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Note: This research of the Korean/Japan role in the MRA is considered to be in DRAFT STATUS. See “A Word” at the end of this post.

I recently obtained a copy of a relatively obscure and hard-to-find 1989 paper by author Daniel Junas, written for a now defunct Seattle institute called: Institute for Global Security Studies.

Junas’ paper is titled: Rising Moon: The Unification Church’s Japan Connection, Working Paper no.5. Apparently, the 42-page paper is being archived by Tufts University but you can also find it here in the Michael Bedford papers.

There are a number of points of early history that I disagree with Junas about, but when he starts getting into the back history of the Unification Church, there are definitely a few eye-poppers.

Like this, for example, on page 18 –

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KCIA – Korean Central Intelligence Agency

Yet Kim Jong Pil, the chief architect of the May, 1961 coup and the founder of the KCIA was beholden to essentially the same Japanese interests who were backing the Moon Organization. Kim, like Kishi, was a disciple of Moral Rearmament (45) and an exponent of APACL, and it is plausible that he was in contact with the Japanese before the coup.

It is certain that soon after the coup, Kim, who was desperate for political funds, turned to the Japanese for support. A channel was reportedly opened by Yoshio Kodama through a Korean gangster ally…

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Now, Junas reference #45 simply says Mitsui, p. 455 and there is no other further explanation. I haven’t been able to figure out what that actually is a reference to, but I have other references and sources I can bring into play here that support what Junas is talking about – particularly the MRA connection.

In another article, I had written about that an American group called the Moral Majority and the Unification Church were both outcroppings from something called the MRA – Moral and Spiritual Re-Armament.

Korean “Reverend” Sun Myung Moon had been originally recruited under that Round Table british slavemaster intelligence operation – the MRA – as an “evangelical” front group – way back at or just before the time of the Korean War (1950-1953). I have a number of sources that point to this early contact, but that is not actually relevant to the focus of this post today.

The focus today is spring-boarding off the eye-popper from Junas that KCIA man Kim Jong-Pil was himself involved in the MRA, and the significance of that both in his connections to the “triangle” – as Junas calls it – of 3 Japanese men and his connections to British and American intelligence through these men and the MRA.

Taking it as a purely estimated starting point that Moon entered into this mix, one way or another, around 1950, let’s look at something that happened five years later.

Per Miles Copeland, in 1955, the MRA was one of two “cults” chosen to front for CIA “political action” – ie: behavior modification and spying on people’s intimate details of their lives. The other…was Ron Hubbard and the Church of Scientology. Hubbard had already been selected in 1950 – right from the beginning of his “Dianetics” social change movement (that’s a euphemism) and funds were funneled through his Dianetics Research Foundation using CIA asset John Starr Cooke as the agent, getting the funds from one of the Rockefellers.

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The MRA had begun sort of crossing into or dabbling in the use of more occult-like recruiting materials, especially in the Asian arena. There were a number of MRA-influenced Asian sub-groups that went this route, some of which were catapulted into prominence later on. The Unification Church, for example.

As it happens, CIA agent Miles Copeland’s junior, Bob Mandelstaam, was particularly interested in “occult” influences to attract believers to these front groups.

Why?

I’ll let Miles tell you what the plan was for this “political action” he had in mind.

In its original form, my theory was that properly ‘charismatized’ leaders, placed in certain positions in the ‘free world’s’ ‘key’ bureaucracies, could be used as political levers by which an enlightened American foreign policy could uplift the world.

…the judicious application of my theory would enable a properly employed CIA to fulfill the Wilsonian pledge to ‘make the world safe for democracy’ while removing certain goings-on here and there that were inconveniencing the American way of life.

– Miles Copeland – The Game Player “political action description” – Chapter 15

game_player_political_action_meaning_p_143.

Removing certain goings-on, which would have been caused by certain kinds of people. Get the idea what scientology was going to do to its adherents? And for that matter, probably the Unification Church as well.

I hoped to devise political actions which would boost aspirants of my choice into them, keep them there and channel them into paths leading to prosperity and security for both them and us.

identifying potential leaders and guiding them to their rightful destiny, through democratic means if such were available but unhesitatingly by other means if they were not.

– Miles Copeland, The Game Player, p. 144 (Scientology and the MRA had been “officially” chosen by Miles in 1955)

miles_political_action_meaning_game_player_p_144

Other means? Talk about an ominous statement.

wiley-double yikes.

And Miles meant it too – all the way up to and including assassination if it was deemed necessary.

