“The best safeguard against abuses in the future is a complete public accounting of the abuses of the past.”
— Senator Edward Kennedy on MKULTRA

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First off, I have to say that this is probably one of the harder rough-draft articles I have ever had to do, but I think it was worth it. It wasn’t just the content (although that’s bad enough) it was the people that I had to get up close and personal with in researching them – the kind of people that make you feel like you can never wash off the slime and stench of their evil acts.

Sometimes, the best way to do that is exactly this. Put it together, straighten it out and bring the light of reason into play on it in a way it has rarely (if ever) been done.

I take no small pride when I successfully navigate such cesspools of power-driven madness and emerge victorious with what really happened. Such is the case with the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

It started with this news article.

Jefferson City Post Tribune, Thursday August 9, 1973 – Group Claims mental patients used in test

Jefferson_City_Post_Tribune_Thu__Aug_9__1973_

Documents indicating random drug experimentation on mental patients in Missouri have been turned over to Dr. Harold P. Robb, director of the Missouri division of Mental Health, by the Church of Scientology Committee on Public Health and Safety.

The Rev. Frederick M. Rock, regional chairman of the committee, says the documents were obtained by a former patient who had been experimented on with one of the new drugs.

The documents, which numbered more than 1500, include letter between representatives of different drug companies around the United States and individuals who are part of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

In one letter from Dr. George Ulett, former director of the Missouri Division of Mental Health, to Dr. Samuel J. Anderson of Abbott Laboratories Ulett said, “As part of our research program, we are developing at the St Louis State Hospital, a new research institute, the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry, which will be devoted to clinical studies in the field of psychiatry and will have available patients from the total State Hospital population here in Missouri.”

Ulett is now chairman of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

Other letters verify large donations from the drug companies to experiment with new drugs on the patients at the State Hospital. Sums in excess of $2000 were paid several times for this purpose according to the letters, which were dated between 1959 and 1970.

According to Robb’s office, the Missouri Division of Mental Health is responsible for obtaining informed consent from patients involved in research experimentation and the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry is responsible for the actual research procedures.

“We have set out strict procedures to make sure the patients understand what is involved in the research,” Robb said.

Mr. Rock said Robb explained that patients must sign a consent form before submitting the research. The voluntary patient may talk to other doctors or a lawyer before making the decision to undergo the research. In cases where an individual has been committed by court the court signs the consent form and in cases involving minors, the parents or guardians must give the consent.

“We are primarily interested in the apparent violation of patient rights. Patients are by law supposed to give their informed consent before any experimentation can be done on them,” Mr. Rock said.

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As an example of what Robert Whitaker #2 says about the problems scientology causes by being involved in “anti-psychiatry”, let’s look at a later treatment of this “expose” of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

A man named Merrell Vannier, published a book called Arrows in the Dark in March of 2015.

Merrell Vannier

Merrell_Vannier

His revelation of previously secret details regarding his intelligence work for the Guardian’s Office in the 1970’s, is seen by some to be in retaliation for the Church of Scientology cutting him off from his daughter after he had been declared Suppressive Person for fraternizing with other like-minded anti-David Miscavige ex-Guardian’s Office personnel.

In fact, Merrell himself said that after he no longer heard from his daughter, “the gloves come off.”

In Chapter 1, he details what his perspective was of the events surrounding Guardian’s Office exposes of the Missouri Institute.

1973

A television satellite truck and a small army of men and women armed with video cameras and microphones were camped in front of the St. Louis Church of Scientology. All the attention was centered on church spokesman Fred Rock, who was dressed in a minister’s shirt, black with a white clergyman’s collar. I worked at the church and was returning from lunch. Other staff members were gathered around the perimeter of the media event. I moseyed over to check it out.

Rock was speaking. I only heard bits and pieces, but enough to catch his drift: He said the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry was conducting drug experiments on patients without their knowledge or consent. He waved a stack of documents, an inch or two thick, and said they were provided by an anonymous MIP employee and proved the existence of the illicit program. He handed out copies, then fielded questions. Yes, it is an ongoing investigation. Yes, we’ve turned over all our findings to law enforcement and will continue to do so, he said. We’re working with other patients’ rights groups to protect the rights of mental patients. And so on.

[…] “How would you like to join the Guardian’s Office?” he said. “We could use someone with a legal background.”

“What’s the Guardian’s Office?” I asked, and he explained that it was a separate part of the church that handled its external affairs, things like public relations and legal matters, and said they didn’t have anyone in the legal bureau yet but wanted to man it soon. Just as Rock passed by, he added, “Fred is in the G.O.” Rock turned, smiling at the mention of his name, but didn’t stop.

[…] “Don’t believe what you read in this,” I advised my parents about the Sunday edition of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, which contained an article entitled, “Expensive Trip to Spirituality,” the first in a five-part series. It was March 3, 1974,

[…] I read a paragraph aloud: “‘Until its recent campaign against alleged drug experimentation abuses at the troubled Missouri Institute of Psychiatry, Scientology attracted little attention among St. Louis area churches, schools, public and private health agencies and governmental authorities.’

“See? It’s retaliation for us speaking out against psychiatric abuses at MIP.”

Arrows In The Dark, Merrell Vannier Chapter 1.

The series that Merrell is referring to actually did some fairly accurate reporting about insane Church policies that were in effect, at least in this one that I found.

Counterattack: the response to Criticism – Part Five St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 7, 1974 by James E. Adams and Elaine Viets

Note: You can view the entire series at the above link.

[…] When Dell Publishing Co., Inc., came out with George Malko’s book, “Scientology: The Now Religion,” Scientology sued for libel.

Stephen Bair, vice president of Dell, said that the company considered Malko’s book a generally accurate and legitimate summary of Scientology, but Dell could not afford to bear the heavy legal fees to defend itself.

Faced with the prospect of spending as much as $100,000 on a trial, Bair said, Dell agreed to pay $7500 to Scientology and submit a one-sentence statement expressing “regret for any misstatements which may have been made in the book.”

“If the book tells lies about us, we sue,” said the Rev. Frederick M. Rock, local church director of community affairs. “We don’t want lies told about us. Neither would you.”

Scientology has made a special target of members of the healing professions: physicians, psychiatrists, and psychologists. Hubbard has alleged in press releases and communications that prominent American and British psychiatrists have formed a conspiracy against the church.

Miss Watson explained that Scientology‘s attitude developed because “in a majority of cases attacks on the church have stemmed from psychiatric foundations or associations, or in this country, medical associations.”

Scientology has a Public Investigation Section that “investigates the attacking group’s individual members and sees that the results of the investigation get adequate legal action and publicity,” according to a 1966 policy letter. The section must be formed when an organization has a staff of 150 persons, the policy letter said. The St. Louis organization has 150 staff members.

A former staff member of the St. Louis unit said that she was asked to spy on two local mental health organizations, the Psychoanalytic Foundation of St. Louis and the Mental Health Association of St. Louis. “The organization wanted me to see what these groups were doing about Scientology,” she said. “I was supposed to get in first as a volunteer. Once I was in, I would get further instructions. They wanted personal data on people in the mental health organization and information concerning their research techniques.”

The church denies any covert activities.

Guardian’s Office personnel doing this “denying” were lying through their teeth, as usual. Especially as considered against what Merrell details next, in his chapter 1.

[…] John Spencer intercepted me outside the St. Louis church. “Someone from Los Angeles wants to meet you.” I cocked my head. “About the Post-Dispatch articles,” he continued. “Are you interested in talking to him?”

This time I was receptive. I had seen the fallout from the series. One person I ran into even had the gall to laugh and tell me I had fallen under “the spell of a cult.” I asked him what he knew about Scientology. Plenty, he said; he’d read the Post-Dispatch articles. Then it was my turn to laugh. I was amazed. Not many people insulted me to my face, but I could tell that the articles had made an impact. I didn’t blame the people I ran into. Most people trusted and believed what the news media told them. I used to myself. I blamed the Post-Dispatch. And I wanted to do something about it.

[…] He led me to a booth in a back corner of a restaurant that was occupied by a friendly-looking guy about our age, mid-twenties. He had curly dark hair and toyed with his moustache. His eyes passed over me, scanning behind and all around us. Not until Spencer slid into the seat across from him, and I took the open spot, did the guy zero in on me.

“Don Alverzo,” he said, extending his hand. I was immediately drawn to him.

[…] He inquired about my military background. That meant he either had access to my staff application or had been briefed by Spencer, who may have known about it. I told him I had completed a three-year enlistment in the Navy, where I trained and worked as a fire-control technician, handling the ship’s weapons control system – radar, computers, and related equipment.

“How about you?” I asked.

“Vietnam,” he told me. “Helicopter pilot.”

I asked him what that was like. He answered only briefly, then asked whether I had a security clearance in the Navy. That was my first inkling that he was screening me for something and not just getting to know me. And a masterful job it was, since I’d barely recognized it was going on. I had a Secret security clearance, I told him. A military vet would know that Secret was not very high.

Arrows In The Dark, Merrell Vannier, Chapter 1.

 

Don Alverzo was a code name for a man whose real name is Jeff Marino. Although Merrell does reveal that at the end of his book, this early 1968 article that I found actually documents when he first graduated flight school before going on to Vietnam.

Per my husband Mike and Paulette Cooper (2015) this same man was also using the false name “Jeff Levin” in another Guardian’s Office black operation where he had infiltrated Paulette Cooper and tried to get her to commit suicide.

Tony Ortega recently released his book about Paulette, and he credits me in it with helping to lay to rest who this man really was by finding this picture for Mike and Paulette to verify it was him.

This is the clipping that I found in mid-April of this year (2015).

Suffolk County News, Thursday October 10, 1968 –

Sayville NY Suffolk County News 1967 May-Nov 1968 Grayscale - 0070

– closeup

Jeffrey_K_Marino_-_poss_Don_alverzo.

Merrell continues and talks about his and Jeff Marino’s views about the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry (MIP), and reveals that the actual gaining of the documents presented in the initial expose was done by the intelligence branch of the Guardian’s Office. Presumably this was done by the local Guardian’s Office there in Missouri, their particular intelligence branch versus the more “national” office.

.

[…] “They know how gullible the general public is,” he said. “They created the effect they wanted to create. Do you know why they attacked us?”

“Yeah, the thing Fred Rock did. Drug experiments at MIP.”

[…] He added, “The State threatened to cut off funding for MIP after the local Guardian’s Office exposed their illegal drug experiments, and the Post-Dispatch was trying to save it by attacking the church.”

Spencer leaned in, his face aglow. “That was our operation. We uncovered the MIP scandal and gave the story to Fred Rock in PR to run with.

[…] “So what do you do, John?” I asked.

“I’m in the Information Bureau. So’s Don. He’s from U.S.G.O., in Los Angeles, which oversees all the local G.O. offices in the United States. We do intelligence.”

“Do you know what intelligence is?” Alverzo asked. I shook my head. “We find out what is really going on, hopefully before any attacks occur so we can head them off.” He said they gathered information overtly and covertly. Overt data collection relied on public sources, like libraries and newspapers. Covert data collection was information gathered from non-public sources, undercover.

[…] “That’s exactly what I think needs to be done,” I said. “A libel lawsuit isn’t the answer. The reporters covered their tracks and made their articles appear balanced and authoritative. Someone should go inside the Post-Dispatch undercover and find out what’s really going on.”

Arrows In The Dark, Merrell Vannier, Chapter 1.

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As part of their plan Merrell originally tried to get a job as a lawyer for the law firm that represented the Post-Dispatcher, but a snafu happened and Alverzo/Marino had the idea of Merrell getting a job as a janitor there, which he did. He then helped get a whole bunch of files copied and in the hands of Alverzo/Marino. This would have been in 1973/74 time period I presume.

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The Big Move Hides The Little One.

Now, for all the hullaballoo that’s been made of this expose that Don Alverzo took such pride in, it actually forms an interesting example of what’s wrong here.

It was an expose, of a sort, but what’s wrong is what Alverzo was focusing on, and what he (and perhaps Fred Rock too) were leaving out.

We could blame the lack of the internet on this oversight, but I think given the resources both of manpower and money that the Guardian’s Office had (not to mention their extensive cross-filing system of both legally and illegally obtained documents from all sorts of places, including the CIA) I would have at least expected to see the names Max Fink and Turan Itil show up in far greater detail.

You’ll see why I say that as we go along here, but for one thing, this would have led directly to documenting the obvious CIA involvement.

Again, granted, those documents wouldn’t start being examined in congressional hearings until a couple of years later, and John Marks book/expose didn’t come out until 1979, but the thing is?

This was never completed, not by the old guard and certainly not by the new guard – the Office of Special Affairs under Mark Rathbun and David Miscavige.

It was just plain dropped.

All of these factors combined ended up quite literally being a kind of set-up of sorts, an argumentive ‘expose’ of the MIP (that was too short on documentation and too long on Barnum and Bailey PR tricks). We can probably lay that at Fred Rock’s feet rather than the work of the Guardian’s office investigators there that uncovered it, because he was the PR man seemingly creating the very problem that Robert Whitaker #2 said that Scientology tended to do – de-legitimizing criticism against psychiatry.

Sadly, the fact that this enabled the topic itself to be dismissed exactly because of inadequate documentation (over time) is something I simply cannot let pass.

There are, to this day, still people who want to mis-characterize what happened at MIP as just being some kind of spurious accusations. Now whether these are just plain ignorant dupes who don’t know their ass from a hole in the ground, or something more sinister like a black intelligence operation using deliberately created propaganda through internet sockpuppet identities to help keep things covered up, it doesn’t really matter – the effect is the same.

Yes, intelligence agencies, the real things, do really do that kind of thing in today’s internet-driven world.

There is a saying by magicians, that “the big move hides the little one” – which is even quoted in their current cyber magician black operations that they run on their target persons using the internet. A very interesting subject, that, thanks to Edward Snowden we all have documentation of what some of us observed all along. You might want to check it out.

When Tony Ortega announced Merrell’s book at his blog, this particular comment stood out to me as possibly a prime example of such mis-characterization.

comment_Tony_Ortega_announcing_Vannier's_book_march_2_2015

Vannier talks about the GO’s efforts to slam Missouri Institute of Psychiatry – attempts to spread the smear that patients were being drugged against their will which prompted the Post Dispatch blazing series.

[…] At any rate, so much for the truthiness of the GO’s “concern” over patients’ rights. God we were so gullible even for as young as were then. Why didn’t they teach us about cults and little things like sources and fact checking in high school?

Comment by “The Hole Does Not Exist” – note: this same person (Cindy Mallien, as documented by Why We Protest) also opted to mischaracterize Mike McClaughry and his blog here, by calling him a “Captain Bill wannabee”. This is a reference to Captain Bill Robertson and the Rons Orgs (Erica and Max Hauri). Nothing could be further from the truth as to Mike’s actual position, but it’s interesting that this person tried to do so.

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Taking this by itself –

“…attempts to spread the smear that patients were being drugged against their will…”

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Which just happened to be absolutely true.

Annex - Price, Vincent (Bat, The)_01

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While on the one hand this person positions anyone who would think otherwise as being ignorant about cults and how to do fact-checking, while on the other hand the person doesn’t even bother to check the facts themselves!

The obvious thing you are supposed to “get” is that if you do say anything about what really happened at MIP, well then, you will be smeared as being a “cultie” and someone who can’t think rationally. It’s sort of like a veiled threat in a weird way, that you will be targeted and ‘smeared’ if you were to do anything even resembling what the Guardian’s Office did.

