Outposts of the Research and Analysis Branch OSS

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<—Back to Index listing of Declassified CIA documents

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Overview

This CIA declassified document concerning OSS activities was recovered from the internet archive. It document was declassified in 2004.

This document is titled: R and A Administrative Regulation No. 2: Outposts of the Research and Analysis Branch

It is from: William L. Langer, Director Research and Analysis to cc: John D Wilson; Gordon Benedict

Note: like so many of these documents, they look to be nothing really special on their surface but when I get to work bringing them back to life, so to speak, things often get a LOT more interesting. Such is the case with this boringly titled document. This is an especially important analysis that I’m going to do here, containing detailed profiles of a number of very key people you’ve probably never heard of. I have done some pretty extensive “deep dives” (research slang) into the backgrounds of these people and I think you are going to enjoy the results.

There be diamonds in this “boring” pile!

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Document details

DATE: 12 March 1943

CIA #

NAMES (or titles) mentioned:

Shepard Morgan – OSS R & A London, first group.
William Langer – Director Research and Analysis
Mr. Rioflor misspelled. Correct name is Winfield Riefler.
– Intelligence Section of the Economic Warfare Division of the American Embassy. This contains people from OSS R & A; the Enemy branch of BEW (British Economic Warfare) and from the Foreign Service of the State Department.
Dr . Alfred Tozzor – R & A rep Honolulu
Eugene Anderson – London – Representatives at OSS Office; Central European Section
Henry Hill – London – Representatives at OSS Office; Western Europe
Edward Ackerman – London – Representative at OSS Office; Topographic Intelligence Sub-division
Russell Dorr – London – Representative at Economic Warfare Division; Economic Capabilities Sub-Division
John D. Wilson – special assistant to the Director, responsible for outposts
Frederick Kilgour – Interdepartmental Committee Washington, field representatives report to him, he reports to Wilson.

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Interesting points from documents –

This document is basically laying out the new increase in number of “outposts” and various administrative rules. It lists current outposts as London and Honolulu, with plans for outposts in North Africa (Algiers), Cairo, Chungking and New Delhi, with also placing “representatives” at “various places” on the Continent and in the Middle East and Far East who can be called up to “perform special services.”

Just so you understand what some of those “special services” might be, these people are being trained in gathering intelligence and presenting intelligence product for use in planning black or “special” operations. You can read about their methods and sources in this declassified OSS document analysis.

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Other Images and People

Shepard Morgan
OSS R & A London, first group.

Now this is a British slavemaster and intelligence asset, this man. Nothing but. And he’s been that way since way back in the 1920s.

Want to know how high he was in the OSS?

Check out this chart I just found here (p. 239) showing the OSS as of November 20, 1940. Look at the top left box – he’s right next to Donovan, the head of the OSS himself!

Full size version (click to enlarge even more)

Yea. So. This man was literally right at the tippy TOP of things.

We need to do a deep dive into the background of this previously unheard of guy (I bet you haven’t heard of him either – right? That’s the beauty of what happens when I dig into these seemingly boring and dry-assed documents) because of his absolutely terrible connections to the slavemaster dominate the world actual conspiracy.

One that reaches back all the way to the days of President Andrew Jackson.

I’m going to address that first, even though it’s a little out of order, because it’s just that big of a bombshell.

This story begins with the creation of the Federal Reserve in 1913. This was the significant move signalling the re-attainment of lost ground, and the re-capturing of America as a “lost” colony.

What was the lost ground?

President Andrew Jackson had, just as his mentor Thomas Jefferson had done before him, destroyed permanently the British and Vatican slavemaster economic and political control of America vehicle – the Bank of the United states.

It took the slavemasters all the way until 1913 to get “their” bank back – their financial control point of America back.

That’s how devastatingly Andrew Jackson beat their asses into the ground back in 1832 when he destroyed their bank.

What many people may not have noticed about this attainment of their bank back in the form of the Federal Reserve, in 1913, is the relationship of that to immediately propelling America into the first World War, barely one year later the British announced war.

There were a number of strategic goals the slavemasters had for this war but the most important was the re-establishment of Britain-America (with America having only marginal control) “relations” to execute the next part of their plan. To dominate the world through something called the League of Nations. Senator William E. Borah and a very few other brave men killed that – the League of Nations plan – deader than a doornail. You can read all about him in my article.

Meanwhile, within 3 years of the formation of the Federal Reserve, and right in the middle of WWI, the Anglophilic-Vatican sleazebuckets of it pushed for something called the Federal Farm Loan Act in 1916. This act allowed for the creation of the Farm Loan Board.

This was the single act responsible for killing “the heart” of America then, it’s farmers. Not only that, it was a major step in the re-feudalization plan for American land by the viciously bent on revenge slavemasters.

Modern Feudalism.

By that I mean they were creating a nobility in America exactly the same way it had been done originally in Europe and earlier. Nobility in their society was NEVER based on valuable skills, or good character. It was purely an overnight phenomenon based on vicious, warmongering qualities in certain individuals who were then “awarded” land and bullshit made up titles.

The Empire of the West was restored by Charlemagne, who spread Christianity among the Saxons by the sword, and confirmed the spiritual supremacy of Rome. He died, and his dominions were partitioned amongst kings, who were royal only in the name. Europe was divided into castle states.

William Winwood Reade: The Martyrdom of Man (Winston Churchill’s “inspiration”) See this post for full details.

And away it went from there.

In those olden “feudal” times, also called medieval, the nobility owned large tracts of land, and “peasants” had to borrow the land from the noble in order to farm it, giving both the bulk of the produce to the noble and paying a tithe for the ‘privilege’ of their slave-labor.

Like in this picture.

The Vatican’s big “thing” is that Priests-and-Kings must rule the world under “God” which goes all the way back to the days of the Nesilim (NOT the same as the Nephilim).

Both the Vatican and the British nobility prefer humanity to stay in a pastoral, nine-to-five, do your work and don’t complain medieval kind of state. We’re too stupid and fluffy to do anything else, you see.

This is the ideal that both the British and the Vatican agreed was how things should be, and they were simply updating their plan for the 20th century.

Think I’m kidding?

Nope. I’m not.

Here’s just one example of a Pope fondly recalling the wonderfulness of medieval times (they were called the DARK ages for a reason) and how that needed to be reinstated.

Look at how it starts out: There was once a time…

There was once a time when States were governed by the philosophy of the Gospel. Then it was that the power and divine virtue of Christian wisdom had diffused itself throughout the laws, institutions, and morals of the people, permeating all ranks and relations of civil society. Then, too, the religion instituted by Jesus Christ, established firmly in befitting dignity, flourished everywhere, by the favour of princes and the legitimate protection of magistrates; and Church and State were happily united in concord and friendly interchange of good offices.

The State, constituted in this wise, bore fruits important beyond all expectation, whose remembrance is still, and always will be, in renown, witnessed to as they are by countless proofs which can never be blotted out or ever obscured by any craft of any enemies.

Christian Europe has subdued barbarous nations, and changed them from a savage to a civilized condition, from superstition to true worship. It victoriously rolled back the tide of Mohammedan conquest; retained the headship of civilization; stood forth in the front rank as the leader and teacher of all, in every branch of national culture; bestowed on the world the gift of true and many-sided liberty; and most wisely founded very numerous institutions for the solace of human suffering. And if we inquire how it was able to bring about so altered a condition of things, the answer is-beyond all question, in large measure, through religion, under whose auspices so many great undertakings were set on foot, through whose aid they were brought to completion.

…No of Chartres wrote to Pope Paschal II: “When kingdom and priesthood are at one, in complete accord, the world is well ruled…”

IMMORTALE DEI, Pope Leo XIII, November 1, 1885; point 21.

The same Pope wanted:

the dutiful and willing homage of the people, when they are convinced that their rulers hold authority from God, and feel that it is a matter of justice and duty to obey them…

This Pope, also was reminiscing over these “good old days”.

But from the time when the civil society of men, raised from the ruins of the Roman Empire, gave hope of its future Christian greatness, the Roman Pontiffs, by the institution of the Holy Empire, consecrated the political power in a wonderful manner. Greatly, indeed, was the authority of rulers ennobled; and it is not to be doubted that what was then instituted would always have been a very great gain, both to ecclesiastical and civil society, if princes and peoples had ever looked to the same object as the Church. And, indeed, tranquility and a sufficient prosperity lasted so long as there was a friendly agreement between these two powers.

DIUTURNUM POPE LEO XIII ON THE ORIGIN OF CIVIL POWER, 29 June, 1881; point 22.

So…

What was the people’s “duty” they’re talking about?

As regards bodily labor, even had man never fallen from the state of innocence, he would not have remained wholly idle; but that which would then have been his free choice and his delight became afterwards compulsory, and the painful expiation for his disobedience. “Cursed be the earth in thy work; in thy labor thou shalt eat of it all the days of thy life.”(5)

– Pope Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum (of revolutionary change) May 15, 1891

So, the entire foundation of that you HAVE to work and all the social pressure that goes with it? Is based on a goddamned Catholic fairy tale.

But this IS how they viewed the farmers of America. You MUST WORK…and here’s the important part…FOR US. That is why the Farm Loan Act of July 17, 1916.

What it did, was that it created the Federal Farm Loan Board which only had one general mandate. Establish Federal Land Banks.

The first and immediate duty of this new Farm Loan Board was to divide the country into land bank districts and locate a bank in each of such districts, select its personnel and set up its machinery.