They were that worried about dissenting opinions, even just ONE person could often be enough to send them into a tizzy of the nightmare of it all, should that infection – yes, they viewed it as a disease – spread to others.

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One could lead to TWO and…

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Anyway – the thing to understand here is that Miles talking about using the MRA and Scientology is actually a marriage between what was a British intelligence front group – the MRA – and an American intelligence front group – L. Ron Hubbard and his Dianetics/Scientology. (you can read more of the details in this post)

In essence, you could say that this use of chosen, loyal, front group leaders (like Frank Buchman and L. Ron Hubbard) to conduct their “political action” goals was a combined British-American intelligence operation.

Before we take a closer look at the then MRA focus, which was particularly Japan, Korea, and certain Latin American countries, let’s take a quick look at just a few things that were going on in 1954.

Note: This is from my Dismantling The Guardian’s Office post timeline.

1954

  • The ‘big 3’ first began exerting pressure on the heroin smuggling French – the SDCE – to better conform to ‘their’ plans. Maurice Belleux objected to letting the Americans operate ‘sensitive operations’ on their own, newly arrived commander-in-chief and high commissioner for Indochina, General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, shared this opinion and tried to brake what he referred to as “the CIA’s ambitions.” They failed.
  • Covert shift underway, towards utilizing Latin America for future drug-trafficking. The usual suspects from the CHINA drug-trafficking had various assignments to begin this conversion, while also attempting to take over control of certain governments that were less than friendly to the supposed “western” way.
  • The CIA drew on old OSS China hands with exposure to KMT heroin trafficking traffic (Howard Hunt, Lucien Conein, Mitch Werbell and Paul Helliwell) to set up what would eventually become the Latin American branch of the KMT-backed World Anti-Communist League.
  • ‘New Age’ type religious front groups start being used as part of Operation Gladio activities – including drug smuggling and money laundering.
  • May 1 – Korean ‘reverend’ Moon, a Moral Re-Armament recruit, was tasked by the CIA and British intelligence to start the “Unification Church” which would later yield the CAUSA front group instrumental in helping the Iran-Contra guns-for drugs operation.
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  • June – L. Ron Hubbard, then working undercover for Bob Mandelstaam of the CIA, puts out a propaganda piece wherein he states what scientology is – (when Miles Copeland officially took his CIA post in June of 1955, Hubbard would then incorporate the non-profit Founding Church of Man’s Religion – later renamed Founding Church of Scientology)
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    The goal of scientology is sufficient control over the aberrations of Man.

    Scientology is the behavior science of the 20th century.

    It is a movement toward a saner world…

    – JOS (Journal of Scientology) issue 30g.

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That same year (1954) literally right on top of those last two events was the formation of the Asian People’s Anti-Communist League (APACL, now known as Asian Pacific League for Freedom and Democracy). It would later get absorbed/remade into the WACL, the World Anti-Communist League in 1966.

It was comprised of:

  • Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan
  • Elpidio Quirino of the Republic of the Philippines
  • Syngman Rhee of the Republic of Korea.
  • Vietnam, Thailand, Okinawa, British-controlled Hong Kong, and Macao, also sent representatives.

The APACL was founded in Jinhae, the wartime capital city of the Republic of Korea (ROK) on June 15, 1954. Its first general conference was held there and was a big show advocating and supporting anti-communism and anti-totalitarianism as well as anti-authoritarianism – whatever the frack that meant.

But why Korea one might ask.

Let’s go back in time a little here – to Japan.

Notice that the Junas paper mentioned a man named Kishi.

Who is that?

Nobusuke Kishi, a descendant of samurai and also an MRA accolyte, was an ardent proponent for the Japanese version of national socialism (Junas, page 7). A vision of Kita Ikki, it called for a highly centralized, industrial state.

At the end of WWII, three men, Sasakawa, Kodama and Kishi were all thrown into Sugamo Prison. They were suspected to be Class A war criminals. They formed an alliance but first they needed to form one with the right Americans.(Junas page 8,9)

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The bridge to make this happen was none other than Frank Buchman and the MRA, working in concert with was about to become the CIA. The MRA was also engaged in “anti-communist” activities with the CIA  (the MRA was itself already an MI6 front group) on every continent.

In Japan, the MRA wanted to dampen the labor and student movements that were threatening the “ruling elites” and the British-Vatican-U.S. interests.

Contact was made, an agreement was struck, and the three men were on-board the American plans for the reindustrialization of Japan and for a new “Co-prosperity Sphere” in Southeast Asia. Once the deal was done?

