Lord Northcliffe on Propaganda, 1918 -
Propaganda, he wrote, should be “the pace-maker for policy, and should form opinion without opinion realizing that it is so being formed.”
This was the first and principal maxim of the principle of “government by the consent of the governed”.
This is the plan of how to mask a MONARCHY as a DEMOCRACY.
“The professional propagandist realizes that, when a single lie is exposed, the entire campaign is jeopardized.”
The Birth of The British Secret Service
The following is a Cliff Notes (short version) of An Alternate History of Dianetics – Calling All Liars – Beginnings of the OSS
The Cliff Notes form is intended as a guide, or fast overview. Read the original Article for much fuller information including images and reference listings.
1876 – Cecil Rhodes and the plan to bring the whole world under British rule.
“Why should we not form a secret society with but one object, the furtherance of the British Empire and the bringing of the whole world under British rule, for the recovery of the United States, for making the Anglo Saxon race but one Empire? What a dream, but yet it is probable, it is possible.”
Cecil Rhodes wrote this in his “Confession of Faith” when he was 23. He said that the Jesuits (CATHOLICS) inspired it.
Early Eugenics speeches such as the Ruskin Speech given at Oxford inspired him.
“We are still undegenerate in race; a race mingled with the best northern blood… Will you youths of England make your country again a royal throne of Kings, a sceptred isle…? This is what England must either do or perish; she must found colonies as fast and as far as she is able, formed of her most energetic and worthiest men; seizing every piece of fruitful waste ground she can set her foot on, and there teaching these her colonists that their chief virtue is to bear fidelity to their country, and that their first aim is to advance the power of England by land and sea…”
Apparently Nationalism in ENGLAND is ok – but no-one else in the world is allowed to have any.
1882 – The Naval Intelligence Department of the British Admiralty was formed as the Foreign Intelligence Committee. It originally had two Divisions, Foreign Intelligence and Mobilisation, to which were later added War Strategy and Defence, Trade and Coastal Defence.
1886 – Cecil Rhodes Strikes it rich in Africa
Rhodes was an industrialist who made his fortune in Africa, to became one of the richest men in the world by dominating the diamond and gold mines of South Africa. He came to personally own 3.5 square million miles of Africa. A similar company headed by King Leopold of Belgium came to control the entire Congo River basin.
In 1886 Cecil Rhodes acquired a major share in the gold industry after the Witwatersrand gold strike in Transvaal in 1886.
With the help of Lord Nathan Rothschild for financing the deal Cecil Rhodes then pressures other owners of Kimberley diamond mines to come together and form Rhodes De Beers Consolidated Mines. It was the leading diamond company in the world, owning all the South African mines and thus 90% of global diamond production.
1891 – Cecil Rhodes intended to make a One-World government led by Britain. His public propaganda about his goals were that he sought to diminish nationalism and to increase awareness among people that they belonged to the larger human community.
As early as 1876 he expressed his desire to form a secret society whose real goal was making the peoples of the world into subjects of a Monarchy – A British Monarchy.
With that goal in mind, he created the Round Table in 1891.
One of Rhodes’ chief supporters was the English banker, Lord Rothschild. Another English banker, Alfred Milner, was a Rhodes associate.
1896 – Cecil Rhodes forms Rhodesia.
He often wished he could annex other planets.
“all of these stars… these vast worlds that remain out of reach. If I could, I would annex other planets”. - Cecil Rhodes
1902 – Cecil Rhodes dies, forms the Rhodes Scholarship to make An american elite of philosopher-kings who would have the USA rejoin the British Empire.
When Rhodes died March 26, 1902, his will stipulated that the greater part of his fortune was to go toward the establishment of a scholarship fund to reward applicants who exhibited worthy qualities of intellect, character, and physical ability.
He believed that eventually Great Britain, the USA and Germany together would dominate the world and ensure peace together.
