It was in the summer of 1939, that a relatively unknown Hungarian scientist, Leo Szilard, contacted Albert Einstein and warned him of the possibility of the creation of an atomic bomb. He asked Einstein to warn President Roosevelt of the unimaginable destruction possible by using a large mass of uranium. Thus was born the Manhattan Project, resulting in six years later, the detonation of the first ever atom bomb, in the early morning hours of July 16, 1945, in Alamogordo, New Mexico.
Leo in 1945
Even before the test, Leo and a large number of fellow scientists working with him in New Mexico were worried about the terrifying implications for humanity regarding the uses of their work.
The day after their first test, their fears became much more concrete and they knew they had to do something. So, on July 17, 1945, they submitted a signed petition to the President of the United States, pleading not to use the bomb on people – particularly Japan.
There is some dispute on the routing of the letter, one source says Leo took the letter to Arthur Compton, who in turn sent it to Groves assistant, but Leo himself talks about the petition going to James Byrnes, yet another anglophile, who had exercised so much control over the American war effort under President Roosevelt, that people started calling him “Assistant President.” Truman had just made him Secretary of State, only 2 weeks before this petition. Byrnes did not relay it to the President.
I recommend this page for those interested, as there is more to that story of how many signed, etc.
They didn’t have an unreasonable request – here’s an excerpt:
[W]e, the undersigned, respectfully petition: first, that you exercise your power as Commander-in-Chief, to rule that the United States shall not resort to the use of atomic bombs in this war unless the terms which will be imposed upon Japan have been made public in detail and Japan knowing these terms has refused to surrender; second, that in such an event the question whether or not to use atomic bombs be decided by you in the light of the considerations presented in this petition as well as all the other moral responsibilities which are involved.
Leo’s boss on the Manhattan Project was General Leslie Groves, that is the letter ended up with.
Groves stopped Leo’s petition from ever even arriving to the President, it didn’t even get forwarded to the Secretary of War until some time in August 1945! And by then, it was much too late. The bomb had been dropped on Japan.
General Groves didn’t just fail to forward Leo’s petition, he spread communist rumors about him; he sought evidence of ‘crimes” he could maybe jail him for; he was on a warpath -“How dare they try and stop us from blowing up the Japanese!” – which, had already been decided, you see. The long and short of it is, that for their efforts, these brave people were almost all fired.
Now you see the climate here, anyone who dared question the atomic energy policies of the U.S. was immediately “watched” and under suspicion as communist.
This is also when Hubbard just happens to show up on the “atomic” scene out there in Pasadena/Hollywood, just one month after Hiroshima.
Two months later, Linus Pauling helped found the Association of Pasadena Scientists.
The Association of Pasadena Scientists was founded late in 1945 as a response to the growing controversy over the use of atomic energy. The main purpose of the group was “to meet the increasingly apparent responsibility of scientists in promoting the welfare of mankind and the achievement of a stable world peace.” – University of Chicago records
A month later, Pauling informs Dr. Eiler of the formation of the Association of Pasadena Scientists, and that it is planned to be affiliated with the Federation of Atomic Scientists. .
He includes the following –
ASSOCIATION OF PASADENA SCIENTISTS
California Institute of Technology
December 13, 1945
To Members of the Faculty of the California Institute of Technology:
On November 23 an open meeting was held in the Gates Laboratory to consider the formation of an organization having as its purpose to discuss and act upon the problems created by the release of atomic energy. The meeting was attended principally by graduate students and junior Staff-members of the California Institute of Technology. An organization, to be known as the “Association of Pasadena Scientists“, was formed at that meeting. A statement setting forth the tentative structure and purposes of the organization is appended to this letter.
Since that time we have learned of the formation of the American Federation of Scientists, a federation initiated by groups that have been organized at the atomic bomb laboratories and at several leading universities. The aims and structure of the Federation are described in another statement appended hereto.
Professor J. R. Oppenheimer has suggested that a member organization be formed at the California Institute of Technology, and that it be formed from existing groups on this campus. Because of the informal character of the existing faculty group, which meets Tuesday afternoons, Professor E. C. Watson has expressed doubt that this faculty group should be made the nucleus of such a member organization.