In December of 1948 all three men were released from prison and set loose upon the world, without question and without trial. (Junas, page 10, Ref #14)

Kishi

MRA’s front man in Japan was now none other than Kishi. (Junas, p. 16)

Almost immediately after his release, Kodama began running a series of intelligence operations for the newly founded CIA. One example is that he organized the yakuza (Japanese Crime Gangs) to basically harass and beat up the “labor” – as Junas refers to it. (Junas p 10, Ref #15)

He also backed Kishi’s rise to power, also on behalf of the CIA. (Junas p 10, Ref #15)

As Cold War tensions heightened from around 1955 onward, many overseas MRA activists began to profess great concern over Japan’s future. Kishi Nobusuke had just succeeded Hatoyama Ichiro and Ishibashi Tanzan as prime minister, and the political atmosphere of the country was growing ever more uncertain, with public opinion polarized and student-, labor-, and leftist-orchestrated protests taking place nationwide against everything from the police duties law to job evaluations for teachers and amendment of the Japan-U.S. security treaty.

Alarmed by what it saw as a strategic campaign by international (particularly Chinese) communists to approach and sway Japanese leaders in different fields, MRA resolved to counteract this influence by spreading awareness of a better alternative to communism.

PDF – Postwar Japan and the Work of Moral Re-Armament 40th Anniversary Publication

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As part of trying to counteract the unapproved of rebellious nature of the Japanese, various propaganda activities were undertaken. For example, look at page 38 of the above PDF you’ll see a total MRA propaganda letter aimed at defining the “real enemy” – the communists, China, and so on.

Kishi also brings in an MRA traveling show – a totally blatant propaganda vehicle called The Vanishing Island –  on a tour of Japan in June of 1955.

Over in Korea – ‘Reverend” Moon finds himself in jail in South Korea over a sex scandal that year, but somehow gets out with the charges dropped. Clearly this points to at a minimum, probable MRA interference, most likely marking the beginning of his relationship with fellow MRA man Kim Jong-Pil. If I had to guess.

A little less than a year later, a visit to Japan by Frank Buchman himself was arranged by his very best front man – Mr. Kishi.

On April 26, 1956, Frank Buchman landed at Haneda Airport in what would be his first visit to Japan since World War II.

Kishi and the MRA were tasked by the “Big 3” to bring Korea into this dollars-in-their-eyes restructuring plans they had in mind, but –

The Korean members were cold toward the Japanese delegates, and at first efforts to approach them were entirely rebuffed.

Recognizing that such might be the case from even before they set out, the Japanese attendees had prepared for the encounter by conferring with Prime Minister Kishi Nobusuke and others responsible for Japanese foreign policy so as to be able to offer some substantive gesture toward breaking the deadlock in relations between the two countries.

PDF – Postwar Japan and the Work of Moral Re-Armament 40th Anniversary Publication

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Offer some gesture?

Yea. Probably like this –

By 1957, with Kodama and the ‘big 3’ backing, Kishi became Prime Minister in 1957.

Kishi established the Japan-Republic of China (Taiwan) Cooperation Committee, an association of right-wing businessmen from the two nations, and he continued to push for a normalization of relations with South Korea.

Junas says that this: “which would later prove fertile ground for Kishi’s corrupt schemes. Such schemes required an ability to launder money and move it across national boundaries, a function that the Moon Organization would later fill.

The push for normalization was predicted to spark of demonstration as the people were rather less than thrilled with this idea, so, in 1958, Kishi’s buddy Kodama began assembling a rightist-yakuza “army” as a counterweight to the anticipated demonstrations – this was one of Kodama’s CIA assignments. (Junas p 10 Ref #15 and p 13 Ref #19)

While over in Korea, their MRA counterpart, Kim Jong Pil was having Moon get busy recruiting former Korean military officers for the coup that would be coming up very quickly here, literally forcing the Korean people to “get on board” the Big 3’s restructuring program.

Moon recruits military officer Bo Hi Pak, who became Moon’s right hand man and Jong-Pil’s official rep to the U.S. Kishi and Kodama then bring in the first ever “missionary” Choi Sang Ik from none other than Sun Myung Moon.

A young Bo Hi Pak

But, there was trouble in Paradise.

The MRA began declining in influence in Japan.

