The Covert Origins of Dianetics – Biological Psychiatry

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A very “spooky” subject.

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The Covert Origins of Dianetics

Firmly rooted in Biological Psychiatry

 

By Virginia McClaughry

 

For this article –
librarian
I suggest you also read:

Cameron and Hubbard two Peas_in_a_Pod - base image by_emeeezy
Two Peas In A Pod

homunculus - the little men that live in your brain
Two Little Men Hanging By Their Heels

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Introduction

 

If you are at all familiar with the Church of Scientology you will have some idea of it’s long-running campaign against the “evils of psychiatry” – touting the (truth be told) inherently destructive nature of treatments like electro-shock, insulin shock, etc. as “cures” for mental illness.

One would think that Hubbard himself, with such a stance, would have no truck with anything to do with psychiatry, but the truth is quite the opposite. The very foundations of Dianetics and all of its main principles come from psychiatry.

And not just any psychiatry but biological psychiatry.

In 1946, a small band of psychiatrists formed the Society of Biological Psychiatry allegedly in response to the “U.S. infatuation with psychoanalysis”, advocating the development of neuroscience in consideration of psychiatric conditions.

It was these men, that also fronted the psychiatric drug industry, including Lithium, imipramine, clorpromazine, and so on – some VERY nasty drugs. They also linked together with the British intelligence front here in the U.S., the OSS, later named the CIA, to continue to research ways to control the minds of men.

Their very first publication was titled: The Engrammes of Psychiatry.

First, we’ll have a look at a review in JAMA about it, from 1948.

The chapters which follow consider such subjects as consciousness, awareness, attention the instincts, the emotions, the will and personality. Regarding the instincts, the authors state (page 40) that:

“The instincts which are present at birth have their neuronal patterns in the diencephalon.”

On the same page it is stated that the instincts [engrammes]:

“…are the source of all purpose and desire; hence they are the foundation of behavior. Intellect may modify and inhibit instinctive drives but rarely does it set aside the force of an instinct.”

The “hidden” engramme –

Proceeding through a discussion of some definite mechanisms of the mind, the authors discuss the psychoneuroses. They find the dynamic criterion, largely developed by the freudian school, to be of value, and note that the dynamics cannot always be found. They state that:

“…the ability to find them depends largely upon the skill of the person doing the searching. Just as the ‘silent areas’ of the brain are silent only to those who do not understand their language, so are the psychoneurotic mental mechanisms hidden from the person unaware of their influence on cerebral physiology.”

The source of insanity –

In the discussion of schizophrenia it is noted that the early symptoms are apathy or emotional poverty, retraction from environment and so forth.

As these indicate to the authors a disorganization within the dicencephalon, they state that:

“we believe that the basic pathology is an engrammatic diencephalic disorganization.”

– Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) – Vol. 136, Issue 9, February 28, 1948, review of The Engrammes of Psychiatry
You can view the book itself at Hathitrust.

DO NOT MISS that.

Put more simply, they just said:

Engrammes are the cause of schizophrenia

– the catch-all term for –

Insanity.

 

Sound familiar to any of you that have read Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health?

Of course it does. That’s exactly what Hubbard said.

Here’s an image of the book review in full –

jama_136_9_028.pdfNow we will examine the pamphlet (book) itself.

The_engrammes_of_psychiatry_1947 engrammes_of_psychiatry_published_at_oxfordYou will note that it was published by Oxford also.

The Preface of the book – the very first line:

“Psychiatry is the science of the abnormal mind.”

igor - what about this one

The Will p. 47 –

It is also known that one’s instincts are inherited behavior patterns which exist as engrammes…

…These engrammes are so fundamental in determining one’s instinctive drives that, in spite of all education, and in spite of all the judgment a man may develop, he nevertheless cannot set aside the fundamental channels of his activity.

…Motivation is in fact, largely unconscious. One commonly gives a whole series of “good reasons” for one’s behavior but rarely gives the real reason simply because one does not know or does not acknowledge to oneself what the real reason is.

The steps in making up one’s mind, i.e. in determining one’s will to act are as follows:

  • An instinctive drive and its accompanying emotion consists of activity of engrammes in the diencephalon…
  • He gathers all the information which is stored as engrammes in his brain.
  • By means of engrammes in his frontal lobes he forms a judgment of the entire situation and by this judgment he attempts to evaluate future results on the basis of past experience.
  • With all this cerebration he draws a conclusion of what to do.

The crystallization of this conclusion to act in a certain way is his will.

However, this process may be curtailed at any stage of its development.

A situation may arise in association with a violent emotional reaction and thus provoke immediate response…

 

So there’s a basis of their stupid and evil idea about violent shocks and trauma to the body being a “cure”.

It explains statements like this by Abraham Myerson in 1942:

(click to enlarge)

Transactions of the American Neurological Association, Volume 68, June 1942 - Myerson-3 Transactions of the American Neurological Association, Volume 68, June 1942 - Myerson-2 Transactions of the American Neurological Association, Volume 68, June 1942 - Myerson

[Note: the article being responded to (Severo E. Barrera et al) was done by the Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Hospital in tandem (or at the call of) Boston State Psychopathic Hospital – they were working together, a little known fact]

– Myerson is expanding on his boss Dr. Solomon’s comment just above his.

…The second thing I want to express is perhaps more radical.

I believe there have to be organic changes or organic disturbance in the physiology of the brain for the cure to take place.

I think the disturbance in memory is probably an integral part of the recovery process.

I think it may be true that these people have for the time being at any rate more intelligence than they can handle and that the reduction of intelligence is an important factor in the curative process. I say this without cynicism.

The fact is that some of the very best cures that one gets are in those individuals whom one reduces almost to amentia.

It is impossible to conceive of that amentia without an organic base; there must be at least temporarily organic changes in the brain, and the cure is related to these organic alterations.

Possibly there is occasioned, in some instances, more or less irreversible pathology, but in the vast majority of individuals this is not true.

In these cases and for the time being something happens to the brain which interferes with its function sufficiently so that mood becomes altered in the proper direction.

I think that we need not be afraid of this particular phase of the situation. We need not be worried lest we be producing permanent organic changes in the brain. Every surgical operation in an interference with normal physiology and is a mutilation and likewise this particular type of drastic therapy is associated, I believe, with reversible and transitory organic changes in most instances, possibly with irreversible organic changes in a very few.

*amentia = mental retardation

Abraham Myerson comment in Discussion section immediately following an article by Barrera (S.E., N.D.C. Lewis, B.L. Pacella, and L.B. Kalinowsky: Brain Changes associated with electrically Induced Seizures: A Study in the Macacus Rhesus. Transactions of the American Neurological Association, Volume 68, June 1942, p. 39.

see our PDF of these comments

Note: this reference is almost universally cited incorrectly, an error that appears to have begun with the Church of Scientology through one of it’s anti-psychiatry front groups – CCHR. It is most often cited as “discussion following…Franklin G. Ebaugh et al., “Fatalities Following Electric Convulsive Therapy: A Report of 2 Cases with Autopsy Findings,” – that is incorrect.
That particular article doesn’t even start until p. 107 of this volume, whereas the relevant article and comment section are almost 100 pages earlier.

mood becomes altered in the proper direction.

Proper.

Now there’s a scary thing to have in the decisional hands of these monsters.

one-flew-over-the-cuckoos-nest electroshock

nurse ratchid starting the electroshock therapy

  …legitimizing torture.

.

We would do well to remember that all manner of variations of “Thou thoughts and behavior are improper” and alleged moral supremacy have been used to legitimize torture for an aeon.

The Spanish Inquisition, the Salem witch trials, the Nazi Experimentation camps –  the list goes on and on. Always backed (and sourced) by the same basic brotherhood of clutternut-heads busily running amok within humanity.

A fine bunch of psocharacas, if you ask me.

Proper as determined by who?

This reminds me of the insane statements by Elizabeth Thompson*, co-publisher (and British anglophile) of The OAHSPE in the late 1800’s.

*See Comprehensive History of the OAHSPE, the 1800’s book that Hubbard copied most of his “advanced” OT levels from.

People do not know how to live.

…We should gather up in infancy those who are likely to become inmates of poor-houses, asylums and prisons.

Kindergarten Homes for Orphansand other destitute children; A New Way to Ultimately Dispense with Prisons and Poor-Houses.

terrible ideas - baby sorting

 

Again, one wonders immediately how and by whom, is this “likely” criteria established? You can see how the statement by Myerson:

mood becomes altered in the proper direction.

 – continues right on down the line in this same tradition of using moral supermacy to legitimize torture and human experimentation.

In some of the other articles of this period, one sees over and over, that, as part of the “proof” that the person is cured, there will invariaby be statements like what Myerson said, as well as two other interesting and oft repeated points.

  • societal interest
  • has a job

Put another way?

A good slave.

 

Isn’t that interesting?

It’s also quite interesting to read all the comments in the PDF we have provided for you, because it shows the lame arguments that certain people were using in these first attempts to foist off electroshock therapy as somehow being a valid “cure”. Particularly interesting, is the dissembling by Barrera, Solomon, and Myerson, in response to Dr. Pollock’s very clear contraindications studies that he cited – but also interesting is that the study “presented” by Barrera was underneath the rubrick of the very same men promoting it in the first place! Men such as Solomon and Myerson.

How convenient.

Annex - Price, Vincent (Bat, The)_01

The two points that Dr. Pollock made were stellar, in my opinion. His points concerning the effects of concussive blasts and direct concussive trauma to the head, plus his points about damaging blood vessels in the lungs with electroshock therapy, and delayed vascular events many months after the event.

Transactions of the American Neurological Association, Volume 68, June 1942 - PollockThe Doctors Shocks-a-lot are basically trying to get out of that there is clear evidence that a: they are damaging people’s bodies physically by this procedure (pathology or no pathology) and b: it was causing people to have epilepsy that didn’t have it before and even killing some patients.

Which begs the question as to what’s their real reason for doing this to people – it ain’t good, I can guarantee it.

You know, you wouldn’t think you would even have to point out such an obvious point of that the HEART and LUNGS get this shock as well – that fact cannot even vaguely be construed as a good thing to do to these vital organs. But, apparently you do have to point out such things to such ghoulish (and dumb from it) Igors such as Myerson and Solomon.

not a good sign

Myerson continued to express these same views of how helpful it was to reduce someone to mental retardation (amentia).

Remember Jack Nicholson in the movie One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest?

This

is the “temporary” state that is wanted.

Amentia – Myerson
Extinguished personality – Lowenbach
Annihilation – Cerletti

jack nicholson lobotomy

jack nicholson lobotomy2

This is what they call “cured“.

Here’s Myerson pushing that state as being a good thing, yet again.

nejm194209102271103.fp.png_v03

Under Injuries and Risks of Method –

No fatalities have been recorded since the early days of the treatment. – careful wording there.

He says –

The fact that memory is definitely impaired for a variable period indicates that some organic change is produced.

In the vast majority of cases, this impairment of memory disappears to a point where it is no longer discernible to the patient or to those around him.

In other cases, there is some subjective difficulty in memory for several months, although not to the point of incapacity or disability.

Since the best clinical results are often obtained when the patient is shocked into amentia, it may very well be that one of the conditions of recovery from a psychosis by the shock treatments depends on the temporary brain damage, probably most frequently swelling and possibly punctuate hemorrhages.

*amentia = mental retardation

Only by speculation can one postulate a relevant change in any specific brain area or function.

– Further Experience with Electric-Shock Therapy in Mental Disease, by Abraham Myerson, M.D., New England Journal of Medicine, volume 227:403-407 September 10, 1942  – PDF of first page image here.

 

The interesting thing is that the investigation cited by everyone as the first reference – the fatalities article in 1942 – was actually done under Myerson in the division of psychiatric research of Boston Psychopathic, and it was from a grant by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Myerson loves retarding people

Here’s another example showing Myerson is still at it, from a year later – an obvious PR push to me.

355.pdf

Shock therapies as no other form of treatment give immediately favorable results in the functional psychoses and borderline states.

There is a high percentage of immediately apparent improvement unparalleled in the
history of psychiatry.

Even those who are hallucinated and deluded in a paranoid way have forgotten their false perceptions and beliefs.

– Abraham Myerson, “Borderline Cases Treated by Electric Shock,” American Journal of Psychiatry 100 (November 1, 1943):353–357.

I just love sarcasm the arrogance of these people.

With just a little word-change here and there – this sounds like a damn Scientology PR event.

Unparalleled Results!

Incredibly fast progress!

Straight Up and Vertical improvement!

Sign up for YOUR electro-shock next auditing action now!

the_e-meter

animated later model e-meter from lermanet.
e-meter lermanet animated

 

And what about Myerson saying that false beliefs and perceptions are “forgotten” after having induced grand mal seizures by electroshock?

Wow. Same thing. Scientology “wins” –

My reactive mind is gone!

It’s so gone I can’t even remember what it was.

I want everyone to achieve the amentia gains I now have!

6bdf2-brainshock

Seriously though, who says they are false perceptions and beliefs – who gets to decide that? These psychotic Igors of the Slavemasters? Well, that’s not saying much, if you ask me.

Yes Master – they are crazy, definitely crazy, whatever you say Master.

Igor stylized

A few other choice quotes –

That relapses will come, that in many cases the psychosis remanifests itself as the brain recovers from its temporary injury is, unfortunately, true. But the airplane has flown even if shortly it has crashed.

– Abraham Myerson, “Borderline Cases Treated by Electric Shock,” American Journal of Psychiatry 100 (November 1, 1943):353–357.

 

“Damn,” says Dr. Shocks-a-lot, he’s recovered from the brain trauma. What to do…”

I know, I know!

I know I know raising hand

Shock ’em again!

 

Can you believe these people?

Fast forward to 2011, during the time period when the powers-that-be began a resurrection push to reinstate electroshock therapy in a big way.

What do we see in PR puff pieces – like this one from The Guardian? The same damn arguments used by Myerson and Solomon almost 70 years earlier.

It starts right out characterizing that what happened to Nicholson in One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest as “mythology”.

Oh no, it was most definitely not a “myth”.

As we’ve just seen in the various articles from the time period being deliberately characterized as a “myth” – this was intentional inflicting of trauma, and it was designed to cause amentia because “some people have more intelligence than they can handle”.