It is felt, on the other hand, that the tentative structure and purposes of the Association of Pasadena Scientists would be appropriate to the formation of a member organization and that they could easily be adapted to suit the needs of such an organization. In any case it is very desirable that a member organization be representative of the California Institute community.
An open meeting will be held Tuesday evening, December 19, in Room 22, Gates Laboratory, at which the development of such a member organization to the American Federation will be discussed. Professor J. R. Oppenheimer and Professor Linus Pauling will speak.
You are cordially invited to attend this meeting and to participate in planning the purposes and form of the organization.
David P. Shoemaker
Appended: (l) Proposed Articles of Organization and Purposes of the Association of Pasadena Scientists
(2) Statement of Aims and Description of Organization of the American Federation of Scientists
ARTICLE IV. Amendment
Section 1. An amendment to these articles may be proposed by petition of five or more members of the Association. Copies of any proposed amendment must be distributed to the membership at least ten days before a meeting at which it will be voted upon.
Section 2. An amendment shall be considered adopted if it is approved by two thirds of the members voting.
Purposes of the Association of Pasadena Scientists
I. To study the problems associated with the relationship between society and scientific developments, with special emphasis on problems of atomic power. To gather and disseminate information pertinent to this end.
II. To promote freedom of research, particularly nuclear research.
III. To cooperate with other groups (such as the American Federation of Scientists and the Faculty Group of the California Institute of Technology) which are working to prevent the destructive use of atomic energy, and to convince the public at large of the necessity for taking action designed to achieve this goal.
By April 9, 1946, the Association of Pasadena Scientists was listed in the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists as a member of the Federation of American Scientists.
There may be another reason for the criticism that Hubbard indirectly levies on the Pasadena Association in its forming days – and that it is that it was suspected of being a communist front, mostly due to FBI head Hoover’s paranoia on the subject of communism – which was a red herring by combined British and Russian intelligence, that Hoover fell for hook-line-and-sinker.
I posted recently concerning a declassified FDA document that revealed that Nixon’s Secret Service had investigated Hubbard, because he lied saying that Nixon supported one of his new schemes. A couple of days later, Tony Ortega did an excellent article on the same subject, with a follow-up a week or so later that talked about Leo Szilard.
The follow-up article primarily focused on later events around the same time as the Secret Service investigation, one of which was a letter that Hubbard had written to Edward U. Condon on January 2, 1958.
Quoting Tony –
“Thus I am emboldened to propose an idea,” Hubbard sallied forth. “Sixty-four or more scientists who contributed well to U.S. defense have been ousted from government. There are more than this number who have been dismayed and rejected…Therefore I propose seriously that we form an ‘Outcasts Club.’”
But here’s the thing, that petition (and the data about any signers of it) was classified SECRET until after this letter Hubbard wrote. Despite the fact that Leo had tried to get it de-classified, so that he could talk about it without getting shot or imprisoned, but he was successfully blocked in his attempts by mister happy – General Groves.
No one involved was allowed to talk about it.
In fact, the day the bomb was dropped, a strict admonishment had been published in an insider publication.
August 9, 1945: Oak Ridge
There was a small occasional newspaper published for residents of Oak Ridge called the OAK RIDGE JOURNAL. For security reasons, this was not permitted to be mailed or taken from the area. The day of the Nagasaki bombing (August 9), a special issue appeared with large headlines, describing use of the bombs. The front page had a long message from Colonel Kenneth Nichols, the so-called District Engineer in charge of the town, admonishing all residents of Oak Ridge not to reveal any kind of information.
[…] The August 9th message from Colonel Nichols reflected the intent of the military establishment to keep a monopoly on atomic weapons: “This tremendous weapon must be kept our weapon alone, so that the peace of the world can be reestablished and preserved. Do not reveal to anyone information not contained in the official releases.“
That remained in force until well after Hubbard’s letter.
How come Hubbard knew about it?