This despite the fact that Frank Buchman was doing his level best to try and keep his long term British intelligence “hooks” into Japan, as evidenced by this Moral Re-armament (MRA) party at their headquarters in Los Angeles on March 20, 1957. It was held to honor Frank on his recent award of the Order of Rising Sun from Japanese Emperor Hirohito –

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Image description:
An older Caucasian man in eyeglasses and dark suit sits at high table with a three-tiered cake, “MRA,” flanked by Japanese men, including Consul General of Japan Shigeru Nakamura; Japanese and American flag hang in background. Includes large group of people sitting at tables, Dr. Buchman surrounded by various people, and Buchman wearing a medal around his neck.

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This decline of the MRA in Japan is said to be because of the successful protests against “Ampo”, and because of that success, a new front group, the APACL, gets brought in. In March, 1958 a steering committee meeting had been held in Mexico City to plan the merger of APACL and other, similar anti-communist organizations into the World Anti-Communist League (which doesn’t actually get made until 1966) but this shows the purpose of it and that it was being planned this far back.

Junas tells us that: By one account, in 1959 or thereabouts, (i.e., on the eve of the Ampo struggle) Moon himself had acted as a go between trying to bring together the MRA and APACL factions.

The third man of the jail trio, Sasakawa was the important behind-the-scenes player in this APACL, while Kishi takes his usual place as “front man” for that as well. Kishi would later do this for the Moon Organization too, obviously liaising with Kim Jong-Pil and having Moon start agitating on “anti-communist” work. Sasakawa helps out Moon’s agent Choi’s immigration proceedings by appearing as his guarantor.

Moon takes on his next task, working together with his MRA/CIA contacts he sends some “missionaries” to the U.S. in 1959, one of which was Young Oon Kim, another was Bo Hi Pak – the man who also worked directly for KCIA and Jong-Pil.

Meanwhile the soon-to-be “coup” replacement, Park Chung Hee, a major general in the Army, holds a meeting with American military officials at the Army’s 6th district division office in 1959.

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Note: This pic was provided by Kim Jong-pil to Korea Joon Gang Daily who did a series in 2015 called Kim Jong-Pil Remembers. If anyone can positively identify the other people in it, please drop me a note in the comment section.

So, while the intelligence/military men are having meetings with Park, 1960 rolls around and as Junas put it: Kim Jong Pil “organized” the Unification Church as a “political tool”.

The military officers Moon had been busily recruiting in the late 1950s, are also about to come into play in this “coup”…and meanwhile Moon’s people in the U.S. will soon undergo a corresponding transformation with the help of sociologist John Lofland, who was then doing a “study” tasked by the OSS/CIA created Institute for Social Research out of Berkeley University. (more on that in a separate post, because that’s one hell of a story all by itself).

Kishi coordinates the same thing in Japan, organizing the Japanese Unification Church–known there as Genri Undo, or “Principles Movement”. I believe this was all part of starting to replace the religious front group aspect of the now almost defunct MRA.

Clearly this plan had actually began earlier, or perhaps the Koreans are taking advantage of the existing plan (there is some evidence to point to that) to forward some agenda of their own. Anyway, prior to this date that Junas gives as the “organization” of the Moon church, not only was MRA man and Kishie triangle collaborator Kim Jong-Pil already working on those connections with American military here in 1959, he was clearly involved with sending out agents to America to “watch” Korean ex-pats (more like terrorize).

I say that, because one of the first people that Moon sent to America was Joon Rhee, who lived his intelligence cover as a martial arts teacher/moonie – but never breaking his strong KCIA intelligence connections through Bo Hi Pak and Kim Jong-Pil.

You could say that Moon and Jong-pil sent their own special triad or triangle. Young Oon Kim to the western American seaboard, Bo Hi Pak to the eastern, and Joon Rhee to South Texas. An interesting diagram, geographically.

Jhoon Rhee, begins teaching Tang Soo Do at San Marcos Southwest Texas State College in 1959, later changes the name to the name more of us recognize – Tae Kwan Do.

A little background –

Right after the independence of Korea, the Chung Do Kwan, one of the five key Dojangs, was founded first by Lee Won Kuk. It symbolized Chung Do Kwan’s name, Bluewaves, meaning a youngster’s spirit and vitality.

After the Korean War, graduates of the Chung Do Kwan were: 1) YOO Ung Jun; 2) SON Duk Sung; 3) UHM Woon Kyu; 4) HYUN Jong Myun; 5) MIN Woon Sik; 6) HAN In Sook; 7) JUNG Young Taek; 8) KANG Suh Chong; 9) BAEK Joon Ki; 10) NAM Tae Hi; 11) KO Jae Chun; 12) KWAK Kuen Sik; 13) KIM Suk Kyu; 14) HAN Cha Kyo; 15) JO Sung Il; 16) LEE Sa Man; 17) RHEE Jhoon Goo (Jhoon Rhee); and 18) KIM Bong Sik.