Here’s a clip from a film put out by Oklahama State trying to advertise the wonderfulness of being in a state mental hospital, you can see them advertising three of the most horrific “treatments” around – insulin shock, electroshock, and hydroptherapy. You can view the entire film at the internet archive.

More excerpts from article –

Nicholson_electroshock[photo caption]
Current mythology: Jack Nicholson in One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest

 

…Yet experts today are increasingly turning to the procedure, contending that using high-voltage bursts of electricity is usually safer, faster and more effective than most antidepressant drugs.

Jack Nicholson did for shock therapy what Jaws did for sharks: An expert argues that ECT is really more effective than antidepressants, by Bonnie Estridge, 9 July 2011.

That’s very droll, because many antidepressant drugs have so many horrible side effects (like death, for example) that comparing ECT to that is like this –

not much of a choice

Not much of a choice.

No one is ever forced to have ECT, and when antidepressant medication isn’t working, it can be life-saving.’

Except, minor detail, the very story they give (in a total attempt at emotional manipulation re: dear sweet old grandma) is of a woman who DID NOT CHOOSE.

Her grand-daughter did!

That, constitutes FORCED in my book, how about yours?

It’s all part of the kinder, gentler BRAIN TRAUMA asinine PR campaign of the next generation of torturers.

You get images like this now –

Dear old dad smiling about his electroshock treatment, with an ever-so-caring hand over his head –

kinder electroshock

As they prepare to TRAUMATIZE HIS BRAIN.

Well, gee. I’m SO glad they’re being nice to people while they hit their head with the equivalent of a baseball bat.

sarcasm cartoonish

Oh, but it get’s worse.

Guess what’s the next generation of traumatizing the brain as a “cure” – do these people ever grow up?

Wait til you see this –

Magnetic_Seizure_Therapy_-_the_new_electroshock

Check the heading of the site that promotes what I’m about to tell you – the Duke University Psychiatry department.

Compassionate, World-Class Care to Treat Both Mind and Body

Wow! Where do we sign up, right?

sarcasm little guy

With a poster-girl doctor (obviously chosen for exactly that reason) even.

Sarah Hollingsworth Lisanby – chair of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, DUKE UNIVERSITY.

poster_girl_for_shock_duke_sarah_lisanbyImage retrieved from the Internet Archive

The interesting thing about this chick’s bio – well, there are several – but in relation to that Guardian article from the same period talking about how “focused” electroshock therapy somehow makes it not as bad as it was in the 40’s? The Duke article shows that oh yes, it was still just as bad.

Buried in this line here, and this is from the same time period even, 2011.

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective treatment for severe depression. However, its use is associated with significant posttreatment cognitive impairment.

Well, we know what that means now, don’t we?

I’d call amentia (mental retardation) a rather “significant cognitive impairment” – wouldn’t you?

Said very drily – “Just a bit.”

how_dare_you_question_me_-_vincent

I think the really sick think is the distancing these people do – on what they have done to their fellow human beings.

I have no doubt that the state Jack Nicholson’s character was put in – would be also described as “significant cognitive impairment“.

jack nicholson lobotomy

Holly’s work in this area was actually begun at Columbia University, their division of “Brain Stimulation and Therapeutic Modulation” – fancy words for traumatizing the brain to treat behavior, same as always. Columbia began with a Royal Charter, and with a different name, it was called King’s College. It is sort of an Oxford west. Did you Know? – Columbia University was the “King’s College”, founded in 1754 by King George

It’s connections to the British Empire have never changed. During the American Revolution it’s classes were suspended, but eight years later – 1784 – it emerged again as Columbia University, with one of it’s very first trustees being Alexander Hamilton, the British agent that pushed for the formation of the Bank of the United States to put the fledging U.S. back under control of the British Empire.

From the Columbia website

Among the earliest students and trustees of King’s College were… Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the treasury…

Considering their founding quote (which you’ll see in just a minute here) it becomes extremely relevant to understand just who – and more importantly what – Alexander Hamilton was.

 I wish any events could induce us to cease to copy such a model, [the British government,] and to assume the dignity of being original. They had their paper system, stockjobbing, speculations, public debt, moneyed interest, &c, and all this was contrived for us. — To Horatio Gates, iv, 178. Ford ed., vii, 130 – (Pa. 1797)

– – –

This most heterogeneous principle was transplanted into ours from the British system by a man [Alexander Hamilton] whose mind was really powerful, but chained by native partialities to everything English; who had formed exaggerated ideas of the superior perfection of the English constitution, the superior wisdom of their government, and sincerely believed it for the good of this country to make them their model in everything…. — To William H. Crawford, vii, 6. Ford ed., x, 34. (M., 1816.)

– – –

To William Short.
Monticello, January 8, 1825.

[referring to Harper and Otis writings]

He takes great pains to prove, for instance, that Hamilton was no monarchist, by exaggerating his own intimacy with him, and the impossibility, if he was so, that he should not, at some time, have betrayed it to him.  This may pass with uninformed readers, but not with those who have had it from Hamilton’s own mouth.  I am one of those, and but one of many.

At my own table, in presence of Mr. Adams, Knox, Randolph, and myself, in a dispute between Mr. Adams and himself, he avowed his preference of monarchy over every other government, and his opinion that the English was the most perfect model of government ever devised by the wit of man, Mr. Adams agreeing “if its corruptions were done away.”

While Hamilton insisted that “with these corruptions it was perfect, and without them it would be an impracticable government.

Can any one read Mr. Adams’ defence of the American Constitutions without seeing that he was a monarchist?  And J.Q. Adams, the son, was more explicit than the father, in his answer to Paine’s Rights of ManSo much for leaders.

Monarchy, to be sure, is now defeated….Yet the spirit is not done away.

The same party takes now what they deem the next best ground, the consolidation of the government;  the giving to the federal member [the federalists] of the government, by unlimited constructions of the Constitution, a control over all the functions of the States, and the concentration of all power ultimately at Washington.

– – –

…But this opens with a vast accession of strength from their younger recruits, who, having nothing in them of the feelings or principles of ’76, now look to a single and splendid government of an aristocracy, founded on banking institutions, and moneyed incorporations under the guise and cloak of their favored branches of manufactures, commerce and navigation, riding and ruling over the plundered ploughman and beggared yeomanry.

This will be to them [my note: The Federalists, British front group bent on retaking America] a next best blessing to the monarchy of their first aim, and perhaps the surest stepping-stone to it. — To William B. Giles, vii, 428. Ford ed., x, 356. (M., 1825.)

– Reference: Thomas Jefferson letters found in the Jefferson Cyclopedia

Now, with all that in mind, just a brief look at a statement concerning this King’s College founding (that became Columbia University) tells you all you need to know about it, and that it is right in line with what Jefferson was warning about.

At King’s College, the future leaders of colonial society could receive an education designed to “enlarge the Mind, improve the Understanding, polish the whole Man, and qualify them to support the brightest Characters in all the elevated stations in life.”

Elevated stations?

Oh god. You do realize what that is saying right? The British were choosing who would be “elevated”  – as in nobility – in America.

They still are.

And there’s the dreaded “s” word too.

Society.

What does that really mean?

From my husband’s book Scientology Roots, Chapter 31-2, The Maitreya and Messiah scam –

They have their own special meanings for certain words.

RULE – The British slavemasters say they are extremely superior to everyone else. All others are inferior to them. All others must exalt the slavemasters, worship them, praise them and bend the knee to them. The slaves must always submit, obey, comply and fulfill every desire the slavemasters have.

SOCIETY – the only proper society is one where the slavemasters RULE

SOCIAL – being a willing subject in the slavemaster SOCIETY

ANTI-SOCIAL – rejection of the slavemaster SOCIETY

MENTAL HEALTH – same idea as SOCIAL

MENTAL ILLNESS – same idea as ANTI-SOCIAL

ENLIGHTENED – same idea as SOCIAL

UNENLIGHTENED – same idea as ANTI-SOCIAL

WORLD PEACE – no wars because everyone is SOCIAL

 

So – King’s College/Columbia with its: “the future leaders of colonial society…” – that doesn’t look so good, does it. Nor does it say much about the character of the people who would even want to be part of this society.

Bunch of Psochorachas – the butt-lickers.

I want to be IMPORTANT.

That’s the ticket. Did you Know? – The British controlled the making of Doctors in the U.S.

sarcasm little guy

It also throws a whole new light on even the whole idea of “M.D.” – because the British controlled that too!

In the same history, it says:

One early manifestation of the institution’s lofty goals was the establishment in 1767 of the first American medical school to grant the M.D. degree.

That, of course, includes their later invented subject of psychiatry.

Ok, now this chick, Sara Lisanby, is one of those “elevated” persons, in modern times. During her time at Columbia, she was part of the clinical trials of her MST idea – Magnetic Seizure Therapy.

Now what’s that?

This article tells us –

Magnetic Seizure Theraphy (MST) is a novel method of convulsive therapy using rapidly alternating strong magnetic fields. MST offers great control of intracerebral current intensity. MST is an  alternative to Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT). A recent study done with 10 patients concludes that It seems that MST is a promising anti depressive treatment without any side effect. In the research projects done so far the side effects which are often seen in ECT: Headache, nausea, dizziness or cognitive disorder have not been observed and a faster recovery of orientation compared to ECT patient has been reported.

…MST is a more potent form of magnetic stimulation than rTMS, using rapidly alternating magnetic fields to induce generalized seizures. Because magnetic fields pass through tissue without impedance…Because MST uses higher intensity, more frequent, and longer durations of stimulation than rTMS, this larger dose of magnetic stimulation can produce generalized tonic-clonic seizures resembling ECT.

Anesthetic Considerations for Magnetic Seizure Therapy: A Novel Therapy for Severe Depression

Considering their work on just how tiny these electromagnetic fields of the body are – one would be well warned of just what kind of havoc these gross levels of electromagnetism would do to the human body.

I swear, these people are like retarded bulls-on-crack-in-a-china-shop, do they never think about what they are doing? Is that too much to ask?

Apparently so.

The current page of Columbia’s brain stimulation division tells us something interesting – buried in carefully chosen terms, of course.

PDF of page is here, in case it goes missing.

Under a small section discussing DARPA (U.S. Defense “research”) it says:

TMS = transcranial magnetic stimulation, does not produce convulsions like MST because weaker fields are used.

One of our basic cognitive neuroscience projects funded by DARPA utilizes fMRI and TMS in the study of the effects of sleep deprivation on working memory circuits. This work has isolated brain networks that are expressed during task performance, affected by sleep deprivation, and differentially affected as a function to cognitive susceptibility to sleep deprivation. Our 2 other DARPA grants examine field implementation strategies for TMS and the use of TMS in the study of deception.

The study of deception eh?

How ever so carefully worded that is.

You do realize what that means – it means they are studying the manipulation of magnetic fields of the brain (including weaponized aspects of deliberately induced sleep deprivation) but more importantly – for use in DECEPTION purposes. That means deliberately manipulating brain-waves of an opponent or target.

To try and cause them to make wrong decisions.

 

The elusive electronic mind-control “conspiracy theory” is now shown to be not a theory at all.

They are actively researching this area – still!

So, little miss poster-girl for this type of research, posing underneath the usual “we’re trying to cure mental disease” shore story, becomes even more interesting. I suggest you read my article on Duke University, to find out more about that from it’s very formation, Duke has been in total lockstep with British intelligence research in ways to control the decisions of man.

It is the decisions they are after, remember, the one thing there is NO SOURCE and NO LOCATION for in the brain.

That would be…YOU.

 

Her bio tells us more about this MST research of hers, and shows her involvement with this “transcranial” magnetic stimulation business.

An expert in translational research in the field of brain stimulation, Lisanby has received professional accolades for her leading role in pioneering a novel depression treatment called magnetic seizure therapy (MST), which her team took through the steps from bench to bedside, and is now at the stage of multi-center, international collaborative trials.

…former President of the leading international professional organizations on brain stimulation (Association for Convulsive Therapy /International Society of Neurostimulation, and the International Society for Transcranial Stimulation), and as Chair of both American Psychiatric Association committees related to brain stimulation (APA committee on ECT and the APA Task Force to Revise the Guidelines on ECT).

APA = American Psychiatric Association
ECT = Electroconvulsive shock Therapy

The more things “change”, the more they stay the same.

This is really no different, (as far as any real workability) than it was in the days of Myerson. The excuses are still the same as they were then, the inability to actually prove that mental illness is caused by the brain is still the same.

The only thing that has changed? Different machines.

The_Magnetic_Seizure_Therapy_machine

The goal is still bringing about grand mal seizures, the goal is still bringing about a “temporary” state of amentia, and why was that, again?

Excerpted –

I think it may be true that these people have for the time being at any rate more intelligence than they can handle and that the reduction of intelligence is an important factor in the curative process…almost to amentia …so that mood becomes altered in the proper direction.

Abraham Myerson comment in Discussion section immediately following an article by Barrera (S.E., N.D.C. Lewis, B.L. Pacella, and L.B. Kalinowsky: Brain Changes associated with electrically Induced Seizures: A Study in the Macacus Rhesus. Transactions of the American Neurological Association, Volume 68, June 1942, p. 39.
see PDF of these comments

Like I said, there’s a world of hurt disguised behind that word “proper”.

I think it’s worth taking a brief look at just exactly who was this Myerson character.

Abraham Myerson

Abraham_Myerson

Myerson was a Southard man (Harvard and Boston Psychopathic Hospital) – working together with him (he is mentioned in Southard’s book Kingdom of Evils) and he was also a staunch advocate of Eugenics, particularly sterilization.

OSS agent Anthony Mitrano/William Morgan defended him.

See British Security Coordination compendium part III, Your mind-My Mind.

Myerson wasn’t the only one with this idea of using convulsions to “wipe out” someone’s personality, a man named Hans Lowenbach said something quite similar, the same year even.

A generalized convulsion leaves a human being in a state in which all that is called personality has been extinguished.

– HANS LÖWENBACH and EDWARD J. STAINBROOK Observations on Mental Patients after Electro-shock, American Journal of Psychiatry, May 1942, the opening sentence.