It was not exactly what you would call common knowledge.
Hence, perhaps maybe a more sardonic light could be put on his response to Condon, he was baiting him, setting him up.
Now granted, there is some discussion on when parts of Leo’s petition began being declassified, but it is pretty much universally agreed that it wasn’t publicly known in any kind of comprehensive form until 1961.
Here’s a good example from the American Physics Society – emphasis mine.
…it was not described in print until Arthur Compton’s memoirs appeared in 1956. The petition was declassified beginning in 1957, but all the versions and the letters relating to it were only released in 1961. The anthology The Atomic Age was the first to publish a complete copy of Szilard’s petition, in 1963.
Tony Ortega had made the statement that regarding Leo’s petition to Truman – “This, clearly, is the event that Hubbard referred to twelve years later in 1957…” – which I believe is incorrect.
If Hubbard is referring to anything in his 1957 lecture Tony is referring to, it certainly wasn’t that.
The Hubbard lecture telling a version of his time at Caltech, is quoted in this clip by the Church of Scientology in their version of the spin on this time period – but it does tell us that Hubbard puts this in time right exactly when the Pasadena Association had started up – late 1945.
At this 2012 event, official Hubbard biographer Dan Sherman truly mucked things up, horribly. He mixed in all kinds of things that don’t even relate to the right time period – such as blaming Nixon for what happened to the atomic scientists. Apparently David Miscavige, who supervised the event, doesn’t exactly have too good a grasp on history.
The lecture itself, was included within the book All About Radiation – which you can find here.
Here’s the relevant part –
The Revolt of the American Nuclear Physicists
At the end of World War II a friend of mine, Lt. Commander of the Coast Guard, Johnny Arwine, and myself went to the California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech)-to meet with a great many old time atomic physicists who had been at the project that dropped the original bomb—from Alamogordo. It was our intention to organize these people so that some sort of sensible control could be monitored across the bomb. Nobody had thought about it at this date and Johnny Arwine and I were still in uniform. We were both in the world of engineering, then in the world of arts and then finally in the service. Neither of us had a thing to do with atomic fission in its development.
We got these atomic physicists together. I took the chair and Arwine addressed them. We spoke of using a propaganda weapon against anyone who would use atomic fission further against the human race. We planned to use any means we had to educate the people in the world concerning this.
The nuclear physicists were already so furious about this that Arwine and I could not control the meeting. We could keep them in their place, tell them to talk but we couldn’t get across any thought that was even rationally workable. These men said one thing: “We wish to overthrow the government of the United States by force.”
That is an astonishing chapter in the field of nuclear physics which only a few of us know about. There was a revolt and later on offices opened in the United States to propagandize the public in a movement led by the late Albert Einstein.
Arwine and I failed and withdrew our support from that meeting and did our best to calm them. We reported the findings to the Navy Department and the President. We said that we could not associate our names with this organization. But the atomic physicist did try and he is not going to do much more because Albert Einstein is dead.
Hubbard was literally right there in 1945, right when there was indeed “communist” activities going on with the Caltech association.
There was definitely intelligence actions revolving around this Pasadena association – take for example OSS agent Polonsky.
Something called the Atomic Energy Committee had its start as a course taught in the Hollywood Writers Mobilization “on the uses of control of atomic energy.” That course was run by that very same Pasadena Association.
This outcropping organization of the Pasadena association functioned to organize American physicists in opposition to the United States as a nuclear weapons power and to work for the abolition of the atom bomb as a weapon.
Exactly what got Leo and 69 other people fired.
Exactly what Hubbard was referring to, when he said this: “These men said one thing: “We wish to overthrow the government of the United States by force.””
Now, I’m no Hubbard proponent, but he did get pretty much the gist of things right here, even going so far as to mention the Einstein group.
It’s also interesting that he came in there selling a propaganda angle – that strikes me as just the same kind of baiting, or set-up that he was doing later with Condon.
After all, screenwriter Abraham Polonsky was an OSS agent and openly being a Communist Party member, and he headed the Atomic Energy Committee.