“My desire being that the students who shall be elected to the Scholarships shall not be merely bookworms I direct that in the election of a student to a scholarship regard shall be had to (i) his literary and scholastic attainments, (ii) his fondness of, and success in, manly outdoor sports such as cricket, football and the like, (iii) his qualities of manhood, truth, courage, devotion or duty, sympathy for and protection of the weak, kindliness, unselfishness and fellowship and (iv) his exhibition during school days of moral force of character and of instincts to lead and to take an interest in his schoolmates for those latter attributes will be likely in afterlife to guide him to esteem the performance of public duties as his highest aim.” – Cecil Rhodes, from World Trek website
After Cecil Died – Cecil’s Round Table starts taking off…
After Rhodes died in 1902, the Round Table gained increased support from members of the international banking community. Major contributors to the Round Table came from wealthy individuals, foundations, and companies associated with the international banker fraternity. They included the Carnegie United Kingdon Trust, J.P. Morgan organizations, and the Rockefeller and Whitney families.
In the English-speaking world, the newly-organized central banks exerted significant political influence through an organization they supported known as the Round Table. The Round Table was designed to affect the foreign policy actions of governments.
1 November 1903 - William Melville was secretly recruited to lead a new intelligence section in the War Office, MO3, which subsequently was re-designated M05 in 1909.
1907 – Major Vernon Kell became Director of the Home Section of the Secret Service Bureau with the responsibility of investigating espionage, sabotage and subversion within and without Britain.
August 1909 – Winston Churchill and Richard Burden Haldane had pushed for establishing a new Secret Service Bureau. On August 1, it was established.
NEW Foreign Section under Commander (later Admiral) Sir Mansfield Cumming – Navy -. It became known as the Directorate of Military Intelligence Section 6 (MI6).
As head of SIS/MI6, Sir George Mansfield Smith-Cumming, typically signed correspondence with his initial C in green ink. This usage evolved as a code name, and has been adhered to by all subsequent directors of SIS when signing documents to retain anonymity.
Foreign Intelligence Service,
the Secret Service, MI1(c),
the Special Intelligence Service
Around 1920 -
Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), and
Box 850 after it’s old MI6 mail box.
1909 – some of the first officers Cumming-Smith recruited were writers. He recruited Somerset Maugham and Compton Mackenzie. Smith-Cumming was building himself a pool of agents and instructed his men to ‘Never confide in women…never give a photo to anyone, especially a female. Cultivate the impression that you are an ass, and have no brains. – SIS training manual
1910 – British Navy – War planning and strategic matters was transferred to the newly formed Naval Mobilisation Department and it was this Department, still containing a number of those who had worked in Naval Intelligence, that future MI6 head Sinclair joined.
Sinclair acquires the nickname Quex, from the play, “The Gay Lord Quex” by Sir Arthur Pinero, whose hero was described as, “the wickedest man in London”.
1914 – early Propaganda work “for the masses” begins British leads, America follows.
Elements of propaganda per the British –
Propaganda may be defined as the attempt to control public opinion. …
“The presentation of isolated facts, the influencing of opinion on particular matters, were alike of little avail unless there was an underlying foundation of sympathy on the part of the people thus to be influenced. Such a foundation in its turn could only be built up by a consistent propaganda policy. The, lack of realization of this basic principle was the chief reason for the failure of much early British propaganda work…”
A wonderful little booklet that I found in the Internet Archive, dates from 1919 and details examples of British Propaganda during World War I.
1914 – Mr. H. Wickham Steed, (on the Department of Propaganda Advisory Committee in 1918) had his hand in propaganda together with Northcliffe and Campbell Stuart in the Northcliffe owned London Times newspaper.
In editorials published on 29 and 31 July 1914, Wickham Steed, the Times’s Chief Editor, argued that the British Empire should enter World War I.
He is also involved in getting the next “fight” going. He publishes the Protocols of Zion in 1920 in the Times. (see 1920)
1915 – American International Corporation (AIC) formed to fund the Russian Revolution (Bolshevik), and was the source of financing for German espionage and covert operations in the U.S. and South America during the World War I. Von Pavenstedt, the chief German espionage paymaster in the U.S., was senior partner of Amsinck & Co. G. Amsinck & Co., Inc. of New York was acquired by American International Corporation in November 1917. American International Corporation also wholly owned the Symington Forge Corporation, a major government contractor for shell forgings. Another business, American International Shipbuilding Corporation was wholly owned by AIC and signed substantial contracts for war vessels with the Emergency Fleet Corporation, it was the largest single recipient of contracts awarded by the U.S. government Emergency Fleet Corporation. Note: J. Ogden Armour was one of the primary board members of AIC (see Gurnee line)
December 1916 – World War I – The Assassination of Rasputin
One of Cumming’s most successful agents was a French-Irish Jesuit priest named O’Caffrey. He, Oswald Rayner and 1 other agent went to Russia, lured Grigori Rasputin (holy man preaching to the Tsarina) to a palace in Petrograd, got him drunk, beat him with a rubber hose and crushed his testicles flat and then shot him several times. His body was found floating in a river.