Good god. That’s even more explicit as to the goals of these insane fucks.

These two men, quoted above, were conducting traumatic shock experiments on people at the Laboratory of the Department of Neuropsychiatry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, N.C.

*Again, please see The Man Who Murdered My Mother – Duke University: The Anti-Life Zone for more on Duke’s long history of being involved with ethically questionable experiments on humanity in the “name of science”.

And here we are at Duke University again – I told you that it’s no surprise to see miss poster-girl of resurrecting shock treatment being made a chair of Psychiatry at Duke in 2010.

828.pdf

Ugo Cerletti called repeated electro-shocks in one day (like Ewen Cameron did as part of his de-patterning, as he called it) – “annihilation“.

Good word.

Coming back around now, how we got into that interesting little byroad, was that we were excerpting statements from the first publication of The Society of Biological Psychiatry (society takes on a whole new meaning now, doesn’t it?) which would take over championing the cause of electroshock for everyone, drugs for everyone, “therapy” for everyone.

The statement was:

The Will p. 47 –

It is also known that one’s instincts are inherited behavior patterns which exist as engrammes…

…Motivation is in fact, largely unconscious.

The steps in making up one’s mind, i.e. in determining one’s will to act are as follows:

  • An instinctive drive and its accompanying emotion consists of activity of engrammes in the diencephalon…
  • He gathers all the information which is stored as engrammes in his brain.
  • By means of engrammes in his frontal lobes he forms a judgment of the entire situation and by this judgment he attempts to evaluate future results on the basis of past experience.
  • With all this cerebration he draws a conclusion of what to do.

The crystallization of this conclusion to act in a certain way is his will.

However, this process may be curtailed at any stage of its development.

A situation may arise in association with a violent emotional reaction and thus provoke immediate response…

As you can see, even TODAY they are still trying to “change” these engrams through traumatizing the frontal lobes – where it is alleged these engrams are “located”.

Before I move on to the next chapter, let’s finish by looking at a couple of other interesting excerpts from The Engrammes of Psychiatry – as well as who are these people that formed this Society.

Chapter on Perception, Recognition and Recall – p. 65

When a newborn child sees an object for the first time engrammes are formed …

memory engrammes are formed … for comparison with future engrammes.

Whenever the old engramme is like the most recent one received the individual becomes aware of the fact and by that similarity he recognizes the object just seen.

 

On p. 68 is a rather interesting definition of a Fixed Idea –

Fixed ideas or concepts are conclusions concerning a concept, conclusions which one will not alter because of the fear of what will result from reopening of the question.

It shouldn’t surprise us to see, that on the following page, the #1 Slavemaster Propaganda rears its ugly head – Tabula Rasa, Man is a blank slate.

Heading: Development of a Concept

  1. One’s concept of oneself. The newborn infant, having a cortex which is like a blank slate ready for inscription but with nothing on it, has no concepts.

The slavemasters really love that particularly nasty piece of propaganda, I highly suggest you read the section on Tabula Rasa in A Comprehensive History of The Oahspe, it’s really quite fascinating their dedication to pushing this on us for over 400 years now.

So, who are these people, and why did they found this Society of Biological Psychiatry?

Briefly –

On January 27, 1946 at the Fairmont Hotel in San Francisco, two California neurologists—Johannes Maagard Nielsen (1890–1969, professor of neurology at the University of Southern California) and his student George Newton Thompson (chief psychiatrist at the Los Angeles General Hospital)—organized a meeting of a select group of investigators interested in “the biological basis of behavior”; from this meeting emerged the Society of Biological Psychiatry.

Among those chartering the new society were:

  • Percival Bailey (1892–1973), a Chicago neurologist who had studied in Paris and was among other things attending neuropsychiatrist at Presbyterian Hospital;
  • Karl M. Bowman (1888–1973), on staff at the Langley Porter clinic in San Francisco and professor of psychiatry at the University of California;
  • Stanley Cobb (1887–1968), professor of neuropathology at Harvard University and psychiatrist-in-chief at the Massachusetts General Hospital;
  • Roland P. Mackay (1900–1968), attending neurologist at the Neuropsychiatric Institute in Chicago;
  • Harry C. Solomon (1889–1982), medical director of the Boston Psychopathic Hospital; and
  • Samuel Bernard Wortis (1904–1969), professor and chair of psychiatry and neurology at New York University School of Medicine.

This was the “elite” of the U.S. neuroscience establishment.

In 1947, it was Nielsen and Thompson that published what is now called “the first textbook of biological psychiatry in the United States” – The Engrammes of Psychiatry.

Just to highlight a couple of the names above, let’s take Harry C. Solomon – Mr. LSD studies. You remember him, He’s Dr. Shocks-a-lot’s (Myerson) boss – and a heavy promoter of electroshock therapy.

Harry_C._Solomon

He was also trained under Elmer Southard – here he is pictured with Southard and Myerson, to boot.

solomon myerson southerd 1917

Why do I call him Mr. LSD studies?

I’ll tell you.

LSD2Sandoz, a drug/chemical manufacturing company began “clinical trials” of LSD and marketed it under the name Delysid as a psychiatric drug, from 1947 through the mid 1960s. Psychiatric patients were used as the first guinea pigs for this new “wonder drug”. It was touted as curing a wide range of psychiatric ailments, anywhere from alcoholism to sexual deviancy. However, it’s true purpose was much, much darker.

We were very interested in anything that could make someone schizophrenic,” said Milton Greenblatt of Massuchusetts Mental Health Center (MMHC).

THE SEARCH FOR THE MANCHURIAN CANDIDATE by John Marks

Note: If you haven’t seen it already, please see my article Two Little Men Hanging By Their Heels. One of the things it documents is an interesting MKUltra subproject headed by Maitland Baldwin (another infamous brain experimenter) where he gave LSD to monkeys, but he found that it only worked on monkeys with their temporal lobes intact. Baldwin was assigned the very first MKULTRA subproject, #1.

MMHC was originally called Boston Psychopathic, it is referred to as a “pioneering” mental-health institution affiliated with Harvard Medical School.

Elmer Ernest Southard taught social psychiatry at Harvard.

Remember what that word actually means?

[excerpted]

RULE – The British slavemasters say they are extremely superior to everyone else. All others are inferior to them. All others must exalt the slavemasters, worship them, praise them and bend the knee to them. The slaves must always submit, obey, comply and fulfill every desire the slavemasters have.

SOCIETY – the only proper society is one where the slavemasters RULE

SOCIAL – being a willing subject in the slavemaster SOCIETY

– Scientology Roots, Chapter 31-2, The Maitreya and Messiah scam

Southard also led the Boston Psychopathic Hospital, which has a just horrific track of experimentation on “patients”. Again, one of his colleagues, Myerson, promoted electric shock making people less intelligent as a good thing, was one of Southard’s protege’s.

Boston_Psychopathic_Hospital_-_early_picBoston Psychopathic – 5 minutes walk from Harvard
– originally set up as an adjunct to the Harvard Department of Psychiatry.

Harry C. Solomon was president of the Society of Biological Psychiatry at one point, but he was also the long-term director of Boston Psychopathic, where these first LSD studies were done.

A Viennese doctor named Otto Kauders traveled to the United States in search of research funds. He gave a conference at Boston Psychopathic Hospital concerning the new drug. It was Max Rinkel, Solomon’s junior, that then quickly contacted Sandoz Pharmaceuticals in Switzerland, where Albert Hofmann worked. Sandoz officials arranged to ship some LSD across the Atlantic.

Together with two of his staff psychiatrists, doctors Rinkel and Hyde, Solomon organized an LSD study at Boston Psychopathic and they tested the drug on 100 volunteers, reporting their initial findings in May 1950 at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association.

*Note: Dr. Max Rinkel, was particularly interested in using LSD to induce a schizophrenia-like state in mentally healthy people.

A later report details the other members of this study.

lsd article hyde solomon

The investigations of the effects of L.S.D. at Boston Psychopathic Hospital by Rinkel, DeShon, Hyde and Solomon…included psychological, biochemical, physiological, and social parameters.

…This research, conducted by the Boston Psychopathic Hospital, research department, Dr. Harry C. Solomon, director, and the Harvard Medical School, department of psychiatry, was made possible in part by the United States Public Health Service Grant, No. M-354 (C) and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The inquiry detailed in this paper was reported very briefly in part by Rinkel, M., et al.: Experimental psychiatry II. Am. J. Psychiat., 111:3, 881–895, June 1955.

Psychiatric Quarterly Volume 31, Numbers 1-4 (1957), 57-71, DOI: 10.1007/BF01568708 – Physiological effects of L.S.D.: Report of a detailed investigation in one subject.

 

Hyde, is Robert W. Hyde, the deputy director of Boston Psychopathic. Rinkel, is Max Rinkel. DeShon is H. Jackson DeShon, professor of psychiatry at Harvard.

They are part of what I call the MK-Ultra goon squad.

Rinkel Fink Hyde and Wolff

Notice how it was done underneath the guise of a “U.S. Public Health Service Grant”.

Giving people LSD is a Public Health Service?

vincent price - whoa

Yep. That’s what it says.

So, that was Harry Solomon, one of the founders of the Society of Biological Psychiatry.

Note: Solomon was also involved with the OSS Psychological Testing and Assessment program – once saying that a trained neuropsychiatrist could interview 50 inductees a day, averaging 6 minutes per person. (ref: Harry C. Solomon and Paul I. Yakovlev, Manual of Military Neuropsychiatry (Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1945), p. 21) Also see BSC part III for much more information about what that program was really about and who actually started it.

The other founding person that I want to take up is Karl M. Bowman, staff at the Langley Porter clinic in San Francisco and professor of psychiatry at the University of California.

Karl_M._Bowman

Langley Porter – see that?

THE LANGLEY PORTER CLINIC

From the office of the director of the Department of Institutions, State of California. Read before the Second General Meeting at the seventieth annual session of the California Medical Association, Del Monte, May 5-8, 1941.

Appropriations have been obtained from the Legislature for the establishment of an acute neuropsychiatric unit on the campus of the Medical Center of the University of California in San Francisco. This new institution, which is to be known as The Langley Porter Clinic, will be a 100-bed hospital and expected to be ready to open for reception of patients on or about January 1, 1942.

Provision has been made in the new building for a large outpatient department, which should create opportunities for preventive work.

Provision has also been made for early diagnosis and prompt institution of indicated treatment, such as fever therapy, insulin-shock therapy, chemical and electrical convulsive therapies, brain surgery for tumors or focal epilepsy, and the like.

It was the first psychiatric institute in California, conceived by Drs. Robert Langley Porter, Aaron J. Rosanoff, and Walter L. Treadway. They wanted to use the 29,000 patients in the nine California state hospitals as “clinical experience” combined with the “expertise” of the staff of a medical school.

In other words, they wanted to do all manner of experimentations on the hapless mental patients in places such as Camarillo State Hospital, for example.

Langley-Porter was a very, very nasty foot-in-the-doorway of America maneuver by the British slavemasters. This is what Karl Bowman was heading.

By the way, what is “fever therapy”?

One of the very men who “had the idea” for Langley Porter, was a Russian immigrant psychiatrist named Aaron Rosanoff (sponsored by British Slavemasters Cecil bloc men, William McDougal and Cyril Burt).

He brought it to the U.S.

Aaron_Joshua_Rosanoff

In the introduction of a book dealing with that topic, the authors state that this book is written for “the purpose of presenting, in a brief space, the actual technic of administering the various forms of therapeutic fever.”

In general it may be said that the monograph fulfils this aim. It describes the methods at present in vogue for producing fever by means of blankets, radiant energy, heated moist air, warm water sprays, hot baths, high frequency currents, electromagnetic induction, malaria, typhoid vaccine, relapsing fever, rat bite fever, sterile milk, antichancroid vaccine and sulfur in oil.

Separate chapters are devoted to the more important of these procedures, namely to radiant energy, the hypertherm, high frequency currents and electromagnetic induction, malaria and, finally, typhoid vaccine. They deliberately infect these poor people with typhoid and malaria!!!

Langley-Porter has other interesting roles it played in the slavemaster obsession with torturing people into “sanity”.

Including, direct links with Scientology (Dianetics).

 

In a tangle of front-group financing (donating $60,000) – Scientologists also became involved with studies on “remote perception” in 1973, the testing of Uri Geller.

Funders were:

  • The Foundation for Parasensory Investigation – Judith Skutch of A Course in Miracles (a veiled MKultra project outcropping). The foundation was renamed Foundation for Inner Peace at the time of the Miracles course publication. Skutch was also mixed up in Noetic Sciences.
  • The Institute of Noetic Sciences – Dr. Edgar Mitchell. Willis Harmon, then involved in MKULTRA sub-project testing LSD at SRI, was President of this institute founded by Edgar Mitchell in 1973. Click here to visit their home page.
    • “I wish to thank those who had faith in an idea that led to the founding of the Institute of Noetic Sciences: Henry Rolfs (deceased) and Zoe Rolfs, Richard Davis, Judith Skutch Whitson, Paul Temple, Phillip Lukin (deceased), and John White. And to those who came a bit later to carry the idea further: Osmond Crosby, Brendan O’Regan (deceased), Diane Brown Temple, and Willis Harman.”
      (Mitchell, Edgar, The Way of the Explorer, GP Putnam’s Sons, 1996)

This project was also directly funded by the CIA through Stanford Research Institute (SRI) – which had been founded and run by OSS men (the CIA predecessor)

Remote Perception at Stanford Research Institute

 

First, we conducted experiments with Mr. Uri Geller in which we examined his ability, while located in an electrically shielded room, to reproduce target pictures drawn by experimenters located at remote locations. Second, we conducted double-blind experiments with Mr. Pat Price, in which we measured his ability to describe remote outdoor scenes many miles from his physical location.”

[Pat Price was a Scientologist cut-out for the Guardian’s Office of the Church of Scientology, run by intelligence handler Terry Milner]

…Of our six subjects, H. H. had by far the most monochromatic EEG spectrum. Figure 3 shows an overlay of the three averaged spectra from one of this subject’s 36-trial runs, displaying changes in her alpha activity for the three stimulus conditions.