His intel background, Hubbard’s propaganda and intel background, along with this sort of blatant association of rebelling against using the bomb as a weapon being positioned with communism, probably means they both were likely running an intel operation – particularly Polonsky when when he started heading the Atomic Energy Committee.
This is also just like Cord Meyer was doing by being the head of United World Federalists a little later on, which Hubbard would parallel the goals of as well..
Hubbard had made the same type of entrance, the whole show he says he did upon his arrival at Caltech to a meeting of Atomic scientists.
By same entrance, I am referring to when Hubbard, on “leave” from the Navy, suddenly arrived in full naval regalia and whooshed himself into Jack Parsons life one day in August of 1945, like some wild force of nature.
However, Jack, you see, was another “watched” with concern individual at the time – meaning he was suspected of communism.
Note: While there, Hubbard told colorful stories, and one of them that Janet Reitman documented was that “while in England…had his skull measured by scientists at the British Museum.” Although Hubbard is known to tell tall-tales, that one is interesting, because I have not heard him ever refer to being in England this early in time. As such, it may just be a veiled reference, buried under all that ludicrousness, to his time at Pemberley undergoing OSS agent training.
Pauling was interviewed about this time period, and said (carefully stepping over that there was a political aspect to what he was doing):
I got interested in world peace in 1945. I had been working during the Second World War, and for a little while earlier than that, a year or two earlier, on war projects. I still was Professor/Chairman of the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology, but I had about 20 contracts with the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Oppenheimer asked me to come to Los Alamos as head of the chemistry section of the atomic bomb project, and I decided not to do it. I had so much going on in Pasadena, including continuing teaching chemistry and this large amount of war work. When the atomic bombs were dropped, exploded, over Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, I was very soon asked by the Rotary Club in Hollywood to talk about nuclear fission, about the nature of these weapons. I was able to do so because I had not been connected with the atomic energy project and had no classified information about these weapons. So I began giving talks, popular talks, to groups of that sort which were purely education, descriptive in nature, with little political content. Rather soon, they began to involve the expression of my own ideas — I don’t remember just how early it was that I was able to quote Albert Einstein as saying that now that a single bomb can destroy a whole city and a single rocket can lob it over, the time has come when we must give up war.
But then I was asked to join the Board of Trustees of the Einstein Committee, the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, which consisted only of the Board of Trustees, half a dozen scientists, Albert Einstein as chairman and Harold Urey as vice chairman.
So every few months I went with my wife to Princeton to a meeting of this board, and later I began making lecture tours, partially along with Leo Szilard.
We would show a film which the committee had made, the first film about atomic bombs explaining what nuclear war would be. Just a little atomic bomb of the Hiroshima – Nagasaki type then. And Leo Szilard would give a talk and I would speak, too, about the necessity to understand what had happened in the world now that the means of waging war had changed in such an astounding way.
After all the hullaballoo with the Pasadena Association, the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists was formed in May of 1946.
…formed in May, 1946, by Albert Einstein, R.F. Bacher, Hans A. Bethe, Edward U. Condon, R. Hogness, Leo Szilard, Harold C. Urey, and V.F. Weisskopf. Their objective was to encourage and further the peaceful uses of atomic energy and to do this they would solicit private contributions in support of the work of the National Committee for Atomic Information. On August 6, 1946 the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists was incorporated in New Jersey in order “that the contributions it received might be devoted to other groups interested in the field of atomic information and education as well as the NCAI.”
These scientists in turn were later joined by Selig Hecht, Harrison Brown, and H.J. Mueller.
Some time between November 14th and December 8 th of 1946, Hubbard is called to New York (his old intelligence stomping grounds). He was staying at the swanky Hotel Belvedere, and he responds to an order to report for an examination on Hotel stationary on the the 8th. He explains his expensive address by saying that “a friend had financed his trip back East in return for his advice on an expedition then being planned.” Now, if you know anything about Hubbard’s intelligence covers that he has used – that’s an old one, the ole “expedition” cover which he had learned at the knee of Commander Snake Thompson.
