the Contract of 1897.
The first and final article of the Contract of 1900 reads as follows:
“Article 1. The Government and the Syndicate formally agree to consider as absolutely ended the Contract regarding the Interoceanic Railroad, the settlement of the Foreign Debt, and the establishment of a bank, celebrated on March 27, 1897, and approved by Decree No. 120 issued by the National Congress of Honduras on April 5th of the same year.”
[Congress neither approved nor disapproved the extension of time granted, the Government permitted the Syndicate to keep possession of the Railway. Even though the British Consul protested this on behalf of the Foreign Bondholders, this did not affect the Syndicate’s possession and exploitation of the Railway.]
And the Stockholders are the following:
- John Jacob Astor
- Washington S. Valentine
- George S. Scott
- W.B. Scott
- Charles H. Scott
- Henry L. Sprague
- Hon. Chauncey M. Depew, U.S. Senator
- Gen. Benjamin F. Tracy, Ex-Secretary of the Navy
- Gen. John D. McCullough, Governor of the State of Vermont
- Gen. Thomas J. Watson
- Nathaniel A. Prentiss
- Frederic B. Jennings
- J.A. Govett
- William Radcliffe
- Duncan B. Copper
- Charles H. Johnson
- John Carstensen
- Dr. W. Seward Webb, President of the Rutland Railroad Company’ Estate of H. Walter Webb (First Vice-President of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Co.)
1900 – June The Honduras Syndicate obtained from the Government of Honduras a concession and contract which, among many other things, leases for twenty-five years (with privilege of extension of time), the First Section of the so-called Interoceanic Railroad from its connection with the leased section in Pimienta to the Bay of Fonseca on the Pacific, with the right of way and other valuable concessions of lands and other kind.
1902 – March 7 – Decree granting extension of time for one year to the Honduras Syndicate to fulfill its obligations. 1
1902 – Ashbell Hubbard and Samuel Zemmuray (Jewish) had joined forces in 1900. They purchased two tramp steamers, and began buying cargoes from independent plantations in Honduras and selling them in New Orleans. They then began buying land and created the Cuyamel Fruit Company in 1902. Zemurray was known as “Sam the Banana Man.” He was a banana plantation owner in Honduras.
- 1902 – May 20 – The end of the jurisdiction of the United States Military Government is announced and Cuba is now allowed to form its own civil government and attained independence. However, the United States imposed various restrictions on the new government, including prohibiting alliances with other countries, and reserved for itself the right of intervention. The US also established a perpetual lease of Guantanamo Bay.
This independence was not really how it sounded, there later was a “governor” of Cuba who was specifically chosen, and this went on until the next rebellion (staged of course) which then resulted in another “democratic election”.
They must have found a new “appropriate” President for Cuba!
Sanctioned by the “U.S.” – but really that means The Bankers.
All of this posturing allowed United Fruit over three years to establish their massive plantations with slave labor, backed by the U.S. military.
Guantanamo Bay would be used by the U.S. military as a facility for the torture of suspected terrorists. See my wife’s article Spokane, Washington – It’s a Hotbed of Political Mind Control.
Panama Declares Independence From Columbia
Military Coup in Honduras By Manuel Bonilla
In 1903 the United States government became very active in Central American affairs when the Colombian state of Panama declared independence. The U.S. provided military support for the Panamanian separatists, and in return is granted sovereignty of a strip of land on which the United States planned to build a canal allowing shipping between the Caribbean Sea to the Pacific Ocean. Also in 1903, United States troops intervened in Honduras and in the Dominican Republic. 21
Honduran Presidents Policarpo Bonilla and General Sierra had not performed to the satisfaction of the international bankers. They had cooperated with Astor and the Honduras Syndicate. A new man was needed for president of Honduras.
Honduran President Sierra is overthrown in 1903 by General Manuel Bonilla, who proved to be an even greater friend of the banana companies than Sierra had been. Companies gained exemptions from taxes and permission to construct wharves and roads, as well as permission to improve interior waterways and to obtain charters for new railroad construction.
Manuel Bonilla was president of Honduras from 1903 to 1907 and again from 1912 to 1913. 1 (He was not related to a previous Honduran president named Policarpo Bonilla. Rather, they were enemies and Manuel Bonilla had Policarpo Bonilla jailed for 2 years.)
1903 – The U.S. State Department refuses to support the Honduras Syndicate claims against the Honduras.
The State Department declares the old Honduras Bonds were illegally and fraudulently issued and disposed of, and that it would be opposed to any deal in respect to a debt relative to which is alleged grave frauds, illegalities and injustice. 1
This is a false reason because in 1909 the U.S.government supports J.P. Morgan when he revives this “dead claim.”
What they’re doing is wrecking Astor.
The US government is again assisting the interests of the Brothers of Light international bankers in Central America – by eliminating competition from Astor.
October 29, 1903 – The offices of New Orleans & Central American Trading Company and the Bluefield Steamship Company – in Bluefields, Nicaragua – were burned down. 22
Both companies were owned by IOBB members in New Orleans.
1903 – United Fruit commenced the first refrigerated steamship service. 21
1904 – Guatemalan dictator Manuel Estrada Cabrera granted United Fruit a ninety-nine year tax-free concession to construct and maintain the country’s main rail line from Guatemala City to Puerto Barrios.
Jacob and Charles Weinberger were in the banana business with United Fruit. Jacob was a member of the IOBB. Charles Weinberger, as manager of the United Fruit Despatch company in New Orleans, negotiated a concession for exclusive navigation rights on the Escondido River in Nicaragua in 1904. José Santos Zelaya, the President of Nicaragua, granted the concession to United Fruit. This gave United Fruit an iron grip on the banana industry in the Bluefields, Nicaragua area. The six hundred small American and creole planters who worked land on the edge of the river, were now dependent on United Fruit to get their bananas “out”. 20
US Government Organizes “Peace Treaty” In Central America
By 1907 the United States looked with considerable disfavor on the role Zelaya of Nicaragua was playing in regional affairs. When the Nicaraguan army entered Honduras in 1907 to overthrow Manuel Bonilla, the U.S.government, believing that Zelaya wanted to dominate the entire region, landed marines at Puerto Cortés to protect the North American bananas trade.
United States naval units prevented a Nicaraguan attack on Manuel Bonilla’s last position at Amapala. Bonilla sought refuge on the USS Chicago, and the fighting came to an end. The United States representative in Tegucigalpa arranged a final peace settlement, with which Zelaya was less than happy. The settlement provided for the installation of a compromise regime in Honduras, headed by General Miguel Dávila.
Dávila was a liberal but was distrusted by Zelaya, who made a secret arrangement with El Salvador to oust him from office. This plan failed to reach fruition, but the United States, alarmed by the threat of renewed conflict in Central America, called the five Central American presidents to a conference in Washington in November.
The treaty signed in Washington December 20, 1907:
No Government of Central America shall, in case of civil war, intervene in favor of or against the Government of the country where the struggle takes place. 23
Under the guise of a “peace treaty”, the US government performs a war tactic called divide and conquer. What really happened here was an agreement to not assist each other when a country in Central America was under attack by revolutionaries. This would allow the New World Order people to hire revolutionaries to overthrow any Central American country, and no other country would come to the aid of the country that was under attack. That way, they could pick off the leaders of these countries, one by one, and these countries would not unite together for their common defense.
These countries were being set up for some major moves that were about to take place by the New World Order people.
1907 was the same year that the Brothers of Light international bankers orchestrated a financial panic in the United States. Charles W. Morse largely owned Mercantile Bank, he was friends with John Jacob Astor. Mercantile Bank was going to fund Tesla in providing free electricity. The panic was used to ruin or take over every funder of Tesla – Mercantile Bank, Westinghouse Electric, and the Astor Trust Company.
In 1908, opponents of Honduran President Dávila, likely supported by Guatemala and El Salvador, invaded Honduras. Nicaragua supported the Honduran president, and war seemed imminent. Perhaps motivated by the possibility of United States intervention, however, the parties agreed to submit the dispute to the new Central American court. The court ultimately rejected the Honduran and Nicaraguan complaints, but in the meantime the revolt collapsed, thus briefly restoring peace to Honduras. Samuel Zemurray (Cuyamel Fruit Company) had encouraged and even helped finance the 1908 invasion and was to continue to make trouble for the Dávila administration in Honduras.
In 1908, Minor Cooper Keith completed a railroad in Guatemala from Puerto Barrios to Guatemala City. This allowed the United Fruit Company to develop banana plantations in the Guatemalan lowlands. He also bought the Western Guatemala Railroad between Guatemala City and the Pacific Coast.
1908 – Washington Valentine negotiated with Jose Santos Zelaya an interoceanic canal in Nicaragua. 11
US Government – Tool of the New World Order
President Lincoln’s famous speech was – government of the people, by the people, and for the people. Everyone assumed he meant the common people in the country. Nope.
That needs to be translated into what people he meant – the New World Order people.
Government of the New World Order people, government by the New World Order people, and government for the New World Order people. Well, now that we got that sorted out, everything starts making more sense.