Then came the “joint-stock’ land banks, and that’s where the real trouble started. They began showing up within a year of the new Farm Loan Act.

Congressional hearings began in 1921, and in this publication we see an interesting record of the United States Senate Committee on Banking and Currency, Wednesday, December 20, 1922. A Mr. Milliken of the National Society of Pure Bred Live Stock Associations appeared before the committee to give a statement.

He was appearing to advocate for Senate Bill 4084, introduced by Senator William E. Borah of Idaho  who had caught these conniving little slavemaster skekses at what they were doing to American farmers. His bill basically was going to strip these “joint-stock land banks” of most of their profits and re-route it back to American tax payers.

Yeah Borah! There he goes again, messing up all their plans.

Starting on p. 229 of this publication, and for about the next 20 pages or so Milliken takes the committee through a number of advertisements from these joint-stock land bank places. On page 238, Milliken proves that these banks REQUIRED famers who wished to borrow money to subscribe for the stock. On that same page he proves that one of these banks circulars (ad mailers) was trying to say that the bonds they were offering were backed by the government, which Milliken points out was palpable fraud. They were NOT backed by the government.

On page 39 we come to an interesting revelation in one of the circulars, a slip-of-the-tongue, that reveals that they are trying to build a modern “feudalism” through covert measures. Milliken catches that Stevenson Brothers & Perry’s circular starts detailing the history of “modern land bank” bonds. Guess where they sourced it to? Frederick the Great in 1769.

Oh no, not the Frederick’s! Yikes. That’s not good.

Anyway, this whole description is given, then discussion of how this characterization is more fraudulent dealings trying to lure the American people into thinking they “needed” to invest their business in these places. Then Milliken points out that in THAT set up, a farmer, even though paid up on his own mortgage is liable for the payment of EVERY bond. Making it so he can never get out of debt, never own his land free of clear.

Just a wonderful feudalistic setup.

A document that Milliken provides on page 244 makes it VERY clear what the real purpose of these joint-stock land banks is – “the profits accrue to the benefit of investing stockholders” as opposed to actual Federal land banks “borrowing farmers are virtually the ONLY stockholders receiving dividends”.

See what’s happening there?

Milliken then points out that deflation was occurring because of all this false money flying around and that farmers were really suffering from “such extravagancies and profiteering”, finishing up with inserting the entire Borah bill into the record (that kill all that dead in the water).

Now, the reason I gave you that highly condensed little history lesson, was this.

There is a website that documents various aspects of the history of the Federal Reserve and recently they put up an Internal memorandum with Shepard Morgan from April 23, 1954. This was put up so recently it hadn’t even made it into the Internet Archive yet, so I put it in there to try and make sure it doesn’t go “missing”.

And yes, this memorandum is about the very same Shepard Morgan mentioned in this OSS document. Let’s have a look at what this memorandum says.

Mr. Morgan was at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York from 1919 until September 23, 1923. At that time his wife believed him headed for a nervous break-down and the family went abroad for a year. Officially his date of leaving the Bank is a year later and his Who’s Who card lists him as having left in 1924.

So, that means Shepard was mixed up in these hearings in some way, and whatever was going on led to him almost having a nervous breakdown.

This proves he did indeed go on a “leave of absence” for a year.

Reference – Commercial and Financial Chronicle September 22, 1923, Vol. 117, No. 3039; p. 39 “Changes in Staff at Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

One of the other things that he was doing, was being part of a secret committee who had a “black book” of their minutes that was kept in the vault. It was him that wrote the memorandum to submit to congress for this Agricultural Inquiry I just told you about!

He also said that there was a companion document on the history of Mr. Strong’s Money Committee of the early 1920’s. This was a very secret Committee of which Mr. Robert Treman was Secretary. Its meetings were highly confidential and the minutes of those meetings were kept in the vault. Mr. Strong asked Mr. Morgan to write a memorandum on it. (It later became evident that this memorandum had been written for the agricultural inquiry by Congress in 1921) The matters with which the Committee dealt was so secret that not only was the minute book kept in the vault* but Mr. Morgan was told that each evening when he finished using it to write his memorandum, it should go back to the vault.

When he got the black book containing the memorandum, he found that Mr. Treman, Secretary of the Committee, had been even more cautious than usual. The minutes day after day were confined to “the Committee met on such and such a date, those present were, pertinent problems were presented, adequate action was taken, the Committee adjourned at such and such an hour“.

It sounds like their meetings, the records, were conducted like something right out of a recent Netflix series – Taboo – I recently watched that showed how British meetings were recorded, particularly the East India company meetings, to HIDE what they were really up too.

In this scene, the secretary is told to stop writing when they discussed something they didn’t want a record of.

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Sounds about right for this time period of the Federal Reserve secret committee meetings.

And now we get to the good part.

The Agricultural Inquiry hearings of August, 1921, were, said Mr. Morgan, the bible of the Federal Reserve System, although they are not customarily given that credit. They contain a long and informed body of testimony from Mr. Strong among other people.

…At that time the Federal Reserve System was heavily criticized and charged with the responsibility for a fall in prices, Mr. Morgan states that he has been recently studying the history of Jackson’s charge against the Second Bank of the United States in the early part of the nineteenth century. He finds that the criticisms leveled at the Second Bank, which in those days destroyed the Second Bank, were very similar to the criticisms leveled against the Federal Reserve System in the early 1920’s. At that later date the Federal Reserve managed to survive the criticisms.

See that?

The Federal Reserve was purely formed to get back what they lost from Jackson, and this proves that they were still sore about it. It shows that they were thinking about how Jackson destroyed their hold, and that they had spent the next 70 years trying to figure out how to defeat those arguments. One man did this to them!

They didn’t beat Jackson or his arguments, not really, by the way. They cheated.

But just look at how this sick bastard Shepard was practically crowing over that clear-minded Americans (like Senator Borah) were obviously on to what the Federal Reserve really was or they wouldn’t have brought up the same points that Jackson made.

Here’s a brief look at some of what Jackson said about the predecessor of the Federal Reserve – and that’s what we should call it – which was the slavemaster controlled “Second” Bank of the United States (Thomas Jefferson had killed the first one). My husband’s Scientology Roots book chapter gives you a nice little history of Jackson, but this is what I wanted you to see –

On 3 July 1832 the Bank Recharter Bill passed and was sent to Jackson for signing. Jackson exercised his veto right and stopped it. In his veto message President Jackson made many good points such as:

  • a third of the stock of this bank is held by foreigners
  • it encourages transfer of its stock to foreigners by giving them exemption from our taxes
  • with a tax on resident stockholders most of the stock will inevitably leave the country
  • the American people will be debtors to aliens in nearly the whole amount due the bank
  • it will send foreigners from 2 to 5 million of specie every year in paying bank dividends
  • the bank’s interests can become identified with those of the foreign stockholders
  • gives to alien stockholders title to all real property the bank acquires in the United States
  • their power would be great whenever they might choose to exert it
  • the power of the bank can be used to control the affairs of the nation
  • it can use its power to influence elections
  • in wartime it can be more dangerous than the military power of the enemy

In July 1832, President Andrew Jackson vetoed the bill to recharter the Second Bank of the United States.

By 1833, British agitations for the North versus South civil war had reached a fever pitch.

This letter shows that Jackson knew the Brits were trying to divide America and cause a Civil War.

Haman’s gallows ought to be the fate of all such ambitious men, who would involve the country in civil war…

The tariff, it is now known, was a mere pretext, and disunion and a Southern Confederacy the real object.

The next pretext will be the negro, or the slavery question.

– President Andrew Jackson, May 1, 1833
(Library of Congress – Opinions of the early presidents, and of the fathers of the republic, upon slavery and upon negroes as men and soldiers.)

On 1 December 1834 Jackson delivered his sixth annual message wherein he said –

…all the real distresses which individuals and the country had endured for the preceding eight months had been needlessly produced by the bank, with the view of affecting through the sufferings of the people the legislative action of Congress.

Events have satisfied my mind, and I think the minds of the American people, that the mischiefs and dangers which flow from a national bank far overbalance all its advantages. The bold effort the present bank has made to control the Government, the distresses it has wantonly produced… are but premonitions of the fate which awaits the American people should they be deluded into a perpetuation of this institution or the establishment of another like it.

 

Enter…the Federal Reserve. Jackson warned us what would happen if we let it back, and here we all are.

Now for the other devastating evidence showing vengeance on the part of these slavemasters invested in the Federal Reserve.

From the Shepard Morgan memorandum –

…Mr. Morgan stated with much emphasis that he hoped we would be clear on the fact that the world-wide extension of the Banking Crisis of 1931 through 1933 and on to 1939 should not be attributed to the stock market collapse of October, 1929.

This is an erroneous view held by a great many people. In Mr. Morgan’s opinion the catastrophe was not the collapse but the boom which preceded and made possible the collapse. This, in his mind, was the thing which should not have happened.

…Mr. Morgan then examined the 1926-28 boom and the reasons for its existence. He said that Americans were paying off the public debt too fast.

Whoa.

There is only one way to interpret that statement about “the public debt”. He means the U.S. debt held by the bankers of the Federal Reserve.

So now, look at this. He is saying that the stock market crash that caused the Great Depression in the U.S., making thousands of Americans homeless, starving, lost their lands, their houses was BECAUSE the U.S. was making too much money and paying off its debt too fast.

In what universe is that a bad thing.