It may be that remote perceptual ability is widely distributed in the general population, but because the perception is generally below an individuals level of awareness, it is repressed or not noticed. For example, two of our subjects (H.H. and P.P.) had not considered themselves to have unusual perceptual ability before their participation in these experiments.

Our observation of the phenomena leads us to conclude that experiments in the area of so-called paranormal phenomena can be scientifically conducted, and it is our hope that other laboratories will initiate additional research to attempt to replicate these findings.

This research was sponsored by The Foundation for Parasensory Investigation, New York City. We thank Mrs. Judith Skutch, Dr. Edgar D. Mitchell of the Institute of Noetic Sciences – as well as our SRI associates, Mr. Bonnar Cox, Mr. Earle Jones and Dr. Dean Brown – for support and encouragement. Constructive suggestions by Mrs. Jean Mayo, Dr. Charles Tart, University of California, and Dr. Robert Ornstein and Dr. David Galin of the Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute are acknowledged.

Russell Targ
Harold Puthoff [Scientologist]
Electronics and Bioengineering Laboratory,
Stanford Research Institute,
Menlo Park, California 94025

– Reference – See this website.

From Scientology Roots Chapter 26-3 War for Minds of Man

A few years later in 1976, Puthoff and Targ received another 26k from the Navy to see if magnetometers could be affected by human beings. – through the Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute in San Francisco.

[This means that Langley-Porter was involved in CIA MKULTRA sub-projects of mind control experimentation]

Psychic Spying – Washington Post August 7, 1977 by John L. Wilhelm.

 

So now, see how the Biological Psychiatry guys (Langley Porter) were mixed up in both these Scientology/CIA projects?

That’s your first clue that Scientology’s actual founders and backers aren’t as anti-psychiatry as they want you to believe that they are.

Scientology protest

Scientology_psychiatry_kills

page_divider_2

Chapter 1

Engrammes

The Origin of the Term

 

Now, why did they spell the word engrammes, in the way that they did in their first publication?

hmm2

You’d think that would be an easy thing to find out, but boy, was that not the case. For one thing, every time you try to search engrammes, you get back engrams.

I figured these boys who formed the Biological Psychiatry society weren’t that dumb as to not know the word they were using, so I persisted until I finally figured it out.

See, they were not the first to use this word.

Engramme is a German word, first coined by Richard Semon in 1904.

So, it was definitely no accident that they were true to the actual original spelling of the word – because their book literally resurrects his ideas and simply adds where they think these “engrammes” may be stored physically. Although they are rather authoritative about it, which is funny since they are completely arrogant (and wrong). To use the vernacular – they were talking-out-of-their ass (speaking on a topic they know nothing about) as to having any kind of proof of these “storage locations”.

Their location ideas were theory – not Scientific fact.

With some further digging, I finally found what did Semon say – that these people suddenly chose to resurrect after more than forty years.

His book, in German, was titled: Die Mneme als erhaltendes Princip de organishchen Geschehens published in Liepzig 1904 – it was 353 pages.

Before I get into that, I want to briefly give you a few examples of that other people at that time period were definitely using the term exactly as he created it – engramme.

#1

The budding girl. Missionary pedagogy. Special child-welfare agencies … by Granville Stanley Hall, 1911

engrammes_of_semon_1engrammes_of_semon_1a

#2

Revue rose Bulletin Meteorologique – 1908

engrammes_semon_2

#3

Journal für Psychologie und NeurologieVolume 5; Volume 151905

engrammes_semon_3

It was the British that began using the word spelled as engram in the first english translation of Semon’s book in 1921.

However, it was just prior to WWI that the book was actually done being translated, interestingly enough, in July 1914.

The translation was done by two British scholars (Cecil bloc “scientific” writers) and a man named Louis Simon.

Mneme_1921_preface_-_british

The dedication is interesting – it says that it is dedicated to Francis Darwin!

Why on earth would that be?

Well, that’s because Francis Darwin (son of Charles Darwin) enthusiastically championed the “engram” theory of Semon in his September 1908 Presidential Address to the British Association for the Advancement of Science.

Francis Darwin

Francis Darwin

It is a pleasure to express my indebtedness to this work, as well as for the suggestions and criticisms which I owe to Professor Simon personally.

– Francis Darwin

Pages from francis darwin speech 1908 mention semon and engram

In 1911, Eugenicist, SPR man, and all around junior slavemaster William McDougall “attacked” it, but that was really more of a way of bringing attention to it – again. It’s a standard Cecil-Bloc tactic of the slavemasters.

He said: “I, for one, cannot see that, inspite of the introduction of several new words, he has achieved any success.”

So, the British slavemasters obviously wanted more attention on this subject, to not only have Francis Darwin gushing about it, but to bring McDougall (the alleged spiritualist) out in the “anti” stance. Bringing attention to it, is the same reason that it got resurrected by the Biological Psychiatry boys in 1946, and backed by the same cabal, just the next generation of them. Unfortunately, they twisted the hell out of it, as you will see later on.

Let’s have a look at the book itself, shall we?

Richard Semon

Richard_Semon

We’ll start with Semon’s basic description of the terms he is using.

The Mneme, by Richard Semon, translated in 1921

Pages 11, 12.

But the immediate effect of stimulation on the irritable substance is only one half of the problem with which we are concerned, although it happens to be that which has mainly occupied the attention of investigators.

The other and distinctive half of the mnemic problem underlying the problems of memory, habit, and heredity, is the effect which remains in the stimulated substance after the excitement produced by the stimulation has apparently ceased. The capacity for such after-effect of stimulation constitutes what I have called the Mneme.

Its result, namely, the enduring though primarily latent modification in the irritable substance produced by a stimulus, I have called an Engram, and the effect of certain stimulations upon certain substances is referred to as their Engraphic effect.

Chapter II

When an organism has been temporarily stimulated and has passed, after the cessation of the stimulus, into the condition of “secondary indifference,” it can be shown that such organism—be it plant, protist, or animal —has been permanently affected.

This I call the engraphic action of a stimulus, because a permanent record has been written or engraved on the irritable substance.

I use the word engram to denote this permanent change wrought by a stimulus; the sum of such engrams in an organism may be called its “engram-store,” among which we must distinguish inherited from acquired engrams.

p. 44 – aka “chains” of engrams.

The mere sight of the whip in the hand of its master will ecphorise in the dog the mnemic excitation of the definite sensation of pain, and produce the corresponding reaction, namely, curling of the tail, howls, and flight.

We describe such engrams, where the application of the engraphic stimulus of one serves as the ecphoric stimulus of the other, as associated engrams.

We may state it as a rule without exception that all simultaneously-produced engrams are associated even when the effective stimuli are of different kinds and have no relationship in respect of the cause of their appearance.

Two stimuli of very different kinds and without recognisable relationship once acted upon me simultaneously—the view of Capri from Naples, and a specific smell of boiling olive oil. Ever since, a similar smell of oil unfailingly acts ecphorically on the photogenic engram of Capri.

…Apart from this association of engrams created by the simultaneous action of their engraphic stimuli, which, in keeping with the terms already introduced, we may describe as association of simultaneously created engrams, a second and equally important association may be observed, which is also dependent on the time-relation of the action of the engraphic stimuli.

Not only the simultaneous engrams, but also those generated immediately after, are associated in such a manner that the application of the original stimulus of one may serve as an ecphoric stimulus to the others. In this case, too, an association is established, even when the respective engrams owe their genesis to widely differing kinds of stimulus, and where a causal nexus between these engraphic stimuli cannot be traced.

We may describe this latter condition as the association of successively created engrams.

We shall examine more closely in the second part of this work the derivation of the successive from the simultaneous association.

p. 79

The case finds a natural explanation in the idea that the complicated act of spinning is the manifestation of a chain of successively associated inherited engrams. The ecphory of each engram acts in its turn ecphorically on the next successively associated engram.

These give us –

Semon’s definitions cheat sheet –

You’re going to need to keep referring back to this, until you get the hang of his terms.

  • Engraphic – the effect of certain stimulations upon certain substances. When an organism has been temporarily stimulated and has passed, after the cessation of the stimulus, into the condition of “secondary indifference,” it can be shown that such organism—be it plant, protist, or animal —has been permanently affected.This I call the engraphic action of a stimulus, because a permanent record has been written or engraved on the irritable substance.
  • Engram –  the effect which remains in the stimulated substance after the excitement produced by the stimulation has apparently ceased; the enduring though primarily latent modification in the irritable substance produced by a stimulus. I use the word engram to denote this permanent change wrought by a stimulus; the sum of such engrams in an organism may be called its “engram-store,” among which we must distinguish inherited from acquired engrams.
  • The Mneme – the capacity for such after-effect of stimulation.
  • Ecphory – the passage of an engram from a latent to a manifest state, or as we might say, the rousing into action of a disposition created by the original excitation and characterised as a permanent but usually latent change in the organism. An ecphory always reproduces the corresponding state of excitement, and it is characteristic of each ecphory that a partial return of a definite energetic condition suffices to awaken the engram from its latent state. They are evoked from this state of latency by stimuli, on the cessation of which they sooner or later lapse into latency.
  • Mnemic excitation – The excitation resulting from the ecphory of an engram we term “Mnemic excitation,” and we have no reason to assume that in its nature it differs essentially from its predecessor, the original excitation. The differences lie in the originating conditions.
  • Associated Engrams – We describe such engrams, where the application of the engraphic stimulus of one serves as the ecphoric stimulus of the other, as associated engrams. We may state it as a rule without exception that all simultaneously-produced engrams are associated even when the effective stimuli are of different kinds and have no relationship in respect of the cause of their appearance.
  • Example: current stimulus of sight of a whip (engraphic effect creating a new engram) will restimulate (ecphorize) the earlier latent engrams, producing the definite sensation of pain, and produce the corresponding reaction out of that, namely, curling of the tail, howls, and flight.

On p 48 and 49, one sees the exact same fish analogy, “avoidance” that Hubbard used in Dianetics, only slightly altered.

The engram produced in the fish by repetition of the optic stimulus of a man casting food upon the water becomes associated with the optic and chemical engrams established by the sight and taste of that food. The ecphory of the appearance of the man suffices to act ecphorically on the associated engrams, and liberates the reactions appertaining to the latter, such as swimming to the side of the pond, etc., even when the actual distribution of the food is suspended. It could also be proved here that these engrams survived a period of latency of four months without disappearing or losing their associated or ecphoric capacity. I have myself observed in the peculiar sucking fish (Echeneis) in the Torres Straits, that such an engram association can be produced by a single experience, and remain fixed for at least some hours or even for days.

It was sufficient to catch with a hook one fish out of the large shoal of fishes unsuspiciously swallowing the food thrown to them for disgust of this feeding to be created in the rest of the shoal for days. The experiment was repeated many times, and always with the same result.

Note: In this book he even talks about ovum and uterus engrams – that Hubbard obviously plagiarized in Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health.

p. 76 “Dormant” engrams until activated

For it is conveniently characteristic of each ecphory that a partial return of a definite energetic condition suffices to awaken the engram from its latent state.

p. 80 – Drop out of “re-stimulation” after cessation of stimuli.

Like the individually acquired engrams, they are evoked from this state of latency by stimuli, on the cessation of which they sooner or later lapse into latency.

p.89 – Exhausting the response by repeated excitation – it doesn’t “erase” it, just drives the organism into apathy!

The second characteristic is that with each recurrence of the liberating influence there is a return of the corresponding state of excitement. Are there now any inherited dispositions in which this is not the case?

Personally, I am unaware of any dispositions of the organic irritable substance which, without the occurrence of other changes of state—for example, the entry into a totally different stage of development—have exhausted themselves by having been repeatedly roused into their corresponding states of excitement.

But too frequent repetition and too long duration of the excitation may produce a state of fatigue, leading to the enfeeblement of the excitation and of the reactions caused by it.

If, however, sufficient time is given for the organism to recover, no exhaustion takes place, or, at any rate, not while it remains in a state of primitive energy; but on the contrary, an increase in the predisposition to react usually sets in.

So Dianetic “running” of engrams is actually increasing the predisposition to react!

wiley-double yikes

Part II, Chapter 4

In the introductory part we discussed the genesis of engrams and the various phases of their existence. From an analysis of organic states we formulated the following

definition:—An engram is the result of engraphic action, and implies an altered disposition of the irritable substance towards a recurrence of the state of excitement produced by the original stimulus.

The organic substance so affected by engraphic action shows itself specifically predisposed to the state of excitement induced by the original stimulus. On being subjected again to this stimulus, or to other influences, the basis of which is invariably the partial recurrence of a definite energetic condition, the original state of excitement is reproduced.

With this definition in mind, we have next to trace more precisely the relations of the various engrams generated and conserved in the same organism. In the nature of things, the organism can very rarely be affected and influenced by a single stimulus alone, as for instance, by a single light-ray of a definite wave length.

What we find is this: that a simultaneous excitation-complex as such is, after the lapse of the synchronous excitations, engraphically fixed in its totality. That which remains is a simultaneous engram-complex.

 

Chapter VII – Engram dichotomy

Generally, the difficulty follows on the inability of the organism to carry out simultaneously the reactions of both lines of excitations. In that case the alternating dichotomy becomes permanent.

That is just a few quotes to get an idea of what Semon was talking about when he coined the term engrammes. In the next chapter, we will do a comparison of Semon’s writings and Ron Hubbard’s writings.

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Chapter 2

Semon versus Hubbard

Comparisons

 

With the reintroduction – with a bang – of Semon’s engrammes theory by the Biological Psychiatry people, we get, just a couple years later – L. Ron Hubbard coming along utilizing the exact same source.

In Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, (released May 1950) he wrote that:

The word engram, in dianetics is used in its severely accurate sense as a ‘definite and permanent trace left by a stimulus on the protoplasm of a tissue. It is considered as a unit group of stimuli impinged solely on the cellular being.

This is a photo of my 1976 reprint of Dianetics – followed by one of the relevant page, Chapter II, Book II, p. 67.

dianetics_book_1976

dianetics_definition_of_engram

Especially that last line: It is considered as a unit group of stimuli impinged solely on the cellular being – as you can see, he’s drawing directly from Richard Semon’s work.