Oh really…

oh really.

Sounds more like –

How to properly instruct your lapdog

vincent - how to properly instruct your lap dogVincent Price

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Wishful thinking, in other words.

One of the things that I am attempting to finish (or at least move it along a whole helluva lot more than it has been) what they – the Guardian’s Office – had started.

Why?

Because I think the people that suffered and had their lives even more callously destroyed in these experiments against their will at MIP, deserve better justice than what exists out there. Justice in the very real sense of bringing these things out into humanity’s knowledge base, and bringing our collective hearts online to remember these people and to work together to prevent these sort of things from continuing to happen around the world.

Next  – we’re going to go a bit deeper into the original article that started me on this line of research.

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face_bar_divider

Who are these people?

starting with

AnimatedStar “Reverend” Frederick Rock and Miss Watson AnimatedStar

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I know that second name sounds like something out of some 1800’s British detective novel, but it is actually real. This is not fiction we’re dealing with here.

Let’s review the first article again.

Jefferson City Post Tribune, Thursday August 9, 1973 – Group Claims mental patients used in test

Jefferson_City_Post_Tribune_Thu__Aug_9__1973_

Documents indicating random drug experimentation on mental patients in Missouri have been turned over to Dr. Harold P. Robb, director of the Missouri division of Mental Health, by the Church of Scientology Committee on Public Health and Safety.

The Rev. Frederick M. Rock, regional chairman of the committee, says the documents were obtained by a former patient who had been experimented on with one of the new drugs.

The documents, which numbered more than 1500, include letter between representatives of different drug companies around the United States and individuals who are part of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

In one letter from Dr. George Ulett, former director of the Missouri Division of Mental Health, to Dr. Samuel J. Anderson of Abbott Laboratories Ulett said, “As part of our research program, we are developing at the St Louis State Hospital, a new research institute, the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry, which will be devoted to clinical studies in the field of psychiatry and will have available patients from the total State Hospital population here in Missouri.”

Ulett is now chairman of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

Other letters verify large donations from the drug companies to experiment with new drugs on the patients at the State Hospital. Sums in excess of $2000 were paid several times for this purpose according to the letters, which were dated between 1959 and 1970.

According to Robb’s office, the Missouri Division of Mental Health is responsible for obtaining informed consent from patients involved in research experimentation and the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry is responsible for the actual research procedures.

“We have set out strict procedures to make sure the patients understand what is involved in the research,” Robb said.

Mr. Rock said Robb explained that patients must sign a consent form before submitting the research. The voluntary patient may talk to other doctors or a lawyer before making the decision to undergo the research. In cases where an individual has been committed by court the court signs the consent form and in cases involving minors, the parents or guardians must give the consent.

“We are primarily interested in the apparent violation of patient rights. Patients are by law supposed to give their informed consent before any experimentation can be done on them,” Mr. Rock said.

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Taking Frederick M. Rock up first.

Who is he? He started out being the Church of Scientology St. Louis, Guardian’s Office PR man.

In the Post-Dispatch article, notice this part –

Scientology has made a special target of members of the healing professions: physicians, psychiatrists, and psychologists. Hubbard has alleged in press releases and communications that prominent American and British psychiatrists have formed a conspiracy against the church.

Miss Watson explained that Scientology‘s attitude developed because “in a majority of cases attacks on the church have stemmed from psychiatric foundations or associations, or in this country, medical associations.”

Counterattack: the response to Criticism – Part Five St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 7, 1974 by James E. Adams and Elaine Viets

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See that name Miss Watson? That’s Laurel Watson.

Laurel_Sullivan_on_60_minutes.

Frederick Malcolm Rock married Laurel Joy Watson in Nevada 18 June 1977, then after he blew scientology’s “Int” (international management) headquarters, they were divorced per California records on March 28, 1984.

Two years into their marriage (Fred and Laurel) Fred was already in trouble in his position of “Port Captain” of the SU – Special Unit, Hubbard’s little secret base in Indio, California.

Fred was under a Committee of Evidence, scientology’s version of a justice proceeding (like a court case). On 9 April 1979, Gerry Armstrong tried to help defend him by writing a ‘Knowledge Report’ in support of Fred, as per Gerry’s logs of this time period.

Fred ‘blew’ from Hubbard’s secret little base in Indio (sometimes referred to as WHQ). A ‘blow’ is an unauthorized departure in scientology lingo – a big no-no.

In an attack of the irony brigade, as Port Captain, Fred was himself in charge of Security there when he ‘blew’, having had as one of his duties the tracking down and harassing into silence of other people that had blown, and coercing them into signing documents that detailed damaging or potentially embarrassing details from their personal ‘PC’ (pre-Clear) folders.

His wife Laurel helped with this.

Her testimony in the Gerry Armstrong case –

LAUREL SULLIVAN, the witness on the stand at the time of the evening adjournment, having been previously duly sworn, resumed the stand and testified further as follows:

CROSS-EXAMINATION (Continued) BY MR. HARRIS:

Q Miss Sullivan, you testified yesterday that you actually helped someone go through PF [PC] folders to prepare documents for people to sign; is that correct?

A Yes.

Q Whose PC folders did you go through specifically.

A I don’t recall the names.

Q Not one of them?

A No, I don’t.

Q What documents did you prepare?

A Well, I didn’t actually prepare the documents. I wrote some lists of some items to Fred Rock who prepared the documents and had them signed.

– CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY OF CALIFORNIA, Plaintiff, vs. GERALD ARMSTRONG, Defendant. MARY SUE HUBBARD, Intervenor. REPORTERS’ DAILY TRANSCRIPT Friday, May 25, 1984, VOLUME 19, Pages 3195-3389, incl.

As an example of someone that was ‘chased down’ like this, here’s testimony from the Clearwater Commission Hearings about Fred chasing down someone named Ernie in the late spring of 1978, ostensibly for violating security by ‘telling people about the base’.

And here’s another perspective of ‘security’ at this new base –

At WHQ, we were all beaten to within an inch of our lives on the subject of security to the point that you could not go outdoors on the base and use a Scn term and had to carry pc folders in brown paper bags […]

– Joe Howard, comment March 17, 2011 at 3:55 am, Truth revealed about OT VIII, Mark Rathbun blog.

Note: as you can see, something Mark Rathbun calls ‘the Blow Drill’ actually originated long before his time – long before David Miscavige took the helm. It originated with the Guardian’s Office people like Fred Rock.

Yet another example of the David Miscavige regime carrying on and continuing the worst parts of the Guardian’s office, while publicly putting on the pretense that theydon’t do that anymore.

Yea, right.

Wry_Cig

 

They are carrying on the tradition of lying about their covert activities exactly like the Guardian’s Office did.

The church denies any covert activities.

Counterattack: the response to Criticism – Part Five St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 7, 1974 by James E. Adams and Elaine Viets

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Laurel went on to be part of “Mission” corporate sort-out (MCCS) – which gave birth to lovely little scientology shell corporations like the Church of Spiritual Technology – and then she herself ‘blew’ as well. Laurel remarried to Bruce Young in 1987.

* * *

 

Spies, Spies and more Spies

Clearwater, Florida

Prior to marrying Laurel in 1977, Fred Rock, our MIP exposer, had ended up in Clearwater, Florida. He began working with Guardian’s Office intelligence personnel there as well.

And here we land back onto Mr. Many Names again – Don Alverzo/Jeff Levin aka Jeff Marino.

Jeffrey_K_Marino_-_poss_Don_alverzo

Ron Hubbard was trying to create a ‘land base’ so that they could stop running around the world on the Sea Organization ships exclusively. The Guardian’s Office was involved in numerous black intelligence operations there in Clearwater, trying to ‘handle’ the tiny little tourist town (bring it into line with scientology’s plans) so that this new base could be established.

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Molly and Jeff

Merrell Vannier was also involved in these black operations. He tells us in his book that his handler was Jeff Marino aka Don Alverzo. It’s actually the marriage records that prove who Don Alverzo really was, because he married a woman (and fellow Guardian’s Office intelligence staff) named Molly who was also involved in these Clearwater black operations.

Merrell Vannier also described a copy of a marriage certificate that he had received that stated the names involved, plus three witnesses that he knew were also Guardian’s Office staff.

p. 390 –

arrows_in_the_dark_page_390

I independently verified this record (it’s available online). The Florida Dept. of Health marriage records does indeed list Jeffrey Kim Marino marrying Mary (Harlow) Harrison in Hillsborough County, Florida on 15 November 1976.

I even found a picture of her from this time period. Karen De la Carriere posted a post to a forum with a picture of Molly attending Karen’s wedding in the 70’s to Heber Jentzsch.

Originally Posted by Karen #1

He was in fact married to Molly. Here’s “Don Alverzo’s wife” MOLLY at my wedding. (Can’t separate the 2 images below ~~ Molly is in lower image, in the pink and blue dress to my left). She used to be Molly Gilliam married to John Gilliam on the the Apollo. Then in Clearwater, she married Don Alverzo and in my wedding photo was Molly Alverzo, hard core B1 Guardian’s office.

Here’s the picture that was there originally, I have marked Molly on it.

Molly_Harlow_Marino_at_Karen_Dela_Carrier_Wedding.

Molly is listed in several seized during the FBI raid of scientology (1977) and brought out at the Clearwater Commision hearings.

I also found a couple different news stories that talk about some of Molly’s Guardian’s Office spying activities, which is probably how she met her future husband Jeff Marino.

The Scientology Special Report – p. 9

WHILE THE church was publicly wooing citizens of Clearwater, behind the scenes its agents were investigating public officials and civic leaders and compiling dossiers on them.

[1976] On Feb. 21, a two-page report from Molly Harlow, collections officer for Flag to [Joe] Lisa provided biographical background on Clearwater City Atty. Thomas Bustin. A May report furnished Lisa with pertinent data on The Upper Pinellas County Association for Retarded Children. An information bureau daily report said the investigation of county commissioners was almost done.

Meanwhile, her future husband Jeff was busy teaching others a little B & E (as the same article details).

The spy operation was focused on Washington where Mike Meisner, assistant guardian for information D.C., was running agents (how to run agents had been set forth in detail in a policy letter written some years before by Hubbard). Gerald Bennett Wolfe, whose code name was “Silver,” had been employed as a clerk-typist at the Internal Revenue Service since November 1974.

Sharon Thomas had been working for the Coast Guard since January 1975, but Meisner had given her orders to get a job at the Justice Department. She went to work there on Jan. 29, 1976.

At the beginning of February, Meisner was ordered to Los Angeles for briefings.

While he was there, a Telex message came in from Jimmy Mulligan, commodore staff guardian assistant for information, in Clearwater. He wanted to know the situation regarding access to current information about Scientology in the office of Lewis Hubbard, an IRS official.

MEISNER PREPARED a reply. He said that he and Silver had broken into Lewis Hubbard’s office three weeks earlier with the help of Don Alverzo [Virginia note: Jeff Marino] , a church agent who had been sent to Washington from Los Angeles to help because he knew how to pick locks.

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Molly was also tasked to spy on reporters at The Clearwater Sun.

Article from The Clearwater Sun, November 24, 1979 – archived at Arnie Lerma’s website.

One sect spy, identified in the documents as Molly Gilliam [Virginia note – that’s Molly Harlow], who used the Sun’s library for a period under the guise of scholastic research, filed numerous reports on conversations among reporters and the stories on which they were working. Reporters Mark Sableman and Steven Advokat, who revealed the Scientology link to United Churches, were reported about daily for several months.

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This is the kind of things Fred Rock was now right in the middle of.

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Fred, Brian, Molly and June

The I Hate Newspapers club.

Fred immediately gets himself involved in attacking critics of scientology with Brian Roubinek (his boss there at Guardian’s Office Clearwater). They barred them from what was meant to be an ‘hey there, we’re nice people’ PR event/show for the Clearwater locals.

St. Pete Times, March 24, 1976 –

fred_rock_guardian's_office_st_pete_times_mar_24_1976
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Both Molly Harlow (soon to be Molly Marino) and Fred Rock were involved in messing with reporters from the Clearwater Sun who weren’t exactly receptive to having scientology coming in and trying to strong-arm Clearwater.

Molly, as already covered, was being a spy at the Clearwater Sun. She was working together with fellow Guardian’s Office spy June Byrne, who was from England. June was working at the Sun under the false name June Phillips. Reporter Betty Orsini was investigating scientology and had landed on top of the fact that June has also been previously caught infiltrating the AMA (Joe Lisa’s particular black intelligence operation).

Top Guardian Office executives were all in a dither over the risk that Orsini would put two-and-two together about June and scientology (as documents seized in the 1977 FBI raid of the Church of Scientology showed).

The Clearwater SunCover blown, 2 spies came in from the cold by Richard Leiby Nov. 27, 1979 –

WASHINGTON – June and Jodie were Scientology spies – and apparently pretty good ones.

[…] June Phillips worked for The Clearwater Sun advertising department from Dec. 12, 1975, until sometime in November 1976

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Bob Minton, of the Lisa McPherson Trust (opened in Clearwater in 2000) posted the text of the 14-part St. Petersburg Times series by Charles Stafford and Bette Orsini which won the 1980 Pulitzer Prize for national reporting.

The series describes the period from the arrival of the Sea Org in Clearwater, Florida late in 1975 through to the arrest and conviction of 11 members of the Guardian’s Office.

Part 8 was called: Operation Bunny Bust and details more about June Byrne and the Clearwater Sun operation.

Wanda Martin who lived in an apartment at 704 1/2 Oak Avenue in Clearwater.

A divorcee, she was a former Navy Department employee who had moved to Clearwater in late ’75 or early ’76 and taken a job with the Clearwater Chamber of Commerce. She gave as a reference Alan Hubbert of Hollywood, Calif., who was found to be a minister of Scientology. [Virginia note: he was actually also Guardian’s Office staff]

Her roommate in Clearwater was June Phillips (also known as June Byrne) from England, who was employed by the Clearwater Sun.

In April 1977, Mary Sue Hubbard, wife of Scientology’s founder and commodore staff guardian, wrote Weigand: “Please explain what the scene is — was the same person used in the Easter Seal scene used at the CW Sun and also used in the AMA (American Medical Association)? What are the liabilities here?”

On May 12, Weigand replied: “Basically the scene is that we had two agents one in the CW Sun and one in the CW Chamber of Commerce. The Chamber of Commerce agent was used in the Easter Seal operation, not the CW Sun agent but the clincher is that both of these agents were in the AMA and had previously been blown.” He said the liabilities of the situation were that agents Martin and Phillips could be traced back to Mike Meisner in Washington.

Meisner, the supervisor of “Silver” and other church agents who had infiltrated government agencies in Washington, was then being sought by the FBI on a fugitive warrant.

Weigand explained to Mrs. Hubbard that June Phillips had been placed at the American Medical Association offices in Washington in 1974, where she stole AMA documents relating to Scientology, but was pulled out in 1975 when her connection with the church became known. She was sent to Clearwater where she worked as a church agent at the Sun. Wanda Martin, or Jodie, was also placed at AMA but transferred to Clearwater after her connection with the church became known.

Weigand said the situation was alarming. “The chain does lead to Orsini uncovering a Church operative network that could be used as a handle for a Grand Jury investigation of the Church activities which would include the Meisner/Silver scene.”