I’ll tell you what universe.

The slavemasters.

Because…what’s the other thing President Jackson did to them, the thing they couldn’t recover from or DO anything about?

He paid off the national debt.

See why Shepard tied the stock market crash to “paying off the public debt too fast.“?

The slavemasters freaked out! Literally and figuratively.

“Oh no! Not another Jackson move!”

They crushed the American economy to stop us paying off our debt!

Now, I know for a fact that most people either knew or have suspected that crash was manipulated (which is why Morgan is still trying to negate that idea 30 years later) but this dumbfrack actually revealed WHY for the first time ever. I don’t know if he was just too old and having dementia, or whether because he had one foot in the grave he had himself an attack of truthfulness. It doesn’t matter, because there ain’t no putting that genie back in the bottle.

I wrote an article titled One is not “just” One and boy, does Jackson ever epitomize exactly what I just described. These people were still terrified of someone like him, even moves like him, almost a hundred years later.

I’m perverse sometimes about such things – that makes me smile. A really BIG and toothy smile. (think Cheshire cat)

Alright. Now that I’ve given you the punchline first, let’s do a bit more organized in time version of events and background of this Shepard Morgan character. And don’t worry, there’s still some interesting (and nasty) other connections to cover here.

NY Times obit 18 November, 1968

“Mr. Morgan had been Deputy Controller of New York City in 1917, controller of the Government Loan Organization for the Second Federal Reserve District in 1918-19 and assistant Federal Reserve agent at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York from 1919 to 1924.”

Ok, so after he came back from his “leave of absence” cuckoo for cocoa puffs recovery, he started working for Stephen Parker Gilbert.

“In 1924 he joined the staff of S. Parker Gilbert, agent general for reparation payments under the Dawes Plan, in Berlin, and served as economic adviser and finance director of the Office for Reparation Payments until 1930. He wrote sections of the Young Plan dealing with the Bank of International Settlements.”

The period where Shepard was the Director of Reparations payments, Berlin 1924-30, supervised by Chase Natl. Bank is mentioned in this PDF.

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Seymour Parker Gilbert
later worked for J.P Morgan

OK, now in the Memorandum we discussed earlier, it turns out that these secret meetings with the “black book” that had to be kept in the vault, were under the purview of Parker Gilbert in some way, as there is discussion over how to get these minutes from his papers.

That turned into a kind of Who’s on First joke. Parenthetically speaking, it was like: Papers, what papers? We don’t have any papers.

I asked Mr. Morgan about the possibility of finding papers of Mr. Parker Gilbert. We have tried Mr. Gilbert’s widow, now Mrs. Harold Stanley, but have had no luck. Mr. Morgan said that Mr. Gilbert had a confidential man, Mr. Edward D. Norris still in the Morgan Bank, and that Mr. Norris might know about whatever papers Mr. Gilbert had left. […] (A telephone call to Mr. Norris illicited no information excepting that if there were papers Mrs. Stanley would know where they were. Thus far this has proved a vain hunt).

Yeah. Sure they didn’t have any papers.

In describing the introduction of the Federal Reserve to America, there is a quite revealing passage about that by Shepard.

Mr. Morgan said that the special contribution of Mr. Paul Warburg to American central banking was the bringing in to American banking the bankers acceptance and the popularizing of eligible paper in the New York market. Eligible paper is not as important as it used to be and neither are bankers acceptances, but in the early years of this century they were new inventions to American banking and highly important. They were, in fact, made one of the cornerstones of the Federal Reserve System. Mr. Warburg was trained in the Reichsbank of Berlin and these lists emphasize on the importance of the bankers acceptance and the eligible paper was a direct importation from pre-war German banking. Similar tools existed in Britain and there they were known as bankers bills. We had nothing of this kind. We had commercial paper and bankers loans, but that was all. These two constituted in their era a great contribution to American central banking.

The Reichsbank of Germany and the Bank of England were the models for the new American central banking. Mr. Strong himself, who became the most influential man of the new type, was schooled regularly by Mr. Montagu Norman of England.

Therefore, the New York Bank in its operations took more from the Bank of England perhaps, than from the Reichsbank, though the Reichsbank influence came in as above, through Mr. Warburg.

Perfect. The Catholics and the British nobility. There they both are. (Germany was predominantly Catholic). Some very nasty connections there. Monagu, Warburg, Bank of England, and this guy is just all aflutter about it.

I just love British and Catholic banking! I’m SO happy it was brought to America.

Eh heh. And what was that President Jackson said again?

Events have satisfied my mind, and I think the minds of the American people, that the mischiefs and dangers which flow from a national bank far overbalance all its advantages. The bold effort the present bank has made to control the Government, the distresses it has wantonly produced… are but premonitions of the fate which awaits the American people should they be deluded into a perpetuation of this institution or the establishment of another like it.

 

This man, Shepard Morgan, therefore was a TRAITOR to America, serving only British and Vatican interests in lauding the Federal Reserve (and working for it) as he did. And a big fat Giant Raspberry Award and Yellow Rat-Bastard Award for him, well earned.

One last item that might be of interest to some, from that memorandum

Mr. Morgan was instrumental in bringing into the Bank two persons, who became extremely important in its activities, Carl Snyder and Mr. Randolph Burgess.

Due to his “wonderful” service to the slavemasters, Mr. Morgan was elected a vice president of Chase Bank in 1930 and conducted important banking negotiations in Berlin and Havana from 1936 to 1938. (NY Times obit, 1968).

That puts him at Chase Bank in the same decade as one of my relatives – Halstead Gurnee Freeman who was the chairman of it’s securities division.

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Lovely.

He was still vice-president of Chase and chairman of the Committee of Foreign services while he was heading up the OSS R and A Branch in London.

Mr. Morgan retired from Chase as vice president and chairman of the committee of foreign services in 1949. He served that year in Germany as financial adviser to Gen. Lucius D. Clay, United States, Military Governor, and John J. McCloy, High  Commissioner in Germany. (NY Times obit 1968)

I believe that means he had something to do with the whole Marshall Plan CIA “candy” funds dirty dealings, through his involvement with the Council on Foreign Relations study group on “Inter-American Affairs” (RGCFR-XXVIIB, Brand to Morgan November 22, 1946)

One my William Allen White article, I talk about that one of the ways that slavemasters “reward” their out-to-pasture guys is to make them Professors with nice cushy paychecks. These are what I call “perks”.

After his retirement from banking, Mr. Morgan taught economics on the graduate faculty of the University of California at Berkeley.

– NY Times obit 18 November, 1968

His obituary barely describes what he was doing at the OSS in London, or even what the R and A branch was.

In 1943 he directed the research and analysis branch of the Office of Strategic Services in London. He served as secretary of the President’s Committee for financing Foreign Trade from 1943 to 1947.

As to just how invested this man was in the world-dominating agenda of the Round Table psycho-Brits, his involvement with the Council on Foreign Relations tells a clear story about that.

He was a regular contributor to the CFR’s Foreign Affairs magazine.

For example:

Also in 1931 – The FBI’s file on the Council of Foreign Relations, page 7, notes that the CFR Quarterly Review for 1931 has articles by Thomas Lamont, the next page noting Shepard Morgan’s contribution to it about the BIS – Bank of International Settlements.

Literally the first WORLD bank.

The BIS or Bank for International Settlements was established in 1929 as a “world financial order” by bankers, J.P Morgan, Thomas Lamont, S. Parker Gilbert etc. etc with Shepard Morgan right in the thick of things.

In a publication called: Ancient Peoples and Plans: Sicily, from circa 1934, Shepard’s wife is mentioned as part of “interrogation sessions” where women can ask experts about various countries, but for some strange reason this publication is just filled with propaganda promoting the League of Nations, that came up as part of something called: NINTH CONFERENCE ON THE CAUSE AND CURE OF WAR, HOTEL WASHINGTON, WASHINGTON, D. C., JANUARY 16 TO JANUARY 19, INCLUSIVE (featured in this publication right at the beginning).

A couple of samples showing that the Robert Vansittart propaganda mill was already in full swing that early, but also interesting is that these people are still trying to tell us the “reasons” why the U.S. failed to support the League of Nations – which means they’ve been thinking about that loss for 20 years straight! The reason was Senator Borah. His compelling arguments were right then and still right now when these people were trying to re-propagandize the whole thing. Again.

The League of Nations By JAMES P. POPE

For 1,000 years we have been developing a moral code between individuals. We are now in process of developing a moral code for group behavior. Is it possible for this group moral code to be extended to the life of nations in their interrelationships? The greatest document ever conceived in the history of the world is the preamble to the League of Nations Covenant written in 1920, the first great effort made to recognize and establish a moral code between the nations of the world […]

When wounded men returned from war to the United States there was a great revulsion against war on the part of the people, and this was played up by those who opposed our entrance into the League of Nations. For, in the stress of the presidential election those who had been ready to die for the League of Nations were not willing to sacrifice for it partisan considerations in electing a president.

Advances and Retreats Made on the Peace Front During the Past Year BY WALTER VAN KIRK

…slowly but surely we are being forced to abandon our position of political isolation from the rest of the world The
isolationists still talk but it will take more than the eloquence of Senator Borah to halt the march of events which is bunging the United States, with or without our consent, into intimate and inescapable contact with other nations.

See? They’re still bothered about Borah.

Then there came the secret study group of the CFR to help get America into the war – 3 years before there was a war. Shepard Morgan was involved in this too.

