Training: How to Run Intelligence Operations – License to Kill

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Overview

This CIA declassified document was recovered from the internet archive. It was declassified in 2004. This document is from Major Garland H. Williams, infantry, (OSS Deputy Chief of Special Operations – Ref National Park Service publication) routed as Training Section, Intelligence. This is part of the materials he brought home with him from his meeting in 1942 with the British head of Intelligence – the SOE (Special Operations Executive). See later section further discussing Garland’s history.

Here are some important excerpts from the document itself:

Relatively accurate facts can be secured as to the activities of the civil government, and the parties or political groups exercising power at the moment, and these reports should be in considerable detail. The more difficult task of securing accurate information as to minority political groups and subversive political organizations constitutes a very real challenge to the Director. He must develop contacts within such groups, or place loyal agents in such groups as members. Such opposition forces should be assisted in every possible way in their aim to interfere with the functioning of the government in power. Financial support should be offered and, if accepted, should be given in such a way that that future actions of the group can be controlled. This can best be accomplished by requiring that one of our agents be given a high position in the organization and that he exercise control over the finances. …

Efforts should be made to foment social unrest in the hostile nation by agitating the current social problems and pitting one class against the other. A sub-Director who is thoroughly acquainted with the history of the hostile nation and its peoples should be assigned to study this problem and direct a planned campaign. …

In studying his territory the Director will know the key points in the enemy installations but generally such points will be carefully protected and sabotage of such point must be the act of “desperate” men who have been especially selected and especially trained. …

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Propaganda should be divided into two categories, one being the Propaganda Reconnaissance Agent and the other the Propaganda Distributing Agent. …

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The country should be divided into geographical areas and an Area Leader placed in charge of the activities in such areas. This Area Leader should be responsible only to the Director. Each Area Leader should be given no information additional to that which is necessary to carry on the work in his own area and he would not be acquainted with the personnel or activities of the other areas in the country. Conferences or meetings at which the various heads of areas, districts, zones or groups are assembled should never be held. Coordination must be secured through the control exercised by the next higher leader and not by a dangerous assemblage of subordinates. Within each area districts should be created and a District Leader made responsible to the Area Leader. These District Leaders should not be known to each other and as a general rule it should be unnecessary for such District Leaders to be known to the Director of the country. With the proper election of subordinates it should never be necessary for a superior to know anyone other than his immediate subordinate leaders, and those individuals are held responsible for results only and not required to subject their subordinates to contact with higher or adjacent echelons. Within each district zones should be organized and Zone Leaders appointed. These Zone Leaders will be particularly charged with the duty of organizing passive resistance and simple sabotage in their zones. They will also be specifically charged with the duty of acquiring detailed information on all phases of intelligence activities and submitting routine periodic reports on all of the various classes of intelligence referred to above in this memorandum. In the final analysis it is quite likely that the most important results achieved by an intelligence organization will come as a direct result of the routine operations of these Zone Leaders and the participating individuals in their organizations. These Zone Leaders must be carefully selected from among residents of the zone involved. They must have an intimate knowledge of the people in the zone, the industrial organizations in the vicinity and, in general, must KNOW their zone. Care should be taken that a zone is not too large for a single individual to exercise a close personal control of every activity therein.

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A zone might consist of only a single division of a large plant, a small factory, a single large apartment house, two or three residential blocks of houses, a small village or a sparely populated country or township.

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… In addition to the geographical organization of the country, intelligence work must be organized along functional lines. The Director of the country should have on his staff Sub-Directors who are specialists in various lines of activity. …

[Spying on the Spies]

The Director of the country should have a personal staff composed of special types of agents who will act as his personal “spies” on both of the above mentioned divisions of the organization. This should not be merely a few individuals sent out occasionally by the Director, but must be a definite organization within itself and must be designed to accomplish the mission of policing the organization. It should be highly secret from everyone in the two main operating divisions and should operate in the most ruthless manner. …

The mobile Agents are utilized by the Leader to travel throughout the geographical subdivisions and may be charged with various types of duties and the accomplishment of various missions. These mobile Agents should have a cover that permits their movement throughout the geographical subdivision. The fixed Agent may be charged with such duties as constantly observing an installation, or activity and rendering periodic reports thereon, as, for instance, the following types of work: working or residing near a railroad and reporting on the number of troops and supply trains passing, their direction of movement, the identification of the passing units and descriptions of the equipment; working or residing near highway junctions an submitting reports of a similar type; working in a factory and reporting output; working in a hotel and reporting on activities of hostile travelers.

[A “dead drop”]

A fixed Agent may also be a small merchant or shopkeeper or a householder who will serve as a letter-box or as an addressee for mail communications.

Orders to employeees must always be verbal, definite and understandable. It is best to repeat orders, and to have the employee repeat the order, until it is positive that it is clearly understood.

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Orders should never be given in writing. …

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The disposition to be made of an employee who proves to be unsatisfactory or disloyal should be a part of the Director’s plan.

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If the employee proves to be disloyal and is in possession of dangerous information, he should probably be killed. …

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Informers should be made available to known hostile agents and false or misleading information furnished.

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It is what the handler (or “spymaster) thinks that is what makes an agent an agent –

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These informers may be either unwitting individuals or agents engaged [in a] deliberately planned campaign.

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The activities of known enemy organizations or agents might be embarrassed by rendering anonymous reports to police authorities and thus subjecting them to embarrassing inquiries.

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When possible their activities might be made the subject of reports to newspapers and thus secure them unfavorable publicity.

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The wives and relatives of known hostile agents should be given scandalous information –

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and embarrassing information of this type should be disseminated so that it reaches the ears of the superiors of a hostile agent.

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Document details

DATE: January or February 1942

CIA #

NAMES mentioned:

  • Major Garland H. Williams- 

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Garland H. Williams

Garland H. Williams

Garland H. Williams was born in Prentiss, Mississippi on January 5, 1903. He became an agent in the Customs Bureau in 1929, then in 1936 he transferred to the Bureau of Narcotics, where he worked with George Hunter White.

At the beginning of WWII, Garland was the district supervisor in New York for the Bureau of Narcotics, and was a reserve infantry major. He was mobilized, and January 1941, he was assigned as the first chief of the CIP. He headed the CIP for around 18 months, during which he re-organized the CIP into its first Counter-Intelligence Corps.

*CIP stands for Corps of Intelligence Police (U.S. Army)

There’s a great book about the history of U.S. military intelligence that explains the CIP, here’s the cover:

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Pages from Evolution of US Military Intelligence - army publication 1973

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And here’s a bit from the book about the CIP –

“…the Corps of Intelligence Police had come into being in 1917.- As a result of CIP’s successful employment in World War I, Van Deman envisioned a bright future and warned, after the Armistice, of the dangers of demobilization. Nonetheless, within less than two years the CIP was down to six men, all eligible for discharge.

Despite the personnel situation, the CIPin 1920 became a functioning, permanent part of the Army Establishment, and noncommissioned officers from other branches were “detailed” to the CIP.”

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Colonel Ralph H. Van Deman – started CIP in 1917

Garland  then served as an instructor at the Chemical Warfare School, and in June of 1942 joined the OSS. He was sent with M. Preston Goodfellow (former Hearst publishing executive) to confer with the then Chief of the SOE, William Keswick. Meanwhile, Garland’s brother John was directing SOE operations in Chungking.

After meeting with Keswick, Garland was sent home with SOE’s training manuals and helped establish OSS training schools in Maryland and Virginia.

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This document you are here to look at – is from British Intelligence materials that Garland brought back with him.

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Garland was the OSS’s Chief of sabotage training, as well as Deputy Chief of Special Operations. In 1944, he served on special missions with the very secret “Y” force of the OSS.

George Hunter White in MKultra daysMeanwhile, his buddy George White, was also training agents. White had been assigned to Office of the Coordinator of Information in late 1941, and then went on to be trained at Camp X in February, March 1942 (as did Garland). In the summer of 1942 – he became a member of X-2 and established the counter-intelligence training school at Camp X. White’s idea was that “a cop should be able to teach others how to escape being caught by cops.”

After WWI, in December 1950, now Colonel Garland Williams organized the first Military Intelligence service group, the 525th, with him as its Commander.

Garland, George White, and SOE, and first head of OSS David K.E. Bruce were all “good buds”. Bruce married Andrew Mellon’s daughter – which puts SOE and MI6 directly mixed up with Timothy Leary and LSD, Scientology and…The Brotherhood of Eternal Love – which you will be seeing more about in other articles here at our blog.

This book, The Strength of the Wolf: The Secret History of America’s War on Drugs By Douglas Valentine, has some fascinating material concerning George White and Garland Williams drug adventures with Mafia man Lucky Luciano.

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Images and PDF files

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For those who don’t know – OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition and when that is done on images, it makes it so you can search the images for certain words or phrases that you are looking for.

Here is an OCR’d PDF file of all the pages of this document – however these images for this document were so faint the OCR doesn’t pick up all the words.

Training How to Run Intelligence Operations- instructionalmemoranduma

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Following are the individual images of the document, for those who prefer to look at them that way.

(click to enlarge)

instructionalmemoranduma instructionalmemorandumb instructionalmemorandumc instructionalmemorandumd instructionalmemorandume instructionalmemorandumf instructionalmemorandumg instructionalmemorandumh instructionalmemorandumi instructionalmemorandumj instructionalmemorandumk instructionalmemoranduml instructionalmemorandumm instructionalmemorandumn instructionalmemorandumo instructionalmemorandump instructionalmemorandumq instructionalmemorandumr instructionalmemorandums instructionalmemorandumt instructionalmemorandumu instructionalmemorandumv instructionalmemorandumw instructionalmemorandumx instructionalmemorandumy instructionalmemorandumz

instructionalmemorandumaa instructionalmemorandumbb instructionalmemorandumcc instructionalmemorandumdd instructionalmemorandumee instructionalmemorandumff instructionalmemorandumgg instructionalmemorandumhh instructionalmemorandumii instructionalmemorandumjj instructionalmemorandumkk instructionalmemorandumll instructionalmemorandummm

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