Ref: The translated version of “A Modern History of Taekwondo”, written by KANG Won Sik and LEE Kyong Myong, in the Korean language, Chapter 1: The Development of the Kwans, Chapter 1, Section 1: Chung Do Kwan

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Why was he starting a school?

Members of San Francisco’s Korean community have told PNS, and Washington officials have confirmed, that the Korean Central Intelligence Agency frequently uses the Tae Kwan Do Karate schools in major American cities as a cover for its agents. The agents are reportedly controlled from the South Korean Embassy in Washington where Colonel Pak was a military attache from 1961 to 1964. (Coincidentally, the largest chain of Korean tae Kwan Do Karate schools in the United States is owned and operated by Colonel Pak’s, Jhoon Rhee, who is well known in Washington as a teacher of Marshal
arts to political figures and columnists. Rhee was one of the founders of the Unification Church in the United States and his first Karate school served as a recruiting front for the church. Rhee also helped establish the Korean Cultural and Freedom Foundation, but, though he still professes support for the church’s goal, he insists he is no longer actively in the church’s affairs. Through his representation in the World Karate Association, however, Rhee is connected to one of the church’s principal Japanese backers, Sasagawa Ryoichi, who founded and heads the association.

Ref – Reverend Sun Myung Moon; Good Connections by Andrew Ross and David McQueen; Part Two of Two; San Francisco, June 9  1975 (PNS) as found on pages 21-27 of FBI files 1198987-0-HQ 105-174559, Section 2 Serial 1 as found at MuckRock through a FOIA request. PDF of extracted article by itself available here.

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A double-whammy, both a placement home (with a cover) for intelligence agents and a recruiting place to find new ones or people for Moon to watch within his “church”.

Jhoon Rae would have been working with Kee Hwang prior to leaving Korea, and would have known Colonel Butterwick from there because he was a student.

Who’s Kee?

Well, Kee Hwang, the Moo Duk Kwan® Founder (you would know it as Tae Kwan Do) established Tang Soo Do at the U.S. 8th Army in Young San.

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He taught a number of Americans, including Chuck Norris and a rather colorful man named Colonel John Teosdale Butterwick, who graduated in October of 1960 (#2277) and was put in charge of the first U.S. Tang Soo Do Moo Duk Kwan, the now U.S. Air Force “Mighty 8th” (previously the Army Air Corp) where he attained the rank of Colonel. Butterwick graduated the same month as Chuck Norris, by the way.

Butterwick – 1961

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A young Butterwick – U of Wisconsin 1932

He looks a bit thug-ish in this pic.

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Clearly Butterwick had some kind of more than passing relationship with both Joon Rhee and Yung Oon Kim – two out of three of the KCIA/Moon people sent to America – because, for one thing, he sent a personal letter to Kim after he had come back to the U.S. to pursue a career in stocks out of Miami. I wonder about that being all he was doing, especially given what’s going on in Miami right at that time. Think CIA man Paul Helliwell and getting the drug-trafficking and money-laundering banking network going there.

Letter Butterwick to Kim – 1962

December 1962 –

Dear Miss Kim,

Thanks you so much for your letter. In 1960, we tried to locate you in Oregon but later found you had moved to California. As you no doubt realize, activities of the last months have excluded any letter writing–even my close friends (your three dedicated students) Sang, Bo Hi, and Bud. I hope some day we can meet. Mrs. Butterwick joins in sending all good wishes.

Lt. Col. John T. Butterwick

690 Geneva Place

Davis Islands, Tampa 6. Fla.

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What he’s doing in Tampa? One can only guess…perhaps this was the period of time when he was assigned to the General Secretary’s Office at the United Nations where he served as an intelligence analyst?

Ah. I found what he was doing there. He was an officer at the STRIKE command. In 1961 the United States Strike Command (STRICOM) was established at MacDill Air Force in Tampa. Butterwick was teaching martial arts at a club there, among other things.

Galesburg Register, 27 December, 1962

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But, see the names “Sang, Bo Hi, and Bud” in his letter to Young Oon Kim? Well, besides that apparently they were all moonies (inherent in that “dedicated students” statement) I believe they also were fellow martial arts students. Perhaps Bo Hi is Bo Hi Pak though? Questions, questions.

What I do know is that a number of Koreans had “formed a counter-intelligence unit” during the Korean War, and Pak’s buddy Kim Jong-Pil was one of them. It’s also of note that I believe I saw somewhere that these people were actually trained by the CIA, which would make perfect sense.