1917 – British Intelligence oversaw the formation of the U.S. War Propaganda department – the CPI.
Sir Campbell Stuart (later head of the Propaganda division of MI6 in 1938) was serving as the Military Attache (MI6) to the British Embassy in Washington D.C., 1917, and was Vice-Chairman of the London Headquarters of the British War Mission to the United States.
The Department of Information was set up under the Foreign Office – (MI6) Mr. John Buchan was appointed the head.
1917 – The Balfour Mission – where the United States was being directed on what the British wanted them to do, plus the people were being assessed to figure out how to get them behind the war. [balfour mission pic]
By the end of his tour in June of 1917, Balfour left behind him a British Bureau of Information, located on Fifth avenue at 43rd street. It was renamed the Department of Information.
By the end of 1918 there were branches of it in Washington, Chicago, and San Francisco and it’s staff in all comprised a little short of 100 people. It was divided into 12 departments.
1917 – April 13 – US President Woodrow Wilson founded the Committee on Public Information through Executive Order 2594. The committee consisted of George Creel (chairman) and as ex officio members the Secretaries of: State (Robert Lansing), War (Newton D. Baker), and the Navy (Josephus Daniels).
Edward L. Bernays, along with others worked to influence public opinion towards supporting American participation in World War I, via a prolonged propaganda campaign. He directed the CPI’s Latin News Service.
Bernays said about this time “this was the first time in our history that information was used as a weapon of war.”
The CPI generated complete fabrications, such as images and stories of German soldiers killing babies and hoisting them on bayonets.
They formed front groups to Spy on Americans with names like the American Protective League and the American Defense Society.These groups spied, tapped telephones, and opened mail in an effort to ferret out “spies and traitors.” The targets of these groups was anyone who called for peace, questioned the Allies’ progress, or criticized the government’s policies.
1918 – Cummings’ had the SIS focused on Communism, in particular, Russian Bolshevism. Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart (later first head of the Secret Intelligence Division of the OSS) was one of his agents. He and Sidney George Reilly carried out an operation that attempted to overthrow the Bolshevik government, with financing from AIC.
The SIS had the financing of their Operation Bolshevik Revolution arranged through the American International Corporation, where my great-great-uncle Halstead Gurnee Freeman (head of Chase Securities) was a voting member.
February, 1918, the Ministry of Information was set up under Lord Beaverbrook… supervising various sections of the Ministry, were Lord Rothermere. Sir Roderick Jones, Mr. John Buchan, Mr. Arnold Bennett, Mr. Harold Snagge and Mr. Evelyn Wrench. Wellington House and the previous Department of Information were absorbed into Lord Beaverbrook’s department.
The Brits then had what they called “Nationals” who were in charge of coordinating propaganda in other countries.
For general administrative purposes such countries as France, Russia, Italy, Sweden and Holland were each allotted to a “National,” while “Nationals” were also appointed for Scandinavia, India, the United States, South America and other parts of the world. These ” Nationals ” met together in conference twice a week to discuss the details of their campaign. The methods adopted in the United States have already been described in Chapter *CCCVL, pages 100 to 108, and similar methods, adapted to local circumstances, were employed in other countries.
*you can see CCCVL British Missions in America here
February 1918 – Simultaneously with the Ministry of Information the Department of Propaganda in Enemy Countries (under the Foreign Office/MI6) was established under Viscount Northcliffe to undertake propaganda in the enemy countries of Germany, Austria – Hungary and Bulgaria.
He recruited people with 3 requirements. Expert knowledge of Continental politics, of the psychology of enemy peoples, and of publicity methods. All three qualifications were vitally necessary to the complete equipment of the department.