While he was there he hooked up with John Campbell, the editor of Astounding, who asked him to write a five thousand-word feature about the consequences of man landing on the moon for Air Trails and Science Frontiers, a new non-fiction magazine which Campbell had recently launched. Hubbard agreed.
Hubbard was only in New York a few weeks. By May of 1947 ‘Fortress in the Sky’, using the pseudonym,Captain B.A. Northorp, came out in Air Trails as the cover story. He had been told what the parameters were, and he dutifully “prophesied” that the first moon landing would take place within five or ten years and argued that a lunar military base would have enormous strategic value.
He wrote: ‘It is entirely within reason that the nation which demonstrates the courage, intelligence and industrial proficiency necessary to establish a base on the moon will rule the world.’
Contrary to what some critics have said, I take a different view of something else he added into his story.
In a section discussing the technical problems of reaching the moon by rocket, he wrote: ‘Here and there throughout the world many men have been thinking about rockets for some time. I recall that in 1930, L. Ron Hubbard, a writer and engineer, developed and tested – but without fanfare – a rocket motor considerably superior to the V-2 instrument of propulsion and rather less complicated.’
Rather than just arrogance, which is the prevailing opinion, I think he’s making a veiled, tongue-in-check and extremely dry, humorous reference to the mission he had just come off of – the Jack Parsons mission. Mr. Rebellious Rocket Scientist.
Meanwhile – by January 2, 1947, the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists were sending out requests for money to the tune of $1,000,000.00 dollars! There’s an interesting anti-nationalism bid in the letter: “This basic power of the universe cannot be fitted into the outmoded concept of narrow nationalism.”
Hubbard hies off to the unlikely local of Struudsburg, Pennsylvania, where he starts moving on his next phase – the control of men’s minds.
He began a propaganda novel that had several sections loosely based on his experiences in Pasadena, more like a novelette, called The End Is Not Yet. It was more or less about a young nuclear physicist’s attempts to prevent the world being taken over by constructing a new philosophical system and a new type of energy. It was published in three parts in Astounding starting in August.
Probably the most overlooked aspect of this story, well, there are several, but the one I’m talking about is the cleverly fictionalized push for a one world government.
The timing of that was no accident.
You see, fellow OSS intelligence agent Cord Meyer, had just come off mission of infiltrating The American Veterans Committee.(AVC).
A participant in the founding of the United Nations and an advocate of one-world government, Meyer spent almost three decades (1951-1977) with the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), becoming one of its highest-ranking officers. His papers, however, bear little reference to his CIA career except in clippings from published sources. They relate more fully to his activities on behalf of one-world government after World War II and document in great detail many facets of his personal and family life.
What is known as an actual date for when Cord “officially” began working for the OSS successor, the CIA, is 1951. Allen Dulles had approached Cord Meyer, and it is on record that he then became a “principal operative” of Operation Mockingbird, a covert operation meant to sway American print and broadcast media toward “the CIA line” – which if you understand the back history of America’s intelligence organizations, you know that means BRITISH interests.
Frank G. Wisner was Meyer’s handler at the CIA. Frank, was a cross-over from the OSS, where he was also a high-ranking official, and this is where Cord Meyer’s previous intelligence activities were also hosted under. Frank, at one point, (per documents in our CIA Declassified Document Library) had been the Chief of Special intelligence (SI) in Istanbul Turkey, and even at that time had been involved with planting articles in foreign newspapers.
After WWII, Frank was put in charge of handling the Gehlen organization, a Nazi intelligence network – this is part of what Meyer was expected to help “spin” to the America public.
Cord was also the President of United World Federalists (later renamed The World Federalist association). The real goal of this association was to establish a one-world government, although Cord tried to deny that with a bunch of meaningless platitudes. (see Time article on Cord from 1948).
Note: A world government is the goal of Cecil Rhodes secret society, and its public face – the Round table.