As taken from: “Underpinning the Anglo-American Alliance: The Council on Foreign Relations and Britain Between the Wars.” In Jonathan Hollowell, ed., Twentieth-Century Anglo-American Relations (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001), 25-43.

Such interchanges culminated in 1936 in a more substantial undertaking, a joint dinner conference on Anglo-American relations held in New York which the Council and RIIA co-organised. This in turn was the prelude to probably the Council’s most ambitious project on Anglo-American affairs, a two-year study group, in collaboration with Chatham House, on various aspects of Anglo-American relations. Ivison MacAdam of the RIIA first mooted the idea of the conference in 1934.

**Chatham House = RIIA, it’s the location of it.

As Edwin F. Gay, a Harvard academic and long-time Council director, commented, it was decidedly a British initiative. After much deliberation, it was arranged that a delegation of RIIA members who were in the United States to attend a meeting of the Institute of Pacific Relations, another joint Anglo-American enterprise, should also participate in a lengthy evening session with CFR members. This occurred on 8 September 1936.

Only 17 people were present in all: for the British –

  • A.V. Alexander, former First Lord of the Admiralty;
  • C.I.C. Bosanquet of Chatham House’s Council;
  • Sir Frederick Hayward, Chairman of the British Cooperative Movement;
  • Hamilton W. Kerr,  Financial Under-Secretary to the Treasury;
  • Lord Snell, former Under-Secretary of State for India; and
  • Rear-Admiral A.H. Taylor.

The Americans included –

  • Norman H. Davis;
  • Armstrong,
  • Mallory,
  • and (Whitney) Shepardson of the Council;
  • Allen Dulles
  • Thomas Lamont;
  • Herbert Feis, Economic Adviser to the Department of State;
  • John M. Franklin of the International Mercantile Marine;
  • Philo W. Parker of Standard Vacuum Oil;
  • retired Admiral William V. Pratt;
  • and Allan Sproul of the New York Federal Reserve Bank.

Opening the meeting, Norman Davis declared `that there is nothing more important for the welfare of the world than for Great Britain and the United States to go step in step’, stating that if the two countries could collaborate, they would also promote world peace. […] Frequent reference was made to the possibility of a broad European conflict, with Americans, including Dulles and Lamont, expressing their belief that should this occur, the United States, even if formally neutral, would nonetheless favour the Western democracies. Lamont brought up the desirability of improving Anglo-American relations by resolving the continuing impasse on the war debts which the British owed the United States…Feis suggested that mutual tariff reduction would also facilitate this objective.

Shepardson recalled the longstanding ties between the two organisations, despite their formal independence of each other, tracing the Council’s roots to a memorandum written by Curtis in 1919 and reminding the British that one of their first large donations came from Lamont.

That’s Lionel Curtis, of the Round Table.

In early 1937 the Council and the RIIA each established sub-groups on War Debts and Trade Practices, who exchanged highly confidential memoranda and other documents across the Atlantic and commented on their proposals and analyses. The United States and Britain had by this time opened negotiations aimed at tariff reduction, which the sub-group’s  deliberations were consciously designed to affect, and both Council and RIIA study groups included some government officials. Feis even gave the sub-group access to government materials and a colleague’s comments on its draft report.

Differences between the Americans and their British counterparts revolved around the vexed questions of British Empire
preference and America’s most-favoured-nation policy. Percy Bidwell, the University of Buffalo economist heading the American commercial group, used Foreign Affairs to publicise the `Prospects of a Trade Agreement with England’. Dinner talks featuring various British speakers, including Sir Otto Niemeyer of the British Treasury, Sir George Schuster of the Westminster Bank, and Graham Hutton of The Economist, supplemented the discussions. Even though Chatham House stalled in responding to the American group’s memoranda on free trade, in November 1938 the United States and Britain concluded a reciprocal trade agreement which also included Canada.

So, not only did they not pay us back the money they owed us, (because they’re shady fucks basically, but also because they didn’t want us to knock down OUR debt with it) but they got themselves DISCOUNTS on trade. Putting money in THEIR pockets.

The question of war debts, whose payment the British had suspended in 1933, was more controversial. Chatham House submitted a memorandum written by a British group including Alexander, Lord Astor, Bosanquet, Brand, Geoffrey Crowther and H.D. Henderson. This emphasized that British public opinion regarded the debts as an American contribution to their joint wartime effort, and would not support payment in full; and, while recognising that the United States government might find this politically impossible, expressed the hope that the debts might be written down to a level acceptable to the British public.

We loan them money, TAX payer money, and they turn around and say it’s our “contribution” to their war?

What the ever living…

In response, the Council established a small group, consisting of George P. Auld, a New York accountant who had served on the Reparation Commission; Shepard Morgan of the Chase National Bank; Professor Winfield Riefler of Princeton’s Institute of Advanced Study; Raymond Gram Swing; and Garrard B. Winston, a former Under Secretary of the Treasury. Auld’s report suggested that most Americans no longer expected to realise any substantial sums on the war debts

Most Americans?

Who the hell are these “most Americans”? Them, that’s who. What liars these people are.

You really need to understand the utter perfidy of the British about this debt, this 25 billion dollar national debt.

It was the American people who were now tasked to pay back a 25 billion dollar national debt through their ‘personal income’ tax.

but that `the continued existence of this un-liquidated controversy provides an element of strength to isolationist sentiment in this country’.

You got that right. And it’s not “isolationist” sentiment, that’s just more British name-calling. It’s AMERICAN sentiment. Senator Borah had been pounding their ass about it for a decade, plus going after those Americans who profited so astronomically hugely on the war loans and materials

That WE were now expected to pay for.

Watch how they call this 25 billion dollar debt an “irritant”.

Just a minor “irritant”. Nothing more.

Stating that a merely `nominal’ payment would be insufficient to remove this irritant in Anglo-American relations, the Council group proposed the British offer to pay the principal, without interest, over relatively few years.

While welcoming any definite figure, the British group, after budgetary calculations, suggested that the amount proposed was still too high and should be substantially reduced, perhaps by as much as two-thirds.

Two THIRDS? Are you fricking kidding me? Oh yea. Now there’s a deal for us

At this impasse the matter was left to rest: the Americans believed the British counter-offer far too low to be politically acceptable, but recognised the force of their opposite numbers’ arguments that the British public would find the figure they proposed equally unpalatable.

The British public? Yea right. Like they knew anything about it. He means the damn British nobility. Sheesh. This is just like that stupid “most Americans” comment.

At Shepardson’s suggestion, the British response was forwarded to Feis at the State Department, on the grounds that `People like Brand (on the British Committee) don’t suggest figures unless they have a pretty good idea of the government’s view.’ Although Foreign Affairs published an article by Auld on the topic, when the Second World War began the war debt issue remained unresolved.

They didn’t pay us back.

And what did these people press the U.S. government to do then? Why, give them MORE money for Americans to have to pay back the debt on.

Whee!

[…] in December 1938 Anthony Eden, after resigning as British Foreign Secretary, gave a Council banquet `his views on the world situation’.

[…] Once war began, the supposedly apolitical Council arrayed itself firmly behind the Allies. Several of its leading officials, including Armstrong and Shepardson, helped to establish the Century Group, interventionists who often met at the Century Club and who eventually formed the ultra-pro-Allied organisation Fight for Freedom;

Ok. You really need to look at BSC Part VI: America MINE to see just how important that is that this proves that the dang CFR was behind starting that nasty Fight for Freedom front group – it was formed in April of 1941.

It was also working tightly with the BSC (Vansittart’s british intelligence organization in the U.S.) as a front group for the BSC with Clark Eichelberger, Allen Dulles and William Donovan all members/founders of it. Eichelberger was doing this at the same time that he’s also involved with the Committee to Defend America, another front group.

Clark Eichelberger had been ‘invited’ to the UK in September of 1941 to get briefed and to go back and further propagandize this Atlantic Charter and the agreed upon United Nations. He even ‘lunched’ with Churchill. That guy was a real piece of work, let me tell you.

About that “century group” mentioned above –

…In particular, in autumn 1940 they spearheaded a public campaign urging the President to conclude the `Destroyers-for-Bases’ deal with Britain….

That actually began a little earlier, as the book Imperial Brain Trust does correctly document.

During mid-1940, key members of the Council [the CFR] exerted their influence in yet another way by creating an ad hoc
pressure organization. This body was called the “Century Group” because it met at the Century Association, an upper class club in New York. Its small group of founders included Francis P. Miller, the organizational director of the Council and a member of the Political Group of the War and Peace Studies Project; Lewis W. Douglas, a Council member who joined the Council’s board in 1940; Whitney H. Shepardson, a Council director and leader of the War and Peace Studies Project; and Stacy May, Edward Warner, and Winfield W. Riefler, all members of at least one of the War and Peace Study groups. The Council community clearly controlled this new pressure group.

At a July 25, 1940, meeting, the Century Group decided that something had to be done to aid Britain, specifically the transfer of fifty destroyers to Great Britain in exchange for bases on British possessions in the Western hemisphere and a pledge never to surrender its fleet to Germany. Miller took the lead in approaching the government with this suggestion.

He and four others traveled to Washington on August 1, 1940. Some met with President Roosevelt, others with various
cabinet members. The next day the President discussed the Century Group’s idea with the cabinet. At this meeting it was decided to explore the suggestion with the British. In this way the negotiations began which culminated in the Destroyers
for Bases agreement in early September 1940.