Northcliffe’s deputy was Sir Campbell Stuart
Northcliffe arranged an Ad-Com (advisory committee) of men of affairs and publicists :
Mr. Robert Donald (then Editor of the Daily Chronicle).
Sir Roderick Jones, K.B.E. (Managing Director of Reuter’s Agency).
Sir Sidney Low.
Sir Charles Nicholson, Bt,, M.P.
Mr. James O’Grady, M.P.
Mr. H. Wickham Steed (Foreign Editor, and later Editor-in-Chief, of The Times).
Mr. H. G. Wells. – * see 1918 May 27
Secretary, Mr. H. K. Hudson, C.B.E.
This Committee held fortnightly meetings at which the progress of the work was reported and discussed.
Early February 1918 – Lord Northcliffe arranges a small inter-allied committee which met at Crewe House early in February. There were present, besides Lord Northcliffe and his principal assistants, Lord Beaverbrook, Mr. C. J. Phillips of the Foreign Office, Monsieur Franklin-Bouillon, (representing France) and Signor Gallenga-Stuart (representing Italy) and their assistants, together with representatives of the United States.
1918 – May 27 – Northcliffe Department of Propaganda first Campaign is at Austria, then War of the Worlds writer H.G. Wells takes over the campaign towards Germany.
His memorandum on how to do this states that propaganda in Germany must be based upon a clear Allied policy, that the real war aim of the Allies was not only to beat the enemy but to establish a world peace that precluded the resumption of war. Remember, this is PROPAGANDA, the real goal of Britain is a MONARCHY masqueraded as DEMOCRACY.
Wells states that the PROPAGANDA points to be brought home to the Germans were :
“1. The determination of the Allies to continue the war until Germany accepted the Allied peace settlement
2. The existing alliance as a Fighting League of Free Nations was to be deepened and extended and the military, naval, financial and economic resources of its members pooled until (a) Its military purpose was achieved, and (b) Peace was established on lasting foundations.
It must be pointed out that:
nothing stood between enemy peoples and a lasting peace except the predatory designs of their ruling dynasties and military and economic castes ;
that the design of the Allies was not to crush any people, but to assure the freedom of all on a basis of self determination to be exercised under definite guarantees of justice and fair play;
that, unless enemy peoples acceptedthe Allied conception of a world peace settlement, it would be impossible for them to repair the havoc of the present war, to avert utter financial ruin, and to save themselves from prolonged misery;
and that the longer the struggle lasted the deeper would become the hatred of everything German in the non-German world, and the heavier the social and economic handicap under which the enemy peoples would labour, even after their admission into a League of Nations.”
The primary war aim of the Allies thus became the changing of Germany, not only in the interest of the Allied League but in that of the German people itself.
1918 – May – Northcliffe submits Well’s Germany Propaganda Plan to the Foreign Secretary (e.g. also to the head of MI6)
Lord Northcliffe wrote :
” I wish to submit to you the following general scheme of policy as a basis for British-and eventually Allied—propaganda in Germany.
Propaganda, as an active form of policy, must be in harmony with the settled war aims of the Allies :
“The object of all propaganda is to weaken the will of the enemy to war and victory. For this purpose it is necessary to put in the forefront the ultimate object of the Allies, and the use which they would make of victory, for this is the matter with which the Germans are most concerned. . . It appears to me, however, that our war aims, as I understand them…. “These two points (a) and (b) must be kept in close connexion ; the first provides the element of fear, the second provides the element of hope. . .
Northcliffe’s League of Nations part of the letter:
Wells memorandum –
Its control of raw materials, of shipping, and its power to exclude for an indefinite period enemy or even neutral peoples until they subscribe to and give pledges of their acceptance of its principles should be emphasized.
“I take it that the real object of the Allies is, after defeating Germany, to establish such a world peace as shall, within the limits of human foresight, preclude another conflagration.
It seems necessary, therefore, that the separate aims which would, of course, be maintained, such as the restoration of Belgium, the liberation of Alsace-Lorraine, the establishment of civilized government in Mesopotamia and Palestine, should be put forward in their proper places as individual but essential points in the general scheme for the settlement of world politics on a basis which would go far to remove the causes of future wars.