Before Bette Orsini could connect the Bunny Bust operatives to a church espionage network, however, Meisner surrendered to the FBI. Information he supplied led to raids on church offices in which documents were seized that led to indictment of 11 Scientologists, including Mary Sue Hubbard.

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Note this part:

…Before Bette Orsini could connect the Bunny Bust operatives to a church espionage network, however, Meisner surrendered to the FBI.

That’s actually really important, because of what else was at risk, a far more dangerous thing to be exposed, and that is CIA and other intelligence agency connections within and to scientology. And so…the next thing you know? Meisner stops all things possible exposure CIA-related dead in its tracks by ‘surrendering’.

ponder

In a collection of articles The Clearwater Sun: A Death in The Family A Portend of Changing American Journalism?  – that had been put together August 4th, 2008 (retrieved out of the Internet Archive)  – several reporters reminisce about Fred Rock, June Phillips and how it was back in the day.

“HAVE YOU SEEN THE MORNING SUN?” by RON STUART

I felt satisfaction when the FBI confirmed the Scientologists had infiltrated our newsroom. June Phillips was hired by the advertising department, which in turn recommended her for an open clerk’s position in the newsroom. People thought I was paranoid when I said Scientologists were tapping our phones or had a spy among us.

 

SCIENTOLOGY WAS THE BIGGEST STORY WHEN I WAS THERE by MIKE PRIDE

[…] more than once Fred Rock, a Scientology press-office hack, stood over my desk badgering me as I edited a story for that day’s edition. One morning I got in a shoving match with Rock. We knew the newsroom had been infiltrated, but we never guessed the spy was the friendly, efficient, sympathetic “June Phillips.” We learned this only years later from FBI files.

.

So, that’s who our MIP exposers Fred Rock and Miss Watson are.

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Review and Focus

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This is going to have several parts to it, as it’s a big subject when you tell it right.

Let’s start by reviewing that first article about MIP again.

Jefferson City Post Tribune, Thursday August 9, 1973 – Group Claims mental patients used in test

Jefferson_City_Post_Tribune_Thu__Aug_9__1973_

Documents indicating random drug experimentation on mental patients in Missouri have been turned over to Dr. Harold P. Robb, director of the Missouri division of Mental Health, by the Church of Scientology Committee on Public Health and Safety.

The Rev. Frederick M. Rock, regional chairman of the committee, says the documents were obtained by a former patient who had been experimented on with one of the new drugs.

The documents, which numbered more than 1500, include letter between representatives of different drug companies around the United States and individuals who are part of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

In one letter from Dr. George Ulett, former director of the Missouri Division of Mental Health, to Dr. Samuel J. Anderson of Abbott Laboratories Ulett said, “As part of our research program, we are developing at the St Louis State Hospital, a new research institute, the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry, which will be devoted to clinical studies in the field of psychiatry and will have available patients from the total State Hospital population here in Missouri.”

Ulett is now chairman of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

Other letters verify large donations from the drug companies to experiment with new drugs on the patients at the State Hospital. Sums in excess of $2000 were paid several times for this purpose according to the letters, which were dated between 1959 and 1970.

According to Robb’s office, the Missouri Division of Mental Health is responsible for obtaining informed consent from patients involved in research experimentation and the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry is responsible for the actual research procedures.

“We have set out strict procedures to make sure the patients understand what is involved in the research,” Robb said.

Mr. Rock said Robb explained that patients must sign a consent form before submitting the research. The voluntary patient may talk to other doctors or a lawyer before making the decision to undergo the research. In cases where an individual has been committed by court the court signs the consent form and in cases involving minors, the parents or guardians must give the consent.

“We are primarily interested in the apparent violation of patient rights. Patients are by law supposed to give their informed consent before any experimentation can be done on them,” Mr. Rock said.

    Reminder
pointing_finger_down

It’s far more important what isn’t in this article, quite literally, than what is in it – and that goes for both the Guardian’s office “press hack” (I love that nickname the Sun reporter came up with for Fred) and equivalent ‘hack’ mouthpieces for psychiatry such as Dr. George Ulett.

They are both distracting from (and lessening, accidentally on purpose) the real story here.

So now we are really going to go down the rabbit hole on this, and tell that real story.

You ready?

Come with Me

Down we go –

Down the rabbit hole.

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Max Fink overview

Let’s start with this from the article:

Other letters verify large donations from the drug companies to experiment with new drugs on the patients at the State Hospital. Sums in excess of $2000 were paid several times for this purpose according to the letters, which were dated between 1959 and 1970.

See those dates there? That’s actually pretty important, particularly the 1959 ones, because guess who was running the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry then….

Max Fink.

For the past 40 years, Fink has been the world’s leading expert and defender of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).

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Max was part of what I like to call The MK-Ultra Goon Squad.

Rinkel Fink Hyde and Wolff

Dr. Max Fink is considered the godfather of electroshock therapy in the United States.

Electroshock Therapy is a Catholic thing, a purely Catholic invention, so mafioso overtones such as calling Fink The Godfather of it, is rather appropriate actually.

In the early 1950s and beyond, Max Fink was a fully cleared CIA Project Artichoke consultant. Project Artichoke was headed by former Naval intelligence officer Morse Allen and in 1951 and 1952 especially, Allen worked closely with Fink in New York City in efforts to thoroughly explore the merits of electroshock techniques for interrogations.* The CIA was especially interested in the use of electroshock machines in producing amnesia, inducing subjects to talk and making subjects more prone to hypnotic control.

*Reference – 11 august 2010, The Hidden Tragedy of CIA’s Experiments on Children

What’s Project ARTICHOKE? We’ll go into that now.

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A brief History of CIA Projects BLUEBIRD and ARTICHOKE

On April 20, 1950, Roscoe Hillenkoetter, at the time Director of the CIA, officially approved BLUEBIRD. To protect its most secretive activities, unaccountable funds were authorized. 

interrogation

The official objectives were:

  • (a) discovering means of conditioning personnel to prevent unauthorized extraction of information from them by known means,
  • (b) investigating the possibility of control of an individual by application of special interrogation techniques,
  • (c) memory enhancement, and
  • (d) establishing defensive means for preventing hostile control of Agency personnel.

Morse Allen became the head of BLUEBIRD at the end of 1950.

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Subsection:

Robert Bannerman and Morse Allen

 

I believe I may have finally (not easy at all) found a High School picture of Morse Allen, who was born in Washington D.C. in 1910.

Washington_High,_D.C._Morse_Allen_1927

He went on to Annapolis, but by 1930 he had resigned to go into intelligence – he became a Lieutenant in the USNR (United States Naval Reserve) which had been created as a British-supporting intelligence unit during WWI by F.D.R and William Vincent Astor.

See Scientology Roots chapter 9-2 British Intelligence Sabotaging America for more about that.

A few years later, the Naval Academy (noted in their yearbook for 1933) didn’t know exactly what he was doing, just where he lived and what I said above.

Annapolis_yearbook_1933_Morse_Allen

The same year he resigned Annapolis, the 1930 Census Report for Washington D.C., District 47, lists him as a “supervisor” for the U.S. Government, which sounds like an obvious intelligence cover.

He was apparently attending George Washington University (a known funnel of future Intelligence and security agents for the government – ONI, FBI, etc.) at the same time as L. Ron Hubbard interestingly enough – a later 1935 picture shows him at some sort of fraternity celebration.

morse_allen_george_washington_university_1935

Morse Allen then began working in what was called the Civil Service Commission which handled matching employee prospects with government jobs. It liaised with another organization that checked into the backgrounds of prospects plus engaged in looking for spies in the same capacity, and that’s where his connection to Robert Bannerman began. It’s also where his interest in interrogation tactics began.

As part of the Civil Service Investigative Unit (he was the Chief Investigator) Morse set up the first security files on ‘communists’ – communism was a directly sponsored creation of combined Russian/British intelligence as part of manufacturing threats to hide what they were really up to.

See my Red Bible post and Scientology Roots chapter 31: The Maitreya and Messiah Scam for more about that.

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Sub section –

Office of Security

The U.S. Diplomatic Security Service was originally called the Bureau of Secret Intelligence when it was created as part of the Department of State in 1916. Back then, it was also known as U-1, an off-the-books sister organization to the Division of Information.

Back when British Intelligence man William Wiseman was helping create the “furor” needed to get America to fight their war for them and get them to agree to their crazy “League of Nations” idea, one of the things they orchestrated was “spies” everywhere. Some were real, most were their own double-agents. This information was then leaked to Military Intelligence etc. (See Casimir Pilenas Palmer library article).

As part of creeping America into becoming a mirror of British government, there were German and Austrian spies “caught” in New York City using forged or stolen identity papers. Thereby creating a “need” for more surveillance, more regulation of Americans.

Traitor to America’s forefathers and British sycophant President Woodrow Wilson, dancing on his puppet string, then authorized the Secretary of State Robert Lansing to establish a security arm of the Department of State. Three agents were recruited from the United States Secret Service because of their experience with counterfeit currency, one of which was Robert C. Bannerman.

The Bureau of Secret Intelligence was also known as the Office of the Chief Special Agent (CSA) and Bannerman became the first Chief Special Agent.

Robert_C._Bannerman_Chief_Special_agent_1920

During WWII, the Chief Special Agent’s office became known as SY, which was short for the Office of Security, which was under the Administration Bureau of the Management Undersecretary.

Confused yet? I know, it’s a mess, but at least now we have some idea of the history and all the terms involved.

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Back to –

Robert L Bannerman and Morse Allen

Robert L. Bannerman, Security Officer, was the son of Robert C. Bannerman – in the mid-1930’s he worked in the New York Field Office of the State Departmentment investigating “returning volunteers” to see if they were truly U.S. Citizens, this is when he first began his liaising with Morse Allen of the Civil Service Commission investigative unit. They only had six Special Agents in 1939 to investigate all the passport fraud cases, and Bannerman (the son) said it was pretty wild trying to keep up.

Note: His father (Robert C. Bannerman) had investigated Amtorg corporation as a Russian spy front around a decade earlier, an organization L. Ron Hubbard said tried to ‘recruit’ him to do mind control research for them.

Robert C. Bannerman died February 27, 1940 and was replaced as Chief Special Agent by Thomas F. Fitch a former Post Office Inspector and the Special agent-in-Charge of the New York Field office, where Robert L. Bannerman worked.

Morse Allen, who as part of the Civil Service Investigative Unit already had experience tracking down ‘communists’, continued this function during WWII, when he, as a USNR officer, began active duty working with the Office of Naval Intelligence in New York tracking down “leftists” – this is where he again met up with Bannerman. He must have run smack into Hubbard who was also “run” my ONI New York at one point.

Ref – CSUN Archives Folder 24: U.S. Government: Civil Service Investigative Unit [Morse Allen, Chief Investigator], 1942
Ref – See Scientology Roots Chapter 12-1: Hubbard’s Lifelong Intelligence Career

Robert L. Bannerman

Robert_L._Bannerman_-_Morse_Allen's_first_boss

After WWII, the Department of State’s Security Office was formed separately from the Office of the Chief Special Agent.

Robert L. Bannerman, now a Special Agent for 10 years, was named the Security Officer of the Department of State in 1945.  He developed a three-part program: background investigations for a security clearance, security officers at U.S. embassies, and Department-wide security procedures for classified information, with an accompanying training program for all Department officers and employees.  His program became the foundation for diplomatic security programs currently existing in the Department. Bannerman left the the State Department and its Security Office in 1947 to join the new Central Intelligence Agency, where he helped to create that Agency’s security program.

Source: Central Intelligence Agency.

He set up a Security Evaluations staff and selected Morse Allen as its head.

History of the Bureau of Diplomatic Security of the United States Department of State – produced by Bureau of Diplomatic Security. You can also view a partial version here.

A bit of a shakedown happened in 1947, resulting in both Bannerman and Morse Allen leaving and joining the CIA.

What happened began in mid 1946, when the State Department had created the Division of Investigations by moving the Office of the Chief Special Agent with its staff of 124 people into the Office of Controls and renaming it.  On February 24, the Department transferred the Security Office (where Bannerman and Morse Allen were) into Investigations, creating the Division of Security and Investigations.

ShellGame

Talk about a shell game…

sylvester - sufferin' succotashGif made by “V”

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Bannerman learned on  February 11, 1947, that the Security Office would be merged into the Division of Investigations, which was a part of the Office of Controls.   Bannerman had been assured that any personnel actions would be made with “joint approval,” but Bannerman and his two deputies, Morse Allen and Henry Thomas, received their new assignments at 6 p.m. on March 11, 1947.  Allen, head of Evaluations, was transferred to the New York Field Office, and Thomas, Bannerman’s right hand man, was moved to the Miami Field Office.  Bannerman was named section chief and received a 50 percent cut in responsibilities and in pay.

History of the Bureau of Diplomatic Security of the United States Department of State – produced by Bureau of Diplomatic Security. You can also view a partial version here.

The next day, Executive Order 9835, March 12, 1947 created an ’employee loyalty program’ for the Executive branch to affirm the loyalty of persons employed in the Federal Service. Launched in October 1947, it was generally executed through the FBI and a loyalty Review Board – nicknamed the President’s Loyalty Board (formed in the Civil Service Commission) to review cases.

Bannerman and Morse Allen hung in there until October, but by November, when the directorship of the CIA had passed from Hillenkoetter to Walter Bedell Smith, Bannerman had taken a job as Deputy Chief of the Office of Security at CIA to help create it’s ‘security’ program.

And that’s where it got that name, because of Bannerman who helped create it, and that’s why he brought Morse Allen with him because they were still into all that “interrogation” and spy-versus-spy business they had both been doing for years already.

Interesting, eh? Makes a whole lot more sense out of that practically the first thing they did was launch Project BLUEBIRD.

This new CIA version of the Office of Security would later house things like the Office of Research and Development (ORD), the Technical Services Staff (TSS) that MKULtra was under, and other such lovely outfits.

I often wondered why it was named that and now I know and so do you!

thumbs up

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A couple of other rather key things that come into play here that I’d like to discuss before we move on, and that is the creation of a special unit of Naval Reserve (intelligence) people that were civilians working for the CIA.

In the Dark Elf series of books – bear with me here – the lead character Drizzt is born in an underground world, a city of dark elves located in a large cavern. It is a society ruled by women called ‘matron mothers’ who claim their powers from a deity called the Spider Queen. Their civilization prided cruelty, subterfuge and unreasoning hate. When the matron mothers would meet and decide on a particularly delicious (evil) plan – the lead matron mother would say: “It is good that we never met this day.

Matron Baenre

Matron_Baenre - drizzt dark elf series

That’s kind of like what happened here.

There is a letter on record that denies the creation of the unit. It’s from August 1949, from CIA Director Hillenkoetter to Navy Rear-Admiral Souers regarding his request to form a CIA Naval Reserve Unit. Note: You might not be aware of that Souers was the first Director of the CIA from January 23 to June 10, 1946, sworn in by President Harry Truman.

Truman and souers

Check the subject out:

Proposed Unit for Naval Reserve Personnel Employed by the Central Intelligence Agency in Civilian Capacities.

L. Ron Hubbard, anyone?

william-powell-wink-gif

CIA declass - Hillenkoetter to Souers 22 August 1949.

However, despite this on-record denial, a little over six months later? There’s Hillenkoetter attending the formal activation of the CIA Naval Reserve Unit minus the paperwork! Perhaps their own bit of “It is good that we never met this day.