They WERE the British, in the sense that this was a U.S. based Round Table organization, so this “explore the suggestion with the British” simply means doing it now on official diplomatic channels where Congress can “know” about it.

Century Group, in the words of historian Robert A. Divine, “had broken the logjam on the destroyer issue.” The Destroyers
for Bases agreement marked the end of any pretense of American neutrality during World War II[…] A statement of long-time Council director Edwin F. Gay further illustrates the importance of the Council role. He reported in a September 1940 letter to his wife that he had just sat in on a meeting with a handful of Council men who had “put across the fifty destroyer deal against the opposition of the Navy and the reluctance of the President, who, they tell me, is playing politics with the whole movement.

Century Groups next “project” was trying to figure out how to ‘awaken the American people’. Code for PROPAGANDA CAMPAIGN, and that’s exactly what they did. They worked directly with the traitorous journalist William Allen White and his BSC front group – The Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Also see book: Think Tanks and Power in Foreign Policy for more about what Century group was up to.

Basically, they were simply continuing what had already started “in house” in 1938, as you’re about to see in our next excerpt from our reference we were looking at here – “Underpinning the Anglo-American Alliance: The Council on Foreign Relations and Britain Between the Wars.” In Jonathan Hollowell, ed., Twentieth-Century Anglo-American Relations (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001), 25-43.

[June 1938] Three months later the Council’s long-time associate Lord Brand addressed `The Future of Anglo-American Relations’, assuring his listeners that Hitler `seeks world domination’, and that the only choice before the United States was whether it should `face Hitler later but alone, or. . . face him now with Britain as an ally’.

Oh it’s Hitler that seeks world domination, and you don’t? – to Mr. Brand.

Is that it? Sheesh.

That reminds me of when OSS X-man Sidney Rubenstein met with the British head of India who tried to act all indignant and say: “How would you like it if we came to your country to establish a CE system throughout the United States?Rubenstein had actually worked in close collaboration with Stephenson and the BSC in New York “on espionage and sabotage matters”. He replied: “That is EXACTLY what you did”. He then proceeded to run down the list of Stephenson’s activities in the United States to Cawthorne.

Such is the case with this.

Look at what the Round Table plan was, what Lionel Curtis’s “egg” was, what the RIIA and the CFR were one hundred percent on board with.

Why should we not form a secret society with but one object the furtherance of the British Empire and the bringing of the whole uncivilised world under British rule for the recovery of the United States for the making the Anglo-Saxon race but one Empire.

(Cecil Rhodes, founder of the secret society that created the Round Table, Confession of Faith, 1877.)

 

It was from that moment that I began to think of the British Commonwealth as the greatest instrument ever devised for enabling that principle to be realized, not merely for the children of Europe, but for all races and kindreds and peoples and tongues. And it is for that reason that I have ceased to speak of the British Empire and called the book in which I published my views The Commonwealth of Nations.”

Anglo American Establishment  written in 1949 by Professor Quigley (published posthumously in 1981), section: Lionel Curtis in 1917 A Letter to the People of India

 

Begging the question –

So, WHO is trying to dominate the world, Mr Brand?

Geez.

The gall of these people.

And it continues…

Brand requested more food aid, shipping and long-range bombers, and that the American navy escort the merchant convoys carrying supplies to Britain. He also expressed `hope that after the war, there will be extensive peace-time cooperation between the United States and Britain‘, preferably through relatively informal collaboration as opposed to the League of Nations or `any formal machinery’.

Brand’s address to the Council not only described those policies which, as his country’s representative, he hoped the United States would choose, but encapsulated the plans for a de facto Anglo-American alliance which many members of British and American elites had advocated since the early twentieth century. Like the RIIA, the Council on Foreign Relations provided a focus and meeting-point for those who shared this vision, which its activities and publications helped to propagate.

Doesn’t get much clearer than that, which side this Shepard Morgan’s bread is buttered on.

Also in 1938 – Morgan was listed as the Treasurer of the National Bureau of Economic Research, listed as Treasurer in 1938 and still in 1943.

“The object of the National Bureau of Economic Research is to ascertain and to present to the public important economic facts and their interpretation in a scientific and impartial manner.”

 

William Langer
– Director Research and Analysis

William Leonard Langer was the chair of the history department at Harvard University and the World War II one-time head of the Research and Analysis branch of the Office of Strategic Services.

In July 1941, President Roosevelt appointed Colonel William J. Donovan as chief of the first United States coordinated foreign intelligence service in our history, the COI, the predecessor to the OSS (officially formed June13, 1942).

William Donovan was immediately instructed by his local British handler (William Stephenson) to start establishing his own “Far East” force. Stephenson had only just arrived in mid-June, instructed by spymaster Robert Vansittart to form up the British Security Coordination intelligence front group.

Donovan carred out the British intelligence’s order to establish a “brain bureau,” in order to cover  “the most crucial part of the intelligence process: evaluation and analysis.” Donovan’s choice to head the new R&A (Research and Analysis) department was James Phinney Baxter, the president of Williams College, who immediately recruited William Langer, whom Donovan made his Deputy Chief (temporarily) and two other scholars from the history department of Harvard University: Don McKay and a young, ambitious junior instructor named John King Fairbank.

Copying the British SOE (Special Operations Executive) the first thing they did was make preparations for guerrilla war in the Far East. As ordered, this “brain bureau” formed was the Far East Committee. It was chaired by James Phinney Baxter and included Wallace Phillips, [Donovan’s MI6 “advisor”] Joseph Hayden, Charles Remer, John K. Fairbank, Amry Vandonbosh, and Esson Gale.

Langer is named in a number of OSS documents –

Donovan called Langer his “talent scout” because he helped him choose who to recruit for what into the COI/OSS. This was really about profiling America through using “personality testing” as the outward front. Particularly this document in the CIA Docs section of our Library – really illustrates well that the plan both by the BSC and the OSS was actually a long term one.

In a long-term program the obvious necessity would be to work progressively throughout the United States discovering the structure and social dynamics in all areas

– Robert Tryon

 

That program includes raiding all private records of any mental patient of any kind anywhere. That’s where people like Dr. Ewen Cameron came in.

The whole division will avail itself of whatever information is obtainable from government and private sources regarding propaganda methods, existing morale, the personalities of leaders, sociological and psychological weak spots and strong points. With these data integrated into the pattern of the American picture, the division will be able to offer recommendations of some strategic value to policy-making officers and agencies in the government.” – Tryon to Dillon.

Langer, as was Shepard Morgan, were part of the “planning group” in 1941 to create the Psychology Division for the OSS – for psychological warfare purposes. That is what later became called the euphemistic Research and Analysis branch.

Robert C. Tryon brought in additional people to assist the COI in its psychological warfare projects – Geoffrey Gorer (who was working as a spy for Lord Lothian and William Stephenson), John Rickman, Margaret Mead.

*Reference – Essays in European History Selected from the Annual Meetings of the Southern Historical Association By June K. Burton, Primary Source is article titled: Allied Psychological Interpretations of Germans and Nazis During and After World War II by Louise Hoffman

Tryon also began work as a “behaviour geneticist” in 1942 while working for the OSS. He experimented on rats to see if skill in maze-solving could be passed on to offspring. (Ref – Introduction to Psychology).

You can read more about these people in BSC Part II:The Party Boys but basically it was when the OSS came into being that this new Psychological Warfare division later became renamed the R&A Branch. In the U.S., the R&A (Research and Analysis) Branch was initially led in 1942 by Dr. James Phinney Baxter III (President of Williams College) and then later by Harvard historian Langer in 1943.

Please note: Shepard Morgan was HIGHER in the organization than Langer, even though he was based in London.

The OSS Psychology Division (as was the R and A branch) mandate was:

 

Langer’s assistant at R and A, William Talbot, is worthy of note here as well.

When Talbot became the first head of the newly formed Stanford Research Institute (SRI), now that he’s got his former junior Dr. Hamilton a nice “in” for his cush job there at Stanford with all that lovely access to drugs and labs and so on, this provides an excellent jumping-off point where he can liaise with George White and his MKULTRA LSD and Sex experiments for years there in the San Francisco area. This puts British Intelligence directly linked with all experiments at Stanford – including Scientology and LSD experiments.

Under Talbot’s helm, by the end of 1947 SRI had 7 employees and 70 percent of SRI’s revenue was from contracts with the federal government, let alone how much it was in the 1950’s and 1960’s when MKultra funding was flying around left, right, and center.

Then there’s Robert Tryon’s assessment team member John W. Gardner, who would also have a hand in directing events at Talbot’s Stanford Research Institute.

This OSS man became the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) from 1965-1968.

He used his position within the government to launch a research center at Stanford Research in 1968, and one of it’s first tasks was to postulate the future of Western Society. Quite euphemistic, it was actually a study overseen by MK-Ultra LSD-tests at Stanford man – Willis Harmanon how and what to change Man into resulting in the book Changing Images of Man in 1974. The initial findings were summed up in the introduction as “We have met the enemy, and it is us”.

Fitting.

That’s a brief rundown there, but another interesting tidbit from William Talbot’s history is that while he was working for the OSS R & A department, as part of his intelligence cover he was sent back to the University of California Berkeley as the Assistant Dean of Students during 1941-1942.

So, there’s our first documented proof that a man carrying out an intelligence operation for British and American intelligence was posted at a U.S. university with that as his intelligence cover.  This man is actually crossed into both Berkeley and Stanford Research Institute in secret research for intelligence interests.