Any such scheme would, in effect, amount to the constitution of a ‘League of Free Nations’.
1918 – July 1 – the American CPI Committee work was curtailed after July 1, 1918 because of the British recognizing the backfiring of their Propaganda and forming a new department instead, plus it was the time of the “Peace” conferences. Bernays wanted to attend the Peace Conferences in Europe but he was not allowed due to the poor reputation (lying) of the CPI.
1918 – August – Just after the American CPI’s activities were severely curtailed, a conference was to coordinate the propaganda efforts and a new “Inter-Allied” body was formed to do Enemy propaganda.
Lord Northcliffe, with the assent of the British Government, sent invitations to the French, Italian and United States Governments to appoint delegates to an Inter-Ally Conference on Propaganda in Enemy Countries. These invitations were cordially accepted, and the Conference was held on August 14, 15 and 16, 1918.
The whole field of work was surveyed, and fruitful discussions of policies, methods of production, and distribution of propaganda material took place.
It was resolved to create an Inter-Allied body for enemy propaganda.
One of the points discussed was how “great” and “effective” propaganda was , how the weakening of the German troops’ morale, through defeat and propaganda effort, was the beginning of the end.
Now they wanted to continue Propaganda during PEACE times.
Lord Northcliffe’s Committee decided that a policy of peace propaganda should be quickly formulated for use not only in enemy countries but also to explain to Allies and neutrals the general principles underlying British peace aims. So they formed another committee for that.
1918 – October 4 – The Peace Propaganda Committee meets
Northcliffe was unable to chair this committee – he had a nervous breakdown, which is the polite form of physically obvious insanity.
Sir Campbell Stuart taking the chair in the absence of Lord Northcliffe.
At this and subsequent meetings a memorandum embodying the basic principles of a just and lasting peace was discussed and agreed upon as a policy for common use. Soon afterwards the armistices were signed and the Policy Committee was dissolved.
And that, ladies and gentleman, is the climate in which Tavistock was formed just a couple of years later.
1918 – November 11 – The Armistice was signed –
1918 – November 12 – George Creel halted the domestic activities of the CPI, but the Foreign operations continued for another year, which would include Bernays.
Many former agents of the CPI stayed in Washington and New York and took advantage of their skill and contacts.
Edward Bernays, took the techniques he learned in the CPI directly to Madison Avenue and became a vocal proponent of propaganda as a “tool” for democratic government.
1919 – June 13 CPI Foreign operations ended June 30, 1919 by an act of Congress
1919 – August 21 – Wilson abolished the CPI by executive order 3154 on August 21, 1919. The organization’s records were turned over to the Council of National Defense.
The curtailment of the American Committee that Edward L. Bernays was on, (CPI – July 1918) occurred after the The British, who were the lead in the Propaganda efforts, decided on a more formal approach and took over the Propaganda efforts in Britain. There were too many embarrassing failures going on that were backfiring seriously.
1919 – Sinclair was appointed as Director of Naval Intelligence and given the task of setting up the new signals intelligence agency, the Government Code and Cypher School – GC&CS …[which was under the SIS Home Section, also called MI5) the operation was based at Watergate House, Adelphi. Sinclair inherited a highly successful organisation which had been responsible for the Royal Navy’s cryptographic work during World War One, based on Room 40.Room 40 had also received much attention from Winston Churchill with whom Sinclair dined regularly.” – Source: Scots at War Dr D M Henderson, Queens’ College, Cambridge, May 2009
Traditional intelligence activities in Europe by the “British Secret Service” were controlled by MI6, or SIS (Secret Intelligence Services) under the direction of Admiral Sir Hugh “Quex” Sinclair, RN. MI6 was controlled by the Foreign Office, while MI5, which was responsible for counter-intelligence in Britain, was under the control of the Home Office.
Sinclair started attempting to have the ‘Home’ counter-intelligence service MI5 absorbed into the SIS to strengthen Britain’s efforts against Bolshevism, an idea which was finally rejected in 1925.
1920 8 May – H. Wickham Steed endorsed the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion as a genuine document.