MONDAY, 27 FEBRUARY 1950 – Hillenkoetter Diary/Log p. 95 –

Attended formal activation of the CIA Naval Reserve Unit

Here’s an image of the page, I marked the entry with a red arrow.

CIA FOIA Hillenkoetter CIA Naval Reserve Unit of civilians 17 Feb 1950.

Back to –

A brief History of CIA Projects BLUEBIRD and ARTICHOKE

 

.OK, let’s continue on with BLUEBIRD and ARTICHOKE history, starting with a little review.

On April 20, 1950, Roscoe Hillenkoetter Director of the CIA (from May 1, 1947–October 7, 1950) officially approved BLUEBIRD. The official objectives were:

  • (a) discovering means of conditioning personnel to prevent unauthorized extraction of information from them by known means,
  • (b) investigating the possibility of control of an individual by application of special interrogation techniques,
  • (c) memory enhancement, and
  • (d) establishing defensive means for preventing hostile control of Agency personnel.

You can see how this lines up with Bannerman and Morse Allen’s previous histories with the State Department office of security (and all it’s many names).

Bannerman is in place as the D/Chief over the CIA’s Office of Security and he makes Morse Allen became the head of BLUEBIRD at the end of 1950, when the CIA Director became General Walter Bedell Smith (CIA director from October 7, 1950–February 9, 1953).

October 7,1950
CIA staff pictured with –
Bedell Smith (center) Hillenkoetter, the previous CIA director is on his left.

7 oct 1950 bedell smith and hillenkoetter

On August 20, 1951, BLUEBIRD was renamed ARTICHOKE.

In January 1952, ARTICHOKE was transferred from the “Office of Scientific Intelligence” (OSI) to the Inspection and Security Office (ISO) – actually the Office of Security that was already there. This simply reflected a change from being purely an intelligence unit to being an “operating unit.”

What an understatement that is – ‘operating unit’, indeed.

This is just more shell game madness.

ShellGame

The CIA’s Technical Services and Medical Staffs were to be “called upon” as needed.

Memorandum for the record. Subject: Project ARTICHOKE. 31 Jan 1975 National Security Archive.

 

The memo stated:

Can we get control of an individual to the point where he will do our bidding against his will and even against fundamental laws of nature, such as self-preservation?

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Max Fink

and

CIA Projects BLUEBIRD and ARTICHOKE

“Can we get control of an individual to the point where he will do our bidding against his will and even against fundamental laws of nature, such as self-preservation?” – Memorandum for the record. Subject: Project ARTICHOKE. 31 Jan 1975 National Security Archive.

Just yesterday (June 10, 2015) I found a Project Artichoke document dated 24 April 1952 that shows that interest by the CIA, one that I don’t think has been discussed on the net before. I made a page for it with all the scanned doc images, you can see it yourself in our CIA Declassified Document Library.

Here’s an example from the text, electroshock is point 7 of their areas of ‘special interest’.

VII. ELECTROSHOCK

This subject has been discussed at considerable length and still is considered a controversial matter. Whether or not its use as a positive weapon for gaining information from or control of an individual or whether it is another third-degree method does not seem clearly established to the writer. The foreign intelligence reports seem to reflect that electroshock, when used by the Soviets or their satellites, is primarily a third-degree method. We have been unable to find any indication from or control of an individual directly.

The writer has been unable to find anywhere that the electroshock coma has been used as a means of obtaining hypnotic control of an individual.

Whether an individual will reveal information as a result of electroshock, or while in an electroshock coma has not as yet been demonstrated to the writer and the writer, to date, has found no literature in this connection.

The low-powered electroshock found on the common electroshock machine is a third-degree method apparently.

Whether electroshock can produce controlled amnesias does not appear to be established except in the time area immediately surrounding the electroshock treatment and, although it is possible that severe or sustained electroshock may produce a vegetable, it is doubted if the Agency will support this activity.

The writer can find no information of electroshock treatments being applied to normal individuals for purely experimental purposes.

This field should be examined by the Medical Staff.

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Various sources out there talk about that according to a slightly earlier CIA document, Dr. Max Fink told officials “an individual could gradually be reduced through the use of electroshock treatment to the vegetable level.”

In 1979 the Guardian’s Office front group called CCHR (Citizens Commission on Human Rights) did something pretty great actually – they exposed a hitherto unseen by the general public, CIA ARTICHOKE document that happens to be the one that Max Fink was immortalized saying the above.

Logansport Pharos Tribune, January 8, 1979 –

Logansport_Pharos_Tribune_Mon__Jan_8__1979_

I tracked this document down today, it was indeed on the Black Vault CD’s (see main page of CIA Document Library for those) and I will be adding it to the library shortly with its own page.

For now though, here’s the images of this two-page 3 December 1951 document.

0000184430_0001 0000184430_0002

During this time period, Max Fink was still doing his residency training in neurology and psychiatry (from 1948 to 1954) moving amongst New York’s Montefiore, Bellevue, and Hillside Hospitals. Concurrently he was also attending the William Alanson White Institute of Psychoanalysis, receiving the Certificate for Physicians in 1953. He was board certified in neurology in 1952 just in and psychiatry in 1954.

His ‘official’ studies on ECT began at Hillside Hospital (now a division of Long Island Jewish Medical Center) after this meeting with the CIA in December of 1951. Some of the other physicians also on covert contract (and blacked out in the above document) were Drs. Harold A. Abramson, Paul Hoch, James B. Cattell, Joel Elkes, Harris Isbell, Richard Abrams and Alfred Hubbard.

Richard Abrams and Max Fink later produced a paper in Comprehensive Psychiatry 13 (1972) pp. 115-121, “Clinical Experiences with Multiple Electroconvulsive Treatments”. Even Max himself touches upon this time period of his life working for the CIA, only he puts it under the generic term “ECT Research”.

I have been a practitioner of ECT since 1952; a researcher in ECT since 1954…

letter from Max Fink to STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT STONY BROOK SCHOOL OF MEDICINE – DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY P.O. BOX 457 ST. JAMES, N. Y. 11780 PHONE: 516-444-2929; dated October 26, 1990; Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305)
Food and Drug Administration 5600 Fishers Lane, Room 4-62 Rockville, MD 20857; Ref: 21 CFR Part 882 Docket # 82P-0316
Note: In this letter Fink is crowing over getting the FDA to resurrect and reclassify ECT as “title II”.

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If you can stomach it, you can see Max Fink live campaigning for ECT in this 1985 video.

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In the CIA document above, Dr. Fink’s (presumably) statement that “an individual could gradually be reduced through the use of electroshock treatment to the vegetable level.” is on page 2, point 5. This is parroting fellow ECT supporter Abraham Myerson, whom he was probably liaising with in CIA Project ARTICHOKE.

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MYERSON, ECT and Psychiatry –

a little overview

Myerson was a sort of mentor to Fink, it was one big happy shocks-a-lot family, you understand. Myerson worked predominantly at Boston Psychopathic Hospital (now MMHC – Massachusetts Mental Health Center), but Fink was right there with all the boys…

Shock Therapy Unit MMHC 1957
Shock Therapy Unit
MMHC, 1957

ect-award-pic max fink society biological psychiatry 1958Max Fink, M.D.(second from left), A.E. Bennett M.D. (center) 1958 LLH Psycho-neurobiology Meeting

A.E. Bennett (and Max Fink) were members of the Society for Biological Psychiatry which presented an award to MMHC’s Dr. LL. Havens who was also conducting electroshock research for ARTICHOKE, which by then (1958) had been moved under Project MKULTRA. These 3 images are from a great little history found here.

Award-of-Bio-Psych-copy
Awarded to biological psychiatry scientists under the age of 45.

 

For those unfamiliar with who Abraham Myerson was, or rather, what a nutcase he was – please see my articles:

In the second article listed above, it details the connections of Dr. Myerson with the Eugenics Sterilization Committee, supported by the Vineland Training School of New Jersey – an infamous Eugenics hotbed. Several of the personnel there were mentored by British slavemasters from the originating point of Eugenics, which was England. One of the mentors protegee’s in England, also fostered the birth of the Tavistock Institute, dedicated to social engineering. A couple of the main personnel at Vineland were working with the British to test people for their “fitness”, and also helped to found both Stanford and Duke University. A name-changing OSS agent named Anthony Mitrano (later naming himself after British spymaster William Melville’s pseudonym) – was not only working at Vineland, his thesis was about Pavlovian behavior modification and how it ‘worked’. He also had written a transparent, sickly sweet, letter of affirmation for Myerson’s efforts to justify sterilization of those deemed inferior.

The first thing Mitrano/Morgan did in his letter was to start right out with classic British/Catholic propaganda positioning tactics – positioning anyone who sees the Eugenics movement for the danger that it was, was therefore having an alarmist attitude – ergo it was a veiled “you’re crazy”, “You’re not reacting right”.

The first article linked to above – The Covert Origins of Dianetics – Biological Psychiatry – covers Myerson’s continued insane efforts to control humanity. In particular, it focuses on his articles in medical journals where he (along with others) are attempting to promote the benefits of electro-shock therapy when it had first come to the U.S.

Electro-shock therapy was first ‘developed’ in the Catholic capital, in the 1930’s, indeed in one of their very own colleges in Rome, by Professor of Psychiatry Ugo Cerletti, who was also the chief of the Clinic for Nervous and Mental Diseases at the University. It went from there to England and then Germany and then on to the U.S. So beware those who try to have you believe that it started in Germany.

Note – its sole claim to fame in the U.S., was that it reduced property damage. But hey, never mind what it did to the people, right?

[…] ECT was a way of reducing the mayhem that occurred in the hospital. A wonderful paper described the reduction in the number of fires set and the number of windows broken after ECT.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Yet again, that was one of the Guardian’s Office main schticks – muddying up things and misdirecting everyone onto the “Germans” and the “Nazis” as to the origins of the nastier things in psychiatry, with Rockefeller being the big “honcho” over it all. They did the same thing with their ‘investigations’ of Interpol – tried to say it started in Germany but it actually started in England! I can document that, by the way, and I will be doing that in a later post.

Basically then, this type of slanted investigation, of course, was them following right along with Hubbard’s same exact tactics. Some did it for the same reasons as Hubbard (because they were actually slavemaster agents) and some did it because they were dupe agents who actually thought they were investigating the true bad guys here on earth. .That’s the sad part of this, I feel bad for people like that letting themselves get misled by Hubbard’s almost exposes.

I say almost because they kind of point to at least some things one should check into, but at the same time Hubbard gives weird views of these few points, views that an average person would find parroted in some of the seamier sources out there, views that are setting a person up to be ‘debunked’ and hopefully give up on the whole idea that there is something going on around here.

For example, a despatch from Ron Hubbard to Deputy to the Deputy Guardian for Information (Intelligence) – Brian Roubinek (sometimes spelled Rubinek) in February of 1972, shows Hubbard going all over the place with his “leads” for Brian to investigate, but never really pointing where he should, nor tying them together in any kind of coherent way.

Excerpted:

Thank you for the excellent packaging of Oberholser (the late and very unlamented).

[Virginia note: obvious typo – supposed to be Overholser, as in Winfred Overholser]

This was the first hard flat out PR-Intelligence operation in Dianetics. Her state was not assisted
by her husband, Col Jones of US Army Intelligence, also a member of the first Dianetics Class.

[…] DR. MEYER-ZELIG, a psychiatrist in San Francisco master-minding a kidnapping of me to fly me to St. Louis and be put away.

[…] GENE BENTON, sec’y of the Young Communist League and others, were part of this.

[…] Oberholser’s connection to WFMH has not been picked up in this review but exists I believe in the WFMH rosters.

We get a very out-pointy package on Oberholser.

: Majored in ECONOMICS. Six wks formal training as a head boiler,
: membership crossed to Council of Foreign Relations. All the best
: people and the “right societies” but they are very anti-Man.

: Interest in Central-South America – that’s a Rockefeller clue.

[…] That funny dead man Brock Chisholm (undoubtedly connected as same societies) is reported by NAMH head SA to have said (1958?) “Scientology is dangerous” and the attack on us suddenly went all out mounting up to the FDA raid and finally all the “bans”.

– Note: This document was originally at Arnie Lerma’s website, but I can’t find it there any more. I resurrected it out of the Internet Archive. It was originally a September 2, 1997 newsgroup post by RonIsXenu, to which Vaughn Young had replied.

.

See? Boy, we got everything here. Rockefeller, Army Intelligence, WFMH, the FDA, Communists, Jewish Nazi psychiatrist plots – sounds like half the stupider conspiracy theory books out there!

Now.

What don’t you see listed?

.

The CIA.

 

MI6, little things like that.

spock fascinating.

Odd how Hubbard steered right around the CIA and MI6, don’t you think? Especially considering his total lockstep with them and their masters.

A few excerpts from my post: Religion, Psychiatry and the Abyss of Difference

In his book, Wisdom, Madness and Folly, The Making of a Psychiatrist

wisdom_madness_and_folly

wisdom_madness_and_folly_2

R.D. Laing directly (and accurately) quotes one of Myerson’s, this-has-gotta-go-down-in-history, all time, stupendously stupid statements:

I think it may be true that these people have for the time being at any rate more intelligence than they can handle and that the reduction of intelligence is an important factor in the curative process. I say this without cynicism.

The fact is that some of the very best cures that one gets are in those individuals whom one reduces almost to amentia.

*amentia = mental retardation

[…] In these cases and for the time being something happens to the brain which interferes with its function sufficiently so that mood becomes altered in the proper direction.

– Abraham Myerson comment in Discussion section immediately following an article by Barrera (S.E., N.D.C. Lewis, B.L. Pacella, and L.B. Kalinowsky: Brain Changes associated with electrically Induced Seizures: A Study in the Macacus Rhesus. Transactions of the American Neurological Association, Volume 68, June 1942, p. 39.

see our PDF of these comments

Note: this reference is almost universally cited incorrectly, an error that appears to have begun with the Church of Scientology (under the leadership of David Miscavige) through one of the anti-psychiatry front groups – CCHR that had actually been created by the Guardian’s Office, which David Miscavige disbanded and took over all the functions of. Miscaviges mouthpieces often use the Guardian’s Office work, but usually in an incomplete and too non-specific manner. This is a good example. This quote is most often cited as “discussion following…Franklin G. Ebaugh et al., “Fatalities Following Electric Convulsive Therapy: A Report of 2 Cases with Autopsy Findings,” – that is incorrect.
That particular article doesn’t even start until p. 107 of this volume, whereas the relevant article and comment section are almost 100 pages earlier.

.

And there we have the Church of Scientology, in it’s re-made Guardian’s Office called the Office of Special Affairs, acting yet again to derail and marginalize any real expose’s on this subject matter by making it difficult for people to even see WTF they are supposedly trying to ‘expose’.

See what I’m talking about?

Here’s another example of things scientology should be exposing, that is if they were actually not some slavemaster front group with a ‘cover’ of being anti-psychiatry.

Woman-Pointing-Her-Finger-now now

Myerson’s statements about what they are really after with all this shock-fest business.

Shock therapies as no other form of treatment give immediately favorable results in the functional psychoses and borderline states.

There is a high percentage of immediately apparent improvement unparalleled in the
history of psychiatry.

Even those who are hallucinated and deluded in a paranoid way have forgotten their false perceptions and beliefs.