You can view my two library articles, extensively documented, here:
Timothy Leary, who would go on to be part of several MKULTRA projects (including getting the Brotherhood of Eternal Love going), was initially recruited by CIA agent Cord Meyer around 1947-48, when Leary and Meyer were being intelligence agents undercover as members of the branded “communist” group The American Veterans Committee.(AVC).
Membership growth in AVC’s first several years was sudden and dramatic. From 5500 members in 1945, AVC grew to 18,000 members in 1946, then to approximately 100,000 in 1947, when allegedly “communist” elements infiltrated it, with a big public brouhaha created resulting in their “removal” – which essentially killed the powerful and organized voice that had formed there, with its motto of citizens first, veterans second.
That was Meyer and Leary’s British anglophile work-in-action.
The Dynamic Duo – Meyer and Leary
Cord had been re-assigned to control the factions that were to be fused into the OSS/CIA-controlled front group, the United World Federalists, which he began work on in August 1947 at a congress in Montreux, Switzerland, where it was first created.
Montreux – Lake Geneva
August 1947 was exactly the same month when L. Ron Hubbard came out with his first segment of The End is Not Yet serial in Astounding Science Fiction magazine.
Besides the more generalized goal of establishing a one-world government, Cord Meyer and the United World Federalists sought to “save the world through a limited federation before an atomic war destroys it.” – Time magazine, February 16, 1948.
And so it was within Hubbard’s End is Not Yet, he spent quite a bit of time talking about atomic war, and the characters attempt to from a group or federation to counter destruction of the world by atomic war.
His character gets a visit from a future person, who sends him magic books –
That are bound in scarlet and ‘each was emblazoned with a great golden sword.’ – that is why the cover picture.
One of the magic books that materialized out of thin air, was named: “Codes, Constitution and General Organization of the Allied Scientists of the World, with notes on Viticity Defense.”
Further on in the story, Hubbard promoted a world government, claiming nationalism is the cause of war – and – he has his character also say:
For a little while three atomic scientists and an ex-naval officer and myself attempted to form a group to be known as the Allied Scientists of the World.
We attended a meeting or two at Cal Tech. We corresponded with the people at Alamogordo.
But the scientists themselves were too savage, too extreme, and though we decided that the proper function of the scientist was to benefit all mankind even if scientists themselves had to rule world, there was too much prima donna in the top flight, too much bitterness in the ranks.
We wrote a charter, a code. We were destroyed by lack of capital in part, but mostly by the tremendous inertia of the people.
We had ideas. No one could agree.
Hubbard’s idea as expressed in End is Not Yet, of the Allied Scientists of the World was literally just another example of the same mission he just came off of – there in Pasadena – and it predates any other discussed source out there. But it was not exactly from some altruistic view, well, it was…and it wasn’t. It was far more of a “I’m on a mission” thing than “I really believe what I’m writing” thing – in my opinion.
So, now we come to Linus Pauling’s letters almost twenty years later.
The following images are from Linus Pauling Day-By-Day calendar, created by the University of Oregon.
The first one is Linus to Professor Shoemaker at MIT, dated 17 April 1963.
I have been reading a book in which Dr. L. Ron Hubbard says that he and Coast Guard Lt. Commander Johnny Arwine came to the California Institute of Technology at the end of World War II, got the atomic physicists together in a meeting with Hubbard in the chair and Arwine as the speaker. The statements in this book are so surprising that I have decided to check up on them.
I remember a meeting at which the Pasadena Federation of Atomic Scientists was set up — the meeting was held in the Gates lecture room. I believe that you were an officer of the Pasadena Federation.
Could you write me, telling me what you remember about this meeting and about the Pasadena Federation, and also telling me whether you know Dr. L. Ron Hubbard or John Arwine, or anything about the meeting that he refers to in the book (Dr. Hubbard)?
While you are at it, would you check the Registrar’s Office at MIT to see whether either L. Ron Hubbard or John Arwine ever was a student there?
Professor Shoemaker replies a week later –
The name of L. Ron Hubbard means nothing to me except “Dianetics” and pseudoscience. The name of John Arwine means nothing at all to me.