He wrote the leader entitled “The Jewish Peril, a Disturbing Pamphlet: Call for Inquiry”, where he wrote about The Protocols of the Elders of Zion:
What are these ‘Protocols’? Are they authentic? If so, what malevolent assembly concocted these plans and gloated over their exposition? Are they forgery? If so, whence comes the uncanny note of prophecy, prophecy in part fulfilled, in part so far gone in the way of fulfillment?”.
1921 July 29 – Cecil Rhode’s Round Table forms The Council on Foreign relations in New York.
After WW I, the Round Table created many subgroups. Two key groups established by the Round Table were the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London and the Council On Foreign Relations in New York.
John Foster Dulles and Averell Harriman joined the CFR. The chairman of the CFR for many years has been banker David Rockefeller. Every US President, except one, has been a member of the CFR. CFR members also fill many other top government positions.
The banking fraternity has exercised a strong influence on American politics. That influence has helped to preserve inflation, debt and warfare as the status quo.
1923 June 14 – Smith-Cumming dies, is replaced as C by Admiral Sir Hugh Francis Paget “Quex” Sinclair.
He was Anti-Bolshevik, like his predecessor. The staff he began adding were Colonel Sir Claude Dansey, formerly Station Chief in Rome founder of Z Section, Major General Lawrence Grand who became Head of D Section, Major Valentine Vivian, Counter Espionage, Frederick Winterbotham, Air Section, Leslie Lambert the Direction Finding expert and of course Colonel Stewart Menzies, Sinclair’s Deputy.
The cover (false apparent identity as compared to their real one) for most SIS Station Chiefs abroad was as Passport Control Officers in various strategic British Consulates.”
The prime function of PCOs was to gather secret information about the military plans, state of strength, armaments and motives of both friends and foes in their own and those neighbouring countries to which they were posted.
Scots at War Dr D M Henderson, Queens’ College, Cambridge, May 2009
The above set-up is a precedent for the later version of MI6, United States style, wherein the State Department controls U.S. Embassies and Passports, and U.S. Embassies are covers for CIA agents. EXACTLY like what Sinclair had going here back in the 1920’s and 1930’s.
The CIA also blacklists people in regards their passports, through the State Department and Interpol.
The fact that the Church of Scientology had a hand in getting me blacklisted with the CIA/State Department, (both of which were completely modeled after British Intelligence) starts to reveal an even clearer picture as to what the Church of Scientology’s true ties really are..
Sinclair’s New Divisions
As the new “Chief” of the SIS, Sinclair had created the following new sections during his tenure:
Section V – A central foreign counter-espionage Circulating Section, Section V, to liaise with the Security Service to collate counter-espionage reports from overseas stations.
Section VII – An economic intelligence section, Section VII, to deal with trade, industrial and contraband.
Section VIII – A clandestine radio communications organisation, Section VIII, to communicate with operatives and agents overseas.
Section N to exploit the contents of foreign diplomatic bags
Section D – specifically formed to conduct sabotage through political covert actions and paramilitary operations in time of war.
Section D would come to be the foundation of the Special Operations Executive (SOE) during the Second World War.
Pre-World War II – Jews trying to escape Germany and emigrate, being made to pay exorbitant amounts by PCO’s. PCO’s SIT ON the intelligence they are getting as to what Hitler is doing and do nothing to stop it.
THEY WANTED IT TO HAPPEN.
“…they were besieged by applications from refugees, particularly Jewish refugees, attempting to flee the growing anti-Semitism. The pressure also led to a number of cases of abuse where PCOs had taken large bribes to provide Visas. Hugh Sinclair wrote a number of impassioned letters on the subject, and was subsequently himself accused of anti-Semitism as a result, but the fact remains that intelligence on the developments in Germany was urgently needed … it took a long time for the magnitude of the situation in Germany to become truly apparent.”
Scots at War Dr D M Henderson, Queens’ College, Cambridge, May 2009
In other words, the true situation in Germany was being kept hidden from the rest of the world – with British Intelligence helping to keep it that way until it was too late.
Sinclair did have direct intelligence as to the state of things in Germany. He had it from from his agent Winterbotham, who had talked freely with Hitler, Hess, etc., etc.