In 1909, J.P. Morgan and associates, with full backing of the United States Government, began strong-arming all the Central-American countries, plus Cuba and the Dominican, to turn over the collection of the customs taxes in Central America, in order to pay off Central American debts to European Banks.
Yes, you heard that right, the U.S. will interfere in another country’s affairs to make sure the European Bankers get their loan payments.
That makes our U.S. military guys actually reduced to the metaphoric role, of Vinnie the knee-breaker debt collector! These soldiers were probably told they are “making the world safe for democracry”.
More like safe to line the Slavemasters pockets
by the blood and sweat of others.
On 17 July 1909, J.P. Morgan begins controlling the “condemned bonds” of Honduras, with the U.S. State Department backing his deal with the Bondholders. He controls the Honduran Railroad and the “Wharf” – this means the Customs income.
The Honduran government is simply “informed” of this!
Remember, they never really saw hardly a dime of any of that loan money –
most of it went in Rothschild and Lefevre’s pockets.
The U.S. Minister to Honduras, Philip Brown, writes a letter informing the Honduran government that the J.P. Morgan firm is agreeing to handle the Foreign Debt of Honduras, the delivery of the Railway and Wharf, and the advancement of money for internal improvements, including new bonds. Adds a line that basically says the U.S. Government (and ergo it’s military) is behind this.
Full text of letter:
Under instructions from my Government, which I have just received by telegraph, I have the honour and pleasure to inform the Government of Honduras that the firm of J.P. Morgan & Co. has informed my Government that they are prepared to agree in the arrangement of the Foreign Debt of Honduras, the delivery of the Railway and Wharf of Puerto Cortes, and the advancement of a substantial amount for internal improvements which may be necessary, acquiring new Bonds which must be duly secured.
Messr.s Morgan & Co. have notified my Government that the Council of Foreign Bondholders had accepted the proposal of Morgan & Co., who now have control of the British and American securities, including the Railway and Wharf, and that the Council of Foreign Bondholders, acting in behalf of the holders of the Bonds, have informed the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of the foregoing, and that the Secretary of State of Foreign Affairs having cordially approved the new project, has, by request of the Council of Bondholders, given notice to Minister Carden of the change in the situation.
I have instructions to manifest that if the Government of Honduras would send a special agent to the United States with full powers to negotiate with Morgan & Co., the Government of the United States would extend to him all facilities.
I beg to add that the Government of the United States feels itself happy to see, in the said proposals, the prospect of a good result and for a settlement upon a favourable basis for the amortization of the National Debt, which would be for the prosperity, tranquility and National strength of Honduras.
Tegucigalpa, July 17, 1909
(Signed) Philip Brown 1
1909 – Honduras is approached by the US State Department with an agreement from a “syndicate of bankers” of New York (J.P. Morgan & Co.) intimating to the Honduran Government the advisability of sending a representative to Washington with a view to taking advantage of the offer of a syndicate of Wall Street bankers to settle the foreign debt.
“…taking advantage of the offer…” – a thinly veiled threat.
Sounds like one of those Hunt for Red October conversations –
Honduras sent a commission to Washington and New York, and listened to the propositions, which were conditional on signing that the U.S. Government would assume the administration of the Honduran Custom Houses, through employees appointed or dismissed by the President of the United States. Of the loan amount proposed, not even 10 percent would reach Honduras, and most of that was to be “invested in railroad supplies, machinery, rolling stock, etc.” This is basically asking Honduras to turn over their sovereignty to the United States.
U.S. President Taft, and Mr. Knox’s proposal bottom line, is that instead of eight million Honduras would have to pay based on the British Minister’s proposal (with no degrading conditions and stipulations), they would “get” to pay 26 million dollars! And meanwhile Taft and Knox persisted in claiming to the world that they were “holding out a generous hand to the Latin-American countries, in order to lighten the weight of their foreign debts”. Truthfully, they were devising means of cornering these countries into essentially slave states.
All these maneuverings were kept secret in the United States and in Honduras.
The Envoy of Honduras in Washington, Juan E. Paredes, refused to sign the Loan Treaty and contract, acting under instructions from his government, so then steps had to be taken by the bankers. 29 (Juan E. Parades wrote a book about this – The Morgan-Honduras Loan.)
What a deal! Instead of paying 8 million to the British bondholders, you can now pay 26 million to Morgan (agent for the Rothschilds and thereby the New World Order people). But wait! There’s more! If you act now, you can also get this free set of Ginsu knives, compliments of Morgan and associates!
1909 – The Costa Rica Government is approached by the US State Department with an agreement from a “syndicate of bankers” of New York (J.P. Morgan & Company) to “settle the foreign debt” and a new loan; the principal condition being the delivery of the Custom Houses to collectors to be named by the President of the United States. They did not approve, but the same contract was entered into with Minor C. Keith, it just didn’t mention the US government as one of the contracting parties now. (Since the 1890’s Minor Cooper Keith (United Fruit) had worked as the main negotiator of the Costa Rica foreign debt with English banks.)
1909 – The Dominican is approached by the US State Department with an agreement from a “syndicate of bankers“ of New York (J.P. Morgan & Company) to “settle the foreign debt” and a new loan; the principal condition being the delivery of the Custom Houses to collectors to be named by the President of the United States. They did not approve. So a “revolution” is backed by the US Government, causing the fall of President Victoria and a Catholic Bishop is made president.
July 1909 – Nicaragua President, Jose Santos Zelaya, is approached by the U.S. State Department with an agreement from a “syndicate of bankers“ of New York (J.P. Morgan & Company) to “settle the foreign debt” and a new loan; the principal condition being the delivery of the Custom Houses to collectors to be named by the President of the United States. Zelaya refused.
We can now summarize what the Brothers of Light international bankers were doing in the Caribbean countries.
The bankers wanted to get each Caribbean country in debt to them. The method used to get the Caribbean countries into debt was the offer to provide loans to build a railroad. The Caribbean countries issued bonds to obtain the loans, many of the bonds were owned by British investors, who were the bondholders. The railroads were not completed and made useful, nevertheless, the loans had to be paid back anyway. The Caribbean countries defaulted on the loans.
The Custom Houses of the Central American countries were taxing exports from the country as a means of income for the government. The bankers sought to take the income generated by the Customs Houses as a means to pay back the loans. They also wanted the natural resources of those countries to be used for their profiteering.
American businessmen, including members of the IOBB, established companies in the Caribbean countries so they could profit from the natural resources, such as fruit and lumber, rather than allowing the people who lived in those countries to profit from them. The largest such company was United Fruit, and the major slavemasters eventually owned that.
The people who lived in those countries would be kept in a slave labor state, not allowed to own the companies, and not allowed to benefit from the natural resources of their own country.
The Presidents of the Caribbean countries were puppets of the international bankers, and those who became uncooperative, were attacked by so-called “revolutionaries” who were financed and armed by the international bankers and their business associates.
Some of the Caribbean countries were Spanish colonies and Spain had too strong of a military to be overthrown by a small band of revolutionaries. Thus the Spanish-American war was engineered to use the might of the US military to take those countries away from Spain.
Washington Valentine and John Jacob Astor were members of the Honduras Syndicate. The Honduras Syndicate made a contract with the Honduran government to handle the Honduras foreign debt, finish the railroad, and set up a bank which would take the income from the Custom houses. Thus Honduras was becoming free of the international bankers.
So, a revolution was used to install a new Honduras President who was cooperative with the international bankers.
J.P. Morgan, agent for the Rothschilds, forced a new arrangement with these countries. Morgan would take over the old foreign debts, provide new loans, and take over the collection of the income from the Custom houses. The US government and military backed the Morgan proposal. Every Caribbean country refused the ridiculous proposal because they were giving up what little sovereignty they had left and a large source of their income that they derived from their Customs houses.
Thus more revolutions were engineered to oust the uncooperative Presidents of those countries, and the US military was also used to assist these “revolutions” and to quash labor strikes in those countries…
Thus the American government and military were a tool of the New World Order men.
U.S. Government Supports Revolution in Nicaragua
1909 – October – Astor and his son Vincent set sail to the Caribbean.
1909 – November 2 – New York Times – there are reports about Nicaraguan dictator Zelaya receiving help from Honduran government, President Davila, in the form of arms, money, and men. (Zelaya and Davila are allied because they are both liberals and they are both refusing to accept the Morgan propositions.)
The article quotes the treaty signed in Washington December 20, 1907:
“No Government of Central America shall, in case of civil war, intervene in favor of or against the Government of the country where the struggle takes place.”
1909 – November – in 1867, the USA ascertained the right to build and run a canal from Pacific to Atlantic in Nicaragua. The Project of Nicaragua Canal was never realized, especially since, in November 1909, the Nicaraguan ruler Zelaya denied the USA the rights granted in the 1867 Treaty.
The US government was building the Panama Canal from 1904 to 1914. In 1908, Washington Valentine, partner with John Jacob Astor in the Honduras Syndicate, negotiated with Jose Santos Zelaya an interoceanic canal in Nicaragua. This would compete with the US government Panama Canal, they would no longer be a monopoly.