To the best of my knowledge I never met either of them. I certainly do not recall any meeting associated with them, such as Hubbard describes. As far as I can remember Dick Noyes or I presided over all meetings of the Pasadena chapter of the FAS.
I cannot rigorously exclude the possibility that either or both of them participated in one of our meetings. I could easily have forgotten the names. It is even possible that in the chaos of the time such a meeting as Hubbard describes actually took place independently of our association, without our being aware of it. In this case, Hubbard probably has exaggerated its importance and impact.
I remember that the “Association of Pasadena Scientists” (which later joined FAS) had an organization meeting (about which I remember essentially nothing), and had regular public meetings for a while, in Gates Lecture Room. At one or two of them we had movies of bomb shots. At others, talks by people like Robert Oppenheimer. We had steering committee meetings at frequent intervals, had a speakers program, etc. Dick Noyes was Chairman, I was a moderator or something. We started activities in the late fall of 1945 and petered out in the summer of 1946.
When I left Cal Tech I believe James Bonner inherited the files. You might ask him for his memories, if you haven’t already done so. (The Newsletters in the files might yield a clue.) You might also ask Dick Noyes.
The M.I. T. Registrar has no record of either Hubbard or Arwine having been registered as a student here.
I am sorry I can’t be more helpful. But you have got me curious. I’d like to know if you turn up anything interesting. It sounds to me as if Hubbard is merely puffing. […]
The puffing Hubbard crack is hilarious, but I also like how honest he is. He says that ‘in the chaos of the time’ he could have easily forgotten.
After receiving Shoemaker’s reply, Linus decides to write another letter about all this, this time to Charles Newton at CalTech.
I call your attention to a matter that the California Institute of Technology might want to take some action about.
I send you herewith a book entitled All About Radiation, published, I think, in 1957, and written by a man named L. Ron Hubbard, and another man. (I should like to have this book returned.) Also I send copies of my correspondence with Dr. David P. Shoemaker and Dr. Reuben Wood.
The reference to the California Institute of Technology begins on page U8. L. Ron Hubbard says there that at the end of World War II he and Johnny Arwine came to the California Institute of Technology, got the atomic physicists together, with Hubbard in the chair, and Arwine giving an address. He then states, referring to the atomic physicists of the California Institute of Technology, “These men said one thing: ‘We wish to overthrow the government of the United States by force’.”
He then mentions a movement led by the late Albert Einstein. This seems to be a reference to the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, Incorporated, which had Albert Einstein as Chairman. I was a member of it, as you can see from the 1945 bulletin that is enclosed. Professor Harrison Brown later became a member.
I do not know either Hubbard or Arwine. I thought that it was barely possible that they had had some connection with the Pasadena Federation of Atomic Scientists, and for this reason I wrote to Dr. Shoemaker. I wrote to Dr. Wood to find out especially about Hubbard’s connection with George Washington University. Hubbard calls himself Dr. L. Ron Hubbard. I do not know where he got his doctor’s degree.
I remember the meeting at which the Pasadena Federation of Atomic Scientists was organized. I think that both Oppenheimer and I spoke at this meeting.
Perhaps you would think it worth while to ask people in the Physics Department if they know anything about the alleged meeting at the California Institute of Technology, a meeting of atomic physicists with Hubbard in the chair and Arwine addressing them.
From what I can tell, there either was no reply from Newton or the University of Oregon has not put it up yet.
In conclusion, I think it’s safe to say that what Hubbard was referring to in both the End is Not Yet, and All About Radiation, was not Leo Szilard’s petition.
However, what we now know, thanks to Tony Ortega’s source who provided the Condon letter, is that Hubbard appears to have had a level of Security Clearance – the highest possible – that allowed him knowledge of specific details of Leo’s petition, before it had been declassified.
Since that looks to be the case, a person would certainly not have that kind of clearance for being a “disgraced” incompetent bozo, nor do you get that kind of clearance for being innocent concerning the real roots of Dianetics and Scientology either.
It may be true that sometimes the truth is in the middle, but between those two polarized views, I doubt it.
By Virginia McClaughry