– Abraham Myerson, “Borderline Cases Treated by Electric Shock,” American Journal of Psychiatry 100 (November 1, 1943):353–357.

.

“Their false perceptions and beliefs” – that’s quite the loaded statement.

In truth, these kinds of insanely violent and invasive therapies like electro-shock, have one source backing them throughout history, and only one.

The Nesilim Catholic and British slavemasters.

.

Historically the Catholics, the priests, were drilling holes in people’s heads and giving them powerful drugs to induce convulsion, both as a barnum-and-bailey stage routine of “visits from god” (in the case of convulsions) and to remove “demons” and “evil spirits” from people (in the case of drilling holes in their heads).

So, it’s not much of a surprise to see one of them backing yet another torture method portrayed as a “cure” for the devils within one, for people that refuse to conform to their ideas of ‘proper’ and ‘on the path of righteousness’ while lying to people about why they are really doing it.

That’s the same case with the biological psychiatry boys such as Max Fink.

“Oh, electroshock therapy is safe” in regular press – as opposed to their own papers – which tell us that it causes “significant impairment of cognitive function.”

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective treatment for severe depression. However, its use is associated with significant posttreatment cognitive impairment.

Anesthetic Considerations for Magnetic Seizure Therapy: A Novel Therapy for Severe Depression, 2006 article

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* * *

Back to Max Fink

max fink 1958

In the CIA document we discussed Dr. Fink’s (presumably) statement that “an individual could gradually be reduced through the use of electroshock treatment to the vegetable level.” is on page 2, point 5.

The entire point of ECT is clearly summed up by Fink’s compatriot Abraham Myerson.

Even those who are hallucinated and deluded in a paranoid way have forgotten their false perceptions and beliefs.

– Abraham Myerson, “Borderline Cases Treated by Electric Shock,” American Journal of Psychiatry 100 (November 1, 1943):353–357.

They want the person to forget what they know.

What’s another word for forget?

Memory Loss.

It is important to understand that, because psychiatrists such as Max Fink are forever trying to “spin” their way around that is exactly what they are going for with this treatment.

For the average person, researching Max Fink lands you in pretty innocuous material that doesn’t really give you the complete picture of this man.

Max Fink was written about in 2011, and that’s where I first came across some of his history. If you’ll notice though, there’s not a thing about where he was working for the CIA/NIMH, and with whom plus there are a number of half-truths (mentioning one hospital and not the others where he worked with CIA contractors). Still protecting that from public disclosure, even after all these years.

For the past 40 years, Fink has been the world’s leading expert and defender of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). His studies of ECT began at Hillside Hospital in 1952, and he has published broadly on predictors of outcome in ECT, effects of seizures on (electroencephalogram) EEG and speech, hypotheses of the mode of action, and how to achieve an effective treatment. In 1979 he published what medical historian Edward Shorter and internationally recognized psychiatrist David Healy called the “definitive medical text on electroconvulsive shock.”

Fink is also a pioneer in the study of drugs of abuse. He began testing LSD in 1953. In the 1960’s he turned his attention to opioids and marijuana. In the 1970′s he compared the effects of marijuana grown in Mississippi to hashish made in Greece. One outcome of his studies was the recognition that naloxone and cyclazocine could be used in the treatment of opioid overdose and dependence. His research eventually led him to establish a classification of psychoactive drugs by digital computer analysis of EEG and has contributed to the effects of narcotic antagonists and of cannabis.

In more recent years Fink’s research has centered on psychopathology, the syndromes of catatonia and melancholia. By his own account Fink refers to his large body of work as a clinical researcher as “an unusual record.”

Stony Brook Professor Emeritus to Receive Prominent Award in Psychiatry – November 2011

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They make him sound so innocent, practically pure as the driven snow…and see, that’s the point. The average person looking him up? That’s the kind of thing they see.

It’s hoped that most people would just stop right there and never know this man’s real, unvarnished history. You have to know what you’re doing, and dig a whole lot deeper to find out what this guy was actually up to, with whom and where.

When you do, you run into a whole lot of outright disinformation and deliberately false conspiracy allegations. These are all part of attempts by various individuals to attempt to cover-up (or distract from) who did work for MKULTRA, and what they did.

Sometimes, the real facts about all this just get denied under the catch-all insult of “tin-foil hat”, which started out being an insult referring to anyone talking about the subject of electromagnetic waves that can influence men’s minds and physical condition (that is a very real subject, by the way). The meaning of  “tin-foil hat” has been expanded to mean paranoia, persecution delusions and “belief in conspiracy theories” – which that last is a whole interesting insult all by itself itself.

And how do we define this derogatory of “belief in conspiracy theories”?

Wikipedia says: A conspiracy theory is an explanatory hypothesis that accuses two or more persons, a group, or an organization of having caused or covered up, through secret planning and deliberate action, an event or situation which is typically taken to be illegal or harmful.

It didn’t start out being a derogatory term, and I think you can figure out who had a vested interest in making sure it became one.

Since this isn’t a “theory” that I am about to talk about, we can just plain call it what it is.

A conspiracy

Period.

“Mom” says: That’s final.

and that's final

giggle.

While yes, I am playing around a bit here, I’m also not. I trust you know the difference.

OK.

So…let’s get started.

   Reminder
pointing_finger_down

Robert L. Bannerman and Morse Allen had moved over to the CIA in 1947 and then –

  • April 20, 1950, Roscoe Hillenkoetter, Director of the CIA, officially approved BLUEBIRD
  • August 20, 1951, BLUEBIRD was renamed ARTICHOKE.
  • December 3, 1951 – Discussion of what can be done with ECT etc. – quote in CIA doc attributed to Max Fink: “an individual could gradually be reduced through the use of electroshock treatment to the vegetable level.
  • January 1952, ARTICHOKE went from being an “intelligence unit” to being an “operating unit.”
  • April 1952 – planned areas of ‘special interest’ to be researched is discussed, including ECT, Drugs, Lobotomies.

Max was mixed up with Harry C. Solomon, and started down the road of the whole LSD testing thing in 1952.

Harry_Caesar_Solomon_circa_1964
Harry Caesar Solomon

Solomon was actually the president of the Society of Biological Psychiatry at one point, but he was also the long-term director of Boston Psychopathic (the MMHC) where the first LSD studies were done. All pretty convenient, since this is also one of the places where electroshock research – for the CIA – was going on at the same time.

A Viennese doctor named Otto Kauders traveled to the United States in search of research funds. He gave a conference at Boston Psychopathic Hospital concerning the new drug. It was Max Rinkel, Solomon’s junior, that then quickly contacted Sandoz Pharmaceuticals in Switzerland, where Albert Hofmann worked. Rinkel, was particularly interested in using LSD to induce a schizophrenia-like state in mentally healthy people.

Sandoz officials arranged to ship some LSD across the Atlantic, and together with doctors Rinkel and Hyde, Solomon organized an LSD study at Boston Psychopathic and they tested the drug on 100 volunteers, reporting their initial findings in May 1950 at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association.

Note: that’s only a month after BLUEBIRD was officially started to continue this type of ‘research’. LSD testing was continued and expanded under the now renamed project – ARTICHOKE.

After discussion of what the “special areas” of interest were, ARTICHOKE switched into ‘operating’ unit status – meaning directly running operations and secret projects in January of 1952 and the funding-fest began – with American tax dollars, no less.

At Boston Psychopathic, the party line was that only Robert Hyde and his boss, the hospital superintendent Harry Solomon “knew officially” that the CIA was funding the hospital’s LSD program from 1952 on, to the tune of about $40,000 a year. But according to Dr. DeShon, who was there, all senior staff understood where the money really came from.More-Free-Money

Hillside Hospital appears to have gotten in on this money-party, because Max Fink (who floated there as well as Boston Psychopathic) talks about getting some LSD from Sandoz and giving it to volunteers and psychiatric residents while taking EEG’s of all of them. He was a regular Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters dishing out LSD left and right a whole decade before them!

Two years before chlorpromazine, in 1952 at Hillside, I heard about LSD and there were suggestions that an LSD experience was an “open road to the unconscious”. LSD offered subjects images and strange thoughts that many believed were expressions from their unconscious. I obtained LSD from Sandoz and recorded the EEG of patients taking LSD. I offered LSD to any psychiatry resident provided they took it in the EEG laboratory under supervision of my team; they would write notes during the experience and share them with their attending. It was very popular; almost every resident volunteered!

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

The CIA’s interest in LSD research continued to expand even more after this. When Project ARTICHOKE rolled under the new and much bigger umbrella project called MKUltra, Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, who headed it, approved MKUltra subproject #8 for research of LSD in this June 9, 1953 letter.

Mkultra-lsd-doc

This is the very year Max begins his official experimentations, when the new CIA director was former OSS (and helpful NAZI-funder) Allen Welsh Dulles. Allen presided over the CIA from February 26, 1953–November 29, 1961.

Allen Dulles in his WWII days – OSS Switzerland.
he helped launder all the assets the Nazis were stripping from the Jews.

Allen_Dulles_World_War_I_in_Bern_Switzerland

Max Fink had opened his own office in 1953 for neurology and psychiatry, where he did psychotherapy briefly. But, he becomes ‘bored’ listening to people talk and is much more excited about his evening work where he gets to electroshock people into suppressing what they want to say – which is the real point of ECT, if you recall. Otherwise, he says, if they don’t get ECT they just keep coming back and wanting to talk more.

Egads! The nerve of some people…wanting to talk.

vincent price - in the black hat

sarcasm little guy

Because it was a psychodynamic hospital, the residents and the attending physicians paid little attention to ECT or ICT.   When they sent the patient for ICT or ECT that ended their interest. My unit was a dumping ground where they sent all the older, severely depressed, severely psychotic, and manic patients.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Jesus. He sounds like a ghoul on night-shift at the morgue  – a literal Renfield just shocking and coma-ing away the discarded – the people no one wanted – with wild abandon.

And he looked forward to this, remember. Boy, if that doesn’t say a lot about his character. He doesn’t like people much, does he.Oh Boy! It’s night…Time to SHOCK!.

enslaver gimp way of living

 

In 1954, MKULTRA subproject 9 gets going, its purpose was testing depressant drugs to control the “maniac” and to test drugs that may help alcoholics and schizophrenics. Note: This is only one of several subprojects focusing on these points.

It was mainly funded through the Geschickter fund, another front for CIA funding.

mkultra_subproject9

Almost immediately, we see Fink studying the EEG effects of the depressants chlorpromazine (pub. 1955) and later imipramine (pub. 1957) in patients given together with Insulin Coma Therapy (ICT).

wiley-double yikes

Two years before chlorpromazine, in 1952 at Hillside…[this puts his clorpromazine work starting in 1954]

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

It is believed Max was funded as part of this sub-project at the same time as he gets funded for ECT EEG research through the other CIA funding cut-out  – the NIMH.

In 1954, Max had just been appointed director of research of the newly created department of experimental psychiatry at Hillside Hospital in Glen Oaks, New York. He became chief of the ECT and the insulin coma treatment service and received a grant from the CIA through the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to study electroencephalography (EEG) in electroconvulsive therapy.

Ref – A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry

I was interested in EEG and the first grant I had received was NIMH Grant M-927 for the study on the EEG effects of electroshock in 1954.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

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An excerpt from 1957 Inspector General Report “Operations of TSD”, CIA document Folder 0000146167; MKULTRA CD #1, 8 pages – shows the CIA connection to the NIMH.

7. Influencing Human Behavior

[…]

l. preliminary tests and experiments are generally conducted on animals. For this purpose, CD has engaged the services and facilities of such institutions as [one line redacted]. The National Institute of Mental Health conducts tests on its ape colony to study the effects of P1, and knockout material and has provided much information of operational value. Human experimentation is more difficult to accomplish. The best results have been obtained from mental institutions such as [one line redacted] Narcotics Addiction Hospital, Lexington, Ky., [one line redacted]. An arrangement is in process with the [one line redacted] which is expected to produce valuable results. Even with all the data gathered from these institutions there remains a considerable area of doubt. These tests and experiments are conducted under controlled conditions and the results may be quite different from those obtained in the operational use of the material. In this respect, [half-line redacted] must be experimental as well. Much more testing must be conducted before the behavior program can be considered to have accomplished its objective.

[One-half page redacted]

– plain text version taken from here.

Max Fink’s NIMH grant was among the first thousand grants awarded by NIMH.

Ref – SBU Headlines Newsletter re Fink getting Thomas Salmon Award, Fall 2011
Also see Scientology Roots Chapter Twenty Six – 2 for more info on CIA funneling funds through NIMH.

Hillside Hospital bought a Grass EEG instrument for Max, with a grant for five thousand dollars from the Dazian foundation. Fink hired “a young woman who I trained” and they started doing EEG’s on everybody, including during insulin coma.

Fink tried to use the EEG to monitor ECT but fried his machine the first time.

That’s easy, but when I tried to do it during an ECT seizure I burned out parts of my instrument and had to have them replaced. I could record 24 hours later an inter-seizure EEG. That was the way I started to study the mechanism of ECT’s action.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Oh noes! I fried my machine! (never mind the person’s brain)

6bdf2-brainshock

 

The next grants Fink received were for pharmaco-EEG trials, although we didn’t call it that. It was the effect of different drugs on the quantitative electroencephalogram – yet another area of CIA interest

…We showed that amobarbital changes the EEG effects of electroshock; if a patient has had three treatments and you give them amobarbital it looks like they’ve had six or nine treatments.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Max doubled or tripled the effects of ECT?

Lovely.

perish the thought - wry ick face

Max and his cast of ghouls –

Once the system had been set up for chlorpromazine and imipramine, every new psychotropic drug that came to Hillside was examined.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

The CIA must have really loved this guy.

Max tells us all about the lovely money sources he had (without putting it that way, of course), and how he learned about chlorpormazine.

Money for testing drugs! Whee!

More-Free-Money

One day, the director of the hospital, Joseph S.A. Miller, handed me an announcement of a symposium on chlorpromazine at Creedmoor Hospital, a State hospital nearby. It was an all day affair, organized by Henry Brill, who was Commissioner of Mental Health for the State of New York. They had received chlorpromazine six months earlier, and had put it experimentally in state hospital. That day I heard Nathan Kline, Herman Denber, Tony Sainz, Sidney Malitz and Sidney Merlis, each a leading figure in psychopharmacology in the late 1950’s, presenting their experience. It was a fascinating day with every speaker telling stories of how patients calmed down and were more manageable.

At the end of the day, I went to the back of the conference room, met the representatives of Smith, Kline and French, signed a card and requested samples. They sent me one or two hundred tablets and the next day I gave it to patients with psychosis. Within two weeks a nurse asked me to see a patient who was grossly psychotic and to give the patient the drug. We didn’t advertise “chlorpromazine”, instead we had a code number. I agreed but asked the resident to approve, who replied, “Thank God, yes; I’m not capable of psychotherapy with this patient”.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

He just couldn’t resist getting in another dig on on that nasty psychotherapy stuff – you know, where people actually remember what they are upset about and talk about it.

As opposed to that AnimatedStarGREATAnimatedStar memory loss effect –

Even those who are hallucinated and deluded in a paranoid way have forgotten their false perceptions and beliefs.

– Abraham Myerson, “Borderline Cases Treated by Electric Shock,” American Journal of Psychiatry 100 (November 1, 1943):353–357.