I highly recommend my Universities and Cults article for you to fully understand the magnitude of this British/Vatican intelligence operation against Americans, but here’s one thing that is really important for you to see the magnitude of what they were starting here in 1941.

What, do you think, did Robert Tryon do after the war to begin executing this long term plan of his (quoted earlier)?

He went back to UC Berkeley and started an institute. It was called the Institute of Personality Assessment and Research. Catchy, semi-bland title, but one thing does stand out about it. The personality assessment part is practically his clarion call that he is continuing his Top Secret research begun with the Brits at the OSS.

With a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, Tryon started the Institute in 1949 with some of the very men he worked with at Station S during the war. You remember Station S, it’s the American location where they were carrying on their “testing” because they kept having problems with their intelligence officers losing it (it being their desire to even work for these people) when they went overseas and saw the duplicity, the lies, and most of all – the carnage.

Tryon had become Chairman of Berkeley’s Department of Psychology after the War ended, but in 1947 Tryon and then Chairman Edward Tolman were already preparing to form the new Institute, so he brought Donald MacKinnon out to assist him – basically mentoring him.

In 1947 he came to the University of California, Berkeley, as a Professor of Psychology, in preparation for the establishment of the Institute of Personality Assessment and Research in 1949. He was the first director of the institute and continued in this post until his retirement in 1970.

MacKinnon Memoriam

Besides bringing in Donald MacKinnon (who, remember, had taken over from Henry Murray as head of Station S during the war) Tryon also worked on creating this with R. Nevitt Sanford and Edward C. Tolman23 and Harrison Gough.24(see article for refs)

Important note: Donald MacKinnon was actually trained by Henry Murray at Station S. (in addition to having been trained by him in the 1930’s at Henry’s psychological clinic at Harvard.)

MacKinnon describes the “purpose” of the new Institute in this Beatrice Daily Sun article from October 16, 1949 –

october_1949_institute_for_personality_assessment_and_research_mackinnon_tryon

“We hope to discover the factors that produce adjustments, happiness and effective living rather than illness, unhappiness and maladjustment.”

Oh wow, is that totally euphemistic for what was essentially a continuing eugenics and intelligence operation, or what?

Unbeknownst to many researchers out there though he brought in someone else as well, who was also connected to Murray.

Frank X Barron

Frank Barron had received his Ph.D. in 1950 from the University of California, Berkeley, and taught at Harvard, Bryn Mawr, University of Hawaii, Wesleyan, and from 1969 until his retirement in 1992 at the University of California, Santa Cruz. He developed much of his work as a founding member of the Institute of Personality Assessment and Research at UC Berkeley from 1949 to 1968. (Obit 2002)

And that, ladies and gentlemen, gives us one of our direct OSS/CIA contact that leads straight to “mentoring” (read recruiting) the soon to be pied-piper-of-the-east Timothy Leary right through Henry Murray, the same guy who trained MacKinnon!

Worse, this Institute at Berkeley would later be used to launch the Moonie cult in America, through working with Korean intelligence advance-man Young Oon Kim! (all documented in the article).

Yea. It’s really something what these people, Langer, Shepard Morgan et.al did to America. Really something.

Old second-in-command under Shephard, Dr. Langer, was also a Council on Foreign Relations member. How cozy, right?

Langer was good at “spinning” historical facts into something rather less than completely accurate while trying to look “balanced” and “rational”.

He was doing this FOR British intelligence and the CFR, and also for that CFR study group we discussed in the Shepard Morgan section, where they were trying to figure out how to convince Americans to side with Britain, again, in yet another one of their stupid world domination wars.

A good example of his “spin” work he was doing that far back, can be found in the CFR magazine Foreign Affairs (Vol. XIV October 1935, “A Critique of Imperialism,” p. 102-115) where we see Langer explain, “The point I want to make… is it is easier to show that the military and official classes are a driving force behind the movement for [imperial] expansion than to show that a clique of nefarious bankers or industrialists is the determining factor.

Is it now…

That’s interesting. Especially considering the truth is none of the above. Option A and B spins by Langer are both subordinate to the actual slavemasters.

Subordinate.

Whether they are bankers or not has nothing to do with anything.

Another dead giveaway is that Langer also deliberately plays down the role of the Round Table, who, of course, founded the RIIA in Britain, which in turn sponsored the founding of the CFR in America.

One wonders how such an ’eminent’ historian like Langer fail to notice that the Council on Foreign Relations role in History is pretty much completely missing from most History texts and University History courses…

Or maybe not.

Probably one of the worst “spins” of all in this article though is how he tries to spin criticism of British WORLD-DOMINATION obsessions as being….wait for it….COMMUNIST! (aka “neo-Marxist”).

Unbelievable. They have been using that one for 200 years now, starting with tarring Jefferson and the American Revolution with that same brush. They even invented the “illuminati conspiracy” to try and attack Jefferson with.

After the war, in 1946 Langer the Spin-Doctor was ordered to write (with S. Everett Gleason) for the Council on Foreign Relations a history of American policy during World War II. The Chicago Tribune accurately called him a “hired liar”.

Six years later, in 1952 and 1953 he and Gleason produced two massive volumes, The Challenge to Isolation, 1937-1940 and The Undeclared War, 1940-1941, which remain the basic account of American foreign policy in the years before Pearl Harbor.

Even Langer admitted what he did there wasn’t exactly copacetic. As he put it, “The writing of contemporary history is like the work of Sisyphus.”

That is quite the nuanced statement. The Greek declamatio (as in it was invented and not by the Greeks) about Sisyphus is that he was punished for his self-aggrandizing craftiness and deceitfulness.

That’s Langer writing those “histories” all right.

Sisyphus’ punishment was that he had to roll a boulder uphill forever –

William Langer and his wife, Rowena, were regular Unitarian congregants at The First Parish in Cambridge, MA; during his years of government service in Washington DC, they attended All Souls Church and especially appreciated the prophetic ministry of A. Powell Davies.

William Langer died in 1977.

 

Mr. Winfield W. Riefler

Description from this OSS document:

“Intelligence Section of the Economic Warfare Division of the American Embassy. This contains people from OSS R & A; the Enemy branch of BEW (British Economic Warfare) and from the Foreign Service of the State Department. All are under Mr. Rioflor. Economic research is conducted in support of operations under the Theatre Commander. The group also supplements research undertaken in Washington and maintains liaison with British organizations engaged in economic research similar to that of R&A and the Enemy Branch of BEW. (British Economic Warfare, under the SOE)”

This guy is also pretty much unknown as to his role in the OSS, yet was right up there with Shepard Morgan as to his background.

Let’s start with that FDR had appointed him as a member of the Central Statistical Board by Executive Order 6225 dated July 27, 1933, but he then assigned him, barely a week later, as “Economic Adviser to the Executive Council.” (August 3, 1933 FDR Library documents)

But it’s his first World War 2 assignment where we begin to see some of his history.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt library; Press Conferences Book 13 July 6 – December 30, 1939; September 7, 1939, page 3 of PDF.details:

H.M. Jr. Treasury Department “appointment of 3 more Special Advisers who are world authorities on economics and international finance” – “Riefler, Winfield W., from Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton, N.J., formerly with Federal Reserve Board and head of US Central Statistical Board.;

This same appointment included Walter W. Stewart, also from the same Princeton Institute, also a Federal Reserve Board member and the American adviser for Bank of England.

So, oho! The ubiquitous “Mr. Rioflor” – whose actually Reifler – mentioned in this document as heading the Economic Warfare Division, with the British in London, is a lot more than just some misspelled name.

He’s right up there with Shepard Morgan. We now have 3 CFR members and 2 Federal Reserve Board people heading up the Psychological Warfare/Research and Analysis Branch of the OSS.

And this Riefler guy? No one apparently knew of his involvement with the OSS.

Until now.

Another thing that he was VERY active in during the war was….wait for it….the activities of the League of Nations. Yea. Of course he was.

You can watch some pretty cheesy live footage of the guy talking about “who got the gold”.

Still from footage – Winfield

This one is him trying to explain away some other “problems” with how the Fed ran things.

Winfield
note the bad teeth, you’d think with his money he could have fixed that.

Well, that was fun. (cough)

His 1974 NY Times obituary describes him as having had a –

major behind‐the‐scenes role in the evolution of the nation’s monetary policy beginning in the late nineteen‐forties.

He had served briefly as central coordinating statistician for the Administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1934 and a year later joined the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J. In 1937 he was appointed a substitute member of the permanent finance committee of the League of Nations, and during World. War II was instrumental in bringing several League organizations to the United States for the duration of the conflict.

In 1942, while working for the Board of Economic Warfare, Mr. Riefler was appointed to direct those functions at the London embassy with the personal rank of minister. After returning to the Federal Reserve Board in 1947, he was given the additional position of Secretary of the Federal Open Market Committee in 1952.

Ah. But there’s something else the Times dropped out that he was doing before he resumed work at the Fed. In 1945, he was made a director of the CFR! And at such a key time for a number of black ops on America would start getting launched under the cover of “study groups” – like the National Student Association in 1949, for example. (CFR – Study Group 5152)

This PDF points out that key part of his history.

That means he was most likely not just any old director, he was probably directing particular study groups, and those are never good for their targets they are pursuing.

And he was involved in “study groups”. In two different ways I can document.