Historical Dictionary of International Intelligence p 190 –

During the Korean War, South Korea established a Counterintelligence Corps, and when in 1961 the Korean Central Intelligence Agency(KCIA) was created, much of its staff was drawn from that unit. The KCIA’s first director, Kim Jong-pil, played a leading role in the military coup of May 1961 that brought General Park Chung-hee to power.

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Meanwhile, back in Korea – the loyalists were still trying to keep that MRA spirit alive.

In April 1961, a sponsor group for construction of the MRA Asia Center was established with Kudo Shoshiro, president of Tokyo Tomin Bank, as its head. Kishi and Jong-Pil were both supporters of this.

PDF – Postwar Japan and the Work of Moral Re-Armament 40th Anniversary Publication

Just a month later?

The big ‘revolution’ (that wasn’t really) takes place on May 16.

Kim was the architect of this military coup led by Park. Remember now, he’s an MRA guy, and Miles Copeland of the CIA had specifically chosen MRA, starting in 1955, to be one of their main fronts to run ‘political action’ – so this coup was definitely something that would fall under that rubrick.

It overthrew a civilian government set up a year earlier after the student-led April 19 Revolution that toppled the government of Syngman Rhee, South Korea’s first president. Park carried out the coup in the name of bringing an end to its ineffectiveness and corruption and getting rid of Communist elements in a country that hadn’t even recovered from the 1950-53 Korean War.

Kim wrote a declaration of promises to the nation after the coup in the name of the new leaders. The first promise he made to the people was to make anti-Communism the state’s No.1 priority.

– March 3, 2015 article, Korean Joon Gang Daily

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Anti-Communism?

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Why are we not surprised.

Also don’t forget what I just told you, that many of these men were from a counter-intelligence unit that had been formed during the Korean War, probably trained by the CIA.

This coup totally rendered powerless the legally and democratically elected government of Yun Bo-seon and ended the Second Republic. Doing what the slavemasters (British Vatican etc.) usually do an installed some fascist dictatorship, which in this case involved installing a “reformist” military Supreme Council for National Reconstruction – with the suppression of democracy, civil liberties and numerous ‘purges’ enacted in its wake.

An initial broadcast went out to outline the policy objectives of the coup, including its obligatory stances on anti-communism and the strengthening of ties with the United States as well as the ubiquitous “Korean reunification”.

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The coup was instrumental in bringing to power a new developmentalist elite, as one historian put it, and getting right down to business in laying the foundations for the rapid industrialization of South Korea just as the ‘Big 3″ wanted.

And what’s the very first thing they did?

Secure American approval for their new government. This approval came quickly, as on May 20, President John F. Kennedy dispatched a message confirming the friendship between the two countries. Carter B. Magruder, commander-in-chief of the United Nations Command, simultaneously announced the return to the ROK Army of all rights of operational command.

A significant development occurred soon after the coup with the planning and subsequent establishment of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA). Members of the Military Revolutionary Committee were briefed on May 20 by Kim Jong-pil on the intended functions of this new agency. The KCIA was realized on June 10 with the enactment of Law No. 619, which brought the agency into being under the direction of Kim Jong-pil.

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Ta da!

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It’s practically magical how that happened.

The KCIA would be Park’s central power base throughout his leadership of South Korea, and it served an important function from the outset, granting Kim and Park the ability to remove Chang from the Council and to initiate a series of wide-ranging ‘purges of civilian institutions.

Detention and torture of students, political activists and journalists are –

“purges”

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That’s quite the euphemism for what actually went on there.

Jong-Pil was ordered to infiltrate and quash any and all rebellion to their big “plans” for Korea, plus he was to track the movements of any South Koreans abroad – which is probably another area that Moon’s organization in the U.S. would come into play.

Together – the Kishi triangle plus their Korean counterpart Jong-Pil, now had Moon’s right-hand man Bo Hi Pak assigned as the Korean military attache to the South Korean embassy in Washington D.C.

Kim Jong-pil, left, greets Kim Hyung-wook (his spy junior) at Gimpo International Airport in July 1962

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Let the money-laundering begin…

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Meanwhile, on October 22, 1962 the Japanese MRA facility was now open.

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Now Korean Central Intelligence Agency Director, Kim Jong-pil, made his way from South Korea expressly to be on hand for the event. At the time, diplomatic relations had not yet even been established between Japan and South Korea.