Zelaya’s determination to resist US hegemony, most notably in his efforts to entice European and Japanese canal builders to his country, brought on the wrath of the US government. Tariff increases by Nicaragua alienated the foreign businesses on the coast of Nicaragua. A tariff is money charged by a government on imports and exports.
In 1909, the United States provided political support to conservative-led forces rebelling against President Zelaya. U.S. motives included differences over the proposed Nicaragua Canal, Nicaragua’s potential as a destabilizing influence in the region, and Zelaya’s attempts to regulate foreign access to Nicaraguan natural resources.
The governor on the Nicaraguan coast was Juan J. Estrada. He was in bed with New Orleans members of the IOBB who had businesses on the Nicaraguan coast at Bluefields. Estrada lead “revolutionaries” against Zelaya. His “revolution” was financed by IOBB members who also supplied mercenaries, guns, and supplies at Bluefields, Nicaragua. The revolution would also receive support from the U.S. military.
By supporting the Estrada revolution the IOBB members in New Orleans were not just helping their personal businesses in Nicaragua, they were supporting the efforts of the New World Order to take control of the Caribbean countries through their agent – J. P. Morgan.
1909 – November 5 – Astor and son Vincent allegedly set sail from Kingston, Jamaica on the Nourmahal. (They are going to Central America, likely to negotiate terms for building the canal in Nicaragua. But US newspapers will falsely report they went to Puerto Rico.)
1909 – November 6 – Davila, President of Honduras, requires all vessels of 100 tons and under must give bond before they can operate in the coast-wise trade, and this has almost put a stop to the exportation of coconuts. Fifty or more vessels tied up… 30
On November 17, 1909, two Americans were executed in Nicaragua by order of Zelaya after the two men confessed to having laid a mine in the San Juan River with the intention of blowing up the Diamante.
1909 – November 18, American Ships sent to Nicaragua –
Philander Knox worked for the U.S. Secretary of State Department.
In order to take action against Zelaya openly, Mr. Knox needed some pretext to start the open hostilities. Such a pretext presented itself in the execution of Groce and Cannon, the two American adventurers who had been actively engaged in the ranks of the Estrada revolution, and who had been taken prisoner when in the act of blowing up with dynamite some government river boats, and who had been condemned to death by a court martial.
Mr. Knox pronounced the sentence imposed upon Cannon and Groce unjust, declared Zalaya’s government tyrannical and despised by public opinion, (which was a point-blank lie) and asserted that all Nicaragua had risen in arms. This was not the truth, it being well known that the revolution was at that time localized on part of the Atlantic Coast. He declared Zelaya the perturber of peace in Central America and a violator of the Washington conventions, who had merited the complaints from the other governments of Central America, who considered his stay in power a constant menace.
And so, yet another “revolution” was engineered.
Now they are calling American mercenaries – adventurers!
“American mercenaries – its not just a job,
its an adventure!”
1909 – November 21 – the New York Times starts reporting Astor’s ship as missing, and a supposed wreck is sighted off Cuba that is being “investigated”. He’s in the Honduras, per a later article in New Orleans.
Valentine had a house in Honduras. Valentine and Astor were business partners. Valentine was friends with Zelaya and had negotiated a deal with Zelaya to build an inter-ocean canal in Nicaragua. And the US government was infuriated about that.
1909 – New York Times says Astor is in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Col. John Jacob Astor’s steam yacht Nourmahal, about the whereabouts of which so much alarm has been felt in the last two weeks, was never in danger during that time. Last Wednesday afternoon she was riding peacefully at anchor in San Juan harbor, while her owner and friends were taking in the sights of Puerto Rico in one of Col. Astor’s big automobiles. …arrived in San Juan November 14…
(Right, then why didn’t they “see her”? Sounds like a cover. Yep…the last part of the article says):
Last night, in spite of the Nourmahal’s undoubted safety in San Juan, Capt. Ross, head of the service in Washington, said that the Yamacraw would continue her quest until she had found the yacht.
So, they had a U.S. warship searching for Astor’s yacht, under the pretext that it was “missing”.
Good thing they didn’t find it,
they probably would have sunk it.
Well, they would get another opportunity later…
when Astor is aboard the Titanic.
1909 – November 28
American armed forces landed yesterday at the Nicaraguan port Bluefields, according to a dispatch sent by an insurgent, Col. F. Golarza, to G. Spencer Holland (Reported by the New York Tribune, December 6, 1909)
December 5 – Astor has fever, lands in Jacksonville, Florida and takes train home.
Colonel John Jacob Astor and party, on his steam yacht Nourmahal, reached port this morning from San Juan, Puerto Rico by way of the coast of Cuba, and remained aboard the yacht tonight. The party will leave tomorrow evening on Colonel Astor’s private car for the north. Colonel Astor could not be seen, being indisposed on account of a slight fever contracted while in San Juan.
1910 – President Dávila of Honduras granted the Vaccaro brothers a generous rail concession that included a provision prohibiting any rival line within twenty kilometers. This concession angered Sam Zemurray of the newly formed Cuyamel Fruit Company, which United Fruit Company had a 60 percent ownership in. 31
The Vaccaro brothers were Sicilians also involved in the banana trade since 1889.
1910 – Congressional Anti-Trust hearing – Andrew Preston, co-owner of United Fruit, barely admitted to knowing who Sam Zemurray was when he testified at a congressional antitrust hearing in 1910. 32 (He barely knew him even though United Fruit owned 60% of Zemurray’s Cuyamel Fruit Company?)
“I don’t recall those events.”
– The Reagan Defense
United Fruit was ordered to divest itself of all shares in the Bluefields Steamship Company. 21 Bluefields Steamship Co. was owned by Jacob and Charles Weinberger. Jacob Weinberger was an IOBB member in New Orleans.
IOBB Members In New Orleans And The Hornet
Before discussing what the Brothers of Light did next to dominate the countries in Central America, it is necessary to know who some of the IOBB members in New Orleans were and the people who were connected to them, that they used to assist them.
Beginning in the 1800’s, IOBB members were involved
in turning Central American countries into slave states.
IOBB members in New Orleans, such as Jacob Weinberger, Joseph Beer and others, were involved in the 1000 per cent profit banana business in Central American countries. They also capitalized on other natural resources of these countries for their personal profits – such as lumber, sugar, tobacco, fruits, etc. – working the locals in slave labor conditions.
Jacob and Charles Weinberger owned the Bluefields Banana Company in Nicaragua. They consolidated with 2 competitors and renamed it the Bluefields Steamship Company. It was involved in the banana trade. Jacob was a member of the IOBB in New Orleans.
United Fruit Company owned a large number of shares in the Bluefields Steamship Company, thus these two companies were in business together. This conglomerate was controlling almost the entire fresh fruit market.
Their business interests in Central America was not limited to bananas and fruit. They had railroad concessions, owned land and plantations, owned steamships that transported freight, etc. Jacob Weinberger was also Secretary of the Nicaragua Electric Company and President of the Bluefields Lumber Company in Bluefields, Nicaragua.
Jacob Weinberger was also President of the Adler-Weinberger Steamship Company, which was a leading factor in tropic fruit and Central American business. 6, 8, 24
William Adler was a Director in Bluefields Steamship Company and vice president of Schwartz Foundry Company. 6 (A foundry melts metals and pours the molten metal into molds to make products.)
Nathan S. Stern had worked at Schwartz Foundry Company for 18 years as of 1906.
In 1906 The Stern Foundry & Machinery Co., New Orleans, was incorporated with 100k, and Nathan S. Stern is President. 25
Nathan S. Stern was married to Bertha Kaufman, they lived in New Orleans. Her father was Charles A. Kaufman, a member of the Independent Order of B’nai B’rith (IOBB). 26
Nathan S. Stern is important because in 1910 he bought a ship that was used to bring mercenaries and guns to the so-called “revolutionaries” in Central American countries. The ship was named the Hornet, and its ownership was then transferred to Joseph Beer, member of the IOBB.
Ferdinand Beer and his son Joseph Wolf Beer were both members of the IOBB.
Ferdinand Beer owned the New Orleans & Central American Trading Company, one of the most aggressive in Central American trade. His Central American headquarters was in Bluefields, Nicaragua. When Ferdinand Beer died on Jan. 22, 1909, his sons Joseph W. Beer and Alfred Victor Beer managed the business until it had been fully liquidated. Then Joseph Beer entered the same line of business on his own account. Alfred Victor Beer entered the export and commission business – A.V. Beer, Inc. Both gentlemen maintaining offices and general headquarters in New Orleans.
Alfred Beer enjoys the distinction of being Danish consul to Nicaragua. 9, 10, 24
Joseph W. Beer was married to Beulah Strauss, daughter of Leopold Strauss.
Leopold Strauss worked for Lehman, Durr & Co., owned by Emanuel and Mayer Lehman of New York. 27, 28 The Lehmans were members of Temple Emanu-el.
Charles A. Kaufman’s daughter, Viola Kaufman, wed Stanford M. Beer, of New Orleans. 9
It’s no wonder the “common” people in these Caribbean countries were so poor. There were many foreigners coming in and taking the natural resources of these countries for their personal profits – such as mining, forests, sugar, tobacco, fruits, etc. The leaders of these countries were often getting personally rich by cooperation with the foreigners, but the only “benefit” for the common people was to work as slave labor in the companies owned by the foreigners. And if the leaders were not cooperative enough, military action was used to oust them and replace them with someone more cooperative.