The same memory loss that Fink has often either said doesn’t happen or “doesn’t matter” if it does.

Come on.

come on!

Oh boy – I can drug everyone now!Almost every patient I wanted to treat at Hillside for the ten years I was there was available to me for study. About the nurse and her referral, my father said, “You’ve got something special there; don’t stop; whatever you do, that’s a very special something”. “Why?” I asked. “Well, nurses are the only ones who observe patients closely”, he replied.

So chlorpromazine was introduced through this one-day symposium and the willingness of Smith, Kline and French to supply the drug.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

.

By 1958, Fink had finished his “randomly controlled trial” of chlorpromazine for GEIGY (the drug company) as part of his grant from the CIA’s MKULTRA program. He then essentially killed ICT when he published in the Journal of the American Medical Association that “chlorpromazine had the advantage of being safer, easier to administer, and better suited to long-term management” (p. 1846).

Meanwhile, Fink had met Turan Itil, a psychiatrist at the University of Nuremberg at a scientific congress in Rome earlier that year. Together with Dieter Bente, they founded the International Pharmaco-EEG Group (IPEG)

Turan, as you will soon see, ends up with Fink at the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

In 1958 in Rome, at one of the early meetings of what became the CINP, my interest was matched by that of a group from Erlangen, Germany. I presented a report on the acute and chronic EEG effects of imipramine, chlorpromazine, and placebo. Imipramine and chlorpromazine showed EEG effects that differ from those of ECT.

I was on a panel with presentations by Turan Itil who collaborated with Dieter Bente. Their paper was also on the EEG effects of chlorpromazine and imipramine. Their findings and mine matched. Afterwards, we got together and it was obvious that my slides and his were identical; it was amazing that in Germany and America we had the same findings.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

 

Yea, the same findings – AnimatedStarCOOL!AnimatedStar the patients were all completely fucked by their stupid drugs and ECT. Not to put too fine a point on it…

Guess what else Max got grants for in 1958, and who with? George Ulett, Professor of Psychiatry at Washington University, who would later bring Max there for more fun-and-games with mental patients experiments.

…I became tired of hand measurements, and sought ways of doing it electronically. A report published in 1957 or 1956 described an electronic frequency analyzer developed in St. Louis by George Ulett, then Professor of Psychiatry at Washington University. I was impressed by his demonstration. George said he had all the material to build a frequency analyzer for me.

I applied to NIMH for funding and it was awarded. He shipped the analyzer to Hillside Hospital and we were one of the first to apply a frequency analyzer for pharmaco-EEG studies in about 1958

Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

.

In 1959, Fink picked up another drug research project again through new funding from MKULTRA (through NIMH) when Donald Klein became a research psychiatrist under Fink (later advancing to director of research and evaluation). At Hillside Hospital, Fink and Donald Klein began (at Hillside) a random assignment study of imipramine, chlorpromazine, and placebo, determining in several articles beginning in 1961 the antidepressant action of chlorpromazine and the effects of both drugs in various diagnoses.

What does that euphemistic phrase “random assignment” really mean? I’ll let Max tell you himself.

“…the environment where almost anything we wanted to do was welcome.”

Oh, joy. Typical slavemaster ideation.

The details about that study –

The study was designed with EEG monitoring and rating scales. At that time we had the Lorr behavior rating scale and, I think, the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) of Overall and Gorham. This was before the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale.

Over a two-year period, we studied a 144 patients; one third received chlorpromazine, one third imipramine and one third placebo.

For six weeks every patient received liquid dosing three times a day: 10, 10, and 20 cc.

The concentrations were made up so that impramine dosages were 75, 150, 225, or 300 mg a day; Thorazine doses were 300, 600, 900, and 1200 mg a day and placebo was vehicle only. Both Geigy and Smith, Kline and French were delighted to give us the chemicals and it was Smith, Kline and French who gave us the vehicle in which the chemicals were dissolved.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Again –

MKULTRA had several sub-projects that dealt with these sort of studies.

.

Note: During that trial, one of the drugs tested – imipramine – was ‘discovered’ to effect anxious patients with panic disorders responded to the drug but that anxious patients with phobias did not. This finding was published in the American Journal of Psychiatry (1962).

When Max left Hillside for Missouri, Don Klein then received a grant from the National Institute of Mental Healthand did a second, controlled trial on his own, with the same findings that he and Fink had from the first trials. Klein had gone to Columbia University and the New York State Psychiatric Institute where he continued psychopharmacology research.

ref – A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry

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Here’s one more source reference regarding Finks grants and Studies (that were actually for the CIA’s MKultra program) –

From 1959 to 1985, he conducted extensive research into quantitative pharmaco-EEG (QEEG). The first studies were done at Hillside Hospital, then from 1962 to 1966 at Washington University in St. Louis, where he was research professor in psychiatry. The studies continued, with extensive support from the National Institute of Mental Health, when he joined the faculties at New York Medical College and then the State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook.

Through the Times With Max Fink, M.D. September 01, 2005 | Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Major Depressive Disorder, Neuropsychiatry, Alcohol Abuse, Electroconvulsive Therapy; Psychiatric Times September 2005, Vol. XXII, Issue 10

OK.

Guess what else Fink did in 1959?

Talk about the foxes guarding the hen’s house –

Fox in the hen house

He was invited by Jonathan Cole to be part of the Clinical Drug Evaluation Committee of NIMH.

That Committee set up what were called Early Clinical Drug Evaluation Units, ECDEU. We met a few times a year as investigators and as a grant-reviewing organization. Dr. Cole had fifteen million dollars that we assigned to investigators around the country to study the new drugs. This was 1959 or 1960. One of the grant awards went to Hillside.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Gee, one went to Hillside – right where ole Finkie boy was?

Imagine that.

vincent_-_indubitably.

Thus setting a precedent for just how exactly the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry got its drug company and NIMH ‘testing’ money.

Remember this?

Jefferson City Post Tribune, Thursday August 9, 1973 – Group Claims mental patients used in test

Other letters verify large donations from the drug companies to experiment with new drugs on the patients at the State Hospital. Sums in excess of $2000 were paid several times for this purpose according to the letters, which were dated between 1959 and 1970.

Moving on to 1961 now – Turan Ital wants Fink to arrange money for him to come work with him.

…In 1961, Itil wrote to me saying he would like to come and work with me in New York if I had the money. I said I did, but by the time he was ready to come, I had moved to St. Louis. Over the years he and his wife told me they hadn’t known where St. Louis was…

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

That finishes our back history of Max Fink.

* * *

 

AnimatedStar Missouri Institute of Psychiatry (MIP) AnimatedStar

Mind Control Experimentation

Max Fink Cometh…

If you find anything at all online about Max Finks connection to the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry, it is usually something suitably innocuous and uninformative like this:

Fink was appointed research professor of psychiatry at Washington University (Missouri) in 1962 – Wikipedia

That doesn’t give you any real idea of what that actually meant, other than that word ‘research’ – which becomes quite an ominous pointer word in the context of his real work – MKULTRA experimentation.

So, continuing in the new tradition here, let’s make this a better version of what the hell he was doing there.

Starting with this news article from the Nevada Daily, October 21, 1962 announcing Max and his very own brand new building called the Psychiatric Research Foundation.

nevada_daily_mail_october_21_1962_-_max_fink_and_new_building_Psychiatric_Research_Foundation

.

Some quotes:

The portion of the building designed for research and teaching will be operated by the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

Governor Dalton said:

“…the first experimental project will be a study of the use of new drugs in curing patients who have been in mental hospitals for more than three years.”

wiley-uh-oh.

We know what that means. Missouri, say hello to Project MKULTRA and ole Finkie boy, our seasoned CIA researcher who just loves to experiment on trapped and helpless people with drugs and electroshock – it’s just so much fun. sarcasm

Considering what they are about to start doing to these poor people there at Missouri State Hospital, people who were chosen because they “couldn’t fight back” –

Many of the human guinea pigs were mental patients, prisoners, drug addicts and prostitutes — ”people who could not fight back,” as one agency officer put it.

Sidney Gottlieb dies, Took LSD to CIA, NY Times March 10, 1999

.

Well now…this part of the Governor’s speech is just utterly horrible to read such a disgusting display of total lies about why Dr. Ulett was “assembling” this team.

With such men as Dr. Kohler and Dr. Max Fink, the new director of the Psychiatric Research Foundation of Missouri, as well as several others, Dr. Ulett is putting together a team that can place our state on the winning side of one of the most dramatic medical battles of our time.

eww.

Trying to paint these sick fuckers as heroes is just…just…

Ahhh!

no_-_don't_send_me_there_-_horror.

Wow.

Moving on –

A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry quite clearly tells us when Fink was the director there.

1962 to 1966 – Fink was director of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry in St. Louis, then returned to New York where he was professor of psychiatry at New York College of Medicine.

Of course, it doesn’t tell us why he left. I can tell you that it was most certainly not because he was ‘looking for a change’ (a line he ran on one of his cronies in New York). But, we’ll get to that soon enough.

Fink went to the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry in 1962, already armed with new MKULTRA and drug company grants. The first things he’s going to do is “evaluations of current treatment methods”.

Evaluations. Right.

vincent - well...puhlease

Kansas City Times, October 2, 1962 –

The_Kansas_City_Times_Tue__Oct_2__1962_

 

It’s a very interesting story. When I left Hillside Hospital in July 1962, I moved to St. Louis as Director of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry. We had patients, the chronically ill, kind of patients usually seen in state hospitals. I did not open an ECT unit in the four years I was there. We did everything with psychotropic drugs.

 – Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Interesting is not the first word that comes to my mind about this story.

Max tells us why he moved to St. Louis, to save the pimping orderlies from selling women patients for sex.

That was also why I moved to St. Louis in 1962. George Ulett had been asked by the governor of Missouri, who had a crisis in his mental health system, to become Director of the Office of Mental Health. They had found that the nurses and aides were offering women patients for sex to outsiders, acting as pimps.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Oh, like they just discovered that (and on their own)…

Come on!

come on!

SHORE STORY ALERT – all part of painting them as those heroes, remember?

[…] a team that can place our state on the winning side of one of the most dramatic medical battles of our time.

– Governor Dalton (Missouri) Nevada Daily, October 21, 1962

While they are getting ready to experiment on these peoples minds!

hypocrisy overload

.

Max tells us more –

After the governor fired the Mental Health director Ulett took over with the proviso that he could create an Institute for Research and he offered me an appointment as Director of the Institute. In 1962, I was also appointed research professor at Washington University and spent four years in St. Louis.

[…] In St. Louis, one of the first things I did was work with Washington University to develop a digital computer analysis of the EEG.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Max had attended the first digital computer analysis of an EEG signal in 1960 at UCLA at the opening of the Brain Research Institute. He had brought back a “strip” with the quantitative energy scores of different frequency bands.

I told Dr. Ulett that we should seek a digital computer analysis instead of the electronic frequency analysis. The work had been done at MIT and eventually we were one of the centers that started a digital computer analysis of EEG.

Our first digital computer was an IBM 1710, with key-punch and card reader for Hollerith cards. The memory was very small, but eventually we graduated to an IBM 1800, a much larger computer with more memory.

From the first day that we conceived of this method of quantification the Federal government, the State of Missouri, and the State of New York gave me the money I asked for.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

The State of New York funded an experiment in Missouri?

wiley-wtf

Gee, I wonder what the New York tax-payers would have thought of that, had they known. Let alone the Missouri tax-payers, which when they found out, they were royally pissed.

Senator Norman, Missouri said:

Has Dr. Ratchford already forgotten the deceit discovered by the Senate in the financing of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry for research instead of a treatment program?” Merrell asked.

– Mexico Ledger, Tues May 15, 1973, Ratchford is misleading people, Merrell charges.

Mexico_Ledger_Tue__May_15__1973_

.

Do note how Fink said: “From the first day that we conceived of this method of quantification the Federal government, the State of Missouri, and the State of New York gave me the money I asked for.” – ever so euphemistically. That’s obviously another CIA MKULTRA subproject that funded Fink and Itil.

What’s that, like 3 or 4 times now that Fink’s been funded by the CIA in mind-control and behavior modification experiments?

They should have gave him his own desk, he’s in their business so much.

Apparently he did some animal studies too.

Pharmacologists also argue that if an agent does have an effect on the cat, mouse or rat it must do the same in man. That syllogism is not true.

We examined drugs that were active in the dog or in the mouse and rat that are not active in humans at the doses given, e.g., flutroline. The EEG differentiates the effects of the compounds; chlorpromazine from imipramine; imipramine from LSD and atropine from LSD.

Atropine and imipramine are close, but we found differences.

[..] There was a wonderful symposium on EEG in animals and man at the Society of Biological Psychiatry about 1966. It is published as Anticholinergic Drugs in Animals and Man. edited by Philip Bradley and myself. In that book, there are articles on the effect of anticholinergic drugs in cats that differ from dogs, the monkey, and the mouse, all differing from the effects in humans.

Man is different, so human pharmaco-EEG is a predictor of the clinical effects of psychoactive drugs.

…Very few psychopharmacologists were doing human EEG work, other than Itil, Bente, Herrmann and a few others. We were a very small group.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

.

I can’t even believe this had to be even mentioned – “Man is different..” – as in different than mice, rats, monkeys or dogs.

I mean really, what the hell is wrong with these ‘doctors’ that you have to even make a point of that?

3861093-3d-question-mark-on-solid-black-background.

They obviously really are like a bunch of rabid chihouhas that are cultivated as such by just as nuts masters.

the slavemasters and their pet german lap dogs

Snarling and snapping away at trapped humanity behind closed doors – that is, when they aren’t too busy being euphoric over all the power to “do whatever they want” that they have over these poor people.

Damn this is horrible stuff.

Next  – Max brings Turan Itil over.

[Turan Itil] came due to his interest and enthusiasm in pharmaco-EEG and because I had the equipment he lacked in Germany.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Yea, sure, that’s why he came.

Fink actually invited him, and made him his associate professor. The two of them began collaborating on a computer system for analyzing EEGs of people being drugged with mescaline, LSD and other drugs, shocked and lobotomized – see the Society of Biological Psychiatry reports below.

Dr. Turan ItilDr. Turan Itil, one of the main researchers in the LSD studies,
C:14/1/8 – – Missouri University Archives

Fink had joined up with the Society for Biological Psychiatry in 1947 and was one its most zealous supporters. By 1965-66* while he was at the MIP, he is listed as one of the officers of that Society.

Note: This is right when MONSTER Dr. Ewen Cameron was President of the Society, while busy doing his torture-chamber routine that he called de-patterning (hetero Psychic Driving) as part of experiments for (and financed by) MKULTRA.

*See The Covert Origins of Dianetics – Biological Psychiatry

Fink is listed several times in the Societies booklet for those years –

9. CHOLINERGIC MECHANISMS IN MENTAL ILLNESS: ANTICHOLINERGIC HALLUCINOGENS.-
INTRODUCTORY REMARKS. Max Fink, Moderator p. 115

[translation – they are trying to figure out how to cancel the effects of LSD, which means, of course, they were giving it to patients without asking for their consent]

SUMMARY REPORT* *DRUG-INDUCED OR SPONTANEOUS PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES AND THE
RELATIONSHIP TO QUANTITATIVE ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY. Turan M. Itil, Ali Keskiner, and Max Fink, p. 303

[translation – this is a continuation of an ARTICHOKE area of “special interest” – they give people drugs (against their will) and see if they can see its effects on their brain in an EEG]

24. THE CLASSIFICATION OF PSYCHOSES BY QUANTITATIVE EEG MEASURES. Max Fink, Turan Itil, and Dean Clyde p. 305

[translation – they are trying to see if they can tell if a person has been tampered with mentally – an MKULTRA area of interest, and also whether “craziness” has an EEG tell, so to speak]

The Index of the booklet shows this:

FINK, MAX, M.D.-Professor of Psychiatry, Missouri Institute of Psychiatry; University of Missouri School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri

I’m sure that by now,  you can see that this is quite a bit more information than you normally can find about this guy. Isn’t it interesting how much this is still tried to be kept of mainstream public view?