Even Hubbard’s use of the term engram was not originally his idea, supposedly it was Dr. Winter’s.

However, even though, with even a cursory glance at Semon’s work, many examples that Hubbard was practically lifting verbatim from are easily documentable. Despite that fact, Dr. Winter in his book A Doctor’s report on Dianetics goes to the trouble of saying that they were not pulling from Semon’s work!

That was a stupid mistake, if you ask me, especially because it can be proven that Hubbard did indeed pull from Semon’s work – both conceptually and technically. Even going so far as to use one of Semon’s examples of a fish with engrams.

In January of 1949, Hubbard informed his literary agent, Forrest J. Ackerman, that he was writing a book on the “cause and cure of nervous tension”, which he was going to call either The Dark Sword or Excalibur or Science of the Mind, and assured Ackerman that the book had “more selling and publicity angles than any book of which I have ever heard.” In the same month, he told Writers’ Markets and Methods magazine that he was working on a “book of psychology”.

A little over six months later, John Campbell, Hubbard’s partner-in-MC (Mind Control) wrote to another contributor to the Astounding Science Fiction magazine, Dr. Joseph A. Winter (was a physician from Michigan) concerning Hubbard’s “discovery”.

That’s when Winter became involved, and was receiving therapy from Hubbard. But alas, the relationship was short-lived. Barely two years after the release of Dianetics, Winter had broken off from Hubbard over the issue of “past lives” and written a book.

Dianetics_-_A_Doctor's_Report_Joseph_A_Winter

Nomenclature proved to be a prime obstacle to expressing the concepts of this new method of approach to mental illnesses. Hubbard had used the word “impediment” as a label for the moment of pain, unconsciousness and threat to survival which he believed resulted in aberration of the patient’s behavior. We (Hubbard, Campbell and I) felt that this word should be discarded because it was too long and might be confused with other usages, such as an impediment in one’s speech.

After considerable discussion we concluded that terminology should be revised with the following criteria kept in mind: older terminology or terminology from other medical fields should be avoided, because the acceptance of a term from a certain school of thought might imply acceptance of the tenets of that school of thought.

…Several alternatives were suggested. The phenomenon of less-than-complete-consciousness was called anaten, a condensation of the words “analyzer attenuation.” What had been called an “impediment” was now called a norn, the name for the Norse goddesses of Fate, who controlled Man’s destiny and made him follow a course of conduct nolens volens. These terms were used in the article by Hubbard which appeared in the May, 1950 issue of “Astounding Science Fiction;” this was the first appearance in print of the subject of Dianetics.

I attempted another approach to the problem of terminology, using the conventional medical scheme of constructing neologisms from Greek roots. As a substitute for “impediment” I proposed the word comanome, from “coma” meaning unconsciousness and “nomos” meaning law. A “comanome,” therefore, was both an unconscious law and a law of unconsciousness. Instead of calling it “unconsciousness” I used the word allocoma, another type of unconsciousness, to point up the difference between the usual and the dianetic sense of the word.

Further discussion led to dissatisfaction with all three words, and it was finally decided to use the term engram, which is defined by Dorland as “a lasting mark or trace.” The term is applied to the definite and permanent trace left by a stimulus in the protoplasm of a tissue. In psychology it is the lasting trace left in the psyche by anything that has been experienced psychically; a latent memory picture.”

[1] It should be noted that this term was not borrowed from Semon, as some have suggested. At the time this term was chosen, Semon’s work was unknown to our group.[2]

A Doctor’s report on Dianetics, 1952. You can view the text here.

Besides the fact that he obviously doesn’t know what the hell he’s talking about with that completely incorrect characterization of the definition of engram “in psychology” well…

Therein lies the rub, as the bard says. Dianetics did draw heavily on Semon’s work, and methinks Winters doth protest too much on this, I think Hubbard was familiar with Semon’s work and probably didn’t tell either Campbell or Winters that. He could be quite cagey that way.

And there is NO way that none of them knew about the new Biological Psychiatry Society and it’s first publication – a textbook, no less – called The Engrammes of Psychiatry – Hubbard was especially up on all that sort of thing, pretty much never failing to be in lockstep with whatever was going on in the slavemaster community mind-control-wise.

Dr. Winter didn’t exactly have credibility even in his own profession, with his book, by the way.

A review in the American Journal of Psychiatry –

Reviewed by ROBERT E. PECK
Am J Psychiatry July 1952;109:70-b-71.

In this book Dr. Winter tells how he became involved with Hubbard and how he later came to break with him and branch off to develop his own brand of dianetics. It is his apologia to the medical profession as well as an effort to explain scientifically what he feels to be of value in dianetics. It falls somewhat short of the latter goal.

There are 2 aspects of dianetics that are basic and should readily admit of scientific proof or disproof: (I) the human organism is influenced at moments of pain and unconsciousness in such a way that it may henceforth act uncritically and literally to situations that contain similar stimuli, (2) by recreating these situations in a concrete way they can be erased and their pathological effects eliminated.

Winter demonstrates several such situations clinically but fails to give anything resembling convincing scientific proof that the hypotheses are correct. In fact, in spite of his own opinion of his scientific training and ability, he fails to show even that he knows what scientific proof should consist of. He seems quite happy with a couple of detailed recordings of interviews (and even these, he admits, are so edited that the important material of a number of interviews is condensed into one!). However, we need not be too hard on Dr. Winter for this as he has plenty of precedent. A great deal of contemporary psychiatric literature, including most of the psychoanalytic, is of the same tenuous sort.

I’m afraid I find myself disinclined to believe his statements about the choice of the word engram (and a lot of the Semon material that went with it).

I figure he went to the trouble of literally convicting himself as having the knowledge that he denies, was because he didn’t want it to be known that it was plagiarized in a number of ways. That would lead to some embarrasing questions as to why he was mixed up with something that just “happened” to be pushing the same subject, more or less, that had been the first thing that the “elite” of neuro-psychiatry had just come out with!

I think Winter found out after the fact, that the basic ideas that Hubbard ended up putting in Dianetics were largely Semon’s and that obviously Hubbard knew of his work. To save face? He lied. Much like he’s doing with his book – trying to save face.

Apparently, it never seemed to occur to him that what Hubbard had essentially done by “conning” him that way, is that he made the whole subject of psycho-analysis look bad.

Seeings as how Hubbard was a combined British/American lone wolf rated intelligence agent, I’m sure that was just a coincidence.

eye roll

It’s just as bad as Edmund Gurney of the Society of Psychical Research “banishing” evil spirits from someone’s head – or is it drujas – I forget (joke), it literally gives even the idea of a spirit a bad name. See how that works? Et Voila! Science steps in to save the day – only it’s not a whole lot better than the parlor tricks, and in some ways far worse, and definitely far more barbaric in it’s “cures”.

Come to think of it – Edmund Gurney looks kind of good compared to people like Ewen Cameron, Nielsen, Thompson, Harry Solomon, and the other ghouls of neuropsychiatry.

Edmund gurney and the demons

Course that’s not saying much. It’s like comparing…you get the idea.

Let’s do a comparison now, of even just the few excerpts from Semon’s book that I previously selected (there are lots more) – with excerpts from L. Ron Hubbard’s works.

Semon’s definitions cheat sheet –

You’re going to need to keep referring back to this, until you get the hang of his terms.

  • Engraphic – the effect of certain stimulations upon certain substances. When an organism has been temporarily stimulated and has passed, after the cessation of the stimulus, into the condition of “secondary indifference,” it can be shown that such organism—be it plant, protist, or animal —has been permanently affected.This I call the engraphic action of a stimulus, because a permanent record has been written or engraved on the irritable substance.
  • Engram –  the effect which remains in the stimulated substance after the excitement produced by the stimulation has apparently ceased; the enduring though primarily latent modification in the irritable substance produced by a stimulus. I use the word engram to denote this permanent change wrought by a stimulus; the sum of such engrams in an organism may be called its “engram-store,” among which we must distinguish inherited from acquired engrams.
  • The Mneme – the capacity for such after-effect of stimulation.
  • Ecphory – the passage of an engram from a latent to a manifest state, or as we might say, the rousing into action of a disposition created by the original excitation and characterised as a permanent but usually latent change in the organism. An ecphory always reproduces the corresponding state of excitement, and it is characteristic of each ecphory that a partial return of a definite energetic condition suffices to awaken the engram from its latent state. They are evoked from this state of latency by stimuli, on the cessation of which they sooner or later lapse into latency.
  • Mnemic excitation – The excitation resulting from the ecphory of an engram we term “Mnemic excitation,” and we have no reason to assume that in its nature it differs essentially from its predecessor, the original excitation. The differences lie in the originating conditions.
  • Associated Engrams – We describe such engrams, where the application of the engraphic stimulus of one serves as the ecphoric stimulus of the other, as associated engrams. We may state it as a rule without exception that all simultaneously-produced engrams are associated even when the effective stimuli are of different kinds and have no relationship in respect of the cause of their appearance.
  • Example: current stimulus of sight of a whip (engraphic effect creating a new engram) will restimulate (ecphorize) the earlier latent engrams, producing the definite sensation of pain, and produce the corresponding reaction out of that, namely, curling of the tail, howls, and flight.

 

Semon’s fish analogy –

On p 48 and 49 — The Mneme

The engram produced in the fish by repetition of the optic stimulus of a man casting food upon the water becomes associated with the optic and chemical engrams established by the sight and taste of that food. The ecphory of the appearance of the man suffices to act ecphorically on the associated engrams, and liberates the reactions appertaining to the latter, such as swimming to the side of the pond, etc., even when the actual distribution of the food is suspended. It could also be proved here that these engrams survived a period of latency of four months without disappearing or losing their associated or ecphoric capacity. I have myself observed in the peculiar sucking fish (Echeneis) in the Torres Straits, that such an engram association can be produced by a single experience, and remain fixed for at least some hours or even for days.

It was sufficient to catch with a hook one fish out of the large shoal of fishes unsuspiciously swallowing the food thrown to them for disgust of this feeding to be created in the rest of the shoal for days. The experiment was repeated many times, and always with the same result.

Hubbard’s fish analogy –

Let us now take an example of the reactive mind’s processes in a lower echelon of life: a fish swims into the shallows where the water is brackish, yellow, and tastes of iron. He has just taken a mouthful of shrimp when a bigger fish rushes at him and knocks against his tail.

The small fish manages to get away but he has been physically hurt. Having negligible analytical powers, the small fish depends upon reaction for much of his choice of activity.

Now he heals his tail and goes on about his affairs. But one day he is attacked by a larger fish and gets his tail bumped. This time he is not seriously hurt, merely bumped.

But something has happened. Something within him considers that in his choice of action he is now being careless. Here is a second injury in the same area.

The computation on the fish reactive level was: shallows equals brackish equals yellow equals iron taste equals pain in tail equals shrimp in mouth, and any one of these equals any other.

The bump in the tail on the second occasion keyed-in the engram. It demonstrated to the organism that something like the first accident (identity thought) could happen again.

Therefore, beware!

The small fish, after this, swims into brackish water. This makes him slightly “nervous.” But he goes on swimming and finds himself in yellow and brackish water. And still he does not turn back. He begins to get a small pain in his tail. But he keeps on swimming.

Suddenly he gets a taste of iron and the pain in his tail turns on heavily. And away he goes like a flash. No fish was after him. There were shrimp to be had there. But away he went anyway.

Dangerous place! And if he had not turned away, he would have really gotten himself a pain in the tail.

The mechanism is survival activity of a sort. In a fish it may serve a purpose.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, Chapter II The Reactive Mind, Book Two -The Single Source of All Inorganic Mental and Organic Psycho-Somatic ills.

 

Semon’s description of an Engramme (english engram)

Pages 11, 12 — The Mneme

But the immediate effect of stimulation on the irritable substance is only one half of the problem with which we are concerned, although it happens to be that which has mainly occupied the attention of investigators.

The other and distinctive half of the mnemic problem underlying the problems of memory, habit, and heredity, is the effect which remains in the stimulated substance after the excitement produced by the stimulation has apparently ceased. The capacity for such after-effect of stimulation constitutes what I have called the Mneme.

Its result, namely, the enduring though primarily latent modification in the irritable substance produced by a stimulus, I have called an Engram, and the effect of certain stimulations upon certain substances is referred to as their Engraphic effect.

Chapter II – The Mneme

When an organism has been temporarily stimulated and has passed, after the cessation of the stimulus, into the condition of “secondary indifference,” it can be shown that such organism—be it plant, protist, or animal —has been permanently affected.

This I call the engraphic action of a stimulus, because a permanent record has been written or engraved on the irritable substance.

I use the word engram to denote this permanent change wrought by a stimulus; the sum of such engrams in an organism may be called its “engram-store,” among which we must distinguish inherited from acquired engrams.

Part II, Chapter 4 – The Mneme

In the introductory part we discussed the genesis of engrams and the various phases of their existence. From an analysis of organic states we formulated the following –

definition:—An engram is the result of engraphic action, and implies an altered disposition of the irritable substance towards a recurrence of the state of excitement produced by the original stimulus.

The organic substance so affected by engraphic action shows itself specifically predisposed to the state of excitement induced by the original stimulus. On being subjected again to this stimulus, or to other influences, the basis of which is invariably the partial recurrence of a definite energetic condition, the original state of excitement is reproduced.

With this definition in mind, we have next to trace more precisely the relations of the various engrams generated and conserved in the same organism. In the nature of things, the organism can very rarely be affected and influenced by a single stimulus alone, as for instance, by a single light-ray of a definite wave length.

What we find is this: that a simultaneous excitation-complex as such is, after the lapse of the synchronous excitations, engraphically fixed in its totality. That which remains is a simultaneous engram-complex.

 

Hubbard’s definitions of engram

Quotes from Dianetics:The Original Thesis, and Dianetics The Modern Science of Mental Health – his first books.

Dianetics – The Original Thesis

By an engram is meant a moment of unconsciousness accompanied by physical pain and conceived antagonism.

– Chapter: ENGRAM CHAINS

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An engram has several specific, positive characteristics. It is received by the individual at some moment of physical pain.

– Chapter: THE CHARACTER OF ENGRAMS

green-page-divider 2014

No engram is valid unless accompanied by somatic pain.