Nathan Stern, Connected to IOBB, Buys the Hornet
Hornet Used To Bring Guns And Mercenaries To “Revolutionaries”
The Hornet was a ship the U.S. government sold on 12 July 1910 to Nathan S. Stern of New Orleans for $5,100. 33
Nathan S. Stern was married to Bertha Kaufman, they lived in New Orleans. Her father was Charles A. Kaufman, a member of the Independent Order B’nai B’rith (IOBB). 34
They used the Hornet to bring mercenaries and guns to the so-called “revolutionaries” in Central American countries. One instance of this took place in Honduras. 35
More “adventurers” I suppose…
General Miguel E. Davila was the President of Honduras. Davila refused to re-assign all of his countries loans exclusively to J.P. Morgan, and sign a treaty with the U.S. to turn over the collection of the customs taxes in Honduras to American collectors in order to pay off the Honduras debt to Morgan.
Sam Zemurray, co-owner of Cuyamel Fruit Co., wanted his own “concessions” from Honduras to grow bananas. Due to the fact that Honduras also wasn’t co-operating well with the U.S. bankers, Sam the banana man helped launch a “revolution” to get rid of President Davila.
Manuel Bonilla was a deposed President of Honduras. Zemurray gets together a crew composed of himself, Lee Christmas, Guy “Machine Gun” Molony, and Manuel Bonilla. They get together some arms, and some machine guns, they sneak out from New Orleans in the Hornet.
Look! Some more “adventurers”!
What a difference a word makes –
“Adventurer” sounds ever so much more exotic than…
Mercenary or HIRED KILLER
Practically makes you swoon – don’t it.
You’ve got to be kidding.
The boats they used to invade Honduras was the Hornet, the Centinella, and the Emma.
In July 1910 they invaded the Atlantic Coast of Honduras. Normally American Navy ships closely watched the Bay of Honduras, on this occasion they were nowhere in sight. This particular invasion did not succeed in overthrowing Davila, but the US government threatened further revolutions unless Davila accepted the Morgan loan proposition.
Davila was in a dilemma, if he accepted the Morgan loan, his countrymen would turn against him. If he rejected the Morgan loan, then Manuel Bonilla would overthrow him.
Sam Zemurray forged a personal friendship and political alliance with Manuel Bonilla, who had taken refuge in the French Quarter of New Orleans following an aborted invasion of Honduras in July 1910.
In order to break President Davila’s resistance, they had the press in America publish hints that should President Davilla not accept the Loan Proposition in totality soon, it would be accepted anyway by Honduras, as a revolution in that country was unavoidable, and the leader of the revolution had beforehand pledged himself to accept the Morgan proposition. 29 That leader was Manuel Bonilla, he was the banker’s man who would accept the Morgan propositions if he were president of Honduras.
IOBB Members Finance Revolution in Nicaragua
US Military Enforces Morgan Proposition
Common People Machine Gunned Down By U.S. Military
Another instance of using the Hornet to bring mercenaries and guns to the so-called “revolutionaries” took place in Bluefields, Nicaragua. 35
Philander Knox, who worked for the U.S. Secretary of State Department, had made an “offer” to Zelaya, dictator of Nicaragua. The “offer” was for Zelaya to re-assign all of Nicaragua’s loans exclusively to J.P. Morgan, and sign away their sovereignty in a treaty with the U.S. Government. Zelaya refused the offer.
October 1910 – Juan J. Estrada was governor on the Nicaraguan coast. Estrada declared against Zelaya in October 1910. 35 IOBB members had businesses on the Nicaraguan coast at Bluefields. They financed Estrada’s “revolution”.
Quote from a New York Times article on September 10, 1912:
“Mr. Estrada was frank enough to admit that the revolution headed by him which overthrew Zelaya had received financial aid from certain American companies established on the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua. He said these companies had contributed something close to $1,000,000. The house of Joseph W. Beers was in for $200,000, and that of Samuel Weil for about $150,000.” (Joseph Beers was an IOBB member.)
IOBB members also supplied the Estrada revolutionaries with guns, supplies and hired mercenaries from the U.S. They also provided a secure base for the revolutionaries at Bluefields, Nicaragua. The revolution would also receive support from the U.S. military.
The U.S. government aided the rebel cause through its naval muscle, declaring the rebel stronghold of Bluefields “off limits” to fighting. The U.S. military warned the Nicaraguan government not to interfere with the movement of ships in and out of Bluefields.
Faced with such a massive array of forces directed at such a tiny country, Zelaya finally abandoned the presidency… 35
Zelaya, stunned by the violent attitude of the U.S. State Department, turned executive power over to Dr. Jose Madriz. But the U.S. State Department refused to recognize the government of Madriz. The IOBB-hired revolutionary forces continued the revolt against Zelaya’s successor, Jose Madriz.
The forces of the Madriz government routed the revolutionary troops in the interior of the country, thus leaving the revolutionists reduced to one stronghold in Kama, and its base of supplies, Bluefields, on the Atlantic Coast. The Madriz government army marched to Bluefields, where the Customs House was, and finally reached the two strongholds of the rebels on the Coast, Kama and Bluefields, simultaneously with the government navy occupying the ports and all the river outlets along the Coast. After a combined attack, they captured the bluff, the key to the port and town of Bluefields. When the Nicaraguan forces were preparing to attack Bluefields by land and sea, American marines were landed, and the commander gave notice that he would not permit any hostile acts against the town of Bluefields; that he would not allow the detention of any mercantile vessel, not even to be searched for contraband of war, and that he would not allow the collection of import duties by the Madriz government at the Bluff Custom House.
The revolutionists, guaranteed by the safety of Bluefields by the presence of American marines, assed all their forces for the defense of Rama. The revolutionaries were then assured of Bluefields as a base of supplies, as the marines were there with the avowed purpose of defending the town against an attack by the Madriz forces. The demoralization which had been noticeable in the ranks of the IOBB-hired revolutionists was replaced by a confidence in an ultimate victory.
The lack of war munitions which had been noticeable in the revolutionary headquarters was replaced by an abundance of everything necessary for a campaign, for American marines were sent aboard all incoming vessels, thus rendering the importation of all war material safe and sure for the carrying on of the revolution. The American commander notified the Madriz forces, that should an attempt be made to detain these vessels, or should a shot be fired at them, it would be considered a declaration of war against the United States, and that then the American war vessels would bombard the fort and sink the Nicaraguan war vessels.
The Madriz forces realized that it would be useless to continue fighting against such odds, a retreat was ordered, equal to a defeat. When these disheartened troops arrived back in the interior, they contaminated the balance of the army, and before long every man in the ranks was convinced that they had been fighting a hopeless battle, not against the IOBB-hired revolutionists, but against the gigantic power of the United States. Madriz deposited the executive power in a deputy, who, in turn, turned it over soon afterwards, to the leader of the IOBB-hired revolutionists.
…the “Knox-Castrillo” treaty was convened upon as a basis for a loan, which contract was signed by Castrillo and a group of bankers of New York (J.P. Morgan & Company).
These Castrillo Contracts contain the clause that their validity depends on a ratification by the Senate of the United States. …an advance loan of a million and a half to be made on the condition of delivery of the custom houses to American collectors.
But something more scandalous was committed. Philander Knox, of the U.S. State Department, forced an additional loan contract on Nicaragua to the amount of $750,000, taking in guaranty the National Railroad and river and lake steamers, on conditions which make these national properties appear to have been almost given away. It is but natural to suppose that with the ingress of such large sums of money, the Nicaraguan Government should, at least in the beginning, have been in comfortable monetary circumstances, and the country in a favorable economic condition, but the truth is that never in the history of that country has the treasury been emptier than then, nor has the poverty of the masses ever been so noticeable, and the stagnation of commerce and progress more pronounced. The reason for this is clear; of all these sums that were apparently being loaned nothing reached the public treasuries of Nicaragua, and of the resources derived from the Custom Houses of the country, but a very small percentage has been turned over by the American collectors to the Nicaragua government.
General Mena was the Minister of War in the Nicaraguan government. Mena had the support of the armed forces in the country. Mena was the real power in the government.
The election of General Mena, brought about by the National Assembly, was not looked upon with favor by the U.S. State Department. …the favorite of the U.S. State Department was… Adolfo Diaz, who, it is believed was encouraged by the American Minister (Philander Knox) to relieve General Mena from his post as Minister of War.
It is to be presumed that Knox was convinced that his favored candidate could not succeed himself through the vote of a public election, and in order that Mena’s advantage of the control of the army might be counterbalanced, and to ignore public opinion as represented by the Liberal Party, a civil war was necessary, in which Adolfo Diaz was to be victorious, aided by outside support.
Philander Knox advised to remove General Mena from office, which was done. Mena succeeded in bringing an army of volunteers together, superior in numbers and quality to the forces Diaz could muster against him. Mena succeeded in a very short time in taking a good many important towns and seriously menacing the capital.