Max was also taking part in mixing drugs with lobotomies there at the MIP, which was perfect for him (see the earlier CIA PROJECT ARTICHOKE document ‘special research’ areas) because he was a big fan of chopping up people’s brains too! At one point, anyways, before he started really hobby-horsing on ECT.

The 1966-67 booklet of the Society of Biological Psychiatry –

10. ALTERED SENSITIVITY TO CENTRALLY ACTIVE DRUGS FOLLOWING LOBOTOMY. Turan M. Itil, J. M. C. Holden, Ali Keskiner, and Max Fink, p. 157

I don’t think I need to translate that one for you – it’s horrificness is clear enough.

What happened that Fink ends up leaving in 1966?

In 1966 it got exposed in the press that they were testing LSD on the patients and using state funds to finance it – which we already have Fink on record admitting that was the case.

There was a huge public furor over this (rightly so).

Sedalia Democrat June 16, 1966 –

The_Sedalia_Democrat_Thu__Jun_16__1966_

text reads –

ST. LOUIS – Furor over use of LSD holds up research at the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry. Dr. Turan Itil, associate professor of psychiatry, demonstrates how, through a television monitor, he is able to watch and hear mental patients who receive LSD at the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry. He and his assitant are in the electroencephalograph laboratory and person posing as a patient on the monitor is a staff doctor. Dr. Itil said LSD-25 was an effective drug for the treatment of previously hopeless schizophrenicis and now they cannot get the drug to further their research.

On October 6, 1966, LSD was made illegal in the United States and controlled so strictly that not only were possession and recreational use criminalized, but all legal scientific research programs on the drug in the US were supposed to have been shut down as well.

So see, Fink gets “re-appropriated” after the exposure of what he and his fellow ghouls were doing at the MIP and he basically runs back to New York to take up continued electro-shock/drugs work for the CIA at SUNY (State University New York).

Max didn’t get disciplined, he didn’t go to jail like he should have for his atrocities and violations of human rights – no. He got more funding from MKULTRA through NIMH, that same year!

From 1959 to 1985, he conducted extensive research into quantitative pharmaco-EEG (QEEG). The first studies were done at Hillside Hospital, then from 1962 to 1966 at Washington University in St. Louis, where he was research professor in psychiatry. The studies continued, with extensive support from the National Institute of Mental Health, when he joined the faculties at New York Medical College and then the State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook.

Through the Times With Max Fink, M.D. September 01, 2005 | Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Mania, Major Depressive Disorder, Neuropsychiatry, Alcohol Abuse, Electroconvulsive Therapy; Psychiatric Times September 2005, Vol. XXII, Issue 10

.

It is phenomenal to realize that when I moved back to New York in 1966, I went to NIMH requesting $1.2 million dollars for this computer. I next received a letter saying if I was doing studies on psychotropic drugs could I also do some studies on drugs of abuse? Fortunately I was studying opiates so they gave me $1.2 million dollars for the equipment as well as annual support for personnel until 1975.

Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Note: this lines up with Missouri archival documentation that the MKUltra type experiments there continued on til at least 1975 – with funding switched to the Army.

There was a strong anti-psychiatry movement starting to build in the mid-1960’s, and that’s what led to shutting down the LSD research and making the drug illegal. There was also strong public reaction against causing people what amounted to epileptic convulsions (electroshock) in people who were not ‘mentally ill’, another reason Max apparently needed to get out of town, so to speak.

Max was quite pissy about having his pet torture project – electroshock – so maligned and discredited, as you’ll see later on here, so he promptly set himself about getting even with those obviously ignorant anti-psychiatry people who don’t know what they’re talking about sarcasm .

Accordingly, he began efforts to re-legitimize ECT, which again, was justifiably under a cloud as a result of the antipsychiatry movement. Together with Richard Abrams (yet another CIA paid researcher) and Jan Volavka of Prague, they began cooking numbers and doing a face-saving ‘study’ that was supported by the very organization covertly funding such nasty experiments for the CIA! The NIMH.

Ref – A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry

Richard Abrams

Richard Abrams

When I came back to New York I did not open an ECT unit until 1968, and the way that happened was partly research and partly happenstance. New York Medical College did not have an ECT suite or unit.

A resident named Richard Abrams came to me. He had spent two years in the United States Army Medical Corps and wanted to do a study of unilateral vs. bilateral ECT. I went to the local Gracie Square Hospital where ECT was an active service and said I would like to do a research project and could fund it. They agreed.

I wrote a grant application to NIMH and asked for funds to compare unilateral vs. bilateral ECT as well as multiple treatments in one session (MMECT) vs. single treatments in a series. I equipped an EEG laboratory, put an air conditioner in the wall, and hired a nurse from the New York Medical College who would come to the hospital, when we needed her.

Most interesting was the NIMH site visit. We were asking for three years support and they requested a timeline of what I expected to do each six months. When I got to the end of the fifth six months I still hadn’t finished the data collection. One of the site visitors, Arnold Friedhoff of NYU, said he thought I needed four years support and so the grant was awarded for that.

That study showed that bilateral ECT was better than unilateral ECT and that multiple monitored ECT had more risks compared to single treatments and it was not more effective. Those papers were published in, I guess from 1971 to 1973.

The work was done between 1968 and 1972. I was appointed to the APA Task Force on ECT because I published those papers. The studies were well controlled, well monitored, using EEG monitoring and rating scales.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

The following archival records from the University of Missouri, show that LSD research was covertly continued (by Turan Itil and others) for MKULTRA at the Institute for Psychiatry.

Missouri University Archives

Series One – Institutional Research Committee 1967-1976, Box 1,

FF 1 – *(1967) Research project check list, rubella vaccine study procedure, LSD experiment procedure, antidepressant drug experiments, FDA laws and regulations for LSD and other hallucinogens, consent forms for new drug and electro-convulsive treatments, policies for human subjects at Washington University, and interviews for subject screening for adolescents

1968 –

Missouri University Archives

Series One – Institutional Research Committee 1967-1976, Box 1,

FF 2 – *(1968-1969) Studies with Lithium, Methadone, and Electro-sleep therapy for the treatment of chronic alcoholism; Human Rights Committee minutes discussing patient consent forms; correspondence regarding the use of code name “SAN-25” when speaking of LSD-25

1969 –

Missouri University Archives

Series One – Institutional Research Committee 1967-1976, Box 1,

FF 2 – *(1968-1969) Studies with Lithium, Methadone, and Electro-sleep therapy for the treatment of chronic alcoholism; Human Rights Committee minutes discussing patient consent forms; correspondence regarding the use of code name “SAN-25” when speaking of LSD-25

FF 3 – *(1969) Studies with Quide, pre-frontal bilateral lobotomies

FF 5 – *(1969-1970) Grant application for a study entitled Biochemistry of Alcohol Tolerance and Addiction, government applications for grants with permission to use human subjects, [those are MKultra sub-projects] use of LSD and amphetamine to increase hypnotic susceptibility, effects of Quide on schizophrenia, Human Rights Committee minutes and approval of amphetamine testing in children, Air Force Grant study of LSD and Ego strength, study involving injection of schizophrenic patients with radioactive lipids

 

Series Three – LSD Study 1969-1977, Box 3 (cont’d)

FF 15 – *(1969-1973) Recent news clippings of LSD investigations; correspondence telling of LSD loans between researchers, LSD not being used in the way stated on research protocols, and accounts of lost LSD through broken containers; LSD consent forms, some signed by patient or relative, but some only signed by a witness at MIP

FF 9 – *(1969-1976) 1976 correspondences to and from the Air Force concerning the LSD study, patient information about those in LSD study, correspondence from Ivan Sletten to the Provost of Health Affairs at MU concerning the media criticism of LSD experimentation

FF 10 – *(1969-1977) Accounts of how each ampoule of LSD was used, patient information about how LSD affected the behavior of each subject, LSD order forms, correspondence of progress made in LSD studies, substitution of dimethyltryptamine (DMT) for LSD in studies of dissociation of perception, signed patient consent forms, studies comparing LSD to DOM (STP) and the effects on perception, progress report concerning other Air Force funded LSD studies

1970 –

Missouri University Archives

Series One – Institutional Research Committee 1967-1976, Box 1,

FF 5 – *(1969-1970) Grant application for a study entitled Biochemistry of Alcohol Tolerance and Addiction, government applications for grants with permission to use human subjects, use of LSD and amphetamine to increase hypnotic susceptibility, effects of Quide on schizophrenia, Human Rights Committee minutes and approval of amphetamine testing in children, Air Force Grant study of LSD and Ego strength, study involving injection of schizophrenic patients with radioactive lipids

1971 –

Missouri University Archives

Series Three – LSD Study 1969-1977, Box 3 (cont’d)

FF 11 – (1971) Studies by MIP printed in pharmacological and psychiatric bulletins

FF 12 – *(1971-1973) Signed patient consent forms for LSD and for pipothiazine; progress report on Thyroid Release Hormone (TRH); copies academic journal reports; studies in the mother’s role in child psychiatric research, behavior problems in children and treatment with stimulants, and a demographic study onto a computer registry of “psychotic” children in the St. Louis area

This is all going on concurrent with forced drug testing on prisoners, as well, which Max Fink also becomes involved in.

…It became clear that pharmaco-EEG was a human discipline if you’re going to be successful predicting drug effects in patients. Some in the pharmaceutical industry agreed, but then came the big issue of expense. Doing work in humans is not easy. Pfizer, to give them credit, had a relationship with a prison in Connecticut and asked would I be willing to set up an EEG laboratory so that their scientists could do pharmaco-EEG drug trials on prisoner volunteers.

We set up the equipment, organized the recording protocols, and agreed to analyze the EEGs recorded on tape in New York. It was probably 1971 or 1972. Then Pfizer and all of the industry got a message that you can’t do experiments in prisoners; paying them was unethical as they were not free agents; so the laboratory was closed.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Max just moved on over to an overseas company called Organon in order to get out of those American ‘restrictions’ presumably – he’s probably even still funded by MKULTRA because he refers back three drugs for testing to Turan Itil.

…On one visit to Organon they handed me documentation for testing the EEG profiles of six drugs. I could not handle six drugs in human trials at one time. I offered three files to Turan Itil who was in St. Louis with the same programs. His first was GB 94. I don’t know how long later, but I received a call from Turan that he was sending me some GB 94 and would I do two subject trials. We did the paperwork, and then tested the samples in volunteers. I called Turan and I said, “This is very interesting; it’s exactly like imipramine”. He replied, “That’s what I found. I’m going to tell them in Holland”.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

John Marks, in his research of MKUltra experimentation, also found that the MIP was doing LSD testing for the Air Force but apparently didn’t know about Turan Itil and the real connection there – Max Fink and his position at NIMH doling out millions of dollars of drug-testing money.

1972: In studies sponsored by the U.S. Air Force, Dr. Amedeo Marrazzi gives LSD to mental patients at the University of Missouri Institute of Psychiatry and the University of Minnesota Hospital to study “ego strength” (Barker).

From THE SEARCH FOR THE MANCHURIAN CANDIDATE by John Marks

Military security agencies supported the LSD work of such well-known researchers as:

  • Amedeo Marrazzi of the University of Minnesota and Missouri Institute of Psychiatry,
  • Henry Beecher of Harvard and Massachusetts General Hospital,
  • Charles Savage while he was at the Naval Medical Research Institute,
  • James Dille of the University of Washington,
  • Gerald Klee of the University of Maryland Medical School,
  • Neil Burch of Baylor University (who performed later experiments for the CIA),
  • Paul Hoch and James Cattell of the New York State Psychiatric Institute, whose forced injections of a mescaline derivative led to the 1953 death of New York tennis professional Harold Blauer. (Dr. Cattell later told Army investigators, “We didn’t know whether it was dog piss or what it was we were giving him.”)

Of particular interest were the Air Force funded LSD experiments, debates concerning patient consent, and human rights violation allegations in regard to activities on Ward 5 of MIP in 1973 and 1974.

Brian Carr and Amedeo Marrazzi, MD, researchers on Ward-5 of MIP

Brian Carr and Amedeo Marrazzi, MD, researchers on Ward-5 of MIP

Note: That’s the same name William Sargent over in England, gave his nasty electro-sleep ‘therapy’ ward!

They used homeless people. Those that couldn’t fight back, remember?

Many of the human guinea pigs were mental patients, prisoners, drug addicts and prostitutes — ”people who could not fight back,” as one agency officer put it.

Sidney Gottlieb dies, Took LSD to CIA, NY Times March 10, 1999

Concerning testimony given in 1975 at Congressional Hearings by former employees of Marrazzi and the MIP, Albarelli writes:

 

“Former employees of the Institute testified in 1975 that the experiments used patients who were homeless and had no relatives in the area.”

– H.P. Albarelli A Terrible Mistake: The Murder of Frank Olson and the CIA’s Secret Cold War Experiments.

 .

.

CCHR exposed this LSD project too, in 1975.

This news article shows that this Marrazzi character, just like Max Fink, had moved from one university to another after he got caught – and was still continuing with the MKULTRA/NIMH experiments! In his case he went from the University of Minnesota to then being with Itil Turan at the MIP in Missouri.

Winona Daily News, July 31 –

The_Winona_Daily_News_Thu__Jul_31__1975_

.

A 1977 article talks about how it was proven his research at the University of Minnesota was a CIA research project, and the guy still tried to deny it.

Do we believe him?

no shaking head

 

The Pioneer – August 19, 1977

The_Pioneer_Fri__Aug_19__1977_

.

The Southern Illinoisian, August 3, 1975 talks about his being investigated by the Justice Department –

Southern_Illinoisan_Sun__Aug_3__1975_

The Missouri archives documents this Air Force experimentation –

Missouri University Archives

Series Three – LSD Study 1969-1977, Box 3 (cont’d)

FF 13 – *(1972-1973) Copies of many published studies including an Air Force funded LSD study on “Aerospace stress and human reliability” when exposed to hallucinogens and tranquilizers, and a study of EEG sensitivity to LSD-25 in chronic schizophrenics

Dr. Hugh Angle mentioned in the Illinoisian article, did an affidavit for CCHR about all this actually, and that’s how this expose began.

Daily Capital News, August 14, 1975

The_Daily_Capital_News_Sat__Aug_16__1975_

Note where it says: Officials have said LSD experimentation ended at the facility in 1973 (that’s not true).

Here’s the part that mentions scientology –

The latest accusations are contained in a document provided Bond’s office by the Missouri Church of Scientology, which has spearheaded efforts to investigate human drug research at the St. Louis facility.

.

This later article tells us the actual Air Force contract amounts, and what the excuse was.