– Chapter: ENGRAM CHAINS

green-page-divider 2014

 

Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health

The word engram, in dianetics is used in its severely accurate sense as a ‘definite and permanent trace left by a stimulus on the protoplasm of a tissue. It is considered as a unit group of stimuli impinged solely on the cellular being.

– 1976 reprint of Dianetics – Chapter II, Book II, p. 67.
.

They are simply moments of physical pain strong enough to throw part or all the analytical machinery out of circuit; they are antagonism to the survival of the organism or pretended sympathy to the organism’s survival. That is the entire definition.

…They steer a person like a keeper steers a tiger —

– Chapter II The Reactive Mind, Book Two -The Single Source of All Inorganic Mental and Organic Psycho-Somatic ills.

However, also in 1950 and in direct contrast to all these definitions, is something quite interesting.

Hubbard says engrams are entities

(Drujas/Body Thetans/Demons/Theta Beings)

The difference between an engram and a memory, however, is quite distinct. An engram can be permanently fused into any and all body circuits and behaves like an entity.

Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, Chapter II The Reactive Mind, Book Two -The Single Source of All Inorganic Mental and Organic Psycho-Somatic ills.

Just two years later –

He makes that even more clear.

HCL-21 ANATOMY OF THE THETA BODY
16 April 1952

I have found this a very fascinating line of research. You might realize that much of this research has been kept under a lid.

Now you know, in the old days I tried to keep people from examining this. I might as well confess now…

…… the remaining ones, let’s call these things idle entities, or some such word. These idle ones then, are very idle. They are actually theta beings which have run downhill to the point where they’re practically out the bottom. They couldn’t have a body if, it’s just, that’s where your; by the way, that’s where all these beings go eventually.

[Theta bodies] Any one of them forms the foundation of what we called earlier in Dianetics, demon circuitry.

…The demon circuitry sets as individual and obsessions in the theta body, and these theta bodies being low toned and in a somewhat hypnotic and neurotic, at least, state, will copy and mimic other human beings which they observe or feel in their environment. …they are just as willing to hurt a body as to help it.

…the bulk of them… are psychotic. The bulk of the theta bodies … are in this society, mad as hatters.

…Now the theta body of the genetic line could of course swell up and take entire command of the body, and so could any other theta line we have.

 

HCL-1 Scientology Milestone One 3 MAR 52

Now, you know that any one of you will shine up on that machine as having at least three personalities – any one of you. You’re aware of this; you’re definitely aware of it.

Each one is as separate and distinct as a whole human being.

Please also see A Comprehensive History of the OAHSPE, the section entitled: Scientology and Demons/Entities for much more about Hubbard and these “entities” and “demons” that are the real core of Dianetics and Scientology.

Continuing now with Semon/Hubbard comparisons.

 

Semon’s Chains of Engrams

p. 79 – The Mneme

The case finds a natural explanation in the idea… the manifestation of a chain of successively associated inherited engrams. The ecphory of each engram acts in its turn ecphorically on the next successively associated engram.

p. 44 Associated engrams and filed by time – The Mneme

The mere sight of the whip in the hand of its master will ecphorise in the dog the mnemic excitation of the definite sensation of pain, and produce the corresponding reaction, namely, curling of the tail, howls, and flight.

We describe such engrams, where the application of the engraphic stimulus of one serves as the ecphoric stimulus of the other, as associated engrams.

We may state it as a rule without exception that all simultaneously-produced engrams are associated even when the effective stimuli are of different kinds and have no relationship in respect of the cause of their appearance.

Two stimuli of very different kinds and without recognisable relationship once acted upon me simultaneously—the view of Capri from Naples, and a specific smell of boiling olive oil. Ever since, a similar smell of oil unfailingly acts ecphorically on the photogenic engram of Capri.

…Apart from this association of engrams created by the simultaneous action of their engraphic stimuli, which, in keeping with the terms already introduced, we may describe as association of simultaneously created engrams, a second and equally important association may be observed, which is also dependent on the time-relation of the action of the engraphic stimuli.

Not only the simultaneous engrams, but also those generated immediately after, are associated in such a manner that the application of the original stimulus of one may serve as an ecphoric stimulus to the others. In this case, too, an association is established, even when the respective engrams owe their genesis to widely differing kinds of stimulus, and where a causal nexus between these engraphic stimuli cannot be traced.

We may describe this latter condition as the association of successively created engrams.

We shall examine more closely in the second part of this work the derivation of the successive from the simultaneous association.

Part II, Chapter 4 – The Mneme

What we find is this: that a simultaneous excitation-complex as such is, after the lapse of the synchronous excitations, engraphically fixed in its totality. That which remains is a simultaneous engram-complex.

p. 103 – The Mneme

Within any simultaneous engram-complex, as well as within successively associated complexes, a more intimate association exists between engrams of like stimulus quality than between engrams of different stimulus quality.

Further, given the same stimulus quality, engrams of nearly related origin are more closely associated than those of more distant relationship.

Hubbard’s Chain definition

An engram chain is composed of a basic engram and a series of similar incidents.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: ENGRAM CHAIN

Semon’s “latent” engrams

p. 76 – The Mneme

For it is conveniently characteristic of each ecphory that a partial return of a definite energetic condition suffices to awaken the engram from its latent state.

p. 80 – Drop out of “re-stimulation” after cessation of stimuli – The Mneme

Like the individually acquired engrams, they are evoked from this state of latency by stimuli, on the cessation of which they sooner or later lapse into latency.

Part II, Chapter 4 – The Mneme

—An engram is the result of engraphic action, and implies an altered disposition of the irritable substance towards a recurrence of the state of excitement produced by the original stimulus.

The organic substance so affected by engraphic action shows itself specifically predisposed to the state of excitement induced by the original stimulus.

Hubbard’s “latent” engrams

It [engram] is also awaiting the perception of one or more of the engram’s restimulators in the environment of the organism.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: THE CHARACTER OF ENGRAMS

– – –

Engrams are of two types depending upon the duration of restimulation. There are “floaters” and “chronics.”

A floater has not been restimulated in the individual during the lifetime succeeding it.

…A floater has not accumulated locks since it has never been restimulated.

– Dianetics, The Original Thesis, Chapter: The Basic Individual

– – –

An engram might slumber for the better part of a lifetime and then, given the correct set
of restimulators in the right moment of physical weariness or illness, manifest itself…

– Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, ADVICE TO THE AUDITOR

Semon about “exhausting” the engram – it can’t be done.

p.89 – The Mneme

The second characteristic is that with each recurrence of the liberating influence there is a return of the corresponding state of excitement. Are there now any inherited dispositions in which this is not the case?

Personally, I am unaware of any dispositions of the organic irritable substance which, without the occurrence of other changes of state—for example, the entry into a totally different stage of development—have exhausted themselves by having been repeatedly roused into their corresponding states of excitement.

Hubbard on “exhausting” the engram – it can’t be done.

The charge contained in the engram is inexhaustible and remains reactive in full force whenever keyed into the circuit by restimulators.

– Dianetics, The Original Thesis, Chapter: The Basic Individual

In all laboratory tests on these engrams they were found to possess “inexhaustible”sources of power to command the body. No matter how many times one was reactivated in an individual, it was still powerful. Indeed, it became even more able to exert its power in proportion to its reactivation.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, Chapter II The Reactive Mind, Book Two -The Single Source of All Inorganic Mental and Organic Psycho-Somatic ills.

Side note – One wonders just what and where these “laboratory tests” were conducted, and under what conditions.

wiley-double yikes

Semon – too many attempts to “exhaust” the engram = enfeeblement

p.89 – The Mneme

But too frequent repetition and too long duration of the excitation may produce a state of fatigue, leading to the enfeeblement of the excitation and of the reactions caused by it.

If, however, sufficient time is given for the organism to recover, no exhaustion takes place, or, at any rate, not while it remains in a state of primitive energy; but on the contrary, an increase in the predisposition to react usually sets in.

So Dianetic “running” of engrams is actually increasing the predisposition to react?

wiley oh wow

Hubbard – too many attempts to “exhaust” (restimulate) the engram = derangement

The reactive mind is in action so long as it is activated by an exact or nearly exact approximation of its content. But given too continuous a restimulation, it can and does derange both the physio-animal mind and body below it and the analytical mind above it. It was created by deranging circumstances of a physical nature, hence it deranges.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: AN ANALOGY OF THE MIND

But yet – here is:

 

Hubbard on repeated stimulation to exhaust the engram

Which we just showed him saying “it can’t be done” and saying that to repeatedly restimulate the engram?

causes derangement – to both the body and the mind.

Hubbard is deliberately forcing engrams into restimulation!

Also, note the first line of the quote below. There’s another veiled reference to the engram is an entity (a person without their own body) as Hubbard revealed just two years later.

Here’s another one from the same book –

An engram is a perceptic entity which can be precisely defined. The aggregate of engrams compose the reactive mind.

– Dianetics, The Original Thesis, Chapter: The Basic Individual

Now, if there was another life force, another person, that runs the body, (which I think there is) then Hubbard is quite literally trying to drive it crazy! (and the body, as well)

Therefore, that engram before it is discovered will exhibit antagonism toward the auditor trying to discover it. When it is first discovered, it may be found to be lacking in its essential data. There are many techniques by which this data can be developed. In a prenatal engram the analytical mind apparently must redevelop the situation. Many returns through the incident are therefore necessary.

Continual application of energy to the basic [engram] will at length bring it into full view and continual recounting of it will gradually develop it…

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: EXHAUSTION OF ENGRAMS
.

“Ask often enough and you will receive,” is always true when working the engram bank. Simply by returning into an area enough times engrams will appear.

…What repeater technique will fail to do can be done by returning the patient, session after session, to a portion of his life. Sooner or later it will come into view.

– Dianetics, The Modern Science of Mental Health, Book III: CHAPTER IX, PART ONE Mechanisms and Aspects of Therapy, THE CASE ENTRANCE
.

…The engram is a powerful and vicious character only so long as it is untapped.

…The auditor’s work, when it taps engrams which cannot be lifted, may cause the patient to have headaches, various aches and pains and even mild physical illness, even when the work is carefully done. But life has been doing this to the patient on a much grander scale for years…

– Dianetics, The Modern Science of Mental Health, Book III: Chapter 1: The Mind’s Protection
.

Here is a case, for instance, which was so “sealed-in” that thirty hours of almost continual repeater technique were necessary to break the walls between the analytical mind and the engrams.

– Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, Chapter VI The Laws of Returning, Book Three: Therapy

As a reminder –

Remember what Hubbard said (and Semon too, for that matter).

In all laboratory tests on these engrams they were found to possess “inexhaustible”sources of power to command the body. No matter how many times one was reactivated in an individual, it was still powerful. Indeed, it became even more able to exert its power in proportion to its reactivation.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, Chapter II The Reactive Mind, Book Two -The Single Source of All Inorganic Mental and Organic Psycho-Somatic ills.

eww

That’s ugly.

and very evil.

Hubbard is therefore, with all his intentional restimulating and “developing” of the engram, obviously deliberately trying to make engrams –

1. Come into reactivation that were NOT in activation, and more importantly, by “running” any engram?

2. He is making them even more able to exert their power.

Holy Hell, Batman!

Batmanbruce-Wayne-3Bruce Wayne character – Batman Begins

In a sense, Hubbard is literally destroying any possible workability there even might have been in the fields of psychoanalysis and abreaction – comparable to biological psychiatry techniques – and he is making this “entity” (remember he called it that) have engrams in restimulation needlessly.

Engrams that do NOT exhaust or go away, contrary to Hubbard’s spiel.

They get stronger.

 

Boy, he really fucked up revealing that one, but then again, I doubt he was expecting anyone to ever come along and do what I’m doing here.

Sa la vie, right?

Yeah. That's it - Joker from Batman

An even worse possibility also presents itself, in that if continually repeated or stimulated within one individuals lifetime, Semon hypothesizes that this can bring the engram “above the threshold” and lock it into the DNA, passing along to further generations.

Hubbard called these “chronics”:

…A chronic is an engram which has been more or less continuously restimulated so that it has become an apparent portion of the individual.

– Dianetics, The Original Thesis, Chapter: The Basic Individual

 

Here’s Semon –

Note: where he refers to “germ cells” I think he may be referring to what Hubbard called protoplasm, and more modernly is called DNA.

P. 137 – The Mneme

…a single excitation may suffice to produce a strong engram in those protomers which, so to speak, lie in the respective foci of these condensers.

[he’s saying that the actual engrams are stored at a “higher” more distant level of cell activity]

The irritable substance of the germ-cells is situated altogether away from these foci.

The nervous excitations [engrams] reach the germ-cells by many roundabout ways, and generally very greatly enfeebled.

[I think that he’s saying the DNA doesn’t respond or “change” to just random engrams – they must be many of the same kind, and over time, and important to survival – which is smart, if you ask me]

Frequent repetition in the individual life and through successive generations raises these originally subliminal engraphic effects above the threshold, that is, they become hereditary engrams capable of manifestation.

Well, that’s interesting.

vincent-price- nervous

So, as Semon also discussed elsewhere in his book, the act of stimulating an engram is itself a new engram, so one wonders…just what all this “breaking the walls” down of the engram is really about by Hubbard and the Biological psychiatrists. (You’ll see why I position him with them a little later on here.)

Hubbard and breaking down the walls –

Here is a case, for instance, which was so “sealed-in” that thirty hours of almost continual repeater technique were necessary to break the walls between the analytical mind and the engrams.

Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, Chapter VI The Laws of Returning, Book Three: Therapy

Let’s compare Semon and Hubbard now, further, on this subject of “hereditary engrams”

 

Semon on hereditary engrams

 

p.84 – The Mneme

In a limited but fairly imposing number of cases we are able to influence inherited dispositions so effectively that the newly added engram not only remains in force during the individual life of the organism, but is transmitted to the offspring. Attention is directed to those cited on pages 57-64.

… From our prescribed human point of view the hereditary engraphic variability might almost be described as capricious.