Public sentiment was from the very beginning in favor of the uprising, because the government of Diaz, which never had enjoyed popular favor, became positively hated, and unpopular from the very moment it entered upon the loan negotiations, which meant the selling of the country. No doubt, the capital city would have fallen into the hands of the revolution, had it not been for the defense of the presidential palace by American marines. It was then that the masses in Leon, who had up to then remained passive, rose up in arms as one man, and attacked the government garrison, which was annihilated. They also decimated the armed expedition sent to subjugate them.
Admiral Sutherland brought superior American forces against Mena, whereupon Mena surrendered. However, other revolutionary leaders continued to fight. Leon and some other towns in the North were still in the hands of the revolutionists, although suffering for lack of war supplies. Admiral Sutherland then demanded the surrender of all the revolutionary leaders, and these, convinced of the impossibility of success against the American invading forces, surrendered; but the masses, highly inflamed by the injustice committed against their country, tried to offer resistance. Unorganized as they were, the machine guns of the American marines were turned upon them. A similar incident had taken place in Chichigalpa. From the American engagements …there were hundreds of Nicaraguan victims, killed and wounded, many were non-combatants.
The U.S. State Department tried to make the U.S. Senate appear responsible for the American military action in Nicaragua, because the Senate had not ratified the Loan Treaty which would have given the custom houses of the country into the hands of American collectors, thus doing away with the inducement and object of revolution.
The fact is that the Nicaraguan custom houses had been under the administration of American collectors for many months before the revolution started, and it can be safely asserted that the delivery of the country’s resources to the American banking syndicate actually was the cause of the war. 29
It was another chapter in the work of the “Brothers of Light”.
Their stock in trade?
Death and Destruction.
Their Evil Mask was showing through…
We can add the deaths of the people in Nicaragua to the mounting death toll at the hands of the Brothers of Light. The death toll by now was already in the millions, but it does not end here, millions more will lose their lives as the High Priests of IOBB and Temple Emanu-el carry out “Gods work” in fulfilling their mission to humanity.
Here is some of their mission statement as given at the Temple Emanu-El website:
The Jewish people has a mission to humankind, a mission ordained of God…
This mission requires that the people born or adopted in the covenant of Abraham must persuade the entire human family, through teaching and example, that the One and Only God can be worshipped in holiness only as we human beings serve each other with love. The mission of Israel will not have been fulfilled until righteousness and peace prevail everywhere for everyone.
If you consider dead people in their graves
to be at peace…
only then could you say the “Brothers of Light” are successfully carrying out
their so-called mission to humanity.
These men, using the U.S. government through various means – the military, the CIA, revolutionaries and assassinations – has repeatedly interferred with popular and elected leaders of foreign countries, against what the majority of the people in the country wanted.
That fact is a result of particular people in the U.S. government being an agent for the slavemasters.
Hornet Used In Another Attack On Honduras
Manuel Bonilla, The Banker’s Man – Made Honduras President
The Hornet had been used in a July 1910 invasion of Honduras, using Manuel Bonilla as the leader of the IOBB-hired “revolutionaries”. That was a failed attempt to overthrow Davila, the Honduran President. Davila was still refusing to sign the Morgan proposition, so another assault was organized.
Borrowing money from Sam Zemurray, Manuel Bonilla allegedly “bought” the Hornet. In reality, he only had a power of attorney from the Hornet’s owner, Joseph Beer, a member of the IOBB.
In early December General Juan E. Paredes, Honduran representative in Washington, told the US State Department that Manuel Bonilla had purchased the Hornet for a strike on the north shore of Honduras and that the Hornet was ready to depart for a rendezvous on the Guatemala coast, where it would take on arms and ammunition, in preparation for invading Honduras.
The U.S. State Department told Paredes to inform Davila that only on the condition that he accept the Morgan loan proposition, could Davila insure himself against a repetition of revolutionary uprisings. If he signed, then the State Department would bind itself to crush such revolutions.
Davila then began to change his instructions to his envoy in Washington, Juan Paredes. He still instructed Paredes not to submit to any clause which could possibly endanger the sovereignty of Honduras.
1910 – December 10 – Finally Davila gave orders to Paredes to sign the Loan Treaty, which instruction the Honduran representative at first refused to obey. 1
Tegucigalpa Dec. 10, 1910
Paredes, Honduras Consulate, New York:
Accept agreement; sign agreement and return.
1910 – December – Juan Paredes refuses to sign the Loan Treaty. 1
1910 – December 20 – the Hornet, under close scrutiny, receives permission to depart (permission from the US government in Washington) over the vigorous protest of the Honduran government. 35
1910 – December 24 – The Hornet arrived where Manuel Bonilla, Lee Christmas, and Guy “machine gun” Malony were waiting and they loaded weapons and the machine gun onto the Hornet. Another mercenary was on board the Hornet, Samuel Dreben.
Samuel Dreben joined the US Army and fought in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. He then fought in other wars, finally becoming a hired mercenary who was skillful with a machine gun.
Sam Zemurray hired Lee Christmas, most noted of the Central American soldiers of fortune, to overthrow the Honduras government. Christmas then hired Dreben. 36
This revolutionary expedition aboard the Hornet, started from the Atlantic Coast of the United States.
Meanwhile, in Livingston, Guatemala, United Fruit had loaded onto the Centinella and the Emma, guns and a company of 45 men raised by Minor Cooper Keith from United Fruit Company plantations in Guatemala.
The Hornet went to Guatemala and met up with several other ships obtained for the revolutionary cause – the Centinella, the Brittanic, and the Emma. They were not stopped by any military ships as they head for Manabique Point, Guatemala. A couple of days later, another 24 Honduran strangers had slipped into town, waiting to board the Hornet. 35, 37
1911 – January 3 – The revolutionary expedition, led by the Hornet, reached the coast of Honduras. The commander of the USS Tacoma, without knowing whether Paredes had signed the treaty or not, didn’t know what to do, so stopped Bonilla’s ship. Bonilla had anticipated this. After bringing the ship into Roatan harbor, the captain of the Hornet, who held the power of attorney from Joseph Beer, the ship’s owner, sold the ship to Florian Davadi for $40,000, $1.00 down and the rest in mortgage. They signed the papers in front of the local U.S. Consul. 29, 35 (Joseph Beer is a member of the IOBB.)
1911 – January 10 – After the USS Tacoma suddenly takes off for some reason, Sam Zemurray’s revolutionary men, led by Manuel Bonilla, invaded Trujillo. On the same day, Lee Christmas and Guy Maloney invaded Honduras and joined the Bonilla forces, which had already taken Trujillo. 29
1911 – January 10 – After the revolution had been started and two ports had been taken, Juan E. Paredes, after filing a protest, signed the Loan Treaty [U.S. government part], but irrevocably refuses to sign the loan contract with the Morgan bankers. 37
1911 – January 31 – This Loan Treaty was almost unanimously vetoed and declined by the Honduran Congress on the last day of January, the US State Department, however, insisting right along that the agreement with the Morgan banking syndicate should also be accepted and signed.
1911 – February – Honduras President, General Miguel E. Davila, signs the Loan Treaty.
After Davila had signed the Loan Treaty, the USS Tacoma was ordered to capture the Hornet, but the Hornet had had time to land the war supplies she had aboard. 29
The U.S. finally intervened in February, 1911 when Philander Knox of the US State Department arranged to install Francisco Bertrand as provisional Honduras president. Bertrand was affiliated with the revolution, and actively engaged in the ranks of the revolutionists, and was one of the most intimate friends of Manuel Bonilla, the revolutionary leader. Bertrand promised to hold free elections, and Dávila resigned. Manuel Bonilla soon won election as president. 29, 38
We see from all of this that the IOBB members in New Orleans, United Fruit Company, Cuyamel Fruit Company, the US government and its military, and J.P. Morgan – all worked together to help the international bankers get control of the Caribbean countries.
Military action was used as the means to overthrow uncooperative presidents
and to install men who were favorable to the Brothers of Light international bankers.
Now, there’s a surprise.
1911 – September – Due to the fact that U.S. Department of Justice is “looking into” the Bonilla revolution, United Fruit distances itself from Sam Zemurray and sold it’s interest in Cuyamel Fruit Company, Atlantic Fruit Company and Vaccaro Brothers. They maintained a close working relationship with Zemurray for 2 years thereafter though, because he could get whatever he wanted from Manuel Bonilla. 31
Honduras Deeply In Debt With Little Income
Bonilla Giving Away Honduras Natural Resources
In 1911, Minor Cooper Keith decided to organize all his railway network in a new company called the International Railways of Central America (IRCA). This corporation consolidated his Guatemalan lines and one line in El Salvador.
He also bought the Western Guatemala Railroad between Guatemala City and the Pacific Coast, creating an inter-coast system. The line was eventually extended to the Mexican border, and connected Mexican lines.
Debt of Honduras is now 113,000,000…
with allowed annual revenue of 2 million and only 600,000 residents, most of which are Indians that do not work for anyone. 39
Manuel Bonilla appoints Sam Zemurray the fiscal agent of Honduras with authority to negotiate a 500,000 loan [from Morgan] to defray the expenses of the recent revolution.