A FORMER HOSPITAL worker in St. Louis recalls one research lab: a cramped room lined with pink fiberglass, with a single chair and a booth wired with odd lights.

A nurse remembers some of the patients: chronic schizophrenics who hadn’t responded to treatment at the St. Louis State Hospital on Arsenal Street a quarter century ago.

And an Air Force official in Washington pulls out dusty files to explain why the armed forces were interested in testing the drug lysergic acid dithylamide, better known as LSD, the powerful hallucinogen.

“This was legitimate scientific work done by respected researchers,” asserts Col. Jerry Merritt, an Air Force medical operations expert with the surgeon general’s office. “The Air Force wanted to know more about the effects of stress, and about factors related to isolation on long flights.”

[V note: respected? Respected by who…the people paying them? That’s not saying much.]

After a file search, Merritt finds a brief description of the experiments involving LSD that were conducted at the former Missouri Institute of Psychiatry, which was then part of the St. Louis State Hospital complex, from July 1969 to May 1971.

There are two contracts, totaling $56,023, for research under the heading: “Aerospace Stress and Human Reliability.” Those were among the 20 Air Force contracts involving LSD research that came up last week during a House Government Operations Committee hearings.

.

* * *

The Voices of the Abused

All through the 1960’s, mental patients were considered wards of the state and ECT was given without written consent. One of the biggest routes to get these ‘test cases’ for these drugs studies (such as Fink’s) was:

the involuntary commitment of persons.

 

President Kennedy’s sister Rosemary was in a mental institution, in 1963 he called for new legislation to protect the institutionalized and a new standard of patient care.

Heavy lobbying actions against such abhorrent treatment of people led to drastic changes in the 1970s. To illustrate the difference, in 1966 the courts found that ECT was a legitimate treatment for persons committed as “in need of care an treatment,” while in 1972 they held that a patient could refuse ECT despite the fact that her mother consented.

The anti-psychiatric abuses movement begin really getting their teeth into making some changes in this overlord attitude that psychiatry was levelling at humanity.

NAPA (Network Against Psychiatric Assault, was founded 1972 in San Francisco by Leonard Roy Frank (Elecroshock Quotationary) and Wade Hudson)

Leonard tells a just horrifying story of being institutionalized, as an adult mind you, by his parents, because he changed how and what he was doing with his life, basically.

.

Psychosurgery – Lobotomy by Walter Freeman shows the cavalier attitude existing towards treatment of those deemed mental by others.

psychosurgery walter freeman

Other patients can’t be dragged into the hospital and have to be held down in a bed in a hotel room until sufficient shock treatment can be given to render them manageable…

.

Oh…My…God.

horror

When he formed his organization, he immediately began strong lobbying efforts in California particularly about consent.

Example of psychiatric consent form –

Example of psychiatric consent form 1Example of psychiatric consent form 2He called ECT a bogus, barbaric and destructive weapon – which it was and still is.

However much anesthetic you use to try and hide that fact –

It is still a WEAPON against another person’s will.

.

NAPA apparently teamed up with CCHR – the Citizen’s Commission on Human Rights (scientology Guardian’s Office) and in 1973 legislation was introduced in California to curtail ECT.

Max Fink still bitterly complains about this and about those ‘scientologists’.

…In the early 1970s the California legislature restricted the use of ECT, and the treatment became “controversial”. Members of the ACNP, by and large, cut off interest in ECT.

Since 1980, there’s been zero interest. There’s been some nascent recent interest because of the enthusiasm for brain stimulation as a new gimmick. A Brain Stimulation Symposium is scheduled for this afternoon. There was one either a year or two ago.

…The end result was to discard ECT for two reasons: one was that ECT was not done well, doctors weren’t interested and there was no science behind ECT. The second was that if they were almost equivalent ECT could be put aside since pills are easier to use, less expensive in manpower, and more easily accepted by the public and patients. Also, the doctor did not have to leave his office.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

.

Drugs as a fucking PR move? Exuse my french, but that’s just utterly gross.

The California legislature passed State Assembly Bill AB 4481 in 1974, effective January 1, 1975. It required the patients handwritten informed consent to ECT, any physician recommending it had to have that reviewed by three other physicians, and denied treatment for all patients under age 12 – which of course means they were electro-shocking children, the sickos.

Note: as late as 1997, Network Against Psychiatric Assault (NAPA) was also instrumental in closing one of the most abusive psychiatric institutions in the Bay Area.

Max Fink bitches some more about all that – he really didn’t want to have to deal with “scientology” (which actually meant the Guardian’s Office), I think he was afraid of them.

…The appearance of Scientologists was another factor. Then some liberal minded academics like Thomas Szasz and Peter Breggin, as well as former patients, began to attack ECT. Physicians faced with the choice of maintaining ECT as a practice and dealing with Scientology or, as in California, with restrictive laws, opted out and no longer considered ECT for their patients. California passed a law in 1973 that restricted the use of ECT. Doctors went to court and the court agreed that the California legislature could not restrict ECT, restrict practicing medicine. The California legislature then passed a new law requiring detailed recording of treatments, including ECT and lobotomy and that created a big limitation.

[…]They also passed, as part of that law that anybody under eighteen had to have an adult other than the parent give permission. So about 1975 ECT essentially stopped in California.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

Even Max is forced to admit the combined effectiveness of Szasz, NAPA, and CCHR in correctly putting ECT in its place. At the bottom of the deepest abyss possible is where it should be, if you ask me.

For the years of 1973 to 1975, the Missouri archives show the beginnings of the rumblings that would lead to the big CCHR expose in 1973 (and again in 1975).

Missouri University Archives

Series Three – LSD Study 1969-1977, Box 3 (cont’d)

FF 14 – *(1973-1975) Studies of very high dosages of fluphenazine, thiothixene in organic brain syndrome in geriatric patients; FDA research rules; universal consent forms and discussion about consent; correspondence on many controversial topics: listing of patient files with matching consent forms from head nurse Helen Klein, improper transfer of LSD between doctors, low morale and dissention in MIP, and various material dealing with research subject abuse and neglect

And now CCHR – the Guardian’s Office (of Scientology) front group against psychiatric abuses – kicks in.

* * *

 

AnimatedStar Missouri Institute of Psychiatry (MIP) AnimatedStar

Scientology Exposes Begins

The 1974 scientologyAuditor magazine (#120)  talks about an award given to Bill Addison of KMOX tv in Missouri, for the exposes about the MIP.

FREEDOM. Scientology’s Newspaper, presented the evening session: FREEDOM’s awards program for public interest journalism was introduced by FREEDOM Editor-in-Chief, Rev. Kenneth J. Whitman, who highlighted the success and expansion of the Journal over the past four years and gave the platform over to guest mistress of ceremonies. movie star Karen Black.

Miss Black presented engraved plaques to the 1974 Award winners:

• Best Investigative Reporting for Television: Bill Addison, Executive Producer, KMOX-TV (CBS) St. Louis For: ‘Drug Experimentation Missouri Institute of Psychiatry’

.

This is where our first article that started all this comes in, so let’s look at that again now.

Jefferson City Post Tribune, Thursday August 9, 1973 – Group Claims mental patients used in test

Jefferson_City_Post_Tribune_Thu__Aug_9__1973_

Documents indicating random drug experimentation on mental patients in Missouri have been turned over to Dr. Harold P. Robb, director of the Missouri division of Mental Health, by the Church of Scientology Committee on Public Health and Safety.

The Rev. Frederick M. Rock, regional chairman of the committee, says the documents were obtained by a former patient who had been experimented on with one of the new drugs.

The documents, which numbered more than 1500, include letter between representatives of different drug companies around the United States and individuals who are part of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

In one letter from Dr. George Ulett, former director of the Missouri Division of Mental Health, to Dr. Samuel J. Anderson of Abbott Laboratories Ulett said, “As part of our research program, we are developing at the St Louis State Hospital, a new research institute, the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry, which will be devoted to clinical studies in the field of psychiatry and will have available patients from the total State Hospital population here in Missouri.”

Ulett is now chairman of the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry.

Other letters verify large donations from the drug companies to experiment with new drugs on the patients at the State Hospital. Sums in excess of $2000 were paid several times for this purpose according to the letters, which were dated between 1959 and 1970.

According to Robb’s office, the Missouri Division of Mental Health is responsible for obtaining informed consent from patients involved in research experimentation and the Missouri Institute of Psychiatry is responsible for the actual research procedures.

“We have set out strict procedures to make sure the patients understand what is involved in the research,” Robb said.

Mr. Rock said Robb explained that patients must sign a consent form before submitting the research. The voluntary patient may talk to other doctors or a lawyer before making the decision to undergo the research. In cases where an individual has been committed by court the court signs the consent form and in cases involving minors, the parents or guardians must give the consent.

We are primarily interested in the apparent violation of patient rights. Patients are by law supposed to give their informed consent before any experimentation can be done on them,” Mr. Rock said.

Now you can see how actually somewhat innocuous that is compared to what really went on there at MIP and who by.

See how you don’t see Max Fink, or Turan Itil’s names in there? Considering they were the major players doing all this, it does beg the question –

WHY NOT?

 

In case you didn’t notice, the Missouri archives have another box of docs that actually mention this era and some of the things that CCHR was exposing. Even though CCHR wasn’t actually exposing (yet) the really bad stuff and apparently not even the real specifics either. But, I’m missing what the news show was about, so I could simply be missing information.

Missouri University Archives

Series Three – LSD Study 1969-1977, Box 3 (cont’d)

FF 15 – *(1969-1973) Recent news clippings of LSD investigations; correspondence telling of LSD loans between researchers, LSD not being used in the way stated on research protocols, and accounts of lost LSD through broken containers; LSD consent forms, some signed by patient or relative, but some only signed by a witness at MIP

FF 9 – *(1969-1976) 1976 correspondences to and from the Air Force concerning the LSD study, patient information about those in LSD study, correspondence from Ivan Sletten to the Provost of Health Affairs at MU concerning the media criticism of LSD experimentation

.

Because of what a few decent-hearted Guardians Office staff did (and I am separating them from the rest) –

  • The Missouri legislature actually called for abolishing the MIP over all this.

Neosho Daily News, March 22, 1973 –

The_Neosho_Daily_News_Thu__Mar_22__1973_.

  • And Dr. Ulett resigned.

Sedalia Daily Democrat, September 27, 1973.

The_Sedalia_Democrat_Thu__Sep_27__1973_

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That’s all certainly not nothing, any way you cut it.

.

* * *

More MIP exposes –

Moberly Monitor, May 10, 1974 –

Moberly_Monitor_Index_Fri__May_10__1974_.

The Guardian’s Office was also instrumental in helping to bring about the Congressional Hearings into MKULTRA, and that’s a fact.

The Daily Times News, September 17, 1975 –

“At two sets of Congressional Hearings this week…”

The_Daily_Times_News_Wed__Sep_17__1975_

That was one hell of a good thing to do, so to whoever you are out there that helped with that?

THANK YOU.

For You

.

* * *

What happened to Max?

After all the smoke cleared and both MKULTRA and Max Fink’s pet love – ECT – had been shot to shit, he immediately launches efforts to try and bring it back but even to this day – the general public still utterly hates it, and that’s what matters.

Too bad there kids –

snoopy raz about psychiatry

I’ll let Max bitch whine moan tell you about it.

The American Psychiatric Association created a Task Force, which met from 1975 to 1978, and their report in 1978 said ECT is very effective for certain conditions and defined them. It also said ECT is a treatment that needs more research on methodology and that we were unclear about equipment and monitoring seizures. Most importantly, the report said that ECT required voluntary written consent.

That was the first time the American Psychiatric Association argued that the patient must give his or her signed written consent for a psychiatric treatment and the consent issue has become fundamental in clinical ECT. To this day, a written consent for a psychiatric treatment other than ECT is not required in most states.

[…]Basically, a physician can prescribe any medication and forcibly give any medication if the patient is a risk to himself or to others. We can’t do that with ECT. And, so, by the late 1970’s and early 1980’s, ECT effectively disappeared from America and around the world.

DH: At this point you had done the research but you hadn’t become firmly committed to the idea that ECT had to be saved, had you?

MF: In 1978, I was an author of the APA ECT Task Force Report, and after the report was published a number of hospitals, encouraged by the positive nature of the report, decided to start an ECT service, and invited members of the task force to give a lecture or help set up a service.

[…]To this day, there are reports published in which a depressed patient has failed drugs and ECT but when I look at what this meant, in many instances it was not the ECT that failed, but it was the the clinician who had failed by failing to develop adequate seizures. It was the same as prescribing pills without ensuring the patient takes them.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

MORE seizures – we need more seizures!

hides their true face and intent - life sucking parasites

.

When Max was asked what does he think is most important to be remembered about him?

MF: My paper on chlorpromazine and insulin coma I consider very important. It had a profound effect on my career, because the hospital then gave me a lot of money and whatever I asked they were glad to give it to me. Then, NIMH gave me money and I expanded my research quickly. By 1958 we closed the insulin coma unit.

– Max Fink interview by David Healy, Phoenix, Arizona, December 8, 2008

.

“…gave me a lot of money and whatever I asked they were glad to give it to me.”

 

Nicolas Cage Laugh

.

Does he not have any idea what that reveals him to be? Wow.

You know, Max goes on and on trying to prove how scientifically proven it is that ECT cured people but I offer you this study which showed something quite different. It’s about a guy who had equal success rates as the pro-ECT researchers with the ECT machine unplugged!

New_scientist_ect_CCHR_june_1977New Scientist June 9, 1977

Ouch. Now that’s gotta hurt.

ooh_that_had_to_hurt_-_vincent

One last thing?

Do you know…that it looks like those damn LSD experiments, at least in some form, might have continued all the way into 1977 at MIP?

Which is right about when the Congressional Hearings were completed and the ‘hammer’ came down.

Missouri University Archives

Series Three – LSD Study 1969-1977, Box 3 (cont’d)

FF 10 – *(1969-1977) Accounts of how each ampoule of LSD was used, patient information about how LSD affected the behavior of each subject, LSD order forms, correspondence of progress made in LSD studies, substitution of dimethyltryptamine (DMT) for LSD in studies of dissociation of perception, signed patient consent forms, studies comparing LSD to DOM (STP) and the effects on perception, progress report concerning other Air Force funded LSD studies

* * *

.

AnimatedStar Missouri Institute of Psychiatry (MIP) AnimatedStar

Taking False Credit – David Miscavige
(current head of the Church of Scientology)

miscavige and lurch adams familyshoop of David Miscavige from Why We Protest forum

 

Humorous parodies aside – to this day, David Miscavige underlings that run Freedom magazine still try to take credit for Guardian’s Office work by not making it clear it was them that exposed it. Miscavige and Crew haven’t exposed just about anything useful on their own in almost 20 years now.

What Freedom found at the Missouri state facility was the tip of an iceberg of CIA and military-funded behavior modification efforts, in which mental patients and prison inmates in institutions around the country were secretly used as disposable psychiatric “guinea pigs.”

These psychiatric programs were later discovered by Congress to have mostly been conducted under an umbrella program code named MK-ULTRA. In 1975, Congress launched a full-scale investigation, one of the largest congressional investigations ever undertaken.

black scroll divider.

Written and researched by:

Virg sig script

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References

9. The Hidden Tragedy of the CIA’s Experiments on Children by Dr Jeffrey S Kaye and HP Albarelli Jr

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All that Spy Stuff, Historical Research

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