Scots at War Dr D M Henderson, Queens’ College, Cambridge, May 2009
“The man who appears to have influenced Sinclair’s thinking in respect of Germany was Group Captain Frederick Winterbotham RAF who joined SIS in 1929, who as a result of time spent in a German Prisoner of War Camp during the First World War spoke good German, and who travelled widely in Germany between 1934 and 1938, when his cover was blown. Through personal contacts Winterbotham succeeded in talking freely with Hitler, Arthur Rosenberg, Hess, General von Reichenau, General Kesselring and Eric Koch.”
1936 – Sinclair “realized” that the Gestapo had penetrated several SIS stations and Claude Dansey, who had been removed from his station in Rome, set up the Z organization, intended to work independently of the compromised SIS
1937 – Sinclar starts recruiting and looking for the “right recruits”
Scots at War Dr D M Henderson, Queens’ College, Cambridge, May 2009
“Things from here on moved quickly. In 1937 Hugh Sinclair confided in Alastair Denniston that he was, “convinced of the inevitably of war”, and, “gave instructions for the earmarking of the right type of recruit to reinforce GC&CS immediately on the outbreak of war”. The names of these people were to be placed on what was called The Emergency List. Active in this recruitment process was the Professor of Ancient History at Cambridge Frank Adcock who recruited amongst others ten Fellows of King’s and E R P Vincent from Corpus. This drive was ultimately resulted in the recruitment of Peter Twinn from Oxford, Alan Turing from King’s, Gordon Welchman from Sidney Sussex and Hugh Alexander the British Chess Champion. At this time Sinclair also recruited Richard Gambier-Parry to review and update SIS communications. This was the man who was to become the “voice” of the Ultra secret, working with his team at Whaddon Hall disseminating the vital Bletchley intelligence information to Allied forces.””
March 1938 – Sinclair requests that Stuart study the problem of proper dissemination of propaganda. ‘C’ had also made Major Grand head of his ‘D’ Organisation, responsible for the dissemination through all channels outside this country of material to enemy and neutral countries: Major Grand proposed to do this through broadcasts, the neutral press, whispering campaigns, etc.
March 1938 – Just before the end of Sinclair’s tenure, a special section funded by MI6 was created for propaganda, headed by Sir Colin Campbell Stuart.
Stuart was already an old hand in the field of Propaganda for the masses, he was the Deputy Chairman and managing director of the London Times Publishing Company under Lord Northcliffe – as this caricature of 1922 shows. (drawing by Arthur George Racey)
The Times had been bought bought by newspaper magnate, Alfred Harmsworth, later Lord Northcliffe, whom in 1918, would be the Director of Propaganda in Enemy Countries, and Campbell-Stuart would (not surprisingly) be hired as his right-hand man.
Campbell-Stuart was also the Managing Director of the London Daily mail from 1919-1922.
His previous intelligence career was serving as the Military Attache to the British Embassy in Washington D.C., 1917.
His cover from the years 1922 forward, (after World War I had ended) was that he was Chairman of the Executive Committee of the English Historical Society. This was the cover he used to travel to various parts of the world ostensibly seeking “genealogical information”.
He was a Canadian.
The new Department was allocated premises at Electra House and was dubbed Department EH. (EH – Electra House) (pic)
This building was Communications central for the Brits, it served as the administrative headquarters for Imperial and International Communications, which became Cable and Wireless Ltd. In addition, the building was also the alternative terminal for the nations main cable system overseas.
At the beginning of the war Cable and Wireless operated 155,000 of the 350,000 miles of cable that spanned the globe and also ran around 130 of the permanent wireless circuits. As with other cable operators, from 1920 they had been compelled by the Official Secrets Act to supply copies of all the traffic to the Government, for investigation by G.C. & C.S. (which was under Sinclair at that time)
Secret conduits were laid to here from the Central Telegraph Exchange at Moorgate, which monitored the telephone lines of every foreign embassy in London.
1939 – William H. Shephardson is head of a Cecil Rhodes British Organization The Council on Foreign Relations in New York. He helps to build the cover of Charles Lindbergh.
August 1939 – Ian Fleming author of the 007 or James Bond stories began working for British Naval Intelligence full time with a codename of “17f”.
1939 – November 4 – Sinclair is visibly under great strain most of the year, and then dies.