Lee Christmas was made head of the Honduran Army after Manuel Bonilla is in power.
Bonilla happily grants Sam Zemurray the contracts he needs to incorporate the Cuyamel Fruit Company in Honduras, and no taxes for 25 years. Nice deal. 29
Bonilla awarded three railways, a port concession, and ten thousand acres of land to Sam Zemurray.11
1912 – March 4 – Zemurray receives rights to select an additional 24,700 acres between Cuyamel and the Guatemalan frontier. 31
1912 – United Fruit gets two railway and land concessions, and they begin producing bananas large scale in Honduras.
Bonilla cancelled a major railway concession that was awarded to Washington Valentine. 11
That railway concession belonged to the Honduras Syndicate, wherein Valentine and Astor were partners. They are making moves to stop Astor, he keeps interferring with their Grand Plan to dominate and control the entire world.
1912 – April 15 – The Titanic is sunk,
killing John Jacob Astor IV.
After that, IOBB associates go after ruining Tesla financially.
He dies in poverty despite his inventions.
Another light snuffed out…
In 1912 the United States Army sends troops to Cuba. The U.S. marines land in Panama during the presidential elections. The United States Army also intervened in Honduras.
1912 – The Morgan loan to Honduras is in the US legislature for approval. Attempted cover-up by Morgan to deflect the justified attacks on his new “loan arrangement” with the Honduras. Morgan’s name is removed from the bill, and a Bank of the South and a Banker of the North are “substituted” for Morgan’s name.
The bank of the south was the Whitney Bank –
Charles Godchaux, a Jew, was president of Whitney Central National Bank and Whitney Central Trust and Savings Bank, which had acquired the Morgan State Bank, in 1911. 6, 9
Quote from The Morgan-Honduras Loan by Juan E. Paredes:
“We have submitted the proofs to the fair-minded people of the United States, and have appealed to their sense of justice to support us in our fight against greediness and extortion, when they, too, are fighting against the same money power, and made clearly to see the great injustice of converting into trusts the trade and resources of the small countries of Central America for the benefit of the Wall Street potentates.
Although at the fifty-ninth minute of the eleventh hour the State Department has withdrawn from the Senate Morgan’s name andsubstituted it with a Bank of the South and a Banker of the North, in order to checkmate the attacks against the Morgan-Honduras Loan Scheme, the situation has not changed, because Honduras has not changed her attitude on the Bondholders’ Agreement with Morgan; neither on the American Claims.“
1912 – August approximately – Hubbard and Zemurray re-organized all these properties as the Cuyamel Fruit Company of New Orleans, a 5 million dollar enterprise in which Zemurray held majority interest. He then got another concession in the vicinity of Tela, but he gave this to the Tela Railroad Company, a United Fruit Company subsidiary. Through another subsidiary, the Trujillo Railroad Company, United Fruit began development of lands around Trujillo. 31
New York Times, September 10, 1912 reports:
In the course of an interview with a Times reporter yesterday, Ex-President Estrada, of Nicaragua, who is stopping at the Hotel St. George, Brooklyn….Mr. Estrada was frank enough to admit that the revolution headed by him which overthrew Zelaya had received financial aid from certain American companies established on the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua. He said these companies had contributed, off and on, something close to $1,000,000. The house of Joseph W. Beers was in for $200,000, and that of Samuel Weil for about $150,000.
1912 – November – A heartfelt, and certainly well-justified plea to the American people from Juan E. Paredes:
Honduras asks only to be let alone to arrange terms with her creditors and to contract a loan, if deemed necessary, to settle her indebtedness. But by no means will Honduras allow a Foreign Government to manage her National affairs. We are fighting for a principle. We are defending our self-government.
Juan E. Paredes, New Orleans, Louisiana November 1912
Public Attention Directed Away
From Personal Income Tax Law
In 1913, in a truly astounding display of “don’t look there, look over here” tactic, the enactment of a true personal income tax passed right on through the US legislature, because of a banana “furor” show for the public.
The Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act proposed to put taxes on the sale of dozens of items, one of which was bananas. However, part of this act was also levying a true personal income tax for the first time. The public was whipped into a furor by the press over the “outrage” of making their beloved bananas more expensive by the evil money-grubbing government.
Sounds very Bernays-ish to me.
United Fruit lead the cast of characters in this soap opera for the American public, complete with impassioned pleas from the National Housewives League. On July 13, the New York Times says that the banana was not only a staple food – and it was amoral to tax such – but also one of the few genuine pleasures available to the common man: “They are entitled to their little luxuries exactly because they are poor.”(To my mind, that is an absolutely disgusting display of condescending arrogance by the New York Times. Adolph Och, member of Temple Emanu-el, owns the New York Times.)
So…while everyone is looking at all that, nobody looks at what else is in that Act, and were led to all heave a collective sigh of “relief” that the dearly beloved banana had it’s tax “defeated” by our United Fruit heroes. Meanwhile, look what slipped through. Because of course, if the public had been TOLD about the personal income tax, and what that’s going to do to their weekly grocery money, nobody would have given a good god-damn about banana taxes.
Personal income tax, makes the bankers (whom the U.S. government owes money to of course) many, many, many, times richer than bananas, or a tax on them, ever could. Most of the money from collection of personal income tax goes towards paying the national debt to the bankers. That is the true purpose of this tax and why the international bankers wanted this tax levied on the American people. Personally, I think the fortunes of the people who got the country into debt should be used to pay off the national debt, as a step towards rectifying all the harm they have caused. And income tax should be eliminated. Currently, personal income tax is around 33-50% of a person’s annual income. Without that burden on a family, think of what that would do for their life and the economy!
And, guess what else the U.S. government could do to help? They could stop hiding Tesla’s research into free electricity and use it to provide everyone with free electricity.
There are many ways the U.S government could help to improve things if it actually represented the people, rather than acting in the interests of the international bankers.
US Military Keeps Countries In A Slave State
The United States Army invades Haiti in 1915 and the Dominican Republic in 1916.
The United States Army invades Cuba in 1917. The American occupation lasts until 1933. One of the first U.S. businesses to enter Cuba was United Fruit. It established banana and sugar plantations that would grow to cover 300,000 acres.
In 1918 U.S. military forces put down banana-workers strikes in Panama, Colombia, and Guatemala. Thereafter, the US military kept a police force in Panama. The United Fruit workers were demanding a six-day labor week and an eight-hour labor day, plus health care. 32
Gee, how dare they! Not to be worked like slaves? The nerve! How dare you try to cut into our 1000 percent profit? The use of the U.S. military to gain concessions and “keep those bananas coming”, sounds like Mafia tactics – “let me make you an offer you can’t refuse” – work or die.
Work… or Die.
In Columbia, the U.S. ambassador, Caffery, reported the events to Washington. The tone and language of the memo are beyond chilling. They are as clear a manifestation of terrible indifference as you will ever read: ”I have the honor to report, that the Bogota representative of the United Fruit Company told me yesterday that the total number of strikers killed by the Colombian military exceeded one thousand.”
The United States Army lands in Guatemala and fights as union-busters for two weeks on behalf of the United Fruit Company in 1920. 32
The Bluefields Steamship Co. goes under the Cuyamel Fruit Company in 1922. 21
In February the United States, warning that recognition would be withheld from anyone coming to power by revolutionary means, suspended relations with the López Gutiérrez government for its failure to hold elections.
On February 28, a pitched battle took place in La Ceiba between government troops and rebels. U.S. marines were landed in Honduras. General Carías and a variety of other rebel leaders controlled most of the countryside but failed to coordinate their activities effectively enough to seize the capital.
Gutiérrez died in March 1924, suffering from diabetes, after a failed attempt to escape to the United States for insulin treatment.
More U.S. forces invaded Honduras to “protect American interests” by controlling the outcome of an election in favor of U.S. corporate interests. The corporate interests were bananas, those represented big money, especially to a company called United Fruit. Due to the use of slave labor on the banana plantations, the profit was 1000 per cent. So, our army gets sent to Honduras because of bananas.
The United States government dispatched Sumner Welles to the port of Amapala; he had instructions to try to produce a settlement. An agreement was worked out that provided for an interim presidency headed by General Vicente Tosta. Presidential elections were to be held, and on December 28 Miguel Paz Barahona was elected president.
The Honduran government, after years of negotiations, finally concluded an agreement with the British bondholders to liquidate most of the immense national debt. The bonds were to be redeemed at 20 percent of face value over a thirty-year period. Back interest was forgiven, new interest accrued only over the last fifteen years of this arrangement. Under the terms of this agreement, Honduras, at last, seemed on the road to solvency.
1924 – A New York Times article published in 1924 implied that the reign of United Fruit would be remembered as a pinnacle of human achievement. The story, headlined “Lowly Banana Rebuilds an Empire,” described the presence of U.S. enterprises in Central America as “the rehabilitation of an ancient empire . . . that flourished long before Columbus.” The story continued: “The opening up of the humid lowlands of Central America by the new seaports, railroads, and banana plantations of the United Fruit Company is more than a story of business faith and commercial enterprise. It is a demonstration of empire building with a new ingredient capable of correcting the mistakes of the past.” [referring to the preservation of the Mayan ruins found in 1912 by United Fruit Company during jungle clearing]
The Guatemalan government gives a concession to the United Fruit company for all the uncultivated lands in a 100 kilometers territory November 7, 1924.