Remember that secret study group of the CFR to help get America into the war – 3 years before there was a war – that Shepard was involved in? Notice the name I’ve bolded now in this.

In response, the Council established a small group, consisting of George P. Auld, a New York accountant who had served on the Reparation Commission; Shepard Morgan of the Chase National Bank; Professor Winfield Riefler of Princeton’s Institute of Advanced Study; Raymond Gram Swing; and Garrard B. Winston, a former Under Secretary of the Treasury. Auld’s report suggested that most Americans no longer expected to realise any substantial sums on the war debts

– As taken from: “Underpinning the Anglo-American Alliance: The Council on Foreign Relations and Britain Between the Wars.” In Jonathan Hollowell, ed., Twentieth-Century Anglo-American Relations (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001), 25-43.

Yep. Riefler was completely in bed with British intelligence on getting America into the war – and getting control of America – just like Shepard.

Remember how Walter Langer started spin-doctoring that it was “easier” to show that it was military and official classes were the driving force behind the Round Table (imperialism) movement?

Well, long about 12 years later, it’s good old British puppet-banker Riefler that brings that up again, just in time to be back working at the Federal Reserve and trying to protect from being Jacksonized! again – as I call it. And, not only that, this was done right when Americans were again figuring out they had been HAD by WW2 and were getting royally pissed.

What did he do?

Riefler coined the idea of “the military-industrial complex” that so many people got hornswoggled into actually believing was “the cause” of WW2 (and still do).

Instead of who it actually was, you understand.

It was in an October 1947 article Winfield Riefler wrote for Foreign Affairs (Vol. 26, No. 1). Titled: Our Economic Contribution to Victory the article spans pages 90-103. Winfield specifically discusses the role of industrial output in determining the outcome of the war, and lays out the intersection between civilian and military components of an economy necessary for “a military-industrial complex to function.” on page 95.

Here is the exact page where he says it –

This then gets used in 1961 speech by President Eisenhower to target a “conspiracy”. The wrong conspiracy. The same wrong conspiracy that Walter Langer had started spin-doctring in his 1935 article.

As to Eisenhower, a speechwriter staff memorandum [PDF] dated Oct. 31, 1960 — before the speech had been drafted — referred to the “war based industrial complex,” very close to the phrase Eisenhower eventually said out loud. By the time he actually made his speech though, he had been corrected to use the approved of Reifler term. The Eisenhower Library has posted online a draft of the speech dated nearly a month before it was delivered [PDF], and the phrase military-industrial complex is intact, just as in every other draft.

Look very carefully at this speech. Especially this part – watch how he has trouble even saying it correctly, eyes twitching every which way.

 

We recognize the imperative need for this development. Yet we must not fail to comprehend its grave implications. Our toil, resources and livelihood are all involved; so is the very structure of our society.

In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.

Need. Guard against. Potential.

All special and very carefully chosen words trying to give a specific false impression –

As if it hadn’t already happened.

which it had.

I would bet money that’s why he’s so all over the place when you watch him trying to talk about that, because he knew he was lieing.

And this “disastrous rise of misplaced power” he was warning against?

EXISTED ALREADY when the Federal Reserve was brought into being in 1913. So, now we know for sure. That was no warning by Eisenhower. It was a flat-out British Round Table propaganda campaign using one of their very own Psychological Warfare men – Winfield Eifler’s very term.

Why?

The usual. Just like the Illuminati Conspiracy theory, this was about misdirecting off the real targets. Didn’t see anything about the British or the Vatican in Eisenhower’s speech, now did you.

Fancy that.

 

Dr . Alfred Marston Tozzor
R & A rep Honolulu


In 1922, Tozzer won appointment to the Academic Board at Radcliffe College, and later become a trustee in 1928. He served on Harvard’s Administrative Board from 1928 until his retirement in 1948. (Wikipedia)

Note: As is way too usual with Wikipedia, they have nothing about his OSS psychological warfare career.

Backing up in time a bit here, Alfred actually taught Anthropology at Harvard University from 1904 until his retirement in 1948, specializing in the Maya civilization.

Alfred M. Tozzer
during his 1905 fieldwork with the Lacandon Maya – lost city of Tzendales

Alfred’s jobs for the OSS R&A in Honolulu, as per Schmelz-Keil 1991, p. 705 were –

  • creating propaganda broadcasts to eastern Asia and Indonesia
  • analyzing intercepted Japanese radio messages.

This biographical memoir fills that in a bit more.

World War II again took Tozzer away from his work at Harvard. For a year and a half he was director of the Honolulu office of the O.S.S. His objectives were to analyze intercepted Japanese radio messages, to develop bombing targets, and to prepare preinvasion pictures of the areas to be attacked by our forces. Apart from the military value of his work, parts of his reports deserve publication as anthropological literature, especially his study of Okinawa. Tozzer returned to his work at Harvard in 1945 and became Professor Emeritus in July, 1948.

OK, so we can add:

  • choosing bombing targets
  • preparing pre-invasion pictures
  • studies of Okinawa

This other memoir has a little bit more for us about the Okinawa studies.

Previous studies in race mixture in the Hawaiian Islands had revealed to him that the people of Okinawa were a repressed ethnic group, many members of which had come to Hawaii before the war, and were dependably democratic.

Here are the names of the studies mentioned, all in 1944, plus one on his work there at Honolulu. All of these were done for the Office of the Strategic Services, Honolulu.

  • The Okinawas, a Japanese Minority Group (Okinawan Studies #1).
  • The Okinawas, Their Distinguishing Characteristics (Okinawan Studies #2).
  • The Okinawas of the LooChoo Islands (Okinawan Studies #3).
  • A History of the Honolulu Outpost, April 25, 1942-December 31, 1944. Research and Analysis Branch, Office of Strategic Services, Honolulu

 

Eugene Newton Anderson – London Representatives at OSS Office; Central European Section

Some bio data on this guy can be found here, but not much else other than a number of books mentioning his job in the OSS just like this document does. He got hit with McCarthyism, he got some crank calls at night and his son was targeted at school for being the “son of a commie”, so he moved his teaching job from the University of Nebraska to teaching History at UCLA.

Henry Hill – London – Representatives at OSS Office; Western Europe

Not much about this guy, unless he’s the same Henry Hill that was a real life mobster turned FBI informant, that Nicholas Pillegi wrote about in his 1986 book Wiseguy: Life in a Mafia Family. (the inspiration for the movie Goodfellas)

Probably not likely.

He’s real though, there are two Henry Hills listed in the OSS Personnel Database. A Henry C. and a Henry B. Hill.

Edward Augustus Ackerman
London – Representatives at OSS Office; Topographic Intelligence Sub-division

He was born in Post Falls, Idaho, and graduated in 1934 from Harvard, from which he also received a Ph.D. degree in 1939. He taught geography there from 1940 to 1948 and at the University of Chicago from 1948 to 1951.

In World War II, Mr. Ackerman served as chief of the geographic‐reports section of the Office of Strategic Services. Later, he was technical adviser to the Supreme Commander, Allied Forces, in Japan. (NY Times 1973 obit)

This blog article gives us a much better overview of his career in intelligence, which actually began in the COI practically as soon as it was formed.

We begin with the formation of the COI/OSS, and the role within it of perhaps the most well-known American geographer at the time,  Richard Hartshorne (1899–1992). He went to Washington DC as the founding Chief of COI’s Geographical Division in September 1941. Within a month he secured the services of Arthur Robinson, a graduate student in cartography at Ohio State University. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, COI expanded rapidly, with its Map Division employing more geographers than any other unit within the organization (more than 30). Arthur Robinson was its Chief. We discuss the contribution of the Map Division, and Robinson’s work in particular, to the generation of geographical intelligence both during the War, and in its closing stages in Europe when plans were drawn up for regional reconstruction. We focus on one of them, the Morganthau Plan.

Robinson was the second person Hartshorne hired at COI. The first was Edward Ackerman, an instructor at Harvard, and specialist in environment and resources.

The last section of the chapter is about Ackerman. At COI Ackerman first worked in the Geography Section, and after the organizational restructuring, the Europe-Africa Division. In 1943 he was recalled to Harvard as an Assistant Professor to
teach military officers the regional geography of Japan in the School of Overseas Administration. With the American occupation of Japan from September 1945, he was then recruited by GHQ/SCAP (Tokyo). Headed by General MacArthur, GHQ/SCAP was at least for the first three years the government of Japan. Ackerman was charged with designing environmental and resource policies for the country in the post-war period. His geographical intelligence literally left its mark on Japan’s recovering landscape.

He was an orphan, by the way.

Growing up an orphan in Idaho, Ackerman was a brilliant schoolboy. From Coeur D’Alene high school he won a scholarship to Harvard in 1930. He was spotted in his first-year by Harold Kemp, an Instructor in the Department of Geology and Geography, and partner of Derwent Whittlesey, professor in human geography in the same Department. Whittlesey became Ackerman’s teacher, mentor, and promoter, supervising Ackerman’s PhD thesis completed in 1939 on the New England fishing industry. It was Whittlesey who also secured for Ackerman an annual Instructor position at Harvard in 1940, and who recommended him to Hartshorne at COI. Hartshorne made him Chief of the Geographical Reports Section in the Geographical Division in September, 1941.