Note: he’s obviously trying to look at the idea there, that there is a decision point inherent in man that is different than that of animals. Hence the view of capriciousness.

p. 144 – The Mneme

Our investigations into the localisation within the organism of the hereditarily-transmitted and the individually-acquired engrams may be summed up as follows:

The data of regeneration and of experimental embryology teach us that each cell, or rather each mnemic protomer of a developing as well as of a fully developed organism, is in possession of all those engrams which the organism as a whole inherited from its ancestors.

Of course, it does not follow that every mnemic protomer is able at all times to allow of the ecphory of these engrams, that is, to reproduce always the corresponding state of excitement, for this may require the presence of a quite definite energetic condition.

Note:

Semon clearly illustrated in his “fish story” – as I called it – that sometimes it only takes one occurrence of bad things happening to the fish, before the fish “mind” locks the engram in, so to speak, because it helps keep them alive. This would be a good example of intelligence that would definitely be passed on down the line, because it’s dang useful!

Fishing_Cartoon_02tra

Hubbard on hereditary engrams

… It can be said that insanity runs in families, not because this is a eugenic truth but because a standard patter during emergencies or stress creates certain types of engrams which in turn create types of insanities. Insanities are so definitely contagious that when a child is raised by aberrated parents, the child becomes aberrated.

The engram itself, as has been covered, follows a cycle of action. The body is predisposed to the conduct and conditions contained in the engram when that engram is first received. …Engrams and inherited disabilities and accidents and germs are the four ways an organism can be reduced physically from the optimum. Many conditions which have been called “inherited disabilities” are actually engramic.

[Important note – those are the same thing, however! There are such things as inherited engrams, which Hubbard knows that, he’s just trying to not look like that’s exactly what he means.

Particularly obvious when you know that, in just a year or two – he will get into past-life engrams.

There can be no explanation for at least some of those, being inherited engrams which he then began “activating”. NO clue what the hell he was really doing there, or what damage he was causing. If you ask me – he’s not much different than Ewen Cameron and William Sargant in the “stupid and crazy” ideas department, when it comes right down to it.]

Engrams predispose people to accidents.

Engrams predispose and perpetuate bacterial infections.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, CHAPTER V Psycho-somatic Illness

You can see that he wishes to classify these inherited knowledge engrams as the cause for everything he doesn’t like, and for everything that he can’t predict about people – typical Slavemaster obsession.

On that note, this next one exists in contrariness to Hubbard’s usual claims that the “reactive mind” is an idiot, evil, and completely useless – at least he bothered to imply that it won’t lock in engrams unless they are “pro-survival”. Although he does go onto imply that this is a “bad” thing.

However, if you strip out the hubbabble of blaming this mind for everything he doesn’t like, and view the idea in and of itself?

This would actually be a quite intelligent choice. Highly susceptible and individual in its adjudication, of course, by the life force that controls the body. Really, if it chose to lock one in, it would be because it decided that it was important to continue the message, and that it was important that it be available as knowledge.

Not necessarily a bad thing at all – that.

There is, however, a peculiarity in psycho-somatic illnesses which is chronic: the aberree’s reactive mind exercises a power of choice to the extent that only pro-survival engrams become chronic. It could be said, on a reactive level, that the aberree will not permit himself to suffer illness from his engrams unless that illness has a “survival” value.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, CHAPTER V Psycho-somatic Illness

See that?

exercises a power of choice

Now, there’s the real complaint. Slavemasters don’t like slaves who do things that aren’t “written on” the tabula rasa (blank slate) of their mind by and for the slavemasters.

How dare you be unpredictable!

opinionsayeth the Slavemaster

…Engrams are of two types depending upon the duration of restimulation. There are “floaters” and “chronics.”

A floater has not been restimulated in the individual during the lifetime succeeding it.

A chronic is an engram which has been more or less continuously restimulated so that it has become an apparent portion of the individual.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: EXHAUSTION OF ENGRAMS, and Chapter: The Basic Individual

So again –

 

Here we have Hubbard – through his intentional restimulation of “floater” engrams (using auditing) – who could be considered to be:

Locking in Engrams permanently.

 

That’s just fricking wonderful.

Puts his “breaking down the walls” statement in an entirely different light – a blazingly strong one.

He’s drawing people deeper into the hole – not leading them out of it.

light drawing you deeper into the tunnel -

The devil is in the details, right?

Continuing –

Semon on certain things in engram are more important

Based on what was being focused on at the time –

focus

Which, in my opinion, is at least a more accurate (and intelligent) representation.

p. 103 – The Mneme

… In certain circumstances, close associations between engrams may be created which the relative position in the simultaneous complex would not lead us to expect. But this follows only from the specific strength of engraphic action exercised on the respective engrams at their genesis, to the exclusion of their fellow components.

Strength of stimuli, frequency of the simultaneous stimulation, the focussing of attention effect the close association of entirely heterogeneous engrams. So a smell of oil becomes more closely connected with the visual image of Capri than with other components of the same simultaneous complex.

as opposed to –

Hubbard

The utter irrationality of an engram, the ultimate in irrationality, that everything equals everything else in the engram and that these are equal to things in the exterior environment which are only vaguely similar is a feat of idiocy which any sentient man might be expected to overlook as a “thought process.”

– Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health,ADVICE TO THE AUDITOR

– – –

[the reactive mind] it can be stated, in operation, to have just one equation: A = A = A = A = A.

Start any computation with the reactive mind. Start it with the data it contains, of course. Any datum is just the same to it as any other datum in the same experience.

…A reactive mind computation about his engram, as an engram, would be: the pain of the kick equals the pain of the blow equals the overturning chair equals the passing car equals the faucet equals the fact that she is a faker equals the fact that she is no good equals the fact that she changes her mind equals the voice tones of the man equals the emotion equals a faker equals a faucet running equals the pain of the kick equals organic sensation in the area of the kick equals the overturning chair equals changing one’s mind equals…. But why continue? Every single perception in this engram equals every other perception in this engram. What? That’s crazy? Precisely!

– Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health

Methinks Hubbard is crazy.

vincent price  - im starting to get a little concerned here

Talk about a total 180 – wow. Do you see how there is this new element of the “bad and stupid” mind? Yea. That’s gonna be the theme here with Hubbard and the biological psychiatrists – they are who pushes it.

Blame – Blame – Blame

Everywhere they BLAME!

blame - talking heads

Except at their own selves, of course.

look at yourself - break the mirror

Semon on restimulating the latent engram – “ecphory”

 

p. 103 – The Mneme

By the ecphory of an engram we understand the passage of an engram from a latent to a manifest state, or as we might say, the rousing into action of a disposition created by the original excitation and characterised as a permanent but usually latent change in the organism.

The excitation resulting from the ecphory of an engram we term “Mnemic excitation,” and we have no reason to assume that in its nature it differs essentially from its predecessor, the original excitation. The differences lie in the originating conditions.

Part II, Chapter 4 – The Mneme

In the introductory part we discussed the genesis of engrams and the various phases of their existence. From an analysis of organic states we formulated the following

definition:—An engram is the result of engraphic action, and implies an altered disposition of the irritable substance towards a recurrence of the state of excitement produced by the original stimulus.
The organic substance so affected by engraphic action shows itself specifically predisposed to the state of excitement induced by the original stimulus. On being subjected again to this stimulus, or to other influences, the basis of which is invariably the partial recurrence of a definite energetic condition, the original state of excitement is reproduced.

With this definition in mind, we have next to trace more precisely the relations of the various engrams generated and conserved in the same organism. In the nature of things, the organism can very rarely be affected and influenced by a single stimulus alone, as for instance, by a single light-ray of a definite wave length.

What we find is this: that a simultaneous excitation-complex as such is, after the lapse of the synchronous excitations, engraphically fixed in its totality. That which remains is a simultaneous engram-complex.

p. 44 – The Mneme

Two stimuli of very different kinds and without recognisable relationship once acted upon me simultaneously—the view of Capri from Naples, and a specific smell of boiling olive oil. Ever since, a similar smell of oil unfailingly acts ecphorically on the photogenic engram of Capri.

Hubbard on restimulating the latent engram

Restimulators are those approximations in the environment of an individual of the content of an engram. Restimulators can exist in any of the various senses.

…The body is to some degree reliving the experience of the engram whenever the experience is restimulated.

– Dianetics, The Original Thesis, Chapter: The Basic Individual

“Ask often enough and you will receive,” is always true when working the engram bank. Simply by returning into an area enough times engrams will appear.

…What repeater technique will fail to do can be done by returning the patient, session after session, to a portion of his life. Sooner or later it will come into view.

– Dianetics, The Modern Science of Mental Health, Book III: CHAPTER IX, PART ONE Mechanisms and Aspects of Therapy, THE CASE ENTRANCE

…if the individual with an engram receives something in his environment similar to the perceptions in the engram — the engram puts everything it contains — its percepts such as faucets and words — into greater or lesser operation.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, CHAPTER III: The Cell and the Organism

Something like – Hubbard repeating phrases that are in the engram?

maybe_-_vincent

 

The engram itself, as has been covered, follows a cycle of action. The body is predisposed to the conduct and conditions contained in the engram when that engram is first received.

Then a conscious-level experience keys-in the engram and other experience or the content of the engram itself may make it chronic. This is predisposition, precipitation and perpetuation in the mental plane.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, CHAPTER V Psycho-somatic Illness

A “a conscious-level experience” like… some clod repeating phrases they think are in the engram?

how_dare_you_question_me_-_vincent

Artificial restimulation using “auditing” – Hubbard’s excuses and double-talk

 

Excuse #1 – a whopper of bad logic. The Darwin Awards come to mind.

In the U.S. infantry manual there is a line about decision: “Any plan, no matter how
poorly conceived, if boldly executed is better than inaction.”

Excuse #2

It is better to contact an engram than to leave an engram uncontacted even if the result is physical discomfort for the patient — for that engram will not thereafter possess as much power and the discomfort will gradually abate.

Double-talk #1 – “an ability of the brain

This is scientific fact. The mechanism dianetics uses is an ability of the brain which Man as a whole did not know he had. It is a process of thought which everyone possesses inherently and which was evidently meant to be used in the overall process of thinking but which, by some strange oversight, Man has never before discovered.

My note: It’s a secret BRAIN mechanism.

Quick! Throw that switch!

quick turn out the lights - vincent

Double-talk #2 – “restimulation locks in an engram <—> restimulation weakens/breaks loose an engram” – Which is it, Hubbard?

Further, when one approaches an engram with this faculty (which, when intensified, is
the reverie) some of that engram’s sub-level connections are broken and the aberrative factors no longer have as much force either in the physical or mental spheres.

Excuse #3

…The engram is a powerful and vicious character only so long as it is untapped.

Excuse #4 and Doubletalk #3 – He’s bringing in engrams on the guy while saying its a good thing.

…The auditor’s work, when it taps engrams which cannot be lifted, may cause the patient to have headaches, various aches and pains and even mild physical illness, even when the work is carefully done. But life has been doing this to the patient on a much grander scale for years…

– all the quotes above are from Dianetics, The Modern Science of Mental Health, Book III: Chapter 1: The Mind’s Protection

think

life has been doing this…” is Hubbard attempting to deflect away from and excuse the fact that what all this “returning” is really doing is –

Deranging both “souls” and the body.

The reactive mind is in action so long as it is activated by an exact or nearly exact approximation of its content. But given too continuous a restimulation, it can and does derange both the physio-animal mind and body below it and the analytical mind above it. It was created by deranging circumstances of a physical nature, hence it deranges.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: AN ANALOGY OF THE MIND

So, since electroshock, insulin shock, and psychiatric drugs (that he professes to hate so much) are after doing the exact same thing – deranging the brain as a “cure” – Hubbard’s real role in things comes into clearer focus.

He’s Psychiatry-Lite.

 

But he’s still psychiatry – make no mistake.

dianetics - biological psychiatry lite

One other thing, before I come back around on the first publication by the Society of Biological Psychiatry, and that is this.

Chapter VII – The Mneme

– Engram dichotomy

Generally, the difficulty follows on the inability of the organism to carry out simultaneously the reactions of both lines of excitations. In that case the alternating dichotomy becomes permanent.

Before Hubbard transitioned into the “new” Operating Thetan levels (the highest auditing levels in Scientology) – he was quite obsessed with what he called GPMs.

GPM stands for Goals-Problem-Mass.

What does that mean?

Opposing urges (or as Semon says, “reactions”) that then become a problem, which “builds up mass” because of the conflicting urges.

Hubbard actually incorporates a number of these supposedly aberrative urge <—> counter urge dichotomies into his Operating Thetan (OT for short) Level II.

He even incorporates exactly Semon’s idea that the two permanently alternate.

So, there’s that too, that Hubbard took from Semon.

Of course, by the time Hubbard created that OT Level, he was then blaming everything on entities. But, as I already documented above, you can see that he was intending to go in that direction right from the beginning.

For those who have read my article on the history of the Oahspe, remember how just two years after the OAHSPE was published, The American Society for Psychical Research (ASPR) was originally formed in Boston, Mass. in 1884? And that by 1899 it had to go back under the original British one?

OK, but next, remember how five years later, in 1904, (November 10) James Hyslop (who headed the ASPR) forms the American Institute for Scientific Research, and through the Abnormal Psychology branch of his Institute, he had done an in-depth study of schizo-phrenics?

He came to the conclusion that schizophrenia (or unsolved “craziness”) was an infestation of spirits, or spirit possession.

demon possession

And right with the OAHSPE too – it has a point talking about the drujas driving the mortal mad.

demon_possession

Excerpts from Book of Lika, son of Jehovih, Chapter XXI:

(7) On some occasion the drujas rule over their mortal, and his neighbors call him mad, and they send him to a mad-house, which is to them a city of delight. When mortals engage in war, slaying one another, the drujas have great merriment, taking part, by inspiring the mortals into the conflict.

See where they were going with that? And more importantly…where Scientology was going right along-side.

You can reduce psychosis to this definition: Psychosis is the condition of an entity or “idle spirit,” you might say, moving in to control, but being stuck on the track.

But there is your basis on psychosis, and also on neurosis…

– Anatomy Of The Theta Body an L. Ron Hubbard lecture 16 April 1952

YOUR craziness is caused by an infestation of body thetans – get it?