1925 – US troops in Panama break up a plantation strike against United Fruit in 1925. 32
The biggest labor action ever faced by a banana company began in October 1928, when 32,000 workers went on strike. They demanded to be granted medical treatment and proper toilet facilities; they insisted on being paid in cash rather than company-issued scrip only redeemable in United Fruit-owned stores. They asked that they be considered true employees rather than subcontractors who weren’t even afforded the minimal protection of Colombia’s weakly drawn labor laws.
The strike panicked United Fruit. Martial law was declared on December 5, 1928. On December 6, in the town of Cienaga, banana workers gathered in the town square. The city hall stood at one end and the main church at the other. The workers were not there, specifically, to protest. December 6 was a Sunday; they’d attended mass and were waiting to hear a speech by the regional governor. Because the address would follow church services, the workers were accompanied by their wives and families.
General Cortes Vargas – the military official in charge of the region, who claimed he acted only to prevent an even worse intervention by the U.S. military – had given his commanders these orders: “Prepare your mind to face the crowds of rebels, and kill before foreign troops tread upon our soil.”
Four machine gun positions surrounded the square, on rooftops, one at each corner. An order was given. The area was to be cleared in five minutes. The countdown had begun. Packed into the square as they were, the crowd couldn’t, and didn’t, disperse. 32
The troops opened fire.
It has been said, that the dead of that day,
haunted Vargas for the rest of his life.
The United States military, in it’s metaphorical role as Vinnie the knee-breaker, sure spends a lot of time invading other countries where these cash crops are, and where the working conditions for said crops, are absolutely atrocious! Total slave labor.
But the New York Times, owned by a Temple Emanu-el member, applauds United Fruit!
Continuing Control Over Central American Countries
In 1915, the American International Corporation was formed in New York. Its principal goal was the coordination of aid, particularly financial assistance, to the Bolsheviks in Russia, which had previously been provided by Jacob Schiff and other bankers on an informal basis. Jacob Schiff was a member of Temple Emanu-el.
The new firm was funded by J.P. Morgan, the Rockefellers, and the National City Bank. Some Directors of AIC were:
Otto Kuhn of Kuhn, Loeb Co.
William Woodward director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Percy Rockefeller of the Rockefeller family and director of National City Bank
Beekman Winthrop of Warburgs’ International Banking Corporation and National City Bank
Paul Warburg was also a member of Temple Emanu-el.
In aiding the Communists, AIC worked closely with Guaranty Trust of New York (now Morgan Guaranty Trust).
The international financiers now launched a worldwide propaganda campaign to sell the Bolsheviks as idealists, selfless humanitarians, and the modern disciples of Christ, who wished only to spread brotherhood and universal love throughout the world. The tune rang strangely against the backdrop of the machine guns steadily chattering in Russia as the “disciples of love” massacred millions of women and children.
The world headquarters of the Russian Bolshevik movement was now at 120 Broadway.
During the early 1920s, 120 Broadway also housed:
on the top floor was the exclusive Bankers Club
Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the directors enthusiastically support the Bolsheviks
American International Corporation, which had been organized to aid the Soviet Union
John McGregor Grant, transmitted large sums from the Warburgs for the Bolsheviks 40
As is typical of the Slavemasters, they say one thing publicly – like Dr. Southard, the first teacher at Harvard of “social psychiatry” – who said that “Bolshevism” was a form of insanity and a “product of evolution” –
NY Times Obituary February 9, 1920
But then… they form companies to financially back the Bolsheviks!
Later in time, AIC was also the funder of a Nazi spy network – when meanwhile…their buddies the New Worlder propagandists were busy painting the Nazis as:
“the bad guys”.
The Rockefellers, Allen Dulles, Paul Warburg and some of their associates of high finance were backers of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. Further details will be given in a later part of this book. The point being made here, is that AIC was a tool of the international bankers, and was rotten.
AIC became the largest shareholder of United Fruit in 1916. Allen Dulles is also a primary United Fruit shareholder, through the American International Corporation.
After World War I ended in 1919, the New World Order people accelerated their moves towards creating World War II.
We need another WAR!
The New World Order people in America, such as the Rockefeller family, the Bush family and the Dulles family – used their eugenics movement in America to bring about the eugenics movement in Germany. These same New World Order people funded Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany, including the eugenics extermination camps that were used to kill millions of men, women and children who had “inferior genes”. Dr Southard, who we mentioned earlier, was actually on the Eugenics committee in the U.S., happily plotting how to get away with sterilizing and killing those “undesirables”.
1945 – After World War II ended, the CIA hires top Nazis as agents. They are given new identities and some are put to work trafficking illegal street drugs into the United States. Claus Barbie was one of the top Nazis the CIA used this way. This practice continued throughout the history of the CIA. Allen Dulles was involved in all of this, and he becomes the Director of the CIA. The funds obtained from trafficking illegal street drugs are used for black operations such as assassinating elected Presidents of foreign countries. The CIA cannot ask Congress to fund such dark activities because that would provide a public record of these illegal intelligence operations.
All of this goes back to Britain but that is a story for another Chapter in this book.
By the way, Ron Hubbard and other Scientologists have assisted the CIA in many activities such as:
*carrying out CIA drug running and drug peddling of LSD, etc.
*CIA mind control research, including research into psychotronics machines
In Guatemala, between 1945 and 1954 there was a period referred to as the “10 Years of Springtime” that started with the election of Juan Jose Arevalo to the presidency. Between 1945 and 1951 he established the nation’s social security and health systems, and a government bureau to look after Mayan concerns. Many coups were attempted against him but they were not successful.
His successor was Colonel Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán. At that time, 2% of landowners owned 70% of the farm land. Farm laborers were kept in debt slavery by the landowners.
Arbenz implemented an agrarian reform law to break up the large estates and foster individually owned small farms. This involved redistribution of 160,000 acres of uncultivated land owned by United Fruit Company, which was compensated for its land. The Guatemalan government also began competing with United Fruit in the production and export of bananas.
The role of United Fruit at this time, was literally a state within a state. It not only owned all of Guatemala’s banana production and monopolized banana exports, it also owned the country’s telephone and telegraph system, and almost all of the railroad track.
In October 1951, Arbenz had his first less-than-friendly encounter with United Fruit. United Fruit had sent a stuck-up Boston executive official to the presidential palace with a series of dictates such as: current contracts would be extended; taxes would not be raised. Arbenz basically told them to “shove it”, and then made some demands of his own. He asked for payment of export duties; he asked that the company offer fair prices for land it acquired; he asked that United Fruit obey the Guatemalan constitution.
In 1952 Arbenz issued Decree 900.
The law would redistribute land to local peasants; it allowed the government to confiscate any farm over 223 acres, with a key condition: The land had to be unused. The new rule mandated that the former landholders receive compensation based on the declared worth of the confiscated territory. According to the formula, United Fruit was to receive $600,000. When the company protested that the sum was just a fraction of the true value of its holdings, which was true, Arbenz countered that the amount was based on tax returns submitted by the banana company itself. The company had been cheating on its taxes, and Guatemalan authorities simply chose to take United Fruit at its word.
Well that did it, Sam Zemurray got on the horn to Edward L. Bernays and hired him to “handle” this situation.
Edward Bernays is considered by many to be “the father of public relations”. He authored papers on how to do this and how public opinion could thereby be manipulated. In his 1928 book, Propaganda, Bernays laid out his methods for accomplishing this:
Propaganda Chapter II – Technique and MethodPugnacity-anger…..he is often forced to enact combats and create issues. He stages battles against evils in which the antagonist is personified for the public.
Bernays recommended a particularly aggressive campaign to handle Arbenz, and Zemurray agreed. The alliance was launched.
The goal was to convince high-ranking Americans
that Arbenz was a communist.
“the antagonist is personified…” as a communist, in this case.
Bernays flew journalists to Guatemala, throwing money at them like it was water, on “fact-finding” missions. Dozens of articles then began appearing over the next two years in Time, Newsweek, the New York Times, the Christian Science Monitor, the Miami Herald, and in local papers across the United States – that portrayed the rulers of Guatemala as a dangerous threat. Bernays also planted stories that implied that Russia was training Latin American revolutionaries somewhere behind the Iron Curtain.
Now things get serious, the Dulles brothers and others get involved and begin pressuring Ike Eisenhower, the President of the United States at the time.
Bear in mind that Eisenhower’s personal secretary was married to the head of United Fruit’s Public Relations Department – which of course is a direct tie to Bernays. John Foster Dulles was the Secretary of State at this time, and his brother Allen Dulles was Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (1953-1961).
John Foster Dulles applied Bernays’ plan of accusing Guatemala of being communist because of their “extreme nationalism”.