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…Kim was one of many foreign dignitaries to attend the opening. President Chiang Kaishek of Taiwan made a gift of his own calligraphy, which was brought and presented by his aide General Ho Ying-chin…

It represented the fruit of both far-reaching material and moral assistance extended to Japan by the international MRA movement in its initiative to promote postwar reconstruction and cooperation from among those inspired by MRA goodwill.

PDF – Postwar Japan and the Work of Moral Re-Armament 40th Anniversary Publication

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A month later, some time in November Jong-Pil met with the Young Oon Kim group of moonies at a San Francisco Hotel and assured them of his full support. This is while Berkeley sociologist John Lofland (with ties to CIA/OSS front group Institute of Social Research) and his sidekick Rodney Stark are “observing” the small group as a social research project. (See this post for much more)

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As early as 1962, Prime Minister Kim Jong Pil, then head of the newly-formed Korean C. I. A. ,assured the first small group of American converts at a meeting in a San Francisco hotel of his full — but secret — support, one of those present told PNS.

Ref – Reverend Sun Myung Moon; Good Connections by Andrew Ross and David McQueen; Part Two of Two; San Francisco, June 9  1975 (PNS) as found on pages 21-27 of FBI files 1198987-0-HQ 105-174559, Section 2 Serial 1 as found at MuckRock through a FOIA request. PDF of extracted article by itself available here.

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The same article cites a Boston Globe article that further documents Bo Hi Pak’s connection to Jong Pil and the KCIA, as well as Moon and his Unification Church front group.

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The Boston Globe reported recently that Moon’s interpreter, Colonel Pak has been a member of the K.C.I.A. Korean exiles have told Pacific News Service and the Washington Post that Pak is still connected to Korean intelligence circles, and have pointed out that Moon could not have built his industrial and religious organizations  and his anti-communist training centers in South Korea without the ‘implicit cooperation of the K.C.I.A.’

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Jong-Pil left for the U.S. the same night after the MRA Asia Center opening, as evidenced by information submitted to the later Senate hearings into Korea-American relations.

The general statement –

In October 1962 KCIA Director Kim Jong Pil and other KCIA officials traveled to the United States, where he had briefings at the CIA, FBI, and Defense Department. Of more interest in light of later events were two other aspects of the trip. One of Kim’s Korean escorts was Lt. Col. Pak Bo Hi, a military attache at the ROK Embassy in Washington. He later became the interpreter and confidant of Unification Church leader Sun Myung Moon.

Second, the subcommittee learned that Kim met with and offered support to Unification Church members in San Francisco during this trip. Two individuals with personal knowledge of the meetings—one a U.S. Government official at the time—attested to this.32 [my note: I wonder who that was – perhaps the Consul General San Francisco?]

On this trip Kim also met with Korean residents in the United States—one of whom was Tongsun Park—in Washington, D.C.

Reference: Investigation of Korean-American relations: report of the Subcommittee on International Organizations of the Committee on International Relations, U.S. House of Representatives; published October 30, 1978 by United States Congress; page 24, which cites a reference #32 which is: “Investigation of Korean-American Relations,” hearings before the Subcommittee on International Organizations of the Committee on International Relations, 95th Cong., 2d sess., pt. 4,
Mar. 15, 16, 21, 22; Apr. 11, 20; and June 20, 1978 (hereinafter referred to as “KI-4”) p. 690.

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An expanded listing of these meetings Jong-Pil attended that had been arranged for him by Bo Hi Pak in his embassy capacity, details that Jong-Pil met with CIA director John McCon, Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, and Defense Intelligence Agency Director General Joseph Carroll, and apparently he had the first of what would be many visits to the NSA at Fort Meade, Maryland. It was on his way home that he met with the moonies in San Francisco.

RefGifts of Deceit: Sun Myung Moon, Tongsun Park and the Korean Scandal by Robert Boettcher with Gordon L. Freedman, 1980 pp. 38-41

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The previous report cited was more of a summing up of the entirety of the Korea-American relations hearings. The only source that currently has the in-depth documentation of the hearings themselves is Hathitrust. All seven parts are viewable there under the title: Investigation of Korean-American relations: hearing before the Subcommittee on International Organizations of the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, Ninety-fifth Congress, first session.

Within part 4, I just managed to find the entire schedule of Jong-Pil’s trip. I have uploaded this in a separate PDF for internet researchers to more easily access.