Drujas just mess people up –

Excerpts from Book of Lika, son of Jehovih, Chapter XXI:

But if the drujas have greater power than the mortal, then they pull him down in darkness, making of him a man to lust after the affairs of earth. Sometimes they help man to riches and great power; and if he have sons and daughters who are brought up in idleness and ease and luxury, then the drujas fasten upon them, leading them in their own way, of lust and debauchery, or hard-heartedness.

…The man of riches, and kings, and generals, and fighting men, and harlots, and soldiers, are great treasures to them. The pleader (lawyer) is a favorite to them, for his vocation bringeth them in the midst of contention and craft and lying; he is to them a fortunate habitation.

Hubbard would continue this plagiarism of OAHSPE and British Society of Psychical Research ideas for many years, even incorporating them into his highest OT levels.

Here’s an example that goes with the above OAHSPE excerpt –

character of body thetansScientology materials from the OT III course express this as that body thetans just “hold one back” in a 1968 issue called Character of Body Thetans.

Excerpted –

character_of_body_thetans

Clearly the same attitude towards these hypothetical causes of all man’s ills – the drujas/thetans.

I really think that Hubbard was literally a hide-in-plain-view clearing house of ideas that the Slavemasters simply wanted to try. A sort of “theory” pool.

ALL of which are still going for the same goal as biological psychiatry.

Control of man’s behavior.

and equally important to the Slavemasters?

Quarantine

of those who they feel are “dangerous”.

Think about it. What better place than a closed and insular “cult”? Cut-off, closed to outside ideas, punished for questioning “authority”, every aspect of their personal and professional life highly regimented.

Sounds like quarantined to me!

You’re a dedicated Scientologist?

You just quarantined yourself for them!

quarantine deadly force

Even better, from their perspective, think about what happens to most scientologists who have lived under such an environment for years – after they leave the “quarantine” zone.

What are the predominant attitudes now in place towards the world – as run by the Slavemasters?

  • It’s really “free” out here!
  • Medicine really works.
  • Psychiatry and psychology aren’t so bad.
  • Christianity isn’t so bad – at least they’re nicer.

Now, what views have gone missing as a result? Or as William Sargent put it “dropped out of sight” –

hmm3

Ah. There you go. NOW you’re getting it.

The now ex quarantined-in-a-cult member has changed his views of “society” – and is now a willing participant in society as it is.

I wonder…(sarcastically speaking) just who does that benefit.

As Dr. Ewen Cameron once said: one of the characteristics of the “weak” is that they are unwilling to accept the world as it is, and should be forcefully re-educated, removed from society, and their ideas along those lines destroyed.

And there they all are, the now EX whatever, exactly in the position the “strong” (the slavemasters) wanted them to be in.

Their “slates” have been wiped clean, and rewritten upon with “better” views of the world.

But what about those still in the cults – you ask – how does that benefit the slavemasters to have robotic Scientologists and Mormons running around “saving” the world?

Come on now, think about it. What do we see the rest of the world pressed to view such behavior as?

Look at the Lepers!

the crazies

the loons

the moon-bats

and the happily provided conclusion?

THIS is what happens when people organize to “save the world”.

Other than doing it OUR way – the Slavemaster way.

 

See? Works for them both ways – the “graduated” quarantined cult member happily re-entering slavemaster “society”, or the die-hard (and quarantined) cult member endlessly defending the world against aliens and devils –

As long as they never come after us.

– sayeth the Slavemaster.

 

That’s all they care about.

 

A prisoner in your own mind works just as well as a prisoner locked up physically in a cell. Either way you are “out of commission”.

In the next section, we’re going to come back around now and see what the Society boys did with Semon’s work, as well as the introduction of some ideas Semon never put there, and how Hubbard especially followed those.

 

page_divider_2

Chapter 3

Hubbard (Dianetics)

and

the Society of Biological Psychiatry (Engrammes)

Comparisons

 

Besides the many obvious plagiarisms from Semon’s work by Hubbard, there is one element that really stands out as having been added by both Hubbard and the Society of Biological Psychiatry.

And that is…the unknown engram.

Lurking about in man’s sub-conscious, ready to pounce on the sane man at any moment, Hubbard calls it: the shadow mind.

This is the change that the biological psychiatry boys (I include L. Ron Hubbard in that statement) added into Semon’s work – Semon never said any such thing. He wouldn’t! He’s halfway sane.

Look how it’s done – Hubbard (like the biological psychiatry guys) adds a mind.

… Lying between the analytical mind and the physio-animal mind may be conceived the reactive mind.

… It can be called a shadow mind, instantaneously reactive when any of its content is perceived in the environment of the individual, at which time it urgently bypasses the analytical mind and causes immediate reaction in the physio-animal mind and in the body.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: AN ANALOGY OF THE MIND

Ooh!

It’s a shadow mind.

“Who knows what evil lurks within the hearts of men?”

“The Shadow knows…”

 

Are you scared yet?

Hubbard is such a drama queen.

come on!

These people are so scared of other people, it’s really interesting to watch it in action.

I mean, look at this from Hubbard, for example:

People can be regarded as rational or irrational only insofar as they react in their customary environment. But any person in possession of a reactive mind is an unknown quantity until that reactive mind has been examined.

– Dianetics, The Original Thesis, Chapter: Aberrations

See? Only the shadow knows…what evil lurks within the hearts and minds of men – aka the “reactive mind”.

Such scared men, it’s almost sad. Almost.

Ok, now there’s one other point from Semon’s book that I think is important to distinguish from Hubbard’s attempt to copy (but twist) what he said.

p. 102, The Mneme

The single simultaneous excitation-complexes [engram complexes] are related to each other in a temporal succession marked by specific characteristics due to their varied mode of origin.

The succession is continuous; that is, one complex merges into the next. A break, in the sense of successive complexes separated by a section devoid of excitations, never occurs, not even in sleep or in those periods of rest when there is a discontinuity of consciousness.

OK, now see how he says there is no break in these recordings? Ever? Do you see him say that there is a “separate” mind that covers the unconscious periods, or that those somehow go somewhere else, or even…that there is no knowledge of them?

No.

See that’s the twist the biological psychiatry boys entered into things.

Watch Hubbard twist it all to hell and gone, but copying what they did in Engrammes of Psychiatry.

The source of aberration has been found to be a hitherto unsuspected sub-mind which, complete with its own recordings, underlies what man understands to be his “conscious” mind.

[twist of “doesn’t think” added]

…In dianetics this sub-mind is called the reactive mind. A holdover from an earlier step in Man’s evolution, the reactive mind possesses vigor and command power on a cellular level. It does not “remember”; it records and uses the recordings only to produce action. It does not “think”; it selects recordings and impinges them upon the “conscious” mind and the body without the knowledge or consent of the individual. The only information the individual has of such action is his occasional
perception that he is not acting rationally about one thing or another and cannot understand
why. There is no Censor.

[twist of “pain” added]

The reactive mind operates exclusively on physical pain and painful emotion. It is not capable of differentiative thought but acts on the stimulus-response basis.

[twist of “unconscious” added]

This is the principle on which the animal mind functions. It does not receive its recordings as memory or experience but only as forces to be reactivated. It receives its recordings as cellular engrams
when the “conscious” mind is “unconscious.”

– Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, SYNOPSIS

Besides being a really good example of completely lifting Semon’s work, and then shoving it all under Hubbard’s imaginary “shadow mind” – it’s also a stand-out passage of stupid-think on the part of the biological psychiatry boys, filled with insults and hatred of the knowledge that your body, the life that runs it, has.

Otherwise known as –

BLAME

 

Ah, but Hubbard also copies Semon on that these recordings are not separated, and are continuous.

… never ceases to record the successive instances of now which in their composite make up a time track* connecting memory in an orderly chain.

*See Origin of the term Time Track – he stole that too.

 

… In the physio-animal section of the brain, a complete time track and a complete memory record of all perceptions for all moments of the organism’s existence is available.

 

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: AN ANALOGY OF THE MIND

But yet, he just tried to segregate out those “unconscious” recordings” as being “hidden”. No they’re not.

slap-forehead

Talk about what looks to be a bad cut-and-paste job, I swear, the Dianetics book reminds of of Helena Blavatsky’s god-awful similar tome called Isis Unveiled. Filled with contradiction upon contradiction.

But, that’s the same case with the biological psychiatry boys. “Oh, electroshock therapy is safe” in regular press – as opposed to their own papers – “Significant impairment of cognitive function.”

So, let’s see just how far Hubbard was “up” the backside of the biological psychiatry nutcases.

We’ll start with an obvious parallel by Hubbard, of The Engrammes of Psychiatry.

The purpose of Dianetics is to delete from the existing mind those physically painful experiences which have resulted in the aberration of the analytical mind, to resolve the physical manifestations of mental aberration, and to restore in its entirety the proper working function of a brain not otherwise physically deranged.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: AN ANALOGY OF THE MIND

– – –

…The auditor is attempting to delete the reactive mind from the individual.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: THE CHARACTER OF ENGRAMS

– – –

… When an engram chain has been brought to tone four, it can be considered to have vanished. The preclear can no longer find it on the time track (he may even be unable to recall some of its most painful and disheartening aspects). The mind apparently has been proofed against the data it has contained.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: ENGRAM CHAINS

Well. Doesn’t get any more exactly the same than that, does it.

delete” that mind?

“unable to recall…”

As in – the same desired results of electroshock therapy?

Amentia – Myerson
Extinguished personality – Lowenbach
Annihilation – Cerletti

…have forgotten their false perceptions and beliefs.

– Abraham Myerson, “Borderline Cases Treated by Electric Shock,” American Journal of Psychiatry 100 (November 1, 1943):353–357.

Also – Restore the proper working function of a brain? Did everyone miss that who read the Dianetics book?

slap-forehead

That’s all psychiatry people, biological psychiatry.

The Engrammes of Psychiatry

The Preface of the book – the very first line:

“Psychiatry is the science of the abnormal mind.”

 

Hubbard:

“The purpose of Dianetics…to resolve the physical manifestations of mental aberration.”

The Engrammes of Psychiatry

(page 40)

[engrammes/instincts] …are the source of all purpose and desire; hence they are the foundation of behavior. Intellect may modify and inhibit instinctive drives but rarely does it set aside the force of an instinct.

The Will p. 47 –

It is also known that one’s instincts are inherited behavior patterns which exist as engrammes…

…These engrammes are so fundamental in determining one’s instinctive drives that, in spite of all education, and in spite of all the judgment a man may develop, he nevertheless cannot set aside the fundamental channels of his activity.

Hubbard –

The single source of inorganic mental illness and organic psycho-somatic illness is the reactive engram bank. The reactive mind impinges these engrams upon the analytical mind and the organism whenever they are restimulated after being keyed-in.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, Chapter IX, Book Two -The Single Source of All Inorganic Mental and Organic Psycho-Somatic ills.

The Engrammes of Psychiatry

The “hidden” engramme –

…the ability to find them depends largely upon the skill of the person doing the searching. Just as the ‘silent areas’ of the brain are silent only to those who do not understand their language, so are the psychoneurotic mental mechanisms hidden from the person unaware of their influence on cerebral physiology.

Hubbard –

The hidden source of all inorganic mental disturbance and psycho-somatic illness was one of the discoveries of dianetics.

[Ha! You can see that is a lie now.]

This source had been unknown and unsuspected, though vigorously sought, for thousands of years.

– Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, Synopses

– – –

… The analytical mind, though working from the command of the engram itself, is unaware of the source of the command.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: THE CHARACTER OF ENGRAMS

– – –

A true engram is unknown to the conscious computer of the preclear but underlies it as a false datum.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: ENGRAM CHAINS

Unless you know the “special” sekrit language like both Hubbard and the biological psychiatry boys said.

Wry_Cig

The Engrammes of Psychiatry

The source of insanity –

…we believe that the basic pathology [of schizophrenia] is an engrammatic diencephalic disorganization.

– You can view the Engrammes of Psychiatryat Hathitrust.

 

Put more simply, they just said:

Engrammes are the cause of schizophrenia

– the catch-all term for –

Insanity.

 

Hubbard – Take 1

The single source of inorganic mental illness… is the reactive engram bank.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, Chapter IX, Book Two -The Single Source of All Inorganic Mental and Organic Psycho-Somatic ills.

– – –

Every engram contains and enforces the command on the analytical mind that it has been dispersed and is not operating. This is common to every engram. This is reduction of the intellect by engrams totally aside from specific engramic content. It explains at once insanity and also the remarkable mental facility of a cleared or released individual.

– Dianetics – The Original Thesis, Chapter: The Basic Individual

Hubbared – Take 2 (2 years later)

You can reduce psychosis to this definition: Psychosis is the condition of an entity or “idle spirit,” you might say, moving in to control, but being stuck on the track.

But there is your basis on psychosis, and also on neurosis…

– Anatomy Of The Theta Body an L. Ron Hubbard lecture 16 April 1952

 

The Engrammes of Psychiatry

The Will p. 47 –

…Motivation is in fact, largely unconscious. One commonly gives a whole series of “good reasons” for one’s behavior but rarely gives the real reason simply because one does not know or does not acknowledge to oneself what the real reason is.

Hubbard –

Note: The fish story counters the following – BOTH versions, Hubbard and Semon’s.

There is just one common denominator of all engrams, just one thing which every engram has and which is possessed by every other engram. … There is a shut-down datum in every engram. Therefore, every time an engram is restimulated…some analytical power turns off…

…This always happens: when an engram is received, the analyzer is shut down by the physical pain and emotion; when the engram is restimulated the analyzer shuts down as part of the commands of the engram.

– Dianetics – The Modern Science of Mental Health, CHAPTER III: The Cell and the Organism

The thing that defeats both Hubbard and the biological psychiatry boys, is this one little line.

The Engrammes of Psychiatry

The Will p. 47 –

The crystallization of this conclusion to act in a certain way is his will.

Nothing else really matters, because in the end?

Nothing makes that “crystallization” happen, or go into action, but you.

On that note – I think this is a good point to end this little journey.

Moral of the story?

YOU are…

your own doorway

 

doorway kornela conrads

To whatever you want – as it has always been.

into_the_coming_storm_boswell plus edits

And always will.

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