Here he is live, on video saying exactly that:
So, beginning in mid-1953, Eisenhower had the US State Department demand the actual value of the land, about $16 million, to Arbenz. It was refused. Eisenhower then has Guatamala labeled “communist” and started providing US aid. The CIA sent an army and planes, bombed a military base and a government radio station. A Naval blockade was instituted, and in the Honduras, Intel operatives set up a training camp for their puppet replacement choice – Armas. Four hundred fighters were sent from the U.S. to Central America, under the cover of a United Fruit cargo vessel.
The CIA then conducted Pyschological warfare operations in concert with Bernays. A radio station called La Voz de la Revolucion featured music, comedies, and propaganda from “deep in the jungle”, according to its broadcasts but it was actually being beamed from Miami – using United Fruits’ tropical radio network. Fake obituaries claiming that Arbenz had committed suicide were published in United Fruit controlled newspapers. Rebel planes flew low over the capital. It worked. The Guatemalan army numbered nearly five thousand men and on the night of June 18, “thousands” of soldiers and citizens were joining the just a few hundred so-called “liberators” as they marched toward Guatemala City.
On June 27, 1954, Arbenz resigned but that wasn’t good enough. The money-men wanted to publicly degrade and humiliate him so he was taken to the airport, stripped to his underwear and paraded before the press before he was allowed to board the plane to Mexico.
This disgusting display of vicious bullying by scared little men who only care about their money, resulted in a restoration of the stranglehold on the Guatemalan economy. The poor, illiterate Guatemalan peasants were made to pay now, in hunger and torture for supporting land reform, and for trying to attain a better future for themselves and their families in their own country.
Colonel Castillo Armas was installed by the CIA and became the new “president”.
Castillo Armas – slavemaster puppet dictator
The US Ambassador furnished Armas with lists of radical opponents to be eliminated, and the Guatamalan bloodbath began. Thousands were arrested. Many people were tortured and killed. United Fruit got all its land back and to punish the people further for daring to support Arbenz, the Banana Worker’s Union was banned. Terrible working conditions and slave labor were back. To try and prevent this from happening again, Armas cut out one-third of the voters by barring illiterates from voting. He outlawed all political parties, labor confederations, and peasant organizations. He closed down opposition newspapers and burned “subversive” books.
This era marked the beginning of a long and bloody punishment that, on up to recent times, Guatemala still has the worst record of human rights abuses in Latin America.
The repressive military dictatorship of the Armas regime was followed by a succession of one CIA puppet dictator after another. The protest and repression became more violent, civil war emerged. And even though Guatemala was industrialized in the 60’s and 70’s, the rich just got richer and the cities became cesspools. The military continued its violent suppression of anti-government elements, but a Mayan guerrilla army began to form.
To counter-act the Mayans, during the Johnson presidency, the Green Berets were sent to Guatemala to transform its Army into a modern counter-insurgency force and to conduct a Vietnam-style war. That is the origin of what is referred to as the “killing machine” that still operates in Guatemala today.
Death squads were started during this period. The squads had lists of people that were “suspected communists”, or who opposed the existing system. They were hunted down and killed.
The moneymen wanted still more, so they prodded the military to take measures to establish a US base for counterinsurgency (counter-revolutionary) actions, in order to maintain cheap labor for the landowners and US corporations, and to “preserve the System”. Terror was their preferred weapon, and the CIA was the one to make it happen.
The police, the army, and the death squads, were all armed and trained by the CIA.
Guerrillas, peasants, students, labor leaders, and professional persons were jailed by the thousands by the Guatemalan military. And thousands more, just trying to live and overcome their poverty and the massive injustices occurring – simply “disappeared.”
Journalists, lawyers, teachers, members of opposition parties, and anyone who expressed sympathy for the anti-government cause were simply machine-gunned down
If ANYone tried to improve the peasants situation, they were subjected to torture, mutilation, and death.
So, by the end of 1968, the guerrillas had been wiped out.
But still it did not end. The CIA had links with a Guatemalan Army unit, the G2, that maintained a network of torture centers and body dump sites throughout Guatemala and has killed thousands. G2 – a group of 2,000 elite Guatemalan Army Intelligence officers.
Operating out of the US Embassy, CIA undercover agents, secretly working with the G-2 have trained, advised, armed, and equipped these officers to do their viciously barbaric crimes.
In the 80’s General Efrain Rios Montt, a graduate of the School of the Americas (SOA), at Fort Benning, Georgia, came to power in a 1982 coup. He was PR’ed as a “born-again” Christian reformer but what he really was, was one of the most savage of Guatemalan dictators – and that’s saying something. During the 17 months of Rios Montt’s “Christian” campaign, 400 villages were destroyed, 10 – 20,000 Indians were killed, and over 100,000 fled to Mexico.
In 1995, US policy toward Guatemala was driven by the unprecedented public attention to the plight of US citizen Jennifer Harbury, the wife of disappeared guerrilla leader Efrain Bamaca. In 1992, Bamaca was captured and murdered. His wife Jennifer (who was an attorney), waged an impassioned campaign to find her husband and bring his killers to justice. The scandal revealed a secret policy that for many years had made all but irrelevant Washington’s public postures on human rights in Guatemala. In the cascade of revelations, it became clear the CIA had secretly provided millions of dollars in assistance to Guatemala’s G-2 unit, even after the US government cut off overt military aid and sales in 1990.
The revelation by Jennifer Harbury of the ClA’s complicity in the deaths of her husband and the US citizen Michael DeVine has led to a campaign to declassify documents held by US security and intelligence agencies.
I would like to see those.
What they have done to countries in Central America, they have done around the world.
What they did in Central America is only part of their atrocities against humanity. The New World Order people and their minions have caused death and suffering to hundreds of millions of people. They are the most evil men in the world. Anyone advocating their agendas, or allying with them in any way, is supporting pure evil.
Like they did in Guatemala, they intend to keep people in a poor economic condition.
The CIA has trafficked illegal street drugs into the United States throughout its whole history. This provides them with money that is off the record books, for carrying out illegal covert black operations such as assassinating the elected Presidents in various other countries. They cannot go to Congress for funding to assassinate the elected Presidents of other countries, that would make a public record that proves what they did.
The actual top slavemasters remain hidden and unnamed. They operate through visible front men and visible front groups such as the Independent Order B’nai B’rith and Temple Emanu-el in New York City.
The Brothers of Light international bankers march to the drum of the New World Order.
Their religious ideology culminated in Scientology. That too, is designed to make slaves.
Ron Hubbard advocated that Scientologists support the agenda of the New World Order.
In doing that, he couldn’t possibly have been more evil, which says everything you need to know about him and Scientology. It is not about freedom – its about complete slavery.
Never apologize, never explain. – MI6 (British Foreign Intelligence) Maxim
Florence & The Machine – Breath of Life
I was looking for a breath of life
A little touch of heavenly light
But all the choirs in my head sang,
No oh oh
That was the Past – the Future is something else again.
1. The Morgan-Honduras Loan by Juan E. Paredes – 1912 vol. 3
2. International Finance by Hartley Withers 1918
3. The American Cyclopaedia – authors George Ripley and Charles A. Dana – 1873
6. History of The Jews of Louisiana
7. The Bluefields Messenger, 1890 – http://www.manfut.org/RAAS/historia.html
8. The Revolutionary Mission; American Enterprise in Latin America, 1900-1945 by Thomas F. O’Brien
10. US genweb for Louisiana birth records
11. Wikipedia Encyclopedia
12. Reinterpreting the Banana Republic: region and state in Honduras, 1870-1972 by Darío A. Euraque
14. Nikola Tesla and John Jacob Astor, by Marc J. Seifer
15. New York Times, June 22, 1913 – Appraisement of Estate Reveals Astor’s Personality
16. The life story of J. Pierpont Morgan : a biography – published October 1911
17. J. Pierpont Morgan: An Intimate Portrait by Herbert L. Satterlee1939
18. New Columbia Encyclopedia
20. The Revolutionary Mission; American Enterprise in Latin America, 1900-1945 by Thomas F. O’Brien
22. New York Times October 30, 1903
24. The Bluefields Messenger, 1890 – http://www.manfut.org/RAAS/historia.html
25. Book – Foundry, Volumes 29-30
28. New Orleans and the New South by Andrew Morrison, published 1888
29. United States and Latin America: Dollar Diplomacy, Juan Leets, New Orleans 1912
31. Doing Business With the Dictators: A Political History of United Fruit in … By Paul J. Dosal
32. The Banana – The Fate of the Fruit That Changed the World by Dan Koeppel
35. The Banana Men: American Mercenaries and Entrepreneurs in Central America by
Lester D. Langley, Thomas D. Schoonover
37. Bananas: How the United Fruit Company Shaped the World By Peter Chapman
39. Refunding the Foreign Debt of Honduras by Samuel MacClintock, The Journal of Political Economy, 99
Vol. 19, No. 3 (Mar., 1911), pp. 216-228 – http://www.jstor.org/pss/1820052
40. modern history project
41. BBC article
42. The Shaping of Psychiatry by War by John Rawlings Rees M.D.*
*The above is available in different formats through the Internet Archive, or you can download the PDF here: The Shaping of Psychiatry by War John Rees 1945
43. Good bye Lord I’m Going to New York: The Secret Life of Belle Mead’s William Harding Jackson by Vic Currier (2015)