PDF – Schedule of KCIA director Kim Jong Pil’s Trip to US October 22 to November 9 1962

From this document, we now know that Jong-Pil departed Tokyo for the U.S. after the MRA opening at 21:30 on October 22, 1962, and we also now know that Jong-Pil traveled to San Francisco on his way home, arriving in the evening of November 5th, 1962, followed by a reception with 150 attendees by the Consul General, and another meeting in the morning took place November 6th, 1962 at the Saint Francis Hotel in San Francisco. My guess is that this meeting with Young Oon Kim and her moonies (which included Berkeley sociologist John Lofland) that “a U.S. Government official” attested to witnessing, was probably the Consul General get-together on the 5th. He leaves San Francisco on the 7th.

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Meetings with Young Oon Kim –

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It might interest you to know the degree to which the head “moonie” in San Francisco, Young Oon Kim, deliberately hid her connection to Jong-Pil and Korean Intelligence – as well as her fellow original “missionaire” Bo Hi Pak’s clear involvement. In her New Age newsletter just a month later, on page 9, Kim only reported that:

Recently we had special guests from Korea here in San Francisco. Nine of us had the opportunity to have an interview with them, which was very impressive.

She also reported that shortly after Jong-Pil left, on the 7th of November “Miss Kim had four young Korean gentlemen here at the house. They were not Christians, but they were very interested in the mission of Korea.

Were these KCIA agents Jong-Pil left behind, that she had to explain their presence somehow?

Because, clearly she lies about her close relationship with the KCIA, and from what I have been told this is apparently something that both she and Bo Pak will not just do once, but repeatedly over the years to their “followers” in what became the Unification Church in America.

Kim also puts forward a rather interesting piece of disinformation in this newsletter, which is that she announced that John Lofland – yes, that John Lofland – “moved in November 5th. He will live here several days of the week.Lofland had been there for almost a year by that point.

So why mis-characterize his involvement in such a way, and pin it to the same day that she met with Korean Intelligence, presumably with Lofland in tow as one of the 9, no less. Building Lofland’s cover (infiltration/intelligence identity) for him perhaps?

Any way you cut it, Kim’s behavior is downright disingenuous, is about the mildest way you could put it.

So, Kim Jong-Pil goes back to Korea, and two years later he was now the point man for the U.S. in Korea for normalizing diplomatic ties with Japan in return for compensation for its 36-year colonial rule of the peninsula in 1964, which sparked a wave of protests nationwide.

The financial aid and loans from Tokyo laid the groundwork for Korea’s industrialization under Park. This year marks the 50th year anniversary of the opening of diplomatic ties.

“It was an extension of the revolution we had envisioned,” said Kim of the normalization of relations with Japan. “Nobody wanted to do it because they knew it would cause a firestorm of criticisms. I went to the negotiating table with the same mindset I had on the eve of the revolution – that I would put my life on the line to make it successful.”

Reports of Seoul’s reopening diplomatic ties with Tokyo in return for loans and financial aid worth hundreds of millions of dollars drew strong protests that Korea was humiliating itself.

March 3, 2015 article, Korean Joon Gang Daily

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Kim had literally sold out his own people. At least, that’s how it looks to me.

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A word –

There is something very strange going on with this whole Korean situation back then. It’s as if the MRA involvement – which would mean British intelligence – is more a means to an end for some of these key Korean figures, but with a definite something else, some other element present here.

I hate to use the word communist because it’s SO misleading and originally communism was a total controlled opposition creation, but I think that there do exist people who then opportunistically used communism to hide behind as their reason for any number of things – like the Russians and the KGB.

And that’s what I think is somehow mixed up in this mess – Russian shit-stirrers. So, I almost find myself in the position of understanding why both British and American intelligence would want to keep their friends close and their enemies closer here.

Because something just isn’t quite right here. It’s somehow a bit too steered – some of the Junas work, etc. – for my taste and it has my spidey sense going off. I don’t know exactly what it is yet, but I imagine some day I’ll stumble across it.

In the meantime, consider this and any other posting here about Korea/Japan to be in DRAFT STATUS and just a beginning, a gathering of information, and a forming of initial hypotheses  – nothing is written in stone.

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References –

Junas Paper numbered refs –

14. Roberts, “Sasakawa,” p. 10; Kurzman, p. 253. Carroll, John, “The Enigma of Yoshio Kodama,” Japan Journal, July,
1988, p. 90 et seq.

15. Carroll, John, “The Enigma of Yoshio Kodama,” Japan Journal, July, 1988, p. 90 et seq.

19. Kaplan, David E. and Alec Dubro. Yakuza (New York:MacMillan, 1986) p. 85.

 

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All that Spy Stuff, Historical Research