His responsibilities were “the planning and reviewing of studies made by an increasing [Geographical Division] staff.” Those studies provided intelligence  about particular regions within the various theatres of war, ranging from assessments of beaches for possible troop landings to evaluating political and cultural sympathies of native residents. After COI’s 1942 internal restructuring that organized the analysis of intelligence geographically, and its renaming as the OSS, Ackerman was made Chief of the Topographical Intelligence subdivision of the Europe-Africa Division (the biggest and most important of the Divisions headed by Sherman Kent, “the father of intelligence,” and containing those sometimes-contrarian former Frankfurt school members including Neumannn).

That included Eugene Newton Anderson, whom we just discussed.

Ackerman sounds like he had “flair” – that “inner spark” they’re always looking for. Too bad he worked for all the wrong people though.

Ackerman was a superb administrator, “reading at lighting pace, … never forgetting anything,”and with an uncanny “ability to secure the right men for his own section, and to maintain their morale at a high level under trying circumstances.”

But he was also an outstanding scholar, concerned with re-conceiving the role of geography within the state-military nexus in which it and he were being put to use.  The initial Geographical Reports he supervised, and later those done under
him at Topographical Intelligence, became the basis for the Joint Army Navy  Intelligence Surveys (JANIS), and later still became the CIA World Factbook.

The idea of JANIS was “to make available in one publication … all the necessary detailed information upon which may be based a war plan … in a given area.”

There’s more about him at the blog article, but that gives us the basic ideas of what he was doing in the OSS.

Russell Dorr – London – Representatives at Economic Warfare Division; Economic Capabilities Sub-Division

Dorr was a former Donovan law firm partner.

It was Russell Dorr, together with John D. Wilson, (the next name on our list) who initially established contacts with MEW’s Enemy Branch between April and June 1942.

He commanded Operation Bughouse, which flew to Bucharest to capture enemy records and to survey damage to the Ploesti oil refineries.

John D. Wilson
special assistant to the Director, responsible for outposts

For those interested, John gives a whole history (sanitized, of course) of what he did with the COI/OSS here in the CIA archives. I figure there’s no need to reproduce the whole thing here.

What is much harder to find is what one of his “perks” was for his OSS work. He became a banker and was made a senior vice-president of Chase Bank, as this 27 December 1962 news article shows.

This article also tells us that like L. Ron Hubbard, he was cloaked underneath Navy intelligence as a Lieutenant in the Naval Reserve, but yet he was “on assignment” with the OSS.

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Frederick Kilgour
Interdepartmental Committee Washington, field representatives report to him, he reports to Wilson.

What a name, right? I can’t help thinking of cold and calculating comic-book character Kilgore.

Yeah, ok. Getting serious now…

Ole Kilgour, the real guy, was, like the last guy we just talked about, also a “Navy Reserve” man who actually worked for the OSS. More of that cloaking thing.

By the age of 29 he was a Chemistry major at Harvard when he was recruited into the OSS.

Joseph Persico’s Roosevelt’s Secret War: FDR and World War II Espionage tells us that one of the intelligence schemes he was involved with was smuggling scientific journals out of Germany. Roosevelt, who loved to read, heartily approved it. Kilgour recruited private citizens in neutral Switzerland, Sweden and Portugal to subscribe to German technical publications.

The Germans had supposedly “given up” on the atomic bomb, so its scientists were allowed to publish papers on nuclear fission previously kept secret. Between 1942 and 1943, eleven major papers were published in Zeitschrift fur Physiks and Die Naturwissenschaften alone. Kilgour’s subscribers slipped the articles to OSS agents in the neutral countries, who microfilmed them and rushed the film back to the States, to the eagerly awaiting them Manhattan Project scientists.

As soon as they arrive in New York, a Kilgour aide would place a call from a safe house to an anonymous phone number, saying only “I have received a package” and then hanging up.

Within minutes, a mysterious “Dr. Cohen” would arrive in a taxi, pick it up and then disappear with it, bound either for Los Alamos or the Manhattan Project’s lab at Columbia University.

Wow! That’s interesting, eh? Very cloak-and-dagger stuff.

An internet posting has some nicely sourced information as to Kilgour’s intelligence work after the war ended. (with a little during the war thrown in there too)

Operations of The Office of Strategic Service, which was the predecessor to the Central Intelligence Agency, were transferred to the Departments of State and War at the conclusion of World War II.

According to the United States Government Manual (1945):

The Office of Strategic Service was established by military Order of June 13, 1942.
Terminated by Executive Order No. 9621, effective October 1, 1945.

Functions divided between State and War Departments.
State created the position of Special Assistant to the Secretary of State, the Office of Research and Intelligence, and the Office of Intelligence Collection and Dissemination which on December 31 took over those parts of the former OSS program that are to be included in the permanent intelligence program. Similarly, War created the Strategic Services Unit in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of War.

Here is the official description of Kilgour’s Office of Intelligence Collection and Dissemination:

This Office is charged with the acquisition and distribution of positive intelligence source materials; the maintenance, cataloguing, and indexing of the Department’s central collection of intelligence materials and reports; and the distribution of finished intelligence.
ACQUISITION AND DISTRIBUTION DIVISION.-To this Division is as-signed responsibility for (a) the procurement of positive intelligence materials to meet existing and anticipated needs of the Department, (b) the distribution to the offices of the Department and to other authorized Government agencies, of incoming intelligence materials not handled by the Division- of Communications and Records or the Division of Foreign Reporting Services, (c) detailed coordination of the Department’s intelligence-acquisition program with those of other Government agencies, and (d) procurement and allocation of foreign publications received through American Foreign Service officers.
REFERENCE DIVISION.-This Division has responsibility for (a) maintaining, cataloguing, indexing, and classifying by subject the De-partment’s central collection of positive intelligence materials and reports, (b) servicing requests for intelligence materials, (c) inform-ing users of the receipt of new intelligence, and informing the Acquisi-tion and Distribution Division of the needs for new intelligence materials, and (d) preparing annotated bibliographies on current and long-range research and intelligence subjects. BIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION DIVISION.-This Division has responsibility for systematically organizing and evaluating information concern-ing persons in foreign countries who are of intrinsic importance or whose activities or views may be considered significant for the United States in connection with the determination and implementation of foreign policy.

The Office of Intelligence Collection and Dissemination was headed from 1946-48 by Frederick G. Kilgour, who was actually the Acting Director. The New York Times obituary only identifies him ex officio as “Deputy Director.” But according to a contemporaneous State Department manual, Kilgour held the following positions:

Director, Office of Intelligence Collection and Dissemination
…………. FREDERICK G. KILGOUR, Acting Chief,
Division of Intelligence Acquisition and Distribution
…………. FREDERICK G. KILGOUR, Acting Chief,
Intelligence Reference Division
…………. FREDERICK G. KILGOUR, Acting Chief.

According to the Times obituary (August 2, 2006),

During World War II, Mr. Kilgour was executive secretary and acting chairman of the Interdepartmental Committee for the Acquisition of Foreign Publications. Part of the Office of Strategic Services, the committee amassed a collection of publications that had been covertly microfilmed in enemy and enemy-occupied territories around the world. A lieutenant in the United States Naval Reserve, Mr. Kilgour was awarded the Legion of Merit for his intelligence work. From 1946 to 1948, he was deputy director of the Office of Intelligence Collection and Dissemination at the State Department.

The Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study makes a passing reference to Kilgour’s earlier work as an agent and recruiter in the O.S.S.:

[Reuben Peiss] was born in Connecticut in 1912, the son of poor Jewish immigrants. A Trinity College graduate with honors in English and philosophy, he became a librarian at Harvard during the Depression and was recruited to the OSS by a colleague, Frederick Kilgour. �One of the leading figures in the OSS at that time was Harvard historian William Langer,� says Kathy Peiss. �He was in charge of the agency�s research and analysis branch, and Kilgour was working for him as the head of a group charged with gathering German newspapers, scientific manuals, and industrial directories for review and analysis by US authorities.�

The University of South Carolina’s School of Library and Information Science notes the origin of Kilgour’s highly regarded bibliographic skills:

[Eugene Barnum] Power founded University Microfilm Inc. in 1938. He wrote an autobiography, Edition of One. He was involved in the beginnings of American Documentation. He was asked by the Office of the US Coordinator of Information to help film enemy documents obtained by the British so that they could be shipped to the US during WWII.By May 1942, Power brought all of the different Allied agencies interested in enemy publications import together and established the Executive Committee of the Aslib Microfilm Service. AMS was core of what Kilgour later developed as the OSS’s microfilm supply of strategic German scientific publications.

Conclusion

With his transfer of intelligence skills gleaned in his government service to significant work in comprehensive library cataloging, Frederick G. Kilgour engaged in a skills-transfer tradition emulated by others in the intelligence community — including the former intelligence officers who populated the executive board of the Internet registration services, and, of course, John Poindexter, with his privatized, ongoing, people-cataloging regime once known as DARPA’s “Total Information Awareness” system.

Kilgour’s more benign civilian work with the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC Inc.), was indelibly cited with the American Society for Information Science’s 1979 Award of Merit for

“transforming a state association of libraries into a national interlibrary loan bibliographic utility…This achievement may be the single greatest contribution to national networking in the United States. His work will have a lasting impact on the field of information science.”

 

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Images and PDF files

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For those who don’t know – OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition and when that is done on images, it makes it so you can search the images for certain words or phrases that you are looking for.

Here is an OCR’d PDF file of all the pages of this document.

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Following are the individual images of the document, for those who prefer to look at them that way.

(click to